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2,442 Health - General Information Resources

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis - Lou Gehrig's disease (ALS)

Bacterial by-product helps correct gut microbiome imbalance in mouse model of ALS
A bacterial by-product known to be important in maintaining gut health may slow the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS - a progressive, neurodegenerative disease.
January 27, 2017
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Brain Scans Let ALS Patients Communicate
Correct responses were provided to more than 70 percent of yes-or-no questions, researchers say
January 31, 2017
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Children of patients with C9orf72 mutations are at a greater risk of frontotemporal dementia or ALS at a younger age
The most common genetic cause of the brain diseases frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a mutation in the C9orf72 gene. Researchers have demonstrated that if an affected parent passes on this mutation, the children will be affected at a younger age (than the parent). There are no indications that the disease progresses more quickly.
February 14, 2017
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Combining EEG and MRI could expand ways of understanding ALS
Our brains function by electrical and chemical signaling. Recording brain wave patterns can be very helpful in conditions like epilepsy, but the potential of this inexpensive and easily applied technology has not been fully recognized.
November 28, 2017
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Discovery of a promising medication for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Experiments conducted on worms, zebrafish, mice and, finally, on human subjects in a limited clinical trial conclude that pimozide may be effective in treating what's known as 'Lou Gehrig's disease'
November 16, 2017
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FDA Approves 1st new Drug for ALS in Decades
Radicava, given intravenously, slows decline in patients with deadly neurological disease
May 8, 2017
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Gene silencing shows promise for treating two fatal neurological disorders
NIH-funded preclinical studies suggest designer drug may treat ALS and spinocerebellar ataxia 2.
April 12, 2017
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How Microsoft used tech to help people with ALS regain mobility
Every year approximately 6,000 people are diagnosed with the immobilizing disease Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Microsoft wants to give them and other mobility-challenged individuals the technology to regain some of their lost autonomy.
October 25, 2017
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Insilico Medicine launches personalized drug discovery platform to develop new treatments for ALS
Today, Insilico Medicine, Inc., a company applying the latest advances in deep learning to biomarker development, drug discovery and aging research, launched ALS.AI, a personalized drug discovery and biomarker development platform utilizing the latest advances in deep learning. ALS.AI is intended to advance the discovery of new drugs and repurpose existing ones for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and personalized treatment for ALS patients.
June 1, 2017
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Locked-In ALS Patients Speak Thanks to Transcranial Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
At the Wyss Center for Bio and Neuroengineering in Geneva, Switzerland, four completely paralyzed people suffering from advanced ALS were able to communicate thanks to a cap that measures changes in the oxygenation within the brain. These folks are effectively locked-in, not even having the ability to move their arms and relying on a ventilator for breathing. It has been a controversial matter whether patients in such a state are even able to think coherently, but this study seems to indicate that they continue to think and make decisions just fine.
February 1, 2017
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MS versus ALS: Differences, causes, and treatment
Multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are both progressive diseases that affect the central nervous system.
May 19, 2017
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New apps designed to reduce depression, anxiety as easily as checking your phone
Speedy mini-apps are designed to address depression and anxiety
January 5, 2017
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New areas of the brain identified where ALS gene is active
Scientists identify 2 regions of mouse brains where C9orf72 is expressed
August 1, 2016
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New experimental and theoretical approaches 'dive into the pool' of membranes organelles
Engineers have developed a new way to dive into the cell's tiniest and most important components. What they found inside membraneless organelles surprised them, and could lead to better understanding of fatal diseases including cancer, Huntington's and ALS.
June 26, 2017
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New small-molecule drug restores brain function, memory in mouse model of Alzheimer's disease
An international team of researchers has shown that a new small-molecule drug can restore brain function and memory in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. The drug works by stopping toxic ion flow in the brain that is known to trigger nerve cell death. Scientists envision that this drug could be used to treat Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and ALS.
December 5, 2017
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New toxic pathway identified for protein aggregates in neurodegenerative disease
Scientists have identified new processes that form protein "clumps" that are characteristic of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD).
March 17, 2017
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Occupational exposure to magnetic fields increases risk of ALS
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a rare neurodegenerative disease of unknown origin that is currently untreatable. new research suggests that workplace exposure to magnetic fields may be responsible for the disease.
March 30, 2017
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Researcher discovers enzyme pathway involved in ALS pathogenesis
It is estimated that between 14,000 and 15,000 Americans have amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to the National Institutes of Health. Symptoms of ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, may be subtle at first but develop into more obvious muscle weakness and paralysis. Recently, a University of Missouri researcher identified a potential target for therapeutics that may help to lessen the severity and progression of ALS
December 5, 2017
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Scientists discover urinary biomarker that may help track ALS
NIH-funded study suggests opportunity to find insights to neurological disease.
March 22, 2017
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Scientists identify basic biological mechanism that kills neurons in ALS
A team led by scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and Mayo Clinic has identified a basic biological mechanism that kills neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and in a related genetic disorder, frontotemporal dementia (FTD), found in some ALS patients. ALS is popularly known as Lou Gehrig's disease.
August 16, 2017
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Scientists stop formation of protein clumps linked to ALS and frontotemporal dementia
Scientists report in a new study that by imitating a natural process of cells, they prevented the formation of protein clumps associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia.
August 8, 2017
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Stem cell treatment helps improve motor functions, nervous system conditions in mice with ALS
Researchers at the University of South Florida show in a new study that bone marrow stem cell transplants helped improve motor functions and nervous system conditions in mice with the disease Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) by repairing damage to the blood-spinal cord barrier.
May 15, 2017
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Depression - A

A new blue gene: NKPD1 variant increases depression risk
A study of people from an isolated village in the Netherlands reveals a link between rare variants in the gene NKPD1 and depressive symptoms. the study helps researchers understand the molecular pathology of the disease, which could eventually improve how depression is diagnosed and treated.
April 4, 2017
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Acceptance and Commitment Therapy reduces depression, anxiety among chronic pain patients
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR) 2017 has shown that Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, a form of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) that focuses on psychological flexibility and behavior change, provided a significant reduction in self-reported depression and anxiety among patients participating in a pain rehabilitation program.
June 15, 2017
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Acupuncture boosts effectiveness of standard medical care for chronic pain, depression
Acupuncture treatment can boost the effectiveness of standard medical care, lessening the severity of chronic pain and depression, health specialists have found.
January 30, 2017
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After heart attack, people with depression twice as likely to die
Researchers have known for a while that heart disease and depression influence each other. However, a new study investigates the impact of depression on heart disease over a long period of time, and finds the psychological disorder to increase mortality risk.
March 9, 2017
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Aligning depression treatment to patient need leads to efficient care
Not all depressed patients need intensive therapy, according to new research. Instead, prognosis can drive treatment.
March 19, 2017
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Antidepressant use increases hip fracture risk among elderly
Antidepressant use nearly doubles the risk of hip fracture among community-dwelling persons with Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study. the increased risk was highest at the beginning of antidepressant use and remained elevated even 4 years later.
January 11, 2017
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Antidepressant Use Jumps 65 Percent in 15 Years
Women nearly twice as likely to use the drugs as men, CDC report finds
August 15, 2017
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Antidepressants and weight gain: What's the connection?
Antidepressants are the third most commonly prescribed drugs in the United States and are taken by 11 percent of Americans aged 12 years and over.
September 25, 2017
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Antidepressants could delay Parkinson's progression
A 50-year-old antidepressant could stop the buildup of a brain protein involved in Parkinson's disease, marking a discovery that could bring us closer to slowing the condition.
September 6, 2017
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Antidepressants Induce Resilience and Reverse Susceptibility
When they work, antidepressant medications may take weeks or months to alleviate symptoms of depression. Progress in developing new and more effective antidepressant treatments has been limited, though a new study offers new insights into how antidepressants work.
February 2, 2017
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Anxiety and depression caused by childhood bullying decline over time
A new study has provided the strongest evidence to date that exposure to bullying causes mental health issues such as anxiety years later.
October 4, 2017
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Art therapy facilitates improvement of patients with severe depression
Create a picture of how you are feeling on this particular day, said the first exercise in the art therapy. After ten treatments the patients who suffered from severe or moderately severe depression had shown more improvement than the patients in the control group, shows research at Sahlgrenska academy.
November 6, 2017
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Depression - B

Best 10 blogs for depression
Depression can make it tough to enjoy life, especially when feelings of despair and hopelessness always persist. Blogs can put you in touch with health professionals, associations, and individuals who are sharing a similar experience. We have selected the best depression blogs.
July 13, 2017
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Beyond good vibrations: New insights into metamaterial magic
Metamaterials offer the very real possibility that our most far-fetched fancies could one day become real as rocks. From invisibility cloaks and perfect lenses to immensely powerful batteries, their super-power applications tantalize the imagination. That said, so far "tantalize" has been the operative word, even though scientists have been studying metamaterials for more than 15 years.
November 6, 2017
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Beyond stigma and bias, many transgender people struggle with mental health
Diana Feliz Oliva, a 45-year-old transgender woman who grew up outside Fresno, Calif., remembers being bullied when she was younger and feeling confused about her gender identity. She was depressed and fearful about being found out, and she prayed every night for God to take her while she slept.
November 7, 2017
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Bouldering may help to treat depression
More than 15 million adults in the United States are affected by depression, making it one of the most common mental health disorders in the country. But a new study suggests that there may be a surprising way to help combat this debilitating condition: bouldering.
May 29, 2017
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Brain architecture alters to compensate for depression
Structural differences in the cerebral cortex have been found in patients with depression. These differences normalize with appropriate medication, report researchers.
March 7, 2017
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Brain science startup NeuroQore hopes its magnets will cure depression
NeuroQore wants to shoot magnetic pulses into your brain to try to treat mental disorders such as anxiety and depression.
February 9, 2017
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Brain Stimulation Doesn't Beat Meds For Depression
Novel treatment may need to be tailored to each patient, mental health expert says
June 28, 2017
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Depression - C

Can a Smart Headband Cure Depression?
As of 2015, South Korea had the fourth-highest suicide rate globally, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
June 19, 2017
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Can Depression Up Odds for Psoriatic Arthritis?
Mood disorder may increase inflammation throughout the body, researcher says
February 24, 2017
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Can 'Magic Mushrooms' Kick-Start Depression Help?
Psychedelic drug shows some promise for hard-to-treat cases in study
October 13, 2017
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Caregivers should be screened early, often to prevent depression, anxiety
Currently, more than 34 million people in the U.S. care for terminally ill love ones, but few resources are available to help them navigate the challenges they encounter. a study has found that nearly one-quarter of caregivers were moderately or severely depressed and nearly one-third had moderate or severe anxiety. the researchers recommend that health providers remember to treat the whole family, providing ongoing screening to family caregivers to identify early signs of depression and anxiety.
February 10, 2017
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Chronic depression in young teens tied to marijuana use later
Although they often occur together, the relationship between depression and marijuana use in young people is unclear. Now, a new study that examines the cumulative effect of depression in young teenagers finds that it is linked to a higher likelihood of developing marijuana-use disorder as they reach adulthood.
July 19, 2017
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Clear effect of art therapy on severe depression
Create a picture of how you are feeling on this particular day, said the first exercise in the art therapy. After ten treatments the patients who suffered from severe or moderately severe depression had shown more improvement than the patients in the control group, shows research.
November 6, 2017
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Clinical interviews effective in predicting postpartum depression
Questions regarding work activities especially revealing
March 21, 2017
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Clinical trial evaluating potential treatment for postpartum depression
Researchers have announced the publication of results from a multi-site phase 2 clinical trial with brexanolone, an investigational medication, in the treatment of severe postpartum depression (PPD).
June 13, 2017
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Cognitive behavior therapy significantly reduced depression and anxiety in chronic pain patients
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is a helpful CBT intervention that improves outcomes in patients attending a rheumatology pain rehabilitation program
June 16, 2017
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Collaborative care helps improve symptoms in older adults with subthreshold depression
Depression is the second leading cause of disability worldwide, and one in seven older people meet criteria for depression. Effective therapeutic strategies are needed in older people with depressive symptoms. Simon Gilbody, Ph.D., of the University of York, England, and colleagues randomly assigned 705 adults age 65 years or older with subthreshold depression to collaborative care or usual primary care.
February 21, 2017
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Collaborative care provides improvement for older adults with mild depression
Among older adults with subthreshold depression (insufficient levels of depressive symptoms to meet diagnostic criteria), collaborative care compared with usual care resulted in an improvement in depressive symptoms after four months, although it is of uncertain clinical importance, according to a study.
February 21, 2017
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Computer Vision Applications in Mental Health: An Interview with Dr. LP Morency
The National of Mental Health estimates that more than 40 million adults in the US experienced some form of mental illness in 2015, 16 million (or almost 7% of the US population) of which experienced at least one major depressive episode. Over their lifetime, almost 30% of US adults will develop an anxiety disorder.
June 29, 2017
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Could eating yogurt help treat depression?
A new study suggests that there may be an effective alternative to medication for the treatment of depression: probiotic bacteria found in yogurt.
March 9, 2017
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Could treating depression worsen symptoms in the long run?
According to a recent study, although treating major depressive disorder has benefits in the short-term, over a longer period of time, it may make the condition worse.
October 26, 2017
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Depression - D

Death rate for depressed heart patients double than for non-depressed heart patients
People who are diagnosed with coronary artery disease and then develop depression face a risk of death that's twice as high as heart patients without depression, according to a major new study.
July 28, 2017
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Deep brain stimulation could be effective treatment option for patients with severe depressions
Treatment with deep brain stimulation can provide lasting relief to patients suffering from previously non-treatable, severe forms of depression several years into the therapy or even eliminate symptoms entirely. this is the finding of the first long-term study on this form of therapy, conducted by scientists at the Medical Center - University of Freiburg. Seven of the eight patients receiving continuous stimulation in the study showed lasting improvements in their symptoms up to the last observation point four years into treatment.
March 19, 2017
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Deep brain stimulation provides long-term relief from severe depressions
Doctors have produced the first evidence of deep brain stimulation's lasting effectiveness in a four-year study. the method could serve in the future as an optional therapy for critically ill patients, suggests a new report.
March 19, 2017
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Depressed fathers risk not getting help
Postnatal depression among new mothers is a well-known phenomenon. Knowledge about depression in new fathers, however, is more limited. A new study shows that depression among new fathers may be more common than previously believed. There is also a major risk that it remains undetected using today's screening instruments, and that fathers do not receive the help they need.
November 6, 2017
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Depressed with a chronic disease? Many find antidepressants are not working
Scientists are finding more evidence that commonly prescribed antidepressants aren't effective in people battling both depression and a chronic medical disease, raising a critical question of whether doctors should enact widespread changes in how they treat millions of depressed Americans.
November 6, 2017
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Depression after surgery: What you need to know
Experiencing depression after surgery is common. Having less than perfect health, the cost of surgery, plus other worries, may trigger feelings of hopelessness or despair.
May 25, 2017
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Depression among new fathers may be more common than previously believed, study shows
Postnatal depression among new mothers is a well-known phenomenon. Knowledge about depression in new fathers, however, is more limited. A new study from Lund University in Sweden shows that depression among new fathers may be more common than previously believed. There is also a major risk that it remains undetected using today's screening instruments, and that fathers do not receive the help they need.
November 6, 2017
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Depression and the brain: Study finds sex-specific differences in teens
Research targeting the brain activity of male and female adolescents found that depression may affect their brains in different ways, pointing to a need to better understand major depression across sexes.
July 11, 2017
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Depression can Strike new Dads, Too
Men who are stressed or in poor health seem to be at special risk, study shows
February 16, 2017
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Depression doubles long-term risk of death after heart disease diagnosis, new study finds new study
Depression is the strongest predictor of death in the first decade following a diagnosis of coronary heart disease, according to a new study.
March 13, 2017
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Depression linked to e-cigarette use among college students
The emergence of e-cigarettes as a nicotine product has left scientists with many questions about their impact on health, including how the product interacts with depression. a new study has found a connection between depression and initiation of e-cigarette use among college students.
February 13, 2017
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Depression may alter brain's white matter structure
Depression has been shown to alter the structure of the brain's white matter, which contains the circuitry that allows brain cells to communicate with each other, and which underpins brain function.
July 25, 2017
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Depression May Hasten Death After Heart Diagnosis
Mental health screening recommended over the long term, study suggests
March 8, 2017
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Depression overshadows the past as well as the present
New research first to establish link between depression, hindsight bias
August 16, 2017
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Depression raises risk of early death
A large, long-term study has confirmed that both men and women who have had at least one major depressive episode have a significantly higher mortality risk. Moreover, this risk has progressively increased for women.
October 23, 2017
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Depression strongly linked to higher long-term risk of early death for both women, men
Despite increased awareness about mental illness, depression remains strongly linked to a higher risk of early death -- and this risk has increased for women in recent years -- according to results from the 60-year Stirling County Study.
October 23, 2017
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Depression symptoms among men when their partners are pregnant
Men who were stressed or in poor health had elevated depression symptoms when their partners were pregnant and nine months after the birth of their child, according to the results of a study of expectant and new fathers in new Zealand.
February 15, 2017
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Depression: Finger-prick blood test predicts likely effectiveness of medication
For the first time, researchers show that a finger-prick blood test could help doctors to choose which medication is most likely to succeed in treating depression. In the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology, they describe how levels of C-reactive protein in the blood predict which antidepressant treatments are most likely to lead to successful outcomes in patients with depression.
March 30, 2017
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Depression: Is brain inflammation tied to suicidal thoughts?
A new study confirms the link between inflammation of the brain and the prevalence of suicidal thoughts in people diagnosed with major depression. This is the first study of its kind to measure relevant biomarkers in living individuals.
September 25, 2017
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Depression, alcohol, and marijuana linked to later use of synthetic marijuana among teens
In the first prospective study of synthetic cannabinoids or SCs -- the group of chemicals that mimic the effects of marijuana -- researchers have found that symptoms of depression, drinking alcohol, or using marijuana was linked to an increased risk of SC use one year later.
March 13, 2017
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Diet and depression: Foods and nutrients for recovery
Depression is a prevalent mental health illness throughout the world, causing negative thoughts and behaviors in those who experience it.
July 17, 2017
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Disaster makes people with depression less healthy
People who exhibit even a few depressive symptoms before a major life stressor, such as a disaster, may experience an increase in inflammation -- a major risk factor for heart disease and other negative health conditions -- after the event.
October 24, 2017
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Depression - E

Earlier school start times may increase risk of adolescent depression and anxiety
Teenagers with school starting times before 8:30 a.m. may be at particular risk of experiencing depression and anxiety due to compromised sleep quality, according to a recent study.
October 5, 2017
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Early predictors of anxiety and depression may be evident in the brain at birth, study suggests
Analyzing brain scans of newborns, the researchers found that the strength and pattern of connections between the amygdala and certain brain regions predicted the likelihood of the babies developing greater internalizing symptoms like sadness, excessive shyness, nervousness, or separation anxiety by age two.
February 1, 2017
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Early signs of anxiety, depression may be evident in the brains of newborns
Brain scans at birth predict later symptoms
February 1, 2017
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Easier to let go: can depression help people deal with life?
Patients with depression find it easier to abandon unattainable goals, a psychological study has concluded.
February 2, 2017
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Effectiveness of yoga in treating major depression evaluated
New research indicates that the benefits of hatha yoga in treating depression are less pronounced in early treatment, but may accumulate over time.
May 8, 2017
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EPFL researchers identify social rank as determining factor for vulnerability to stress
Stress is a major risk factor for a range of psychopathologies. However, stress does not affect everyone equally: in the face of sustained adversity, some people develop depression symptoms while others adapt and remain resilient. Identifying risk factors and biomarkers for vulnerability to developing stress-induced depression in order to identify individual susceptibility before stress exposure has been a major challenge. EPFL scientists have now shown that social organization can affect differential vulnerability to chronic stress and underscored brain energy metabolism as a predictive biomarker for social status and susceptibility to stress-induced depression.
July 13, 2017
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Depression - F

Feeling depressed? These apps can help, or get you help
Life is long and arduous, and some of us have to face it with a health condition in tow. But sometimes, an app can help.
July 12, 2017
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Depression - G

Gelatin promotes faster healing of the blood brain barrier after injury
Researchers already know that gelatin-covered electrode implants cause less damage to brain tissue than electrodes with no gelatin coating. Researchers at the Neuronano Research Centre (NRC) at Lund University in Sweden have now shown that microglia, the brain's cleansing cells, and the enzymes that the cells use in the cleaning process, change in the presence of gelatin.
November 6, 2017
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Gender differences in depression appear at age 12
A new analysis has broken new ground by finding gender differences in both symptoms and diagnoses of depression appearing at age 12.
April 27, 2017
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Google's US search results will let people check if they're depressed
New mobile feature lets you take a clinically validated screening questionnaire
August 23, 2017
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Groundbreaking fMRI study finds 4 distinct neurological subtypes of depression
New research from Weill Cornell has isolated four distinct neurotypes of depression. But its knock-on effects are much wider in scope. the work establishes biomarkers for depression, and it sheds new light on the physical underpinnings of psychological disease.
December 20, 2016
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Depression - H

Half of adults with anxiety or depression report chronic pain
In a survey of adults with anxiety or a mood disorder like depression or bipolar disorder, about half reported experiencing chronic pain, according to researchers.
May 31, 2017
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Having depression and heart disease could double death risk
While the mechanism behind the association is unknown, a new study finds that depression after being diagnosed with coronary artery disease doubles the risk of mortality.
July 31, 2017
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Head injuries can alter hundreds of genes and lead to serious brain diseases
Head injuries can adversely affect hundreds of genes in the brain that put people at high risk for diseases including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, post-traumatic stress disorder, stroke, ADHD, autism, depression and schizophrenia, life scientists report. the researchers have identified for the first time potential master genes which they believe control hundreds of other genes that are linked to many neurological and psychiatric disorders.
March 6, 2017
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How depression can muddle thinking
Depression is associated with sadness, fatigue and a lack of motivation. But people with depression can also have trouble processing information and solving problems. now scientists studying a rat model for depression are identifying on a molecular level how the condition could affect thinking. the findings could lead to the development of new depression treatments that would address associated cognitive problems.
February 15, 2017
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How listening to music in a group influences depression
New research takes a closer look at how music influences the mood in people suffering from depression, and examines what factors might affect whether listening to sad music in group settings provides social benefits for listeners, or if it rather reinforces depressive tendencies.
May 24, 2017
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Depression - I

If Dad Has Depression, Kids Might Develop It, Too
Having a father with depression may put teens at a heightened risk for the mental health problem, a new study suggests.
November 16, 2017
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Immigrants living in the country without authorization at risk for anxiety and depression
Nearly a quarter of Mexican immigrants who live near the California-Mexico border without legal authorization have a mental disorder, particularly depression or anxiety.
October 30, 2017
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Depression - J

Just 1 hour of exercise per week could prevent depression
A new study that examined data from almost 34,000 people has found that as little as 1 hour of exercise each week, regardless of intensity, can help to prevent depression.
October 3, 2017
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Depression - K

Ketamine And Depression: FAQ
Major depression affects more than 16 million American adults each year, nearly a third of whom don't find relief from antidepressants and other traditional treatments. When depression isn't treated, it increases the chance of alcohol and drug dependence, as well as suicide.
July 6, 2017
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Ketamine for depression encouraging, but questions remain around long-term use
A world-first systematic review into the safety of ketamine as a treatment for depression shows the risks of long-term ketamine treatment remain unclear.
July 27, 2017
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Depression - L

Lay interventions for depression and drinking
Brief psychological interventions delivered by lay counselors in primary care were effective and cost-effective for patients with depression and harmful drinking in India, according to two new studies.
September 12, 2017
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Low gene expression may raise susceptibility to depression
Researchers have taken an in-depth look at the function of a gene that may be linked to the development of major depression. Their findings show that its activity levels might determine our susceptibility to stress and negative stimuli.
July 10, 2017
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Low levels of 'anti-anxiety' hormone linked to postpartum depression
Effect measured in women already diagnosed with mood disorders
March 14, 2017
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Depression - M

Magic mushroom compound may treat severe depression
Researchers find that the psychoactive compound in mushrooms may be helpful for patients with severe depression who did not respond to conventional therapy.
October 13, 2017
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'Magic mushrooms' may 'reset' the brains of depressed patients, study suggests
Patients taking psilocybin to treat depression show reduced symptoms weeks after treatment following a 'reset' of their brain activity.
October 13, 2017
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Magic mushrooms might help depression by resetting the brain
Brain connectivity disintegrates while you're on the drug, then comes together afterward
October 13, 2017
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Maternal depression across the first years of life impacts children's neural basis of empathy
Exposure to early and chronic maternal depression markedly increases a child's susceptibility to psychopathology and social-emotional problems, including social withdrawal, poor emotion regulation, and reduced empathy to others. Since 15-18% of women in industrial societies and up to 30% in developing countries suffer from maternal depression, it is of clinical and public health concern to understand the effects of maternal depression on children's development.
January 3, 2017
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More Depressed Pregnant Women Smoking
More than 1 in 3 smoke, compared to 1 in 10 who aren't depressed, U.S. survey finds
August 14, 2017
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More Evidence That Depression Shortens Lives
And women have been hit even harder than men over past decades, study finds
October 23, 2017
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More evidence why depressed dads should seek help
A father's depression has a direct effect on both internalized and externalized behavioral problems in adolescents, according to a recent study.
May 3, 2017
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More Than 330M Worldwide Have Depression: WHO
Depression affects more than 300 million people worldwide and is the leading cause of poor health and disability, according to the World Health Organization.
March 31, 2017
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Mouse study identifies new method for treating depression
Inhibiting brain enzyme alleviates depression, and does it much faster than conventional antidepressants
March 21, 2017
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Mouse study paves way for more effective antidepressant
Depression affects the well-being of a significant number of adults in the United States. Although medication is available for treating clinical depression, some of these drugs take a long time to work or may pose health risks because of their side effects. However, a new mouse study paves the way for a more effective treatment of depression in humans.
March 21, 2017
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Moving Just 1 Hour a Week May Curb Depression Risk
Intensity of exercise didn't matter, and benefit leveled off after 2 hours of activity, study finds
October 3, 2017
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MRI brain scans may help clinicians decide between CBT and drug treatment for depression
Researchers from Emory University have found that specific patterns of activity on brain scans may help clinicians identify whether psychotherapy or antidepressant medication is more likely to help individual patients recover from depression.
March 24, 2017
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MRI uncovers brain abnormalities in people with depression, anxiety
Researchers using MRI have discovered a common pattern of structural abnormalities in the brains of people with depression and social anxiety, according to a new study.
November 20, 2017
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Depression - N

Nearly half of adults with mood disorders experience chronic pain, survey finds
In a survey of adults with anxiety or a mood disorder like depression or bipolar disorder, about half reported experiencing chronic pain, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. The findings are published online in the Journal of Affective Disorders.
May 31, 2017
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Nerve cell miswiring linked to depression
Mouse study identifies gene needed for proper assembly of serotonin circuitry
April 28, 2017
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New approach uses ultrasound to measure fluid in the lungs
A team of engineering and medical researchers has found a way to use ultrasound to monitor fluid levels in the lung, offering a noninvasive way to track progress in treating pulmonary edema -- fluid in the lungs -- which often occurs in patients with congestive heart failure. the approach, which has been demonstrated in rats, also holds promise for diagnosing scarring, or fibrosis, in the lung.
March 21, 2017
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New method helps measure effect of one brain region on another in depression
A new study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging looks at the driving influence of brain regions in depression
December 6, 2017
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New research finds increase in smoking rates among pregnant women with depression
Smoking is increasing among pregnant women with depression in the United States, according to new research at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the City University of New York. Smoking rates for pregnant women with depression climbed 2.5 percent from 2002 to 2014, in contrast to a decrease among other groups.
August 8, 2017
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New study examines effects of gene variant on resting-state brain function in patients with MDD
A new study assessed the effects of a SLC6A15 gene variant on resting-state brain function in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), comparing the results with those in healthy individuals.
December 5, 2017
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New therapy proves effective in reducing symptoms of treatment-resistant depression
In the largest study ever conducted with patients experiencing chronic and severe depression, researchers led by Dr. Scott Aaronson, Director of Clinical Research at Sheppard Pratt Health System have found that an implantable vagus nerve stimulation device (VNS Therapy) paired with antidepressant treatment (which could include medications, psychotherapy, or electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)) proves effective in reducing symptoms among patients with treatment-resistant depression.
March 31, 2017
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Depression - O

Off-Label Antidepressants Common; Evidence Lacking
One-third are prescribed for conditions like pain or migraine with little scientific backup, study says
February 22, 2017
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One hour of exercise a week can prevent depression
Regular exercise of any intensity can prevent future depression -- and just one hour can help, a landmark study has revealed.
October 3, 2017
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Oral contraceptive pills have negative impact on women's quality of life, study shows
One of the most common combined oral contraceptive pills has a negative impact on women's quality of life but does not increase depressive symptoms. this is shown by a major randomised, placebo-controlled study conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden in collaboration with the Stockholm School of Economics.
April 18, 2017
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Depression - P

Patients are experimenting with ketamine to treat depression
sean spencer was ready to give up. For two years, since suffering a major panic attack, the entrepreneur had been living under a cloud of depression. Nothing seemed to make it better. He took traditional antidepressants, but they made him "want to die." Meditation gave him a fleeting sense of relief, but it wasn't enough to get him through the day. Out of desperation, he finally traveled to a clinic to try a controversial new therapy: ketamine IV infusions.
June 21, 2017
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Patients expectations influence the effectiveness of SSRI antidepressants
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly prescribed for depression and anxiety but their superiority over placebo has been questioned, generating considerable debate among researchers and clinicians. In a new study, researchers show that the way in which the treatment is described to the patient can be as important as the treatment itself.
October 3, 2017
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Patients with depression symptoms due to chronic sinus disease are less productive
Depression is the driving factor for missed days of work or school in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis
March 10, 2017
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Peer victimization in fifth grade has lasting effects on health and later substance use, study finds
A new study led by the University of Delaware found that kids who are bullied in fifth grade often suffer from depression and begin using alcohol and other substances a few years after the incidents.
May 8, 2017
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Personalized psychiatry matches therapy to specific patients with depression
Selecting the antidepressant that will be most effective for a specific patient suffering from depression can be a 'try and try again' process. Examining new personalized and precision psychiatry approaches, a new study shows that body mass index, sex of the patient, and symptom profile can be used to determine a personalized treatment that guides antidepressant choice and significantly improves patient outcome.
May 1, 2017
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Physically active children are less depressed
Children, like adults, reap physical and mental benefits from being active
January 31, 2017
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Piece of mind: Engineers can take pictures of the brain with surgical needle and laser light
With just an inexpensive micro-thin surgical needle and laser light, engineers have discovered a minimally invasive, inexpensive way to take high-resolution pictures of an animal brain, a process that also could lead to a much less invasive method for humans. the team has now proven the process works on mice for the benefit of medical researchers studying neurological disorders such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and aggression.
March 19, 2017
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Pilot study shows that neurofeedback may help treatment-resistant depression
A small pilot study has indicated that neurofeedback -- where patients concentrate on modifying their own brainwave patterns -- has potential to treat many of the 100 million people worldwide who suffer from treatment-resistant depression (TRD). This is the first time that neurofeedback has been shown to improve both individual symptoms and overall recovery in TRD.
September 4, 2017
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Playing to beat the blues: Video games viable treatment for depression
People play more often when they receive reminders, study finds
March 27, 2017
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Poor sleep in anxiety, depression may make it harder to see positive
The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex may have to work harder to modify negative emotional responses in people with poor sleep who have depression or anxiety, new research suggests.
April 18, 2017
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Postpartum Depression May Mean Fewer Children
They're unlikely to have more than two kids, researchers say
March 18, 2016
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Depression - Q

Queen's and AWARE announce new online support service for adults with depression
Queen's University Belfast and AWARE, the national depression charity for Northern Ireland, announce a new online support service for adults with depression to mark World Health day (Friday 7 April).
April 7, 2017
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Depression - R

Respiratory depression: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Respiratory depression means that a person's rate and depth of breathing are lower than normal. This results in low oxygen levels and high carbon dioxide levels in the blood. Without treatment, the condition can cause life-threatening complications, including coma and death.
August 21, 2017
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Researchers examine morbidity linked to depressive disorders
Ross Baldessarini and an international group of investigators have analyzed the morbidity associated with depressive disorders in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.
April 27, 2017
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Researchers explore what happens during break down of nerve cells
A stroke is just one example of a condition when communication between nerve cells breaks down. Micro-failures in brain functioning also occur in conditions such as depression and dementia. In most cases, the lost capacity will return after a while.
September 27, 2017
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Researchers provide new data and prospects for links between gut microbiota and depression
An international group of researchers headed by Andre Carvalho has published in Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic a paper that provides new data and prospects for the links between the intestinal flora and several disorders, notably depression.
February 16, 2017
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Researchers reassess supposed link between depression and all-cause mortality
Over three decades of research suggest that depression increases the odds of death. However, a new research paper throws doubt on this presumed link after finding no evidence of a direct association between depression and all-cause mortality.
May 16, 2017
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Researchers use new approach to identify casual mechanisms in depression
People with major depressive disorder have alterations in the activity and connectivity of brain systems underlying reward and memory, according to a new study by the University of Warwick.
December 12, 2017
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Depression - S

Scientists develop potential new antidepressant with unique mechanism of action
A potential new antidepressant and antianxiety treatment with a unique mechanism of action has been developed by scientists at the University of Bath.
November 6, 2017
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Screen time might boost depression, suicide behaviors in teens
A new study finds that teens, especially girls, who spend several hours per day on phones and tablets are more likely to be depressed and have suicide-related outcomes
November 14, 2017
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Seniors treated for depression experience comparable improvements as younger patients, study reveals
A new Cedars-Sinai study reveals that older adults being treated for depression experience comparable improvements in quality of life and functioning as do younger adults treated for the same condition.
September 26, 2017
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Simple electrocardiogram can determine whether a patient has major depression or bipolar disorder, study finds
A simple 15-minute electrocardiogram could help a physician determine whether a patient has major depression or bipolar disorder, a groundbreaking new study reports.
November 21, 2017
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Social media images can be used to identify depression, says study
New research published in the EPJ Data Science, suggests that people, just like signaling their sadness through behavior and body language, can also reflect their depression through images in their social media.
August 8, 2017
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Study findings could lead to more effective and faster acting antidepressants
For people suffering from depression, a day without treatment can seem like a lifetime. A new study explains why the most commonly prescribed antidepressants can take as long as six weeks to have an effect. The findings could one day lead to more effective and faster acting drugs.
August 3, 2017
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Study finds depression to be strongest predictor of death following heart disease diagnosis
Depression is the strongest predictor of death in the first decade following a diagnosis of coronary heart disease, according to a new study by researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Salt Lake City.
March 13, 2017
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Study Finds Genes Linked to Depression
One Study, Over a Dozen Genes that can Affect Risk
August 1, 2016
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Study finds moderate or severe signs of depression and anxiety among hospice caregivers
Currently, more than 34 million people in the U.S. care for terminally ill love ones, but few resources are available to help them navigate the challenges they encounter. a study at the University of Missouri School of Medicine found that nearly one-quarter of caregivers were moderately or severely depressed and nearly one-third had moderate or severe anxiety. the researchers recommend that health providers remember to treat the whole family, providing ongoing screening to family caregivers to identify early signs of depression and anxiety.
February 8, 2017
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Study finds negligible link between excessive screen time and depression, delinquency among teenagers
Chances are that your children will turn out OK even though they spend hours playing video games or watching TV. this is according to Christopher Ferguson of Stetson University in the US, who led a study in Springer's journal Psychiatric Quarterly which found that there is only a negligibly small association between excessive screen time and higher levels of depression and delinquency among teenagers. Ferguson therefore believes the strict attention to limited screen time by policy makers and advocacy groups is uncalled for.
February 7, 2017
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Study finds transcranial direct-current stimulation to be less effective than anti-depressants
A new study questions the efficacy of treatments for depression based on stimulating brain areas with low-intensity electric current. The technique, known as transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS), was considered a promising alternative to treatment with antidepressant drugs.
August 31, 2017
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Study reports presence of structural changes in the brain during medication treatment for depression
"Our findings suggest that thickening of the cerebral cortex is a compensatory, neuroplastic response that helps to reduce the severity of depressive symptoms," said Peterson, director of the Institute of the Developing Mind at CHLA and professor of pediatrics and psychiatry at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California.
March 7, 2017
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Study reveals link between rare NKPD1 gene and depressive symptoms
A study of people from an isolated village in the Netherlands reveals a link between rare variants in the gene NKPD1 and depressive symptoms. the findings are published in the current issue of Biological Psychiatry. the study, led by co-first authors Najaf Amin, PhD, of Erasmus University Medical Center in the Netherlands and Nadezhda Belonogova of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Novosibirsk, Russia, helps researchers understand the molecular pathology of the disease, which could eventually improve how depression is diagnosed and treated.
April 4, 2017
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Study reveals what depression, anxiety look like in the brain
People with depression and social anxiety have some common and specific structural abnormalities in their brains that can be spotted in imaging scans.
November 20, 2017
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Study reverses thinking on genetic links to stress, depression
For years, scientists have been trying to determine what effect a gene linked to the brain chemical serotonin may have on depression in people exposed to stress. But now, analyzing information from more than 40,000 people who have been studied over more than a decade, researchers have found no evidence that the gene alters the impact stress has on depression.
April 4, 2017
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Study shows hemodynamic and metabolic changes up to 7 days after traumatic spinal cord injury
Researchers have shown that some of the critical pathophysiological responses to traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI), evidence of insufficient oxygen levels and metabolic stress that can permanently damage tissue, persist for at least a week post-injury at and extending away from the injury site in a large animal model.
November 6, 2017
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Study: No Link Between Antidepressants, Autism
After accounting for other factors that raise chances of the disorder, the increased risk disappeared
April 18, 2017
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Depression - T

Tackling depression by changing the way you think
Teaching patients not to ruminate offers important coping skill for depression
March 13, 2017
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Tai chi significantly reduces depression symptoms in Chinese-Americans
A new study finds that a 12-week program of instruction and practice of the Chinese martial art tai chi led to significantly reduced symptoms of depression in Chinese-Americans not receiving any other treatments.
May 25, 2017
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Teen depression increases risk for violence
These findings emphasize the need for early detection and intervention
August 1, 2017
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Time Online Tied To Jump in Girls' Suicide Risk
A spike in the amount of time teenage girls in the United States spend online is a likely culprit behind the surge in rates of depression, suicide and contemplation of suicide, new research suggests.
November 14, 2017
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Tiny Babies May Face Mental Health Problems Later
Review found greater likelihood of ADHD, anxiety and depression
February 13, 2017
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TMS therapy offers hope for senior adults with depression
Late-life depression (LLD) is a frequent complication of the aging process, occurring in up to 5% of senior adults and in a higher proportion of subjects with coexistent medical illnesses.
June 1, 2017
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Traumatic brain injuries may be helped with drug used to treat bipolar disorder
Rutgers research indicates lithium may prevent brain cell damage
May 8, 2017
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Treating depression with software
A treatment for depression using Emotional Faces Memory Task resulted in a significantly greater reduction of major depressive disorder symptoms compared to a control group, according to initial clinical results.
June 5, 2017
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Treating persistent depression in older adults
A $13.9 million grant has been awarded to evaluate treatment strategies for older adults with depression who have not responded to medications.
October 5, 2016
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Tulane researchers move closer to improving treatment for chronic depression
In a new study published in the journal Cell Reports, researchers associated with the Tulane Brain Institute say they have moved a step closer to improving treatment for chronic depression.
September 12, 2017
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Depression - U

UAlberta EMPATHY program reduces depression, anxiety and suicidal thoughts in youth
A University of Alberta pilot program designed to promote mental health skills in youth significantly lessened cases of depression, anxiety and suicidal thoughts.
June 19, 2017
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UNC researchers evaluate investigational medication for treatment of postpartum depression
Researchers at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine announced the publication of results from a multi-site phase 2 clinical trial with brexanolone, an investigational medication, in the treatment of severe postpartum depression (PPD).
June 13, 2017
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Underdeveloped brain network after 30 may impact mental health
Scientists from Canada reveal that the underdevelopment of the brain network involved in inhibition after the age of 30 years may be connected with psychological problems.
July 18, 2017
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Undocumented Mexican immigrants living in the country at risk for mental disorders
Nearly a quarter of Mexican immigrants who live near the California-Mexico border without legal authorization have a mental disorder, particularly depression or anxiety, according to a new study by Rice University.
October 30, 2017
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Depression - W

Weighted blankets for anxiety: Uses and benefits
Some people who experience anxiety may not find relief through medication alone, or they might be hesitant to try medication. other methods of managing anxiety, such as the use of a weighted blanket, can help.
April 21, 2017
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What Effect Does Prenatal and Postpartum Maternal Depression Have on Children?
The results of a large study do not support the notion that prenatal and postpartum maternal depression is particularly detrimental to children's psychological development. Instead, the most robust effects were found for maternal depression occurring during children's preschool years.
February 24, 2017
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What People with Depression Wish you Knew
Depression is common: Almost 16 million Americans deal with it every year. But for those who have it, explaining their feelings can be hard.
January 6, 2017
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Will ketamine treat your depression? Check your activity monitor
During a depressive episode, people often report having reduced energy, feeling slowed down and having reduced interest in activities. As their mood lifts, energy and activity return to their usual levels. A new study altered measures of daily activity in patients whose depressive symptoms improved in response to the fast-acting antidepressant ketamine.
August 15, 2017
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Depression - Y

Yoga can help to treat depression, studies show
A series of new studies brings yoga one step closer to becoming a recommended treatment for depression, after finding that the practice can help to reduce symptoms of the condition.
August 4, 2017
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Hearing

1 in 10 Americans Has Had Ringing in the Ears
Study also found association between prolonged exposure to loud noises and tinnitus
July 21, 2016
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A Cheaper Alternative to Hearing Aids?
Devices performed almost as well and are much cheaper, but they aren't regulated, researchers note
July 4, 2017
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ACCLARENT AERA Treats Eustachian Tube Dysfunction by Gentle Dilation
Acclarent out of Irvine, California is releasing in the U.S. its ACCLARENT AERA eustachian tube balloon dilation system, the first such product for treatment of eustachian tube dysfunction. Eustachian tubes, which link the pharynx to the middle ear and are used to regulate pressure when we yawn, sneeze, and swallow food, can get blocked and result in poor hearing, discomfort, and pain.
October 4, 2016
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Apple and Cochlear team up to roll out the first implant made for the iPhone
Apple has teamed up with Australian-based Cochlear to bring iPhone users the first made for iPhone Cochlear implant.
July 26, 2017
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Bespoke 3D-Printed Ear Prostheses Could Improve Hearing Loss Treatments
3D printing technology has changed the way many medical devices are designed and has huge potential to also disrupt healthcare by making devices more accessible, affordable, and personalized to the patient.
December 11, 2017
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Cauliflower ear: Causes, symptoms, and treatments
Cauliflower ear, also known as perichondrial hematoma, is a swelling of the ear caused by a blood clot. this blood clot causes tissue damage that leads to a lumpy appearance that is said to resemble a cauliflower.
March 7, 2017
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Cochlear announces Nucleus 7 Made for iPhone hearing implant
Hearing solutions company Cochlear has announced the Nucleus 7, a Made for iPhone (MFi) cochlear implant sound processor. The processor allows those with a Cochlear Nucleus implant to stream sound from phone calls, music, and more directly from their iOS device, be it an iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch.
July 26, 2017
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Cochlear Unveils Nucleus 7, World's First Made for iPhone Cochlear Implant Sound Processor (Interview)
Cochlear, a medical device company at the forefront of the world's hearing implant market, has announced the Nucleus 7 Sound Processor, the world's first Made for iPhone cochlear implant sound processor, in partnership with Apple. Known for it's Nucleus cochlear implant and Baha bone conduction implant technologies, Cochlear previously released the world's first Made for iPhone bone conduction sound processor in 2015.
July 26, 2017
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Doppler Labs is working with Senator Elizabeth Warren to deregulate the hearing aid industry
"Hearing is a right for everybody," Doppler Labs" Noah Kraft told me over the phone last week. it's why his new chief science officer Jim Pitkow is working with a team of U.S. senators and members of Congress to make certain types of hearing aids available over the counter.
March 28, 2017
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Early intervention can lead to better vocabulary in infants with hearing loss
Children with hearing loss who are diagnosed by 3 months of age and receive interventions by 6 months develop a far greater vocabulary than those whose diagnosis and treatment come later, according to a CU Boulder study published this week in the journal Pediatrics.
July 13, 2017
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Earwax There to Protect your Hearing, Doctors Say
If it builds up, seek medical attention, otherwise leave it alone, guidelines advise
January 3, 2017
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First-ever clinical study shows that older adults benefit from hearing aid use
Led by researchers at Indiana University with funding support (Grant No. R01 DC011771) from the National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), the study sought to compare patient outcomes when hearing aids are delivered via an audiology "best practices" model compared with an "over-the-counter" (OTC) model.
February 23, 2017
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For Millions, Everyday Life Takes Toll on Hearing
Contrary to popular opinion, work-related noise not the main culprit, CDC reports
February 7, 2017
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Fujitsu's Ontenna could be a big deal for the deaf
The prototype device translates audio waves to vibration
October 4, 2016
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Groundbreaking research finds concussion biomarker in auditory system
The secret to reliably diagnosing concussions lies in the brain's ability to process sound, according to a new study by researchers from Northwestern University's Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory.
December 22, 2016
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Hearing Loss May Double in United States by 2060
Those over 70 will be hardest hit, study finds
February 23, 2017
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Hearing Loss Rates Steady for U.S. Teens: Study
Vaccine that prevents ear infections may have counterbalanced surge in headphone use, expert says
July 27, 2017
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Hormone replacement therapy may increase risk of hearing loss
Hearing loss affects tens of millions of people in the United States. new research examines the link between menopausal age, the use of oral hormonal therapy, and hearing loss in the first large-scale study of its kind.
May 10, 2017
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Hormone Replacement Therapy Tied to Hearing Loss
Older age at menopause also appeared to increase the risk, study found
May 12, 2017
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Human inner ear organs grown: Could lead to new therapies for hearing, balance impairments
Researchers have successfully developed a method to grow inner ear tissue from human stem cells, a finding that could lead to new platforms to model disease and new therapies for the treatment of hearing and balance disorders.
May 2, 2017
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Humans identify acoustic expression of emotions across all classes of vertebrates
Amphibians, reptiles, mammals -- all of them communicate via acoustic signals. And humans are able to assess the emotional value of these signals. This has been shown in a new study conducted by researchers at Vrije Universiteit Brussel and Ruhr-Universität Bochum, in collaboration with colleagues from Alberta, Canada, and Vienna, Austria, in the journal "Proceedings of the Royal Society B". They interpreted these findings as evidence that there might be a universal code for the vocal expression and perception of emotions in the animal kingdom.
July 26, 2017
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Inner ear stem cells may someday restore hearing
Study shows promise and potential peril in reversing hearing loss
November 7, 2017
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Knops are adjustable ear plugs that might save your hearing
Kind of pricey, though
April 19, 2017
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New program provides free hearing aids to low-income, uninsured adults
Low-income people dealing with hearing loss just got a little hope.
June 16, 2017
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New study seeks to understand how deaf infants with cochlear implants learn words
Research has proven the importance of early access to sound and spoken language among newborns and has led to significant advances in hearing screening and early intervention. Despite progress and improvements in educational and language outcomes of deaf children, children with hearing loss are still delayed, on average, when it comes to spoken language acquisition and still achieve lower reading levels and educational outcomes than children with normal hearing.
February 27, 2017
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Now drivers can hear ambulances no matter how loud their music is playing
if you've ever been startled by the sudden appearance of an ambulance while blasting music in your car, then you appreciate the value of a loud siren. Fortunately, your car is probably equipped already to receive warning signals on its audio system, thanks to a new solution developed by students in Sweden.
January 16, 2017
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No significant change seen in hearing loss among US teens
Although there was an increase in the percentage of US youth ages 12 to 19 reporting exposure to loud music through headphones from 1988-2010, researchers did not find significant changes in the prevalence of hearing loss among this group, according to a study.
July 27, 2017
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Pain Relievers May be Tied to Hearing Loss in Some
But degree of impairment tied to acetaminophen and ibuprofen was modest, researchers say
December 19, 2016
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Post-Op Ear Drops and Kids' Eardrum Perforations
Rate of the injury rises with quinolones, but researchers say alternatives have their own hazards
March 30, 2017
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Presbycusis: Causes of age-related hearing loss
Presbycusis is the gradual and persistent loss of hearing in both ears that is related to aging. The effects increase over time and are linked to genetic and environmental factors.
July 19, 2017
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Research shows role played by brain reorganisation process in success or failure of cochlear implants
A cochlear implant is an electronic device capable of restoring hearing in a profoundly deaf person by directly stimulating the nerve endings in the inner ear. this technology enables people who have become deaf to be able to communicate orally again, even by telephone, and children born deaf to learn to speak and to benefit from normal schooling.
March 28, 2017
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Researchers devise new hearing test to accurately predict soldiers' auditory fitness-for-duty
Researchers at the University of Southampton have devised a new hearing test for military personnel that they hope will better assess whether soldiers have sufficient hearing ability to be safe and effective in a combat situation.
July 18, 2017
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Researchers discover gene that may play role in restoring hearing after noise exposure
Researchers have discovered that a protein implicated in human longevity may also play a role in restoring hearing after noise exposure. the findings, where were published in the journal Scientific Reports, could one day provide researchers with new tools to prevent hearing loss.
April 24, 2017
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Researchers identify genes crucial for hearing
Fifty-two previously unidentified genes that are critical for hearing have been found by testing over 3,000 mouse genes. The newly discovered genes will provide insights into the causes of hearing loss in humans, say scientists from Medical Research Council (MRC) Harwell, who led the analysis by the International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium (IMPC).
October 12, 2017
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Researchers reveal hereditary nature of bilateral tinnitus
Researchers have been able to demonstrate the hereditary nature of certain forms of tinnitus. Bilateral tinnitus - that is, tinnitus in both ears - has been shown to depend on genetic factors, particularly in men. the twin study, whiin the journal Genetics in Medicine, was conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet together with colleagues from the European research network TINNET.
March 9, 2017
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Say what? Playing a puzzle video game could help improve your hearing
Play this game and call me in the morning
October 20, 2017
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Scientists Want to Grow your Music-Blasted Ears some new Parts
Hearing loss can be inevitable for some older folks, as well as for their music blasting, phone screen-staring grandchildren. Naturally, many of those who've lost their hearing are keen on getting it back, somehow, with things like hearing aids and cochlear implants.
May 2, 2017
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Shortened antimicrobial treatment inferior to standard regimen for middle ear infections, study finds
A five-day antimicrobial treatment regimen for middle ear infections in young children is inferior to the standard 10-day regimen, according to newly published research in the new England Journal of Medicine (NEJM). Middle ear infections (or "acute otitis media") are common childhood illnesses often caused by bacteria and usually treated with antibiotics.
December 22, 2016
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Study could help surgeons choose best approaches for hearing preservation in cochlear implant patients
Cochlear implants that have electrodes designed without wire perform better than those with wires for long-term hearing preservation, a Mount Sinai researcher has reported in a first-of-its-kind study. The research also determined that the best surgical approach for cochlear implant procedures did not involve drilling into the bone around the ear. The results, published in the June 23, 2017, online edition of The Laryngoscope, may transform how doctors approach cochlear implant procedures to give patients the best possible outcomes.
June 27, 2017
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Study finds no evidence of auditory nerve injury after recreational noise exposure
Exposure to loud noises during common recreational activities is widely cited as a cause of "hidden hearing loss." A new study of young adults, however, finds that while hearing is temporarily affected after attending a loud event, there is no evidence of auditory nerve injury or permanent hearing difficulties. The study is the first to look for a causal relationship between recreational noise exposure and auditory function in humans.
September 26, 2017
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Study puts different tone on hidden hearing loss theory
Scientists' findings suggest no relationship between common recreational noise exposure, auditory deficits
October 10, 2017
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Study Suggests Genetic Link to Middle Ear Infections
They're the No. 1 reason kids get antibiotics, and finding could point to better treatments, researchers say
October 7, 2016
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The first Apple-compatible cochlear implant sound processor was announced today
Apple and hearing assistance company Cochlear have teamed up to launch the first iPhone-compatible cochlear implant sound processor. The processor will accompany an implant. (The processor isn't what's implanted inside the body; it's what you see outside and what gathers audio to then send to the implant.)
July 26, 2017
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These hearing implants let you connect your iPhone to your nervous system
Cochlear and Apple recently unveiled hearing implants that can be connected to an iPhone. Those who suffer hearing-loss have had the surgical option for years, but this is the first time we've been able to connect their nervous system directly to a smartphone.
October 9, 2017
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These iPhone-connected hearing aids let doctors make adjustments remotely
Connected hearing aids are nothing new, but today a company called ReSound introduced the iPhone-compatible LiNX 3D, which can be adjusted remotely. this means doctors can access their patients' hearing aids and make minor adjustments without the person having to revisit their office.
April 3, 2017
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This fly's incredible hearing is a curiosity to those developing better hearing aids
Ormia ochracea's sense of directional hearing is second to none in the animal kingdom.
May 15, 2017
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This implant beams sound directly to your brain from an iPhone
The Nucleus 7 Sound Processor uses iOS to help people with hearing loss listen to high-quality calls and music.
July 26, 2017
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Those with a cochlear implant can now hear audio stream directly from an iOS device
Hearing impaired mobile device users now can hear audio directly from the Apple iPhone, iPad or iPod touch thanks to a new Sound Processor that will soon be offered by Cochlear Ltd. The Nucleus 7, available in the U.S. this September, will be able to stream the audio from an iOS device directly to the microchips in the company's hearing implants without requiring another device to act as an intermediary.
July 26, 2017
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Universal screening not enough to improve language skills of deaf and hard-of-hearing children
Universal screening of newborns for hearing loss before they leave the hospital is not enough to improve language skills of children who are deaf and hard of hearing, according to a new study.
September 26, 2017
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Want to listen better? Lend a right ear
Listening requires sensitive hearing and the ability to process information into cohesive meaning. Add everyday background noise and constant interruptions, and the ability to comprehend what is heard becomes that much more difficult. Audiology researchers have found that in such demanding environments, both children and adults depend more on their right ear for processing and retaining what they hear.
December 6, 2017
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What are binaural beats and how do they work?
Binaural beats therapy is an emerging form of soundwave therapy in which the right and left ears listen to two slightly different frequency tones yet perceive the tone as one.
November 14, 2017
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Why Certain Noises Really Irritate some People
'Misophonia' is a disorder that can make a person's brain go into overdrive, researchers report
February 3, 2017
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IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Antibiotic use during peripartum period linked to greater risk of inflammatory condition in offspring
A study by researchers at the University of Chicago Medicine shows that when mice that are genetically susceptible to developing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) were given antibiotics during late pregnancy and the early nursing period, their offspring were more likely to develop an inflammatory condition of the colon that resembles human IBD.
July 11, 2017
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Children suffering from IBD not meeting daily recommended intake of calcium and vitamin D
A new study highlights that children suffering from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are not meeting the daily recommended intake of calcium and vitamin D. The research, conducted at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children in London, identified that only 26.6% and 21.3% of paediatric IBD patients were achieving the current recommended intake for calcium and vitamin D respectively.
May 29, 2017
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Common yeast may worsen IBD symptoms in Crohn's disease
During the past decade, the gut has experienced a renaissance as investigations focus on the role of the microbiome on human health. While most studies have focused on bacteria, the dominant microbial inhabitants in the gut, scientists used mouse studies to show the role of yeast in aggravating the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease. Their work suggests that allopurinol, a generic drug already on the market, could offer some relief.
March 8, 2017
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Coping with irritable bowel syndrome
Living with irritable bowel syndrome can be challenging, painful, and embarrassing, and it can affect your quality of life. We have compiled some ways to cope with the condition that may help to take the edge off the unpleasant symptoms you experience from irritable bowel syndrome.
September 26, 2017
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Coping with panic disorder
Do you experience sudden attacks of anxiety, fear, and panic? Perhaps your heart races, you feel unable to breathe or think properly, and you sweat. Do these attacks have no obvious trigger? Here are some of the best ways to cope with panic disorder to improve your quality of life.
October 2, 2017
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Crohn's disease versus ulcerative colitis: What is the difference?
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are both inflammatory bowel diseases with many similarities. Nevertheless, there are some key differences between the two conditions that affect how they are managed.
June 6, 2017
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Diet and antibiotic use can change gut microbiota contributing to IBS symptoms
A recent review of research suggests that changes to the microorganisms (microbiota) in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract may be a cause of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). the review article is published in the American Journal of Physiology–Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology.
January 27, 2017
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Dietary soy-protein may be effective adjunct therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases
A diet supplemented with soy protein may be an effective adjunct therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases, Penn State researchers reported after completing a study that included mice and cultured human colon cells.
April 26, 2017
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Drug targeting technique could aid therapies for immune diseases
A new technique that targets drugs to specific cells could lead to improved therapies for diseases caused by an overactive immune response. The research could help people affected by conditions such as arthritis and inflammatory bowel diseases, where the body's own immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissues.
September 25, 2017
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Gene that protects against inflammatory bowel disease identified
Researchers have identified a gene that protects the gut from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). the mouse study found a mutation in the Gatm gene and used CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing technology to confirm this link. the Gatm gene is required for the rapid replenishment of the intestinal mucosal barrier that guards the intestinal wall against inflammation caused by bacteria in the digestive tract, researchers determined.
February 1, 2017
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Genetic test to predict IBD severity in children
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic relapsing inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract with abdominal pain and diarrhea being the most common symptoms. It can be challenging to diagnose as gastrointestinal complaints mimicking IBD are common.
July 26, 2017
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Get Relief from IBS
Follow these tips to ease your symptoms.
March 8, 2016
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'Good' bacteria is potential solution to unchecked inflammation seen in bowel diseases
In a new report, researchers describe how inflammation can go unchecked in the absence of a certain inhibitor called NLRP12, adding that beneficial bacteria may be the key to helping to reverse a cycle of gut inflammation seen in certain inflammatory bowel diseases.
March 13, 2017
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IBD patients with longer duration of disease have higher risk of developing NAFLD
Research led by a Houston Methodist gastroenterologist shows that patients who have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) for more than two decades have a higher risk of developing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
April 5, 2017
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IBS researchers devise nanochannels for iodide transport in cell membranes
Exchange of iodide (iodine ions) between bloodstream and cells is crucial for the health of several organs and its malfunctioning is linked to goiter, hypo- and hyperthyroidism, breast cancer, and gastric cancer. Researchers at the Center for Self-Assembly and Complexity, within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) have devised nanostructures that function as channels for iodide transport in cell membranes.
June 8, 2017
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IBS scientists control memory by modulating synchronized brain waves during deep sleep
Have you ever tried to recall something just before going to sleep and then wake up with the memory fresh in your mind? While we absorb so much information during the day consciously or unconsciously, it is during shut eye that a lot of facts are dispatched to be filed away or fall into oblivion. A good quality sleep is the best way to feel mentally refreshed and memorize new information, but how is the brain working while we sleep? Could we improve such process to remember more, or maybe even use it to forget unwanted memories?
July 6, 2017
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IBS scientists develop Nano MRI Lamp for smarter diagnosis of diseases
A research team led by CHEON Jinwoo at the Center for Nanomedicine, within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS), developed the Nano MRI Lamp: a new technology platform that tunes the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signals "ON" only in the presence of the targeted disease. Published in Nature Materials, this study can overcome the limitations of existing MRI contrast agents.
February 6, 2017
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IBS scientists uncover biological pathway that contributes to thyroid disorder
A team led by KOH Gou Young, director of the Center for Vascular Research, within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS), in collaboration with Chungnam National University, clarified the molecular mechanism to explain how the thyroid and surrounding vascular system change in the most common form of hyperthyroidism.
May 18, 2017
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IBS: Five facts you need to know
With over a tenth of the worldwide population living with irritable bowel syndrome and many more going undiagnosed, it's time to shine the spotlight on this condition, which causes abdominal discomfort, pain, or both for so many. We have your need-to-know facts.
November 29, 2017
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Identifying serious bowel conditions in under-50s
Why can it be difficult, particularly in young people, for GPs to distinguish between patients with non-serious conditions, such as IBS, and serious conditions, like bowel cancer and inflammatory bowel disease?
April 11, 2017
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Impact of IBS on patients
What did the recent IBS Global Impact Report reveal about the personal and economic impact of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)?
January 16, 2017
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Inflammatory bowel disease patients over the age of 60 often receive older drugs
Inflammatory bowel disease is common amongst older people and there are big differences in the choice of treatment for different age groups. Patients over the age of 60 often receive cortisone drugs instead of more modern medicines that target the immune system. This according to a large registry study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in Gastroenterology.
November 13, 2017
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Inflammatory bowel disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatments
Inflammatory bowel disease is an umbrella term for a number of long-term conditions that involve inflammation of the digestive tract, or the gut.
March 16, 2017
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Inflammatory bowel disease: Potential new treatment target identified
New research suggests that a small protein involved in inflammation could be an effective target for drugs to treat inflammatory bowel disease, with particular benefit for the millions of patients who do not respond to the current standard therapy.
April 10, 2017
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Key role for microRNA in inflammatory bowel disease
An international team of researchers has discovered that a microRNA produced by certain white blood cells can prevent excessive inflammation in the intestine. the study shows that synthetic versions of this microRNA can reduce intestinal inflammation in mice and suggests a new therapeutic approach to treating patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.
May 9, 2017
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New IBD treatments may combine antifungals and probiotics
A new review now published in the journal Digestive and Liver Disease suggests that new treatments for inflammatory bowel disease might come from combining antifungals with probiotics to promote a healthy balance of microorganisms throughout the gut.
October 4, 2017
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New project to develop a nanotherapy targeting the molecules involved in inflammatory bowel diseases
Leti, a technology research institute of CEA Tech, today announced a European Union project to develop a nanotherapy targeting the molecules involved in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
May 11, 2017
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New, low-cost biosimilar for IBD therapy shows efficacy and safety
Treatment of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis has been greatly improved by the introduction of biologic therapies such as infliximab (which targets tumour necrosis factor alpha), but at considerable cost. a recent analysis of results from 11 published studies including 829 patients shows that a new and lower-cost biosimilar for infliximab-called CT-P13 (Remsima/Inflectra)-has excellent clinical efficacy and safety.
March 3, 2017
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Probiotics could help improve gut symptoms and psychological issues in IBS, study shows
Probiotics may relieve symptoms of depression, as well as help gastrointestinal upset, research from McMaster University has found.
May 23, 2017
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Research suggests new way to treat inflammatory gut disease and prevent rejection of bone marrow transplants
A new study explains how a widely used drug is effective against inflammatory bowel disease and rejection of bone marrow transplants, while suggesting another way to address both health issues.
October 31, 2017
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Researchers develop first sensor that can identify IBD and distinguish between two subtypes
Researchers have developed the first sensor capable of objectively identifying inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and distinguishing between its two subtypes. the device represents a substantial achievement toward a more personalized approach to diagnosing and treating IBD, a chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract affecting more than 1 million Americans.
January 4, 2017
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Researchers discover same kind of T-cell exhaustion in IBS-D patients
Australian researchers have for the first time discovered that a specific type of irritable bowel syndrome is associated with exhaustion of the immune system in patients.
June 21, 2017
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Researchers suggest role for MKL1 protein in development of inflammatory bowel disease
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including the two conditions ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, results in long-term inflammation of the gut and is associated with dysregulation of the immune system. However, it is notoriously difficult to determine the cause of IBD, although genetic and environmental factors are implicated.
December 13, 2017
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Researchers win $1.4 million federal grant to study new treatment approaches for intestinal inflammation
Researchers in Georgia State University's Institute for Biomedical Sciences have received a four-year, $1.4 million federal grant to study novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of intestinal inflammation.
August 7, 2017
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Rural living tied to lower risk of inflammatory bowel disease
A new study of Canadian populations has found that people living in rural households are less likely to be diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease than individuals living in urban households, particularly when the disease starts in childhood.
July 26, 2017
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Scientists find genes that may cause inflammatory bowel disease
Using genetic "fine-mapping," researchers have zoomed in on just a few genetic variants that may trigger the autoimmune condition inflammatory bowel disease.
July 3, 2017
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Scientists identify gene linked to incurable bowel disorders
A key gene that helps to explain an underlying cause of incurable bowel disorders such as Crohn's disease has been identified by scientists.
May 17, 2017
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Scientists uncover link between backup pathogen-fighting system and mutations in Crohn's patients
Genes that regulate a cellular recycling system called autophagy are commonly mutated in Crohn's disease patients, though the link between biological housekeeping and inflammatory bowel disease remained a mystery. Now, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have uncovered an intriguing clue.
July 28, 2017
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Study findings provide new insight into inflammatory bowel disease
Findings from a study into Crohn's disease, led by William G. Kerr, Ph.D., of SUNY Upstate Medical University, and his collaborators at the Erasmus Medical Center in the Netherlands, provide the first evidence that patients with debilitating inflammatory bowel disease lack sufficient quantities of a protein that comes from the SHIP1 gene.
October 6, 2017
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Study finds link between vitamin D levels and severity of malabsorption issues
Natural health experts BetterYou have welcomed a recommendation by leading gastroenterology expert Isobel Mason, to take a vitamin D supplement to reduce Crohn's flare-ups.
March 3, 2017
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Study finds rising incidence of IBD in newly industrialized countries
For the last century, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been a challenge for patients and the medical community in the western world. New research published today in The Lancet by Dr. Gilaad Kaplan shows that countries outside the western world may now be facing the same pattern of increasing IBD rates.
October 20, 2017
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Study shows safety, efficacy of endoscopic needle knife therapy for intestinal strictures in IBD patients
Cleveland Clinic doctors have published the first study illustrating the safety and efficacy of endoscopic needle knife therapy for intestinal strictures in patients with inflammatory bowel disorder (IBD).
April 28, 2017
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The 10 best Crohn's disease blogs
Crohn's disease can be difficult and stressful, but methods of managing it come in many forms. Blogs can help to build your knowledge of the disease, providing support and educational information. We have selected the best Crohn's disease blogs.
November 2, 2017
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UA researchers seek to better understand NHE8 protein's role in GI disorders, colon cancer
About 1.6 million Americans suffer from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which encompasses several painful and complex disorders that include Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
July 27, 2017
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UC Riverside professor receives grant to explore therapeutic target for treating IBD patients
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestine that includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. a protective protein that plays a key role in this disease is "T-cell protein tyrosine phosphatase" or TCPTP.
April 7, 2017
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Ulcerative colitis diet: Foods to choose and avoid
Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that may be improved by dietary changes. But which foods should people choose and which should they avoid?
June 8, 2017
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Ulcerative colitis: Do probiotics help?
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease, for which there is no known cure. Because of this, some people try to manage the condition by making dietary and lifestyle changes.
June 6, 2017
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Ulcerative colitis: Defining and treating pain
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, inflammatory condition of the lower gastrointestinal tract. It is associated with periods where symptoms worsen causing diarrhea, bloating, discomfort, and pain. These periods are called flares.
June 9, 2017
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What are the top essential oils for constipation?
Constipation is a common problem, affecting more than 60 million Americans. Some problems that cause constipation may be simple and easy to treat, such as diet changes, or they may be more complex, such as irritable bowel syndrome.
November 16, 2017
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Women with IBS experience worse quality of life than men, new research shows
Double work and a high embarrassment factor can lead to the quality of life being affected more among women than men by irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a very common gastrointestinal disease. Even with the same level of physical pain and other symptoms, women's perceived quality of life is worse than the mens, according to new research.
January 9, 2017
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Yoga may be valuable adjunct to conventional therapies for ulcerative colitis
Patients with ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, often relapse at times of stress. In a clinical trial of 77 ulcerative colitis patients who were in clinical remission but were experiencing reduced quality of life, those assigned to 12 supervised 90-minute weekly sessions of yoga had a greater increase in quality of life and reduced activity of their colitis compared with those who were given written self-care advice.
April 5, 2017
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Men and Women

A healthy sex life may boost job satisfaction
According to a 2016 survey, around 50 percent of employees in the United States feel unsatisfied with their jobs. However, a new study suggests a surprising way to boost satisfaction in the workplace: maintain a healthy sex life.
March 7, 2017
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A new Treatment for Premature Ejaculation?
Handy anesthetic 'wipes' may help some -- but not all -- guys with premature ejaculation, small study finds
May 15, 2017
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Acupuncture may help alleviate vulvar pain in women
Acupuncture has been successfully used to treat such ailments as back and neck pain, osteoarthritis and headaches. Judith Schlaeger is working to discover whether it can help the up to 14 million American women who experience genital pain.
October 11, 2017
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Adverse early life experiences and abuse may lead women to unnecessary, harmful surgeries
Mayo Clinic researchers report that women who suffered adverse childhood experiences or abuse as an adult are 62 percent more likely to have their oefore age 46. These removals are for reasons other than the presence of ovarian cancer or a high genetic risk of developing cancer, says the new study published today in BMJ Open.
June 7, 2017
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Age of first menstruation may influence time spent in education for young women
The age at which girls have their first period may influence how long they stay in education.
August 9, 2017
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Anxiety linked to severe quality-of-life impairment in postmenopausal women
Whether anxiety increases common menopause symptoms such as hot flashes and sleep disruption or whether these symptoms cause increased anxiety remains an ongoing debate. Regardless of which comes first, multiple studies confirm that increased anxiety occurring during the menopause transition adversely affects a woman's quality of life.
January 25, 2017
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Are Women Naturally Fitter Than Men?
When it comes to getting and staying fit, women may have an aerobic edge over men, new research suggests.
December 6, 2017
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Battle of the sexes: Are women fitter than men?
A new study shows that when women exercise, their body processes oxygen a lot faster than men's. This indicates superior aerobic fitness, explain the researchers. In other words, women may be naturally fitter than men.
December 5, 2017
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Being underweight may trigger early menopause
A large study of almost 80,000 women concludes that being underweight poses a risk of experiencing early menopause.
October 26, 2017
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Binge drinking in teens may raise women's blood glucose in later life
Women who drink a lot of alcohol and engage in binge drinking starting in their mid-teens are more likely to have high blood sugar - a risk factor for type 2 diabetes - when they reach their early 40s.
June 9, 2017
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Botox Beats Implant for Urinary Incontinence in Women
But both have side effects that may affect your choice, researchers say
October 4, 2016
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Brain activity higher in women than men, study finds
Some brain disorders are much more common in women than men, but why? A new study may help to shed light on this sex difference, after finding that many brain regions are much more active in women.
August 8, 2017
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Brain differences between men and women affect response to pain relief
Results from a new study may explain why female patients often require higher doses of morphine - one of the primary drugs for the treatment of chronic or severe pain - than male patients to achieve the same level of relief. It appears that a type of immune cell called microglia are more active in the pain-processing regions of the female brain.
March 6, 2017
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Cholesterol-lowering statins linked to increased risk of Diabetes in older women
Older Australian women taking cholesterol-lowering statins face a significantly increased risk of developing diabetes, according to a University of Queensland study.
March 15, 2017
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Choosing between Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra: what to consider
Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra are the three most popular drugs used to help treat the symptoms of erectile dysfunction.
March 14, 2017
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Could Hormone Supplements for Menopause Return?
New study suggests the therapy won't increase risk of early death
September 12, 2017
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Defective immune cells may play role in hair loss
After studying their activity in mice, researchers have discovered that a type of immune cell normally associated with inflammation, or regulatory T cells, also promote hair growth by triggering stem cells in the skin. Mice without these particular immune cells cannot regenerate hair. The researchers suggest that defects in regulatory T cells could be a cause of alopecia areata and may also contribute to other forms of baldness.
May 25, 2017
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Do OTC treatments for erectile dysfunction work?
Erectile dysfunction is a male sexual dysfunction that is more common as men get older. Medications to treat this condition were previously available on prescription only, but options are now available over the counter.
April 24, 2017
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Drug treatment used for other conditions can help women combat urinary incontinence
Urinary incontinence in women is common, with almost 50% of adult women experiencing leakage at least occasionally. Genetic or heritable factors are known to contribute to half of all cases, but until now studies had failed to identify the genetic variants associated with the condition.
May 29, 2017
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Early menopause: Eating vegetable protein tied to lower risk
Eating foods rich in vegetable protein - such as tofu, enriched pasta, nuts, and breakfast cereal - is linked to a lower risk of early menopause, compared with consuming protein that comes mainly from animal sources.
June 26, 2017
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Early menopause, never giving birth may raise heart failure risk
Contrary to popular belief, heart disease is not just a "male" problem; the condition is the leading cause of death among both men and women. new research examines the link between a woman's reproductive history and her risk of cardiovascular disease.
May 16, 2017
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Eating fruits and vegetables may lower women's stress risk
New research provides yet another reason to include fruits and vegetables in the diet, after finding that eating up to seven servings per day can lower the risk of psychological stress for middle-aged women.
March 16, 2017
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Eight home remedies for a yeast infection
A yeast infection is a common type of fungal infection. One place it targets is the genital area, which leads to pain, itching, and discharge. But what ways can a yeast infection be treated at home?
June 15, 2017
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Enlarged uterus: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
A women's uterus is the size of a clenched fist but can grow as big as a soccer ball or larger during pregnancy. In addition to pregnancy, there are many other reasons why a woman's uterus may become enlarged.
August 8, 2017
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Epididymitis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
In the back of the testicles, there is a coiled tube called the epididymis. This tube stores and carries sperm and is linked to the ejaculatory duct by another tube called the vas deferens.
June 29, 2017
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Erectile dysfunction: Causes and treatment in young men
Most men will experience problems getting or keeping an erection at some point during adulthood, but this is not always caused by a medical problem. However, some men do develop a medical condition called erectile dysfunction.
March 6, 2017
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Essential oils and menopause: Can they help?
Women going through menopause commonly experience a range of symptoms as their hormones shift and their fertility declines. Some medications, including hormone replacement therapy (HRT), can help.
June 14, 2017
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Estrogen uses certain cell type as 'mediator' for beneficial effects on the bone, research shows
The female sex hormone estrogen plays an important role in the structural stability of bones. To date, however, it had been unclear exactly which cells were involved in the hormone's protective function in preventing changes in bone density. Researchers at Vetmeduni Vienna were able to show for the first time that estrogen uses a certain cell type as a "mediator" for its beneficial effects on bone.
July 28, 2017
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Exercise may not be equally effective in males and females, research shows
Healthcare practitioners regularly prescribe diet and exercise as a method for patients to lose weight. But exercise might not be equally effective in males and females, according to new research conducted at the University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus.
July 18, 2017
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Exercise right after learning improves memory in women
Whether you are cramming for an exam or simply want to give your memory a boost, doing some physical exercise straight after a learning session may be of great help - if you are a woman, that is.
August 29, 2017
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Fat Near Heart a Hazard for Postmenopausal Women
Study ties 'paracardial' fat to raised risk of hardening of the arteries
January 31, 2017
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Fennel 'safe and effective' for easing menopause symptoms, study confirms
Although a normal phase of a woman's life, menopause can have a wide range of inconvenient symptoms. New research suggests fennel may help to relieve these symptoms, with little to no side effects.
May 17, 2017
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Fermented red clover extract decreases number and severity of menopausal hot flushes
The vast majority of women in the menopause are familiar with the status of Red Clover as an herbal medicine that soothes hot flush symptoms and hormonal fluctuations. This holds true, new research shows, if the red clover is taken in a fermented form. Fermented Red Clover extract is demonstrated to decrease significantly both the number and severity of daily hot flushes.
July 14, 2017
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For Many Women, Sex Gets Better at Midlife
Doctors discuss how you and your partner can achieve greater satisfaction
October 5, 2016
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Frequent urination in women: Causes and treatment
Urination is the body's way of getting rid of excess water as well as wastes. While this is an important function for survival, urinating too frequently can interfere with a woman's quality of life.
March 30, 2017
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Gender Doesn't Dictate Perspiration Rate
Instead, your size and shape influence how the body releases heat and cools down, study finds
February 24, 2017
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Good News, Guys: Viagra Prices to Tumble Today
In news that will delight men who've had difficulties in the bedroom, two generic versions of the erectile dysfunction drug Viagra are scheduled to hit the market Monday.
December 11, 2017
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Hair loss treatments for men: best options
Many men are affected by hair loss. Although male pattern baldness or androgenetic alopecia causes the majority of incidences of male hair loss, there are many reasons a man can lose his hair.
April 21, 2017
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Haywire Immune Cells May Help Cause Baldness
Cells that fight inflammation also play role in hair growth, mice study finds
May 25, 2017
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High vitamin D intake could reduce the risk of an early menopause
A new study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition has revealed that women can cut their risk of an early menopause, by having a high vitamin D intake.
May 11, 2017
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Higher BMI, abdominal obesity and body fat linked to greater risk of rheumatoid arthritis in women
The results of a population study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR) 2017 showed that, in women, being overweight or obese, as defined by body mass index (BMI ), abdominal obesity and a higher body fat percentage was associated with a higher risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
June 14, 2017
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Heart palpitations and menopause: What you need to know
Women may worry about the menopause for different reasons.
May 30, 2017
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Hormone replacement therapy linked to lower risk of atherosclerosis and death in women
Hormone replacement therapy has long been controversial as studies have associated it with health benefits and risks. While some studies suggest that it lowers the risk of osteoporosis and improves some aspects of heart health, others link it to higher risk of cancer and stroke.
March 9, 2017
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How different are men's and women's brains?
In a world of equal rights, pay gaps, and gender-specific toys, one question remains central to our understanding of the two biological sexes: are men's and women's brains wired differently? If so, how, and how is that relevant?
September 29, 2017
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Is it menopause? Tests and diagnosis
Menopause is a stage in a woman's life at which point she has not menstruated for 12 months or more. Although going through menopause means that a woman should no longer need to worry about getting pregnant, it does signify changes to hormone levels that can affect a woman's overall well-being.
May 25, 2017
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Japanese scientists show how male pheromone enhances female sexual behavior in mice
A study by a group of Japanese scientists showed how a male pheromone in mice enhances sexual behaviors in females--and how it may enhance a different behavior, aggression, in males -- by identifying distinct neural circuits and neurons that generate a particular behavioral response to specific chemical signals. The findings point to a model for further investigating how sex-specific innate behaviors in living things are controlled.
June 22, 2017
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Lack of sleep and arguments with your spouse can cause stress-related inflammation, study reveals
A new study published in the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology, conducted by the researchers from the Ohio State University Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research indicates that the lack of sleep doesn't just make a person cranky and looking for a fight, it also results in the risk of stress-related inflammation.
September 26, 2017
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Male Masturbation: 5 Things you Didn't Know
If there's one thing that almost every guy is an expert at, it's masturbation. After years of extensive, hands-on experience, you think you know everything there is to know. But according to the experts, maybe you don't. Here are some that may surprise you.
January 31, 2017
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Marriage, fatherhood may cause men to gain weight
There is a common belief that once people get married, they begin to pile on the pounds. A new study suggests that this notion may hold some truth, after finding that married men have a higher body mass index than unmarried men.
June 26, 2017
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Natural remedies for treating erectile dysfunction
Some treatments for erectile dysfunction can include natural herbs and remedies. However, when seeking a natural remedy, a man should be cautious and understand the possible risks associated with certain natural cures.
March 10, 2017
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Men who tan tend to do it in riskier ways, study finds
Even though men use tanning beds at lower rates than women, men who tan tend to do it in riskier ways, according to a study by researchers at the University of Connecticut. The findings should help public health officials rethink how, and to whom, they're targeting anti-tanning messages.
November 2, 2017
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Men with high 2D: 4D ratios tend to be better educated, say HSE researchers
According to HSE researchers, men with a high 2D:4D ratio (i.e. those whose index finger is longer than their ring finger) tend to be better educated. These findings are presented in the paper "2D: 4D and lifetime educational outcomes: Evidence from the Russian RLMS survey" in Personality and Individual Differences.
April 21, 2017
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Menopause bloating: Causes and relief
Menopause is the time in a woman's life that signals the end of her menstrual period and childbearing ability. A woman officially enters menopause after a full year without a period.
October 4, 2017
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Menstruation does not affect cognitive function, study finds
Abdominal cramps, mood swings, and sore breasts are just some of the bothersome symptoms that can accompany menstruation. However, contrary to popular belief, brain fog is one symptom that is unlikely to arise at that time of the month.
July 4, 2017
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Mindfulness class provides clear benefit for women, study finds
In a new study of a Brown University scholarly course on mindfulness that also included meditation labs, researchers found that the practice on average significantly helped women overcome "negative affect" -- a downcast mood -- but did not help men. the finding, the authors said, should call more attention to considering gender as a potential factor in assessing mindfulness efficacy.
April 20, 2017
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Mood swings during menopause: Causes and treatments
Most women go through menopause without developing a significant mood disorder. Menopause is a time of change, however, and emotional reactions are part of that.
May 22, 2017
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More US Women Hospitalized for Opioid Abuse
U.S. cases rose 75 percent for females versus 55 percent for males over a decade, study finds
June 21, 2017
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NAMS publishes new position statement on use of hormone therapy to relieve menopause symptoms
A new position statement on the use of hormone therapy (HT) for menopausal and postmenopausal women from The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) has been published online today in the Society's journal, Menopause. "The use of hormone therapy continues to be one of the most controversial and debated topics," says Dr. JoAnn V. Pinkerton, NAMS executive director. "
June 19, 2017
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Natural remedies for hot flashes
Vasomotor symptoms, or hot flashes and night sweats, are the most common symptoms of perimenopause and menopause.
May 19, 2017
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Nearly Half of U.S. Men Infected with HPV
Although a vaccine is available, too few are getting it when young
January 19, 2017
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New insights on seriousness of postmenopausal bleeding
If you're postmenopausal, you shouldn't be bleeding. The very definition of menopause is having gone more than 12 months without a period. So if you're still bleeding, something is wrong. Determining the seriousness of the problem and treating it, is not always evident.
October 11, 2017
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New study finds lower levels of estrogen in women with stress urinary incontinence
Sex steroid levels change markedly during menopause, and estrogen deficiency after menopause causes changes within the urogenital tract. A new study found significantly lower levels of estrogen in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with stress urinary incontinence compared with those without symptoms.
June 7, 2017
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NIH-supported trials of testosterone therapy in older men report mixed results
Hormone treatment improved bone strength and hemoglobin levels; may increase cardiovascular risk; had no effect on cognition.
February 21, 2017
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Overactive bladder in men: what causes it and how is it treated?
Overactive bladder is a urinary disorder that affects both men and women, with a range of common symptoms. this article explores how overactive bladder is caused in men and the best ways to treat it.
April 18, 2017
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Overtaken by Opioids: A Growing Problem for Women
Sarah Wilson's father was a police officer, so she was too scared to try drugs and alcohol as a teenager.
June 7, 2017
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Poor sense of smell may hinder women's social lives
Having a poor sense of smell in later life may have negative implications for a woman's social life, a new study suggests.
March 22, 2017
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Porn-induced erectile dysfunction: how does it happen?
Men who have erectile dysfunction are unable to get or keep an erection long enough to engage in sexual intercourse.
April 25, 2017
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Postmenopausal bleeding: Is it normal?
Menopause occurs when a woman has not had her menstrual period for a year. This occurrence is the result of a natural decline in hormones that a woman will experience usually in her 40s or 50s.
May 26, 2017
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Postmenopausal Women Should Still Avoid HRT
Yet again, the nation's leading authority on preventive medicine says postmenopausal women should avoid hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
December 12, 2017
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Prolonged exposure to male hormone blockers increases risk of persistent erectile dysfunction
Men with longer exposure to the drugs finasteride and dutasteride had a higher risk of getting persistent erectile dysfunction than men with less exposure, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study. the persistent erectile dysfunction continued despite stopping these drugs, in some cases for months or years.
March 9, 2017
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Researchers identify unique bleeding syndrome linked to cirrhosis and portal hypertension
A unique bleeding syndrome associated with cirrhosis and portal hypertension has been identified by researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), Wake Forest University Medical Center, and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in an article published online on April 21, 2017 by the Journal of Investigative Medicine. the syndrome is characterized by typical presentation with acute bleeding (hematemesis, melena, or hematochezia) and also the presence of chronic gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, documented as iron deficiency anemia
April 21, 2017
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Romance is overrated, study confirms
Sure, we all tear up watching romantic movies. But in real life, romance doesn't seem to matter that much. In fact, it's the small, non-romantic acts of kindness and compassion that make us feel most loved. This is the case for most Americans, at least.
November 7, 2017
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Running for 1 minute per day may protect women's bone health
New research from the University of Exeter and the University of Leicester, both in the United Kingdom, suggests that a single 1-minute bout of high-intensity, weight-bearing physical activity is associated with better bone health in women.
July 19, 2017
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Saggy breasts? Find out why
Breast sagging is a common complaint of many women, especially those who have breastfed or lost a significant amount of weight.
August 23, 2017
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Scientists identify differences in outcomes for women and men with AFF in emergency departments
Atrial fibrillation and flutter (also known as AFF) is associated with serious health problems and is a significant contributor to death rates. Investigators have identified differences in outcomes for male and female patients who presented with AFF to emergency departments in Alberta, Canada and were then discharged.
May 4, 2017
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Sex hormone-sensitive gene complex linked to premenstrual mood disorder
Dysregulated cellular response to estrogen and progesterone suspected.
January 3, 2017
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Sexual activity appears to be on the decline among Americans
Americans are having less sex than they did 25 years ago, with the sharpest decline being seen among married people, according to research published in Archives of Sexual Behavior.
March 9, 2017
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Sexual benefits of zinc: can it help treat erectile dysfunction?
Zinc is a trace mineral that plays a vital role in many aspects of human health. These processes include growth, immunity, and reproduction.
March 8, 2017
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Shift Work May Put Damper on a Man's Sex Life
Disrupted sleep patterns could explain the link, three studies suggest
May 15, 2017
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Simple physical activities may help prolong life for older women, study finds
Folding your laundry or doing the dishes might not be the most enjoyable parts of your day. But simple activities like these may help prolong your life, according to the findings of a new study in older women led by the University at Buffalo.
November 16, 2017
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Social media users more likely to feel isolated, study finds
Social isolation is a growing public health concern. In recent years, research has linked social isolation to an increased risk of mortality, and a new study investigates the impact of social media use on perceived social isolation.
March 6, 2017
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Social media worries young girls into vaginal surgery, say doctors
Girls as young as nine are undergoing surgery to have their labia reduced due to insecurities stemming from social media and pornography, according to leading doctors.
July 3, 2017
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Sports-related concussion symptoms last longer for adolescent girls, study suggests
A new study published in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association suggested that the concussion symptoms suffered by adolescent female athletes last twice as long as their male counterparts.
October 4, 2017
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Standard test may miss urinary infection in symptomatic women
New research from Belgium suggests that the standard culture test for bacteria may return a negative result even though the patient tested actually has a urinary tract infection. the study compared women with symptoms of urinary infection - such as pain during urination and feeling an urgent or frequent need to urinate - with non-symptomatic women. with the help of a more sensitive test, it found that nearly all the symptomatic women with a negative standard test result actually did have an infection.
April 28, 2017
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Statins linked to higher risk of Diabetes in older women
Statins are often prescribed for older women with high levels of blood cholesterol, yet the effects of the drug have not been as well-studied in this group as in others. Now, a new study from Australia finds that older women taking statins to lower cholesterol may have a significantly higher risk of developing diabetes.
March 16, 2017
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Staying Trim, Strong May Cut Incontinence Risk
But for women in study, these factors only helped with one type of incontinence
December 30, 2016
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Stress of major life events impacts women more than men, shows poll of 2,000 people
Modern life stressors affect heart, brain, and nervous system
March 15, 2017
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Study finds under-age marriage for women as marker of multiple vulnerabilities
A new study of four South Asian countries reveals complex associations between early marriage and women's education, health and nutrition that go beyond the impacts of early childbearing. These health implications -- which include higher risk of domestic violence and poor mental health -- may also affect the next generation of children. Furthermore, increased education has had some, but not enough, success in delaying girls' marriage.
December 11, 2017
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Study offers new insights into biological causes of premature baldness in men
Short men may have an increased risk of becoming bald prematurely. An international genetic study under the leadership of the University of Bonn at least points in this direction. During the study, the scientists investigated the genetic material of more than 20,000 men. Their data show that premature hair loss is linked to a range of various physical characteristics and illnesses.
March 8, 2017
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Study provides new insights into male pattern baldness
Male pattern baldness is the most common form of hair loss among aging men. New research sheds light on hair growth mechanisms that could pave the way for new treatments for male baldness.
July 13, 2017
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Study shows how pheromones drive sexual behavior
A new mouse study shows how different brain circuits for males and females turn chemical signals into either aggressive or sexual behavior, respectively.
June 26, 2017
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Study suggests link between concussion and increased risk of abnormal menstrual patterns
A study of nearly 130 girls and young women suggests concussion was associated with increased risk of having two or more abnormal menstrual bleeding patterns, according to an article published by JAMA Pediatrics.
July 3, 2017
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Surgical menopause: Effects, risks, and outlook
Menopause occurs when a woman has not had her period for 12 months or longer.
May 29, 2017
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Surveillance rather than surgery can be safe option for women with FEA lesions
The detection of certain non-cancerous "high risk" breast lesions can lead to surgical treatment in women, but one of the largest studies of a specific type of high-risk lesion, flat epithelial atypia (FEA), calls for close observation, rather than surgical removal of these lesions in most cases.
October 31, 2017
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The 10 best menopause blogs
Many women experience uncomfortable symptoms that result from the hormonal changes involved in menopause. We have chosen the top menopause blogs, written by both healthcare professionals and women who have gone through it, that educate, support, and inspire.
October 26, 2017
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The best men's health blogs
Men are often reluctant to seek health-related help, according to the age-old stereotype. And whether that long-standing typecast is true or false, blogs are promoting male healthcare measures that are a must-read if you are determined to reach your ultimate health and fitness goals.
September 12, 2017
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The female orgasm: What do women want?
Societal norms and the media both heavily influence how we view women's orgasms, but research shows that their sexual activity preferences and experiences with orgasm vary widely.
October 6, 2017
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The ins and outs of the vagina
Vaginal versus clitoral orgasm, the G-spot, the vulva, and the clitoris: the female sex organs and their involvement in arousal and orgasm are shrouded in mystery.
September 29, 2017
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Top Sexual Health Symptoms for Women
You just never seem to be in the mood these days. Or the last few times you had sex, it hurt. Maybe you have some discharge that's different from the norm.
February 7, 2017
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Tracking bone changes in women during menopause may help prevent fractures
Bone fragility has long been a worrisome condition affecting women as they age.
January 27, 2017
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UA researcher's findings on estrogen may lead to promising treatment for hot flashes
Fifteen years ago, Dr. Naomi Rance was at work when she experienced her first hot flash. Rance, a physician and researcher at the University of Arizona College of Medicine - Tucson, took note.
June 29, 2017
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Vaginal and bladder problems impact sexual activity of postmenopausal women
As women age, sexual activity typically declines. But that doesn't necessarily mean they are no longer interested in sex. The problem for many is physical. A new study demonstrates the impact on sexual activity of postmenopausal women as a result of vulvovaginal atrophy and lower urinary tract problems.
October 11, 2017
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Vaginal gas: Common causes and prevention
Vaginal gas occurs when air becomes trapped in the vagina. It is a common condition and is not usually associated with any health risks.
September 28, 2017
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Vaginal itching: Common causes, symptoms, and treatments
Vaginal itching is an uncomfortable, yet common occurrence. There are a number of causes, and most require medical treatment.
March 27, 2017
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Vaginal mesh problems in UK and USA for J&J
Vaginal meshes have been used surgically in over 75,000 women in England who undergo surgery to correct stress incontinence and vaginal prolapsed. The surgeries between 2006 and 2016 have used this mesh according to data from the NHS. Experts believe that some of these meshes that have been used have never been clinically tested and this is a disaster waiting to happen.
October 2, 2017
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Vaginal pimples: Causes, treatment, and prevention
Pimples around the female genital area are a common condition caused by a variety of factors. These bumps may be uncomfortable and irritating, but they are not serious in most cases.
June 7, 2017
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Vasomotor symptoms of menopause: Treatment and management
Menopause occurs after a woman has not had her period for 12 months. After menopause, she no longer releases eggs for fertilization, and her ovaries do not produce estrogen and progesterone, as they once did.
June 6, 2017
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Was It Love at First Smell?
Sight isn't the only sense involved in attraction to others, new research says
May 18, 2017
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Weight-Loss Surgery Brings Bigger Heart Benefits to Women: Study
Researchers suggest their bodies may respond differently than men after procedure
November 4, 2016
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What causes testicle itch? Seven possible causes
Itchy testicles, also known as itchy balls, can be uncomfortable and very tempting to scratch.
August 23, 2017
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What does a yellow bruise on the breast mean?
The good news is that having a yellow bruise on the breast should not be cause for concern.
May 22, 2017
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What is the average height for men?
The average height for both men and women has substantially increased over the last century.
June 30, 2017
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White Wine May Do No Favors for a Woman's Skin
Study suggests the drink, as well as liquor, are both tied to a higher risk for rosacea
April 20, 2017
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White wine, liquor may raise women's risk of rosacea
As the weekend approaches, many of us will be looking forward to a drink or two with friends. According to a new study, however, women who are concerned about their skin health might want to steer clear of white wine and liquor.
April 21, 2017
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Why is my period late? Eight possible reasons
Having a late period can be very distressing, especially if a woman is used to having regular periods or is concerned about an unexpected pregnancy.
July 11, 2017
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Women and Chlamydia
You might not be intimately familiar with the name, but chlamydia is actually the most commonly reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the U.S. Each year, about 1.2 million infections are reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). But because chlamydia often has no symptoms, at least as many people could be living with the disease without even realizing it.
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Women and men with bipolar disorder may have different immune markers
Men and women react differently to compounds associated with immune system response to bipolar disorder, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. The findings suggest that bipolar disorder could one day be diagnosed by measuring biological changes in the body and that treatments could be tailored differently for men and women.
July 11, 2017
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Women aren't better at reading people's faces
Study found men were just as good at gauging others in social settings
May 19, 2017
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Women experience higher stress from major life events than men, study reveals
New research has highlighted the potential gender gap in stress, with women reporting higher stress from life events such as death of a loved one, illness, losing their smartphone and Brexit.
March 15, 2017
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Women have statistically lower incidence of severe psoriasis compared to men, study reveals
The fact that men are overrepresented in psoriasis registers and consume more psoriasis care have long led researchers to believe that the common skin disease disproportionally affects men. a unique study with 5,438 Swedish psoriasis patients now reveals that women have a statistically significant lower incidence of severe psoriasis compared to men.
March 24, 2017
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Women More Sensitive to Metal Joint Implants
Researchers don't know if hormones or exposure to metals in makeup or jewelry may play a part
April 26, 2017
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Misc. - Numbers

1 in 3 Seniors Take Sleep Aids, Despite Dangers
But national guidelines generally recommend against these products for those over 65
September 27, 2017
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1st U.S. Living-Donor Uterine Transplant Performed
Infertility procedure was tried in 4 women but has remained successful in only one, Texas team says
October 5, 2016
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3D cell culture platform based on direct laser written microtowers
In a new paper in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, researchers in Finland describe the optimization of the fabrication process for a novel, detailed, 3D cell culture platform based on direct laser written tubular microtowers and human neuronal cells.
August 11, 2017
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3D mini brains accelerate research for repairing brain function
Study introduces new bioengineered 'asteroids' for examining neural connections
December 6, 2017
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3D printed microfibers could provide structure for artificially grown body parts
Much as a frame provides structural support for a house and the chassis provides strength and shape for a car, a team of engineers believes they have a way to create the structural framework for growing living tissue using an off-the-shelf 3-D printer.
December 12, 2017
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3D printing breakthrough heralds 'new era' for advanced skin models
Scientists in South Korea have come up with a new method for 3D printing human skin, which both shortens the process and reduces the cost.
June 12, 2017
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3D-printed 'bionic skin' could give robots the sense of touch
Engineering researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed a revolutionary process for 3D printing stretchable electronic sensory devices that could give robots the ability to feel their environment. the discovery is also a major step forward in printing electronics on real human skin.
May 10, 2017
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3D-printed 'bionic skin' could give robots the sense of touch
Engineering researchers have developed a revolutionary process for 3D printing stretchable electronic sensory devices that could give robots the ability to feel their environment. the discovery is also a major step forward in printing electronics on real human skin.
May 10, 2017
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10 Relaxation Techniques That Zap Stress Fast
Relax. You deserve it, it's good for you, and it takes less time than you think.
December 11, 2017
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Misc. - A

A blood test that can diagnose PTSD may be on the horizon
Doctors may soon be able to diagnose post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using a simple blood test, after scientists identified genetic changes in soldiers who experienced trauma after serving time in Afghanistan.
September 4, 2017
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A brief introduction to enzymes
Enzymes help speed up chemical reactions in the human body. They bind to molecules and alter them in specific ways. They are essential for respiration, digesting food, muscle and nerve function, among thousands of other roles.
October 12, 2017
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A new test can detect your blood type with color-changing paper
It could be crucial in emergency situations and remote areas
March 15, 2017
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A novel concept for a synthetic articular-cartilage-like material
Inspired by the structure of cancellous bone and the nutrition metabolism principles of articular cartilage, a research team in China has utilized friction-induced heat and pressure as a trigger to form and repair an analogue of articular cartilage.
May 11, 2017
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A quantitative study of brain activity using light sheet microscopy
LaVison BioTec, developers of advanced microscopy solutions for the life sciences, report on the latest work of Li Ye, a Post-Doc Research Associate in the Deisseroth Laboratory at Stanford University he applies light sheet microscopy in a program to quantitatively study brain activity in order to better understand the processing of information.
October 5, 2016
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A 'safe' space to shoot up: Worth a try in California?
Tawny Biggs' seemingly happy childhood in the northern Los Angeles County suburb of Santa Clarita, Calif., showed no outward sign that she would one day struggle with drug addiction.
June 19, 2017
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A star is born: Lesser-known brain cell takes center stage
A new method efficiently grows human astrocytes in a dish, advancing studies of stroke, Alzheimer's and depression.
June 6, 2017
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Aberrant neural activity in lab mice presents potential challenges to study healthy brain
Multiple laboratories have observed unusual neural activity resembling epilepsy in some lines of genetically modified mice widely used in neuroscience research. Reporting their findings in eNeuro, the authors caution that this activity is easy to miss and presents potential challenges for using these animals to study the healthy brain.
September 4, 2017
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Acclarent's RELIEVA SCOUT Multi-Sinus Dilation System now Available in U.S.
Acclarent, a J&J firm, is releasing in the U.S. its RELIEVA SCOUT multi-sinus dilation system, a balloon sinuplasty device for widening the sinus openings in people with chronic sinusitis.
July 21, 2016
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ACDF surgery: What to expect
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is a surgery to reduce or eliminate chronic pain in the neck and back due to a problem with the discs.
October 26, 2017
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Acetaminophen may be effective treatment option for acute mountain sickness
Trekking and mountain climbing are quickly growing in popularity, but.one of the challenges that climbers face is acute mountain sickness (AMS). Previous studies have shown that ibuprofen is an effective way to reduce the risk of AMS. Investigators wanted to find out if acetaminophen, a commonly used anti-pain medicine like ibuprofen, would have a comparable effect. They found almost no difference in the performance of both drugs, suggesting that acetaminophen may be another effective prophylactic treatment for AMS. Their results are published in Wilderness & Environmental Medicine.
June 19, 2017
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Acid-sensing receptor may have significant relevance to physiological response in panic disorder
Panic disorder is a syndrome characterized by spontaneous and recurrent episodes of incapacitating anxiety. It typically emerges during adolescence or early adulthood and can take an exhausting emotional and physical toll on the body. Physical symptoms can include heart palpitations, sweating and/or chills, trouble breathing and dizziness, nausea and even chest pain.
August 23, 2017
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Acting like a muscle, nano-sized device lifts 165 times its own weight
Imagine repeatedly lifting 165 times your weight without breaking a sweat -- a feat normally reserved for heroes like Spider-Man.
August 30, 2017
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Actinic keratosis: Pictures, causes, and prevention
Actinic keratosis is a precancerous growth on the skin caused by long-term exposure to ultraviolet light. It is also known as solar keratosis.
July 19, 2017
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Action video games decrease gray matter, study finds
A new study suggests that playing action video games can be detrimental to the brain, reducing the amount of gray matter in the hippocampus. Specialists should exert caution in advising video gameplay to improve cognition, the study authors urge.
August 8, 2017
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Addicts Try to Avoid Fentanyl, But Many Fail
Potent synthetic opioid now responsible for more than half of overdose deaths, study suggests
June 16, 2017
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Addisonian crisis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Addisonian crisis is also known as an adrenal crisis or acute adrenal insufficiency. It is a rare and potentially fatal condition where the adrenal glands stop working properly and there is not enough cortisol in the body.
June 22, 2017
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Adult brains undergo structural changes earlier than we thought
New research offers compelling evidence that the human brain undergoes structural changes between early and mid-adulthood. By analyzing brain scans, researchers were able to accurately estimate individuals' ages.
August 23, 2017
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Adult-onset Still's disease: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
Adult-onset Still's disease is a rare inflammatory disorder that affects the body. Many experts consider it to be the same disease as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, but occurring in adults, often in their 30s.
June 19, 2017
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Advanced Instruments launches novel GloCyte System at 68th AACC Annual Scientific Meeting
Advanced Instruments, Inc., a leader in laboratory instrumentation, launches their GloCyte Automated Cell Counter System at the 68th AACC Annual Scientific Meeting & Clinical Lab Expo in Philadelphia, PA July 31-August 4 2016.
July 29, 2016
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Advanced studies offer insight into neural mechanisms behind social behaviors
Humans, primates, and many other animals are innately social, spending much of their lifetimes in the presence of other individuals, but little is known about the neural mechanisms that generate social behaviors. Recent advances offer insight into neural circuits and mechanisms that underlie social decision-making, cooperation, and aggression. The studies are being presented at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.
November 13, 2017
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Advances in imaging detect blunt cerebrovascular injury more frequently in trauma patients
Study underscores importance of trauma teams reevaluating how they care for patients with head injuries
January 19, 2017
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Advantages and disadvantages of donating blood
Each year, thousands of people rely on receiving donated blood and blood products to stay alive.
September 12, 2017
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African ancestry linked to increased kidney disease risk among Hispanic/Latino adults
African ancestry contributes to the risk of chronic kidney disease among some Hispanic/Latino adults, according to a study co-authored by Loyola University Chicago researchers.
October 5, 2016
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After joint replacement surgery, smokers at increased risk of reoperation for infection
For patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement, smoking is associated with an increased risk of infectious (septic) complications requiring repeat surgery, reports a new study.
February 16, 2017
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Afternoon slump explained by brain's 'reward center'
The brain's reward center tends to be at its most active in the morning and evening, new research shows. This could account for the energy dip that people tend to feel in the afternoon. The findings may have implications for bipolar disorder, depression, and sleep disturbances.
August 22, 2017
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Air pollution may directly affect biology of upper airways to cause chronic sinus problems
Although human population studies have linked air pollution to chronic inflammation of nasal and sinus tissues, direct biological and molecular evidence for cause and effect has been scant. Now, Johns Hopkins researchers report that experiments in mice continually exposed to dirty air have revealed that direct biological effect.
April 18, 2017
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Alcohol consumption at early age linked to increase of psychopathological symptoms
Alcohol consumption onset between eleven and thirteen years old is associated with an increased risk of psychological disorders in the future, according to a study conducted by the Complutense University of Madrid. the most common symptoms of more than 3.000 adolescents who participated in the research were bodily discomfort, hostility and aggression.
October 4, 2016
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Alcohol improves memory of previous learning
A new study finds that drinking alcohol can improve recall of learning that occurs before a drinking session, and that this effect is stronger with greater alcohol consumption.
July 31, 2017
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Alcohol may change personality less than we think, say researchers
Alcohol consumption may have less effect on personality than people commonly believe, say researchers.
May 16, 2017
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Alcohol on several days per week could lower diabetes risk
A Danish study that examined patterns of alcohol consumption has found that compared with abstainers, people who drank moderately on 3 to 4 days each week had the lowest risk of developing diabetes, especially if they drank wine.
July 28, 2017
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Alcohol use linked to intentional head injuries in Nepal
Head injuries can be fatal, particularly if the assailant intentionally targets the victim to cause maximum damage. A recent study published in the Birat Journal of Health Sciences in Nepal has found that over a third of all intentional head injuries - assaults intended to kill or incapacitate a person - were related to alcohol use.
July 18, 2017
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All you need to know about belly button discharge
The belly button is a place where germs can become trapped and multiply. Too many germs in the belly button can cause an infection, which may lead to discharge through the skin.
October 30, 2017
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All you need to know about hernia repair
A hernia occurs when an organ or internal tissue breaks through a hole in the muscles. Hernia repair surgery or herniorrhaphy involves returning the displaced tissues to their proper position.
October 20, 2017
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All you need to know about hyperchloremia
Hyperchloremia is a disorder in which a person has too much chloride in their blood. Chloride is an electrolyte, and changes in electrolyte levels can cause dehydration.
October 24, 2017
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All you need to know about jaw popping
Jaw popping refers to a clicking sound from the jaw, which can be accompanied by sensations of pain.
November 1, 2017
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All you need to know about low creatinine levels
Low levels of the waste product creatinine in the body could be a sign that the liver or muscles are not working as well as they should. We find out what causes creatinine levels to drop, whether this is always a cause for concern, and what can be done to restore healthier levels.
November 2, 2017
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All you need to know about ridges in fingernails
Many different health conditions can cause changes in the nails and nail bed, including shaping ridges in the nails. Vertical ridges in the fingernails are most common and are usually harmless.
October 30, 2017
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All you need to know about stretch marks on breasts
Stretch marks develop when the top layer of the skin expands or contracts faster than the layer beneath. These changes cause the connective tissues, such as collagen and elastin fibers, to break and leave stretch marks.
October 24, 2017
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All you need to know about thyroglossal duct cysts
A thyroglossal duct cyst is a fluid-filled pocket in the front of the neck, just above the voice box.
October 19, 2017
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All you need to know about why you are angry
Anger is an intense and powerful emotion that ranges from being mildly annoyed to utter rage. In most cases, anger is a normal and healthy feeling.
October 26, 2017
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Allergens widespread in largest study of U.S. homes
Allergens are widespread, but highly variable in U.S. homes, according to the nation's largest indoor allergen study to date. Researchers from the National Institutes of Health report that over 90 percent of homes had three or more detectable allergens, and 73 percent of homes had at least one allergen at elevated levels.
November 30, 2017
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Allergic to Peanuts? Tree Nuts Might Still be Safe
Careful testing can determine whether you need to avoid cashews, walnuts or others, study finds
March 27, 2017
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Allergy shots: Uses, effectiveness, and side effects
Experiencing allergies can be miserable, with watery eyes, a runny nose, rashes, and breathing problems. Some allergy sufferers try many treatments to keep their allergy symptoms at bay.
June 30, 2017
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Allergy wheezing: Causes, diagnosis, and treatment
People affected by allergies may experience a whistling sound when they breathe, called wheezing. But why do allergies cause wheezing and what treatments are available?
August 16, 2017
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Aluminum cookware made from scrap metal poses serious and unrecognized health risk
Aluminum cookware made from scrap metal in countries around the world poses a serious and previously unrecognized health risk to millions of people according to a new study. the highest levels were found in cookware from Vietnam including one pot that released 2,800 times more lead than California's Maximum Allowable Dose Level (MADL) of 0.5 micrograms per day.
January 23, 2017
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AMSBIO launch high throughput genotoxicity skin assay technology
AMSBIO announces the launch of DermaChip® - a new high throughput assay technology that allows scientists, for the first time, to reliably measure the genotoxic risk of a whole range of environmental agents (including cleaning agents, household products and industrial chemicals as well as cosmetics) to our skin.
June 30, 2017
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American Nutrition supplements vitamins and herbs
Vitamins herbs and supplements sports and body building
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American Pain Foundation, Inc.
a non-profit consumer information, education, and advocacy organization dedicated to helping people who suffer from pain.
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Americans Are Spending Billions on Plastic Surgery
New report details costs of most popular plastic surgery procedures
April 12, 2017
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Americans Injuring Themselves Grooming Pubic Hair
Study finds cuts, burns and infections send many to doctor, some to the ER
August 16, 2017
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Amputee feels texture in real-time with artificial fingertip
An amputee was able to feel smoothness and roughness in real-time with an artificial fingertip that was surgically connected to nerves in his upper arm. Moreover, the nerves of non-amputees can also be stimulated to feel roughness, without the need of surgery, meaning that prosthetic touch for amputees can now be developed and safely tested on intact individuals.
March 8, 2016
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AMSBIO offers extensive products to study metabolic pathways in cells
AMSBIO offers an extensive range of proteins, antibodies, assays and kits covering every single target of major cellular metabolic pathways including folate metabolism, pyruvate metabolism (with and without oxygen), citrate metabolism, O2 consumption and toxicity, oxidative stress and fatty acid oxygen measurement.
January 3, 2017
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AMSBIO's immunotherapy range for IDO pathway research
AMSBIO offer a wide range of products for IDO pathway research, including cell lines, assay kits and active proteins to be used in IDO pathway research (IDO1, IDO2 and TDO genes).
May 16, 2017
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An artificial version of the 'love hormone' probably isn't the solution to our problems
It doesn't have cardiovascular side effects, but it might have others
December 5, 2017
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Analgesic effects of opioids can be mediated via immune cells
Opioids are the most powerful painkillers. Researchers at the Charite - Universit㳳medizin Berlin have now found that the analgesic effects of opioids are not exclusively mediated by opioid receptors in the brain, but can also be mediated via the activation of receptors in immune cells.
January 17, 2017
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Ancient enzyme protects lungs from common irritant produced by bugs and mold
Chitin-destroying enzymes reduce mortality from inflammatory lung disease in mice, study shows
April 20, 2017
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Animal models can't 'tune out' stimuli, mimicking sensory hypersensitivity in humans
Mice with fragile X syndrome had an inability to adapt to repeated whisker stimulation
June 12, 2017
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Ankylosing spondylitis: Pictures, early signs, and progression
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that leads to chronic pain and discomfort, usually in the spine.
May 29, 2017
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Ankylosing spondylitis: Progression and outlook
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic disorder that creates pain, stiffness, and inflammation in the body. As the disorder progresses, inflammation may get worse and new symptoms may show up.
May 22, 2017
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Ankylosing spondylitis: Symptoms and early signs
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that typically begins in the spine and the joints between the spine and the pelvis. It causes pain, stiffness, and may affect the shape of the spine and mobility.
May 23, 2017
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Ankylosing spondylitis: Tests, diagnosis, and treatment
Ankylosing spondylitis is a disorder that causes chronic pain in the joints, usually starting in the back and buttocks.
May 18, 2017
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Ankylosing spondylitis: X-ray and imaging techniques
X-rays and other imaging techniques for ankylosing spondylitis are an important part of getting an accurate diagnosis of this condition.
May 18, 2017
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Anti-gravity treadmill can help reduce fears, increase self-belief in patienrgery
Patients recovering from knee operations are being helped back to sport and exercise through expert rehabilitation at the University of Kent.
July 6, 2017
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Anti-heroin vaccine developed at TSRI proven effective in primate models
A vaccine developed at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) to block the "high" of heroin has proven effective in non-human primates. This is the first vaccine against an opioid to pass this stage of preclinical testing.
June 6, 2017
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Anti-nausea drug may be new treatment for obstructive sleep apnea
An old pharmaceutical product may be a new treatment for obstructive sleep apnea, according to new research presented today by University of Illinois at Chicago and Northwestern University scientists at the SLEEP 2017 annual meeting in Boston.
June 6, 2017
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Antidepressant improves drug delivery across the blood-brain barrier, rat study shows
NIH rat study suggests amitriptyline temporarily inhibits the blood-brain barrier, allowing drugs to enter the brain.
April 27, 2017
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Antidepressant may enhance drug delivery to the brain
NIH rat study suggests amitriptyline temporarily inhibits the blood-brain barrier, allowing drugs to enter the brain
April 27, 2017
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Antipsychotics commonly prescribed to adults with IDD, study finds
Antipsychotic medication is frequently being prescribed to individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), often without a psychiatric diagnosis, a new study conducted by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) and Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) has found.
August 23, 2017
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Anxious? Distressed? You're not Alone
And about 1 in 10 Americans who need mental health care don't have the insurance coverage, study finds
April 17, 2017
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Aphasia may not solely be a language issue as traditionally believed, study shows
Aphasia, a language disorder commonly diagnosed in stroke patients, may not be solely a language issue as traditionally believed, according to a Penn State study.
March 30, 2017
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Apple acquires Beddit, a sleep tracking company, in health pursuit
In its pursuit to accommodate everything health, Apple has decided to acquire the sleep tracking hardware and software company, Beddit. Anyone who currently owns a Beddit product or uses its software needn't worry as the product and services support that are currently provided will be maintained for the foreseeable future.
May 10, 2017
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Apple acquires sleep monitoring company Beddit
Beddit, the company which makes sleep monitoring hardware and an accompanying app, was recently acquired by Apple. While Apple hasn't addressed this acquisition in any way, Beddit's privacy policy, last revised on May 8, 2017, says that Beddit has been acquired by Apple.
May 10, 2017
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Apple buys Beddit, a sleep-tracking company with existing Apple watch app
Could the Apple watch track your Zs soon?
May 10, 2017
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Applying AFM to study the viscoelastic properties of cells
Can you please give a brief history of the use of AFM to study cell mechanics in order to understand the biophysical processes of the cells?
November 16, 2017
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Arboviruses: Types, symptoms, and transmission
Arbovirus is a term used to describe a group of viral infections transmitted to humans from a group of insects known as arthropods. There are many strains of arbovirus.
July 28, 2017
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Ardelyx initiates two clinical trials to evaluate new treatment for hyperkalemia
Ardelyx, Inc., a clinical-stage company focused on enhancing the treatment of patients with gastrointestinal and cardiorenal diseases, today announced the initiation of a Phase 3 clinical trial and an onset-of-action clinical trial evaluating RDX7675 in patients with hyperkalemia, a potentially life-threatening condition common in patients with cardiorenal disease.
January 3, 2017
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ARDS survivors often leave hospital ICU with prolonged post-intensive care syndrome
Patients who survive acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) often leave a hospital intensive care unit with debilitating mental, physical, or cognitive problems that may limit their quality of life.
August 23, 2017
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Are there any alternatives to Flomax?
For most, benign prostatic hyperplasia is a mild inconvenience that can be treated with a drug called Flomax. But Flomax does not work well for everyone. Some alternatives can help men with this condition relieve their symptoms and feel better.
November 6, 2017
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Are Your Copper Mugs Poisoning You?
It may be time to put away those trendy copper mugs -- what you put in them could lead to copper poisoning.
August 8, 2017
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Area of brain linked to bipolar disorder pinpointed
A volume decrease in specific parts of the brain's hippocampus -- long identified as a hub of mood and memory processing -- was linked to bipolar disorder in a new study.
January 24, 2017
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Armpit detox: Benefits and how to do it
Armpit detoxification can help the body rid itself of toxins that have built up on the skin. It may also help to reduce the capacity of sweat glands and the amount of odor they produce.
October 6, 2017
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Armpit lumps: Causes, diagnosis, and treatment
Armpit lumps are very common and are normally caused by a swollen lymph node or gland under the armpit. However, there are many other causes for armpit lumps, some of which may require treatment.
April 21, 2017
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Armpit pain: Common causes and treatments
Many people experience underarm or armpit pain at some point in their lifetime. While armpit pain can be a sign of severe health complications, it is usually associated with minor infections and overexertion.
June 2, 2017
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Array of nanoscale sensors can sniff and diagnose several types of diseases
Before modern medical lab techniques became available, doctors diagnosed some diseases by smelling a patient's breath. Scientists have been working for years to develop analytical instruments that can mimic this sniff-and-diagnose ability. Now, researchers report in the journal ACS Nano that they have identified a unique "breathprint" for each disease. Using this information, they have designed a device that screens breath samples to classify and diagnose several types of diseases.
December 21, 2016
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Artificial Fingertip Allows Man to Regain Feeling In His Phantom Hand
A man missing an arm has been able to feel the sensation of touch in his phantom hand thanks to a newly developed artificial fingertip from Ecole polytechnique federale de Lausanne, Switzerland and Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Italy. the device interfaces with electrodes implanted into the remaining arm, not far above the stump.
March 8, 2016
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Artificial Hand 'Sees' Objects
Camera allows amputees to reach automatically for objects, as a real hand would, study finds
May 4, 2017
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Artificial touch with finger prosthesis reveals how neurons cooperate inside healthy brain
In a collaboration between Swedish and Italian researchers, the aim was to analyse how the brain interprets information from a virtual experience of touch, created by a finger prosthesis with artificial sensation. the result was - completely unexpectedly - a new method for measuring brain health.
April 5, 2017
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As Heroin Takes Hold, Some Librarians Learn How To Treat Overdoses
Public libraries aren't merely book repositories; they also provide access to information and resources for the entire community. And in some neighborhoods, librarians are training themselves to revive heroin users who have overdosed.
May 22, 2017
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Astrocytes play important part in regulation of breathing, study shows
Star-shaped cells called astrocytes are much more than simple support cells in the brain. In a new study on mice, researchers at Karolinska Institutet demonstrate that they also play a key part in the respiratory center of the brainstem and release inflammatory molecules that regulate breathing. The results, which are presented in the scientific journal eLife, can provide important clues as to the causes of respiratory disease and the sudden unexpected postnatal collapse of newborn infants (SUPC).
October 5, 2017
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ATA releases new guidelines for diagnosis, treatment of thyroid disease during pregnancy and postpartum
New evidence-based recommendations from the American Thyroid Association (ATA) provide guidance to clinicians in diagnosing and managing thyroid disease during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Pregnancy has a profound effect on thyroid gland function, and thyroid disease is common in pregnancy. the 97 recommendations presented in the new Guidelines help define current best practices for thyroid function testing, iodine nutrition, pregnancy complications, and treatment of thyroid disease during pregnancy and lactation.
January 6, 2017
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Athletes' anxiety over illness symptoms could increase injury risk
The anxiety experienced by elite athletes over illness symptoms is linked to the risk of being injured during competition and should be taken seriously, according to a study carried out at the IAAF World Championships in Athletics 2015. the way in which the symptoms progress and the nature of the sporting activity also influence the risk of injury.
March 1, 2017
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Atopic dermatitis can affect adults more profoundly than younger patients
Eczema is not just kids' stuff. Although the skin disease is commonly diagnosed in infancy and early childhood, it also can affect adults - sometimes more profoundly than younger patients.
July 27, 2017
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ATS and JRS publish new guidelines for diagnosis and management of LAM
The American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS) have published additional clinical practice guidelines regarding four specific questions related to the diagnosis of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) and management of pneumothoraces in patients with LAM.
November 15, 2017
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Australian survey reveals cannabis use in people with epilepsy to manage seizures
People with epilepsy resort to cannabis products when antiepileptic drug side-effects are intolerable and epilepsy uncontrolled.
March 9, 2017
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Automated rapid blood test provides accurate malaria diagnosis
Diagnosing malaria has been a very time-consuming and error-prone process up to now. Together with his Dutch colleague Jan van den Boogaart, Professor Oliver Hayden from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now developed an automated rapid blood test that provides an accurate diagnosis in almost 100 percent of cases.
June 16, 2017
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'Avoidable' emergency department visits caused by alcohol abuse, dental conditions, and mood disorders
A recent study published in the International Journal for Quality in Health Care found that 3.5% of all emergency department visits analyzed were 'avoidable'. Of these, the top 3 discharge diagnoses were alcohol abuse, dental disorders, and mood disorders such as anxiety or depression. A significant find since 'avoidable' emergency department visits can impact the cost of health insurance, the study suggests that 'avoidable' emergency department visits could be reduced by increasing access to dental and mental health facilities.
August 31, 2017
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AXT makes magnetic particle imaging technology available to researchers in Australia
AXT is proud to be able to bring another cutting-edge technology to Australia that will help our medical researchers accelerate the rate at which they bring new cures, remedies and therapies to clinical realities. In this case, AXT have partnered with Magnetic Insight to make
December 21, 2016
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Ayurvedic treatment for psoriasis: Options, remedies, and evidence
Ayurveda is an ancient medical practice that people sometimes use to try to help their psoriasis. It involves incorporating a special diet, herbal compounds, and additional supportive medical practices.
April 14, 2017
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Misc. - B

Babesia and Lyme disease: What's the connection?
In addition to carrying Lyme disease, some ticks also carry a microparasite known as Babesia microti that can infect human blood.
August 23, 2017
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Bad Hot Flashes, Sleep Apnea Often Go Together
As if severe hot flashes alone weren't enough of a problem for menopausal women, a new study finds these symptoms may also be tied to a greater risk for sleep apnea and related heart issues.
November 1, 2017
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Baldness: How close are we to a cure?
Baldness is an accepted part of the aging process for some, and a source of distress for others. Hair loss affects millions of men and women, yet despite decades of research, a cure is still not available. Just how close are we to finding a magic bullet for baldness?
June 5, 2017
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Bare bones: Making bones transparent
Ten years ago, the bones currently in your body did not actually exist. Like skin, bone is constantly renewing itself, shedding old tissue and growing it anew from stem cells in the bone marrow. Now, a new technique developed at Caltech can render intact bones transparent, allowing researchers to observe these stem cells within their environment. the method is a breakthrough for testing new drugs to combat diseases like osteoporosis.
April 26, 2017
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Barium swallow: what to expect and side effects
A barium swallow is a type of test used to look inside the esophagus, or food pipe. a doctor might recommend this test if they need to look at the outline of any part of a person's digestive system.
April 27, 2017
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BASF unveils breakthrough insecticide for malaria control
BASF has received a recommendation from the World Health Organization (WHO) for Interceptor(R) G2, a long-lasting insecticide-treated mosquito net (LN) based on chlorfenapyr. Chlorfenapyr is a completely new insecticide class for combating mosquitoes for public health. This is the first WHO recommendation for a product based on a new insecticide class in more than 30 years.
July 13, 2017
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BBI Solutions launches new range of antibodies for Galectin-3 biomarker
BBI Solutions (BBI) has announced the launch of a range of antibodies for the biomarker Galectin-3. the antibodies complement BBI's Galectin-3 antigen, which was also launched earlier this year. Available to sample now, these antibodies are highly sensitive with low cross-reactivity.
October 5, 2016
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Best medications to treat overactive bladder
Overactive bladder is a condition that relates to storage of urine in the bladder. In this condition the muscle in the bladder wall may be unstable, which can cause urine leakage.
April 10, 2017
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Best treatments for an overactive bladder
Overactive bladder is a disorder that causes a group of symptoms. the most common symptoms include a sudden, uncontrollable urge to urinate, leaks, and having to go to the bathroom many times during both the day and the night.
April 11, 2017
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BET inhibitor treatment decreases lung inflammation in mice
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) suffer from chronic respiratory infections, primarily caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which lead to airway inflammation and damage.
July 21, 2016
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Better outcome measures needed for clinical trials for Fragile X Syndrome
Assessments not keeping up with clinical trial advances
June 12, 2017
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Better sleep can lead to better sex
Sleep disturbance is common for many women during menopause, creating an array of adverse health outcomes such as heart disease, hypertension, and depression. a new study shows that sleep problems can also interfere with a woman's level of sexual satisfaction.
February 1, 2017
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Better sleep can make us feel like a million bucks
Sleep deprivation and sleep disorders are dangerous, costly, and impact our health and overall well-being. new research puts forth sleep as a major public health concern, and shows that the effects of a good night's sleep are as beneficial for our happiness and well-being as winning the lottery might be.
March 19, 2017
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Better Sleep Could Mean Better Sex for Older Women
Study found links between too little shuteye and less sexual satisfaction, especially around menopause
February 1, 2017
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Better understanding of serotonin's function in the brain could lead to radical shift in psychiatric care
A better understanding of how a key chemical messenger acts in the brain could lead to a radical shift in psychiatric care, according to a new research paper.
September 4, 2017
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BetterYou magnesium flakes shown to ease restless legs syndrome
An Essex mum of three suffering from restless legs syndrome (RLS) can finally share a bed with her husband again thanks to a natural Magnesium Flake remedy, which featured on the 'Secrets of Sleep' (More4, 5 July).
July 10, 2017
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Bilingualism: What happens in the brain?
In our increasingly global society, bilingualism--or the ability to speak two languages--is on the rise. How the brains of bilingual people differ from their monolingual counterparts is an emerging area of research.
October 4, 2017
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Binge drinking likely to contribute to development of compulsive alcohol consumption
Prior research suggests that binge drinking may increase people's risk of developing alcohol use disorders (AUDs), especially adolescents and young adults. It is unclear whether different drinking patterns -- for example, intermittent versus regular drinking --have a different impact on the compulsive drinking that characterizes people with AUDs. This study used rats to examine whether chronic intermittent alcohol access facilitates a transition to compulsive-like drinking.
July 6, 2017
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Bioactive 'tissue papers' show potential for regenerative medicine
Northwestern Medicine scientists and engineers have invented a range of bioactive "tissue papers" made of materials derived from organs that are thin and flexible enough to even fold into an origami bird. The new biomaterials can potentially be used to support natural hormone production in young cancer patients and aid wound healing.
August 7, 2017
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Bioelectronic 'nose' can easily sniff foul smells in rotting food
Strong odors are an indicator that food has gone bad, but there could soon be a new way to sniff foul smells earlier on. As reported in ACS Nano, researchers have developed a bioelectronic "nose" that can specifically detect a key decay compound at low levels, enabling people to potentially take action before the stink spreads. It can detect rotting food, as well as be used to help find victims of natural disasters or crimes.
December 6, 2017
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Bioengineered human livers mimic natural development
Study uncovers previously unknown genetic-molecular crosstalk
June 14, 2017
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Bioengineered robotic hand with its own nervous system will sense touch
Researchers are developing a first-of-its-kind bioengineered robotic hand that will actually feel and adapt to its environment. This "living" robot will have its own peripheral nervous system directly linking robotic sensors and actuators.
November 14, 2017
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Biofortuna achieves key milestones in development of new blood group genotyping product family
Biofortuna Ltd, a UK-based diagnostics company offering molecular diagnostic products and contract manufacturing services, has successfully achieved key milestones in the development of its new blood group genotyping product family -- ReadyPlex™. this breakthrough has released the second tranche of its 2015 funding -- totalling £1.5m -- which will be used for final development and commercialisation of this innovative product line.
October 5, 2016
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Bioinformatics Consulting
provides scientific consulting, software development, data processing and computing support services for molecular biologists and biotechnology companies.
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Biolegend chooses Chromatrap technology to power chromatin immunoprecipitation kits
Chromatrap® announces that BioLegend, a major US-based manufacturer and supplier of reagents and kits for biomedical research, has chosen their novel solid-state ChIP technology to power a new range of faster and more efficient chromatin immunoprecipitation kits.
June 30, 2017
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Biologic substance APOSEC shows promise for healing dermal wounds
APOSEC is a substance obtained from white blood corpuscles and was developed by a research group led by thoracic surgeon Hendrik Jan Ankersmit, Head of the Christian Doppler Laboratory for Cardiac and Thoracic Diagnosis and Regeneration at MedUni Vienna . Even during its preclinical development, it was demonstrated that the multifactorial agent can be used in heart attacks, strokes, spinal cord injuries and for healing wounds. This promising substance is now in the clinical phase of the approval process that will license it as a new drug for healing external wounds.
August 3, 2017
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Biological basis of 'atypical' chronic fatigue syndrome revealed
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a debilitating disorder characterized by severe fatigue that lasts for more than 6 months. the condition is also accompanied by a range of symptoms, from muscle pain and headaches to cognitive dysfunction. the illness can sometimes be difficult to diagnose, and its cause is not yet known. However, new research finds the biological basis for two subgroups of chronic fatigue syndrome, which may in the future help clinicians to diagnose the disease and treat it more effectively.
April 4, 2017
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Biomarker in blood may help predict recovery time for sports concussions
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health found that the blood protein tau could be an important new clinical biomarker to better identify athletes who need more recovery time before safely returning to play after a sports-related concussion. the study, supported by the National Institute of Nursing Research with additional funding from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, published online in the Jan. 6, 2017 issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
January 6, 2017
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Biomimetic Artificial Skin Layer with Significant Temperature Sensitivity
Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have developed a material that can sense changes in temperature with more sensitivity than human skin. the team discovered that flexible films made from pectin demonstrate an electrical response, caused by the release of calcium ions, following very small changes in temperature. Increased temperature causes the pectin molecules to "unzip", allowing the release and movement of calcium ions.
February 3, 2017
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Bipolar disorder speeds up biological aging
A recently published study demonstrates a link between telomere length, which is a mark of biological aging, and bipolar risk. The research helps to explain why bipolar disorder often comes hand-in-hand with other age-related diseases.
July 28, 2017
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Bipolar disorder in children: Risk factors and symptoms
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness characterized by extreme swings in mood and thought. A person with bipolar disorder swings between periods of mania or less severe hypomania and depression.
September 1, 2017
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Bipolar disorder: Brain mechanism could be key for prevention
Scientists have found that many siblings of people with bipolar disorder, who should themselves be susceptible to it, are made resilient by an adaptive brain mechanism, characterized by higher levels of activity in a cerebral network linked with cognition.
August 18, 2017
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Bipolar disorder: new method predicts who will respond to lithium therapy
For roughly one-third of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder, lithium is a miracle drug, effectively treating both their mania and depression. now a new develop tool has been developed to gauge success of preferred treatment for bipolar disorder.
March 19, 2017
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Bipolar disorder: Signs, symptoms, and diagnosis
Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that is characterized by ods of extreme high and low mood. But what are the signs and symptoms of this mood disorder?
June 28, 2017
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Black toenail: Causes and treatment
Black toenails can be unsightly and sometimes painful. While there are several potential causes of black toenails, many are easy to treat or may clear up on their own.
November 29, 2017
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Bladder infection: Causes, treatments, and remedies
A bladder infection is a bacterial infection of the bladder. It is also sometimes known as a urinary tract infection because the urinary tract includes the bladder, urethra, ureters, and kidneys.
March 9, 2017
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Bleeding from the ear: Causes and treatments
Bleeding from the ear can be very alarming for a person. Many things can cause someone to bleed from the ear, including some emergency situations.
December 4, 2017
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Bleeding ulcer: What causes it and is it serious?
The term ulcer means a sore that doesn't heal quickly. Ulcers can occur almost anywhere on the body, usually resulting from injuries, illnesses, or infections. They can be short-lived or ongoing.
July 10, 2017
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Blocking the 'love hormone' may reduce social anxiety
A new study in the journal Biological Psychiatry suggests that inhibiting the hormone oxytocin may help people to recover from unpleasant, stressful, or traumatic social situations.
September 14, 2017
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Blood Banks Face Shortages, new Screening Rules
Rare complication of transfusions has led to beefed-up testing requirements
December 23, 2016
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Blood blister in mouth: Pictures and treatment
Blood blisters in the mouth can be unsightly and uncomfortable. Most of the time, oral blood blisters result from accidental injury to the tissues in the mouth.
November 22, 2017
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Blood cleaning device can also effectively provide a bridge to liver transplantation
Severe acute liver failure (ALF), a rare but life-threatening illness, is associated with high death rates if patients don't receive timely treatment or a liver transplant. Unlike the heart or the kidneys, there is no established mechanical device to replace the liver's function. Now, University of Maryland School of Medicine (UM SOM) researchers report that a device that removes toxins from the blood can also effectively provide a bridge to liver transplantation or buy time for a traumatically injured liver to heal, suggesting broader uses for the device than previously thought.
August 23, 2017
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Blood test using infrared spectroscopy could provide cheaper, quicker alternative for colitis screening
A fast, simple blood test for ulcerative colitis using infrared spectroscopy could provide a cheaper, less invasive alternative for screening compared to colonoscopy, which is now the predominant test, according to a study between the Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University.
August 23, 2017
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Blood thinners slash dementia risk in A-fib patients
New research published in the European Heart Journal suggests that blood-thinning drugs such as warfarin may protect not only against stroke, but also against dementia in people who have atrial fibrillation.
October 25, 2017
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Blue light from digital devices decreases sleep quality
Study participants, ages 17-42, wore short wavelength-blocking glasses three hours before bedtime for two weeks, while still performing their nightly digital routine. Results showed about a 58 percent increase in their nighttime melatonin levels, the chemical that signals your body that it's time to sleep. Those levels are even higher than increases from over-the-counter melatonin supplements, according to Dr. Lisa Ostrin, the UH College of Optometry assistant professor who lead the study.
July 28, 2017
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Body dysmorphic disorder may be 'under-diagnosed" by cosmetic professionals, study suggests
Plastic surgeons and other cosmetic professionals are familiar with the challenges posed by patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) seeking cosmetic procedures, reports a survey study in the February issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
February 7, 2017
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Bold steps needed to protect global standing of UK science, says Lords report
Bold steps are needed to ensure UK science has a prominent place in the global economy after Brexit, says a Lords report out today.
December 21, 2016
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Bonding with a partner could have unexpected rewards--in your brain, that is
Cuddling rodents might be the key to understanding this social behavior.
June 6, 2017
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Bone marrow edema does not increase due to intense physical activity, study finds
A recent study published in Rheumatology finds that osteitis/bone marrow edema as measured by magnetic resonance imaging was present in healthy people. However, it did not significantly increase due to intense physical activity.
December 14, 2017
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Boosting brain's 'executive center' may prevent anxiety
New research, published in the journal Cerebral Cortex, finds that improving activity in the brain's "executive control" center may protect against anxiety and depression.
November 21, 2017
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Botulinum neurotoxin type X holds potential to open up new field of toxin therapeutics
Botulinum toxins are currently used on more than 80 medical conditions including Muscle spasms, Overactive bladder, Chronic migraine, Cervical dystonia, Sweating and Cerebral Palsy (CP). The new toxin, Botulinum neurotoxin type X (BoNT/X), has the potential to open up a new field of toxin therapeutics related to intracellular membrane trafficking and secretion.
August 3, 2017
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Box breathing for anxiety: Techniques and tips
Box breathing, sometimes called square breathing, is a simple tool for managing anxiety.
August 17, 2017
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Boxer's fracture: Treatment, diagnosis, and recovery
A boxer's fracture is a break to one or more of the bones that make up the knuckle, called the metacarpals. A boxer's fracture can also be called a metacarpal fracture and is less commonly referred to as a brawler's fracture.
September 12, 2017
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Brain Beats Brawn in Quest for Energy
The brain gets priority over muscles when both are competing for energy, a new study finds.
November 8, 2017
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Brain Disease Uncovered in Former Soccer Players
Autopsies show evidence of CTE, the degenerative condition linked to repetitive head trauma
February 15, 2017
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Brain fog: Causes and how to cope
Brain fog affects a variety of mental processes, including memory and concentration. It can be a symptom of a medical condition or may be related to lifestyle factors, such as stress or diet.
November 22, 2017
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'Brain Glue' could one day serve as treatment for TBIs
Researchers at the University of Georgia's Regenerative Bioscience Center have developed Brain Glue, a substance that could one day serve as a treatment for traumatic brain injuries, or TBIs.
August 29, 2017
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Brain hemorrhage: Causes, symptoms, and treatments
A brain hemorrhage refers to bleeding in the brain. this medical condition is also known as a brain bleed or an intracranial hemorrhage.
April 24, 2017
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Brain mapping uncovers neuronal differences
Despite significant advances in neuroscience, we are far from knowing what each neuron in the human brain does and looks like. New research, however, brings us closer to such encyclopedic knowledge.
August 11, 2017
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Brain rehabilitation via a mobile app? An interview with Keith Cooper
How has brain rehabilitation traditionally been delivered and when did Constant Therapy first begin to develop a mobile app to deliver therapy?
October 5, 2016
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Brain "relay' also key to holding thoughts in the mind
Thalamus eyed as potential treatment target for schizophrenia's working memory deficits.
May 3, 2017
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Brain response to unfairness 'predicts depression'
New research finds that brain responses to unfair treatment in a computer game involving money rewards can predict whether healthy people will develop symptoms of depression.
October 2, 2017
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Brain scans differentiate two types of empathy
Using brain scans, researchers have discovered that empathic care and empathic distress have distinct patterns of brain activity that remain remarkably consistent across individuals.
June 8, 2017
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Brain Scans May Identify Potential For Suicide
Brain scans may be able to identify when people are having suicidal thoughts, researchers report.
October 31, 2017
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Brain Scans May Shed Light on Bipolar Suicide Risk
Almost half of those with the disorder attempt suicide and up to 20 percent succeed
January 31, 2017
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Brain Scans Spot Where Fear and Anxiety Live
Unusually large 'striatum' is linked to inability to cope with uncertainty, research shows
May 18, 2017
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Brain sets a unique learning rate for everything we do, by self-adjusting to the environment
Study refutes theory that behavior under uncertainty is optimal
April 19, 2017
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Brain tissue from a petri dish
Stem cell research
April 13, 2017
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Brain training shows promise for patients with bipolar disorder
Computerized brain training can result in improved cognitive skills in individuals with bipolar disorder, researchers have discovered for the first time.
October 16, 2017
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Brain wiring directly impacts performance of simple and complex tasks
The way a person's brain is "wired" directly impacts how well they perform simple and complex tasks, according to a new study from researchers at Rice University.
October 5, 2017
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Brain-Training May Help Ease Ringing in the Ears
Study found computer-based program seemed to allow people to cope with tinnitus
January 19, 2017
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Brain's alertness circuitry conserved through evolution
Molecular method reveals neuronal basis of brain states -- NIH-funded animal study.
November 2, 2017
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Brain's 'fear hub' generates neurons in adulthood
New research finds, for the first time, that the amygdala - which is also known as the brain's 'fear hub' - can generate new cells in adulthood. The findings may hold important clinical implications for conditions such as anxiety, phobias, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
August 16, 2017
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Brain's 'GPS' plays broader role in memory and learning than previously thought
The part of the brain that creates mental maps of one's environment plays a much broader role in memory and learning than was previously thought, according to new research published this week in the journal Nature by researchers at Princeton University.
March 30, 2017
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Brains of bulimic people may react differently to food cues
By studying the brain scans of women with and without bulimia, researchers have discovered that their brains react differently to food cues. They found that, in women with bulimia, there is less blood flow in a part of the brain that is linked to self-thinking.
July 10, 2017
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Breakthrough pain: Causes and medications
When people are prescribed pain medication to help them manage chronic pain, they may experience sudden, intense spikes of pain. These spikes are known as breakthrough pain.
October 4, 2017
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Breakthrough Possible for 'Lorenzo's Oil' Disease
In study, treatment put brakes on the deadly neurological illness in most patients for 2 years
October 5, 2017
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Breakthrough research could lead to development of yeast-based protein therapies
It took several years, but a research team headed by Professor Jens Nielsen at Chalmers University of Technology has finally succeeded in mapping out the complex metabolism of yeast cells. The breakthrough, recently published in an article in Nature Communications, means a huge step forward in the potential to more efficiently produce protein therapies for diseases such as cancer.
December 11, 2017
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Breakthrough study opens door to design of whitening compounds for removing skin discolorations
New breakthrough opens doors to treat melanin-linked skin conditions
July 4, 2017
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Breastfeeding does not protect children against asthma and allergies
The effect of breastfeeding on the risk of developing asthma and allergy has been debated for a long time. Researchers show that breastfeeding might in fact increase the risk of developing hay fever and eczema, while not having any clear effect on the risk of asthma.
November 13, 2017
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Breastfeeding may increase hay fever and eczema risk, but does not have clear effect on asthma
The effect of breastfeeding on the risk of developing asthma and allergy has been debated for a long time. In a recent study, Uppsala University researchers show that breastfeeding might in fact increase the risk of developing hay fever and eczema, while not having any clear effect on the risk of asthma. The results have been published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
November 13, 2017
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Bright light therapy at midday helped patients with bipolar depression
Six weeks of light therapy decreased depression, increased daily functioning in patients
October 10, 2017
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Brightlamp Smartphone App to Check for Concussions
Brightlamp, a startup out of Purdue University, is developing an app that uses machine learning and the smartphone camera to help diagnose a concussion in about five seconds. Concussions are a type of brain injury that can happen during a collision or impact, causing the affected person to feel dizzy or disoriented. In sports like American Football or boxing, concussions are a common type of injury. Unfortunately, concussions can increase the likelihood of depression and neurodegenerative disease in later life.
June 1, 2017
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Bronchiectasis: What are the treatment options?
Bronchiectasis is most often an incurable lung condition.
August 21, 2017
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BSACI to publish updated guidance on diagnosis, management of allergic and non-allergic rhinitis
The Standards of Care Committee of the British Society for Allergy & Clinical Immunology (BSACI) is to publish updated guidance on the diagnosis and management of allergic and non-allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis is common and affects between 10-15% of children and 26% of adults in the UK.
July 10, 2017
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Building better brains: A bioengineered upgrade for organoids
A few years ago, Jürgen Knoblich and his team at the Institute of Molecular Biotechnology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (IMBA) have pioneered brain organoid technology. They developed a method for cultivating three-dimensional brain-like structures, so called cerebral organoids, in a dish.
May 31, 2017
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Bumps on the skin: Pictures, causes, and treatments
There are many different causes of bumps that appear on the skin. While many of these underlying causes do not result in serious complications, some cancers are associated with bumps appearing on the skin.
March 27, 2017
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BUSM researcher highlights link between sleep conditions and cognitive impairment in older people
Daytime sleepiness is very common in the elderly with prevalence rates of up to 50 percent. Caused by sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), a disruption of normal breathing during sleep, these cause recurrent awakenings and subsequent excessive daytime sleepiness.
January 31, 2017
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BUSM researchers move one step closer to understanding brain changes linked to PTSD
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and the VA Boston Healthcare System are one step closer to understanding the specific nature of brain changes associated with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
January 23, 2017
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Buzzing the vagus nerve just right to fight inflammatory disease
Electrical vagus nerve stimulation can help fight inflammatory diseases like Crohn's or arthritis but can also contribute somewhat to inflammation. Engineers have tweaked the buzz to keep the good effects and minimize those less desirable. Their innovation could be adapted to existing medical devices with relative ease.
January 5, 2017
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Misc. - C

C elegans could be powerful model for understanding how nervous systems produce behaviors
The human brain, the most complex object in the universe, has 86 billion neurons with trillions of yet-unmapped connections. Understanding how it generates behavior is a problem that has beguiled humankind for millennia, and is critical for developing effective therapies for the psychiatric disorders that incur heavy costs on individuals and on society.
December 27, 2016
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Caffeine may reduce surgical pain caused by poor sleep
Postoperative pain is exacerbated by lack of sleep prior to surgery, new research suggests. But it's not all bad news, because the study also found that caffeine could help to counteract this effect.
August 22, 2017
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Caliber I.D. launches new class of modular confocal microscope that can scan large areas at lightning fast speeds
Caliber I.D. launches the RS-G4, a new class of modular confocal microscope that delivers confocal's expected high resolution and clean contrast while overcoming its limited scan areas.
October 5, 2016
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Calming Virtual Reality Scenarios Prove More Effective at Reducing Pain
Virtual reality technology has been used in the past to help reduce the pain experienced during difficult to endure procedures, such as the SnowWorld game designed to help assist with bandage changes on burn victims. The actual mechanism how virtual reality actually numbs the pain was not properly studied, the assumption seems to have been that distraction is really what virtual reality does for pain.
June 19, 2017
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Caltech researchers discover brain region that judges intensity, ambiguity of facial expressions
Have you ever thought someone was angry at you, but it turned out you were just misreading their facial expression? Caltech researchers have now discovered that one specific region of the brain, called the amygdala, is involved in making these (sometimes inaccurate) judgments about ambiguous or intense emotions. Identifying the amygdala's role in social cognition suggests insights into the neurological mechanisms behind autism and anxiety.
April 25, 2017
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Can cannabis help treat psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a skin condition that leads to a buildup of skin cells that form red patches covered in silvery scales. Could cannabis be an effective treatment for this itchy and painful condition?
November 20, 2017
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Can dealing with emotional exhaustion enhance happiness?
The process of dealing with emotional exhaustion can sometimes increase happiness. a new study examined when and how dealing with emotional exhaustion can enhance happiness in a work environment. the research was focused on the role of perceived supervisor support -- the workers' view of their manager's level of supportiveness, caring and appreciation for their efforts -- in stimulating ways to cope with exhaustion.
April 12, 2017
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Can essential oils help treat fibromyalgia?
Essential oils are concentrated aromatic liquids that are distilled from plants. they are believed to provide a number of health benefits and ease the symptoms of several medical conditions, including fibromyalgia.
May 8, 2017
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Can I get a tattoo if I have psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a medical condition that causes a person's skin cells to grow rapidly. this results in the buildup of excess skin cells known as "plaques" on the skin.
April 27, 2017
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Can People 'Sniff' Out Illness in Others?
Study suggests humans use vision and smell to detect infection more than thought
May 30, 2017
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Can Social Media Leave you Socially Isolated?
More time using apps and sites like Twitter, Instagram, Facebook linked to greater sense of isolation, study suggests
March 6, 2017
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Can Suicide Tries Spread Among Soldiers?
Increased risk seen within Army unit if another member had tried to take own life in previous year
July 26, 2017
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Can technology transform chronic disease management?
Implementing best practice care for patients with chronic diseases is one of the greatest challenges currently facing primary care providers. Although digital health technology is hailed for all its potential, could it improve the ability of primary care and internal medicine specialists to help these patients?
April 24, 2017
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Can type 2 Diabetes be reversed? Strategies, goals, and evidence
Type 2 Diabetes often arises with increased weight and obesity. Because of this, it is possible to reverse type 2 diabetes' effects through weight loss and lifestyle changes.
April 24, 2017
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Can you drink distilled water safely?
Staying hydrated is crucial for maintaining good health. But is drinking distilled water, rather than other types of water, a healthful option?
May 30, 2017
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Can you live without a pancreas? What you need to know
While it is possible to live without a pancreas, doctors only recommend removing a pancreas when a person has a serious medical condition such as severe recurrent pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer.
September 25, 2017
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Can you overdose on melatonin?
Melatonin is a popular supplement that many people use to help them fall asleep and stay asleep throughout the night. Melatonin varies in effectiveness from person to person, which may lead to an accidental overdose.
November 20, 2017
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Cannabinoid drug found effective for treating sleep apnea
Sleep apnea is estimated to affect 1 in 5 American adults, and there are currently no drugs available to treat it. But a large-scale clinical trial now offers hope, proving that a drug that uses a synthetic version of the main psychoactive substance in cannabis is effective for treating the disorder.
December 4, 2017
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'Cannibal drug' consumption in adolescence can increase vulnerability to cocaine use during adulthood
Consumption of the synthetic drug MDPV -a powerful psychostimulant known as 'cannibal drug'- in adolescence, can increase vulnerability of cocaine addiction during adulthood, according to a study carried out with laboratory animals and led by the researchers Elena Escubedo, from the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences and the Institute of Biomedicine of the UB (IBUB) and Olga Valverde, head of the Neurobiology of Behaviour Research Group (GreNeC) of Pompeu Fabra University (UPF).
March 22, 2017
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Canadian researchers use gene therapy to treat patient with Fabry disease
A team of Canadian physicians and researchers is believed to be the first in the world to have used gene therapy to treat a patient with Fabry disease, a rare inherited enzyme deficiency that can damage major organs and shorten lifespan.
February 16, 2017
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Cancer therapy shows promise for psoriasis treatment
HDAC inhibitors, already widely used to treat cancer, may be an effective therapy for psoriasis as well, scientists report.
May 31, 2017
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Careful counselling from clinicians may help alleviate anxiety in wAMD patients
Highly effective current treatments for vision loss need to be allied with careful counselling to ensure patients maintain good psychological health as well as good vision, new research recommends.
April 11, 2017
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Causal connection between deep sleep and learning efficiency
For the first time, researchers of the University of Zurich and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have demonstrated the causal context of why deep sleep is important to the learning efficiency of the human brain. They have developed a new, non-invasive method for modulating deep sleep in humans in a targeted region of the brain.
May 22, 2017
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Causes of baldness, gray hair identified
A study of a rare genetic disease may have yielded a cure for hair graying and baldness, after researchers unintentionally discovered the mechanisms that give rise to the conditions.
May 9, 2017
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CBT offers valuable treatment alternative for millions taking opioids for chronic pain
By teaching patients better strategies for coping with chronic pain, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a valuable treatment alternative for the millions of Americans taking opioids for noncancer pain, according to an article in the Journal of Psychiatric Practice.
November 9, 2017
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Cell biology: a molecular rivet for long-range force transmission
Researchers have described, for the first time, how plastin, an actin-bundling protein, acts as a molecular rivet, providing global connectivity to the cortex underlying the plasma membrane of embryonic cells to facilitate polarization and cell division.
May 9, 2017
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Cell biology: new molecular details about protein sorting in the cell
The targeted incorporation of proteins into the membrane is a vital process for cell maintenance; these membrane proteins ensure the proper functioning of the cell's metabolism, communication with its environment, and energy supply. Protein-sorting mechanisms ensure that membrane proteins are specifically recognized among thousands of different proteins -- and are sent to the membrane, where they're needed.
January 31, 2017
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Cell death: Is our health at risk?
The life and death of the cells in our bodies are tightly regulated. This is essential for normal function and limiting damage. But cell death can have side effects, and if it malfunctions, our health is at stake.
August 11, 2017
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Cells Powered by Magnetic Nanoparticles Help Heal Post Infarct Hearts
Heart attacks result in dead myocardial tissue that forms a scar, and so patients are left with a chronically weakened heart. Replacement heart cells or stems cells that can become desired cardiac cells can be grown in the lab and injected into the dead tissue, but it's a major challenge to keep them in place long enough for them to be established as a bonafide part of the heart.
December 5, 2017
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Cells sense their environment to explore it
The process through which cells are able to sense their environment is regulated by force detection, concludes new research.
December 13, 2017
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Cellular aging process can promote idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Pulmonary fibrosis can possibly be attributed to a kind of cellular aging process, which is called senescence. This has been shown by researchers from the Helmholtz Zentrum München, partner in the German Center for Lung Research (DZL). As they report in the 'European Respiratory Journal', they have already successfully counteracted this mechanism in the cell culture with the help of drugs.
August 4, 2017
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Cellular messaging mechanism could lead to new way of treating disease
A newly discovered cellular messaging mechanism could lead to a new way to deliver therapeutics to tissues affected by disease, according to a new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Researchers found that a type of extracellular vesicle (EV) -- a sac secreted by cells that contains proteins and RNA molecules -- known as ARMMs also carries receptors that allow signaling without direct contact between cells. This capability may make ARMMs uniquely suited to be engineered to send therapeutics directly to affected areas of the body.
September 27, 2017
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Chagas disease confirmed as 'silent killer' in first large-scale US survey
A study of almost 5,000 Latin American-born residents of Los Angeles County found that 1.24% tested positive for Chagas disease, a parasitic infection that can cause life-threatening heart damage if not treated early. Chagas disease is one of the leading causes of heart failure in Latin America.
April 14, 2017
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Checking Patient's Drug History May Help Curb Opioid Abuse
Sharpest declines seen in states like New York with strict rules for doctors
May 23, 2017
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Checklist program reduced large-scale post-surgery deaths
A voluntary checklist-based program significantly reduced deaths following inpatient surgery in a collaborative group of 14 hospitals in South Carolina. a study shows that 3 years after implementing the program, there was a 22 percent drop in post-surgery deaths, while other hospitals in the state that did not participate in the program showed no reduction.
April 18, 2017
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Chiari malformations: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Chiari malformations (CM) occur when brain tissue extends into the upper spinal canal.
July 4, 2017
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Children and adults show differences in judgments about moral conflict, research finds
Is it better to struggle with moral conflict and ultimately choose to do the right thing or to do the right thing without feeling any turmoil in the first place? new research suggests that your answer may depend on how old you are.
October 5, 2016
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Children with mild eczema unlikely to benefit from antibiotics, study shows
Estimates suggest that 40 percent of eczema flares are treated with topical antibiotics, but findings from a study led by Cardiff University suggest there is no meaningful benefit from the use of either oral or topical antibiotics for milder clinically infected eczema in children.
March 14, 2017
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Chip captures individual cells in minuscule gels
Researchers have developed a chip that can capture and hold individual cells in the exact center of a minuscule hydrogel droplet. Their novel method keeps cells alive for multiple weeks, which makes it easier to study them. This makes it possible to, for example, test the action of new drugs and improve stem cell therapies with unparalleled control.
June 12, 2017
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Choledocholithiasis: Causes, symptoms, and diagnosis
The term choledocholithiasis refers to a condition when a gallstone or gallstones become lodged within any duct of the bile system. The ducts typically involved are the common bile duct, the cystic duct, and the common hepatic duct.
August 14, 2017
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Cholera incidence in Africa increases during El Niño, study reveals
Cholera cases in East Africa increase by roughly 50,000 during El Niño, the cyclical weather occurrence that profoundly changes global weather patterns, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.
April 11, 2017
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Chordee: Definition, surgery, and repair
Chordee is a condition where bands of tissue pull on the penis, making it appear bent or curved. This is particularly noticeable during erection. It usually occurs in children with hypospadias.
July 25, 2017
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Chronic back pain: A 10-minute treatment leaves patients pain-free
More than 80 percent of people with chronic low back pain who received a single, 10-minute pulsed radiofrequency treatment are pain-free after 1 year, a new study reveals.
November 29, 2017
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Chronic exposure to childhood bullying may have lifelong health effects
Being bullied during childhood might have lifelong health effects related to chronic stress exposure--including an increased risk for heart disease and Diabetes in adulthood, according to a research review in the March/April issue of the Harvard Review of Psychiatry.
March 10, 2017
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Chronic fatigue syndrome: Changes in brain chemistry found
New research uncovers molecular changes in the brain that are specific to chronic fatigue syndrome and Gulf War illness -- two conditions that were believed to be purely psychological until recently.
November 13, 2017
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Chronic hiccups and how to stop them
Hiccups lasting longer than 48 hours are defined as chronic hiccups.
December 4, 2017
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Chronic nerve pain: Sensory neurons switch roles to transmit pain signals
Breaking research, published in the journal Science, demonstrates that touch-sensitive nerves switch teams and generate pain in chronic pain conditions. The findings may open the door to better treatments.
June 2, 2017
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Chronic pain patients can reduce emotional response to pain through spinal cord stimulation
Researchers at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center have shown that patients who have chronic pain can reduce their emotional response to the pain through spinal cord stimulation.
March 18, 2016
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Chronic short sleep shuts down programs involved in immune response, study shows
Many people report getting sick when they don't get enough sleep. a new study helps explain why.
January 27, 2017
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Claris Reflex Brings Monitored Rehab Following Total Knee Replacement to The Home
Claris Healthcare, a company with offices in Vancouver, Canada and Ferndale, Washington, is releasing its novel Claris Reflex knee rehab monitoring system.
November 7, 2017
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ClaroNav's NaviENT FDA Cleared to Guide Endoscopic Sinus Surgery and Skull Base Surgery
ClaroNav, a company headquartered in Toronto, Canada, won FDA clearance for its NaviENT system that gives otolaryngologists information about the location of the tip of an instrument introduced during functional endoscopic sinus and skull base surgeries.
September 12, 2017
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Climate change may increase rates of sleep loss
Climate change may keep you awake -- and not just metaphorically. Nights that are warmer than normal can harm human sleep, researchers show in a new paper, with the poor and elderly most affected. According to their findings, if climate change is not addressed, temperatures in 2050 could cost people in the United States millions of additional nights of insufficient sleep per year. By 2099, the figure could rise by several hundred million more nights of lost sleep annually.
May 26, 2017
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Cleaner Safety: What's In That Bottle?
Consumers may soon have a better idea about the chemicals in the cleaning products they're spraying, wiping, and mopping around their homes.
October 24, 2017
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Clemson researchers focus on improving overall safety of football helmet facemasks
A team of Clemson University researchers and an Upstate businessman believe they can help make football a little safer by creating a facemask that can help reduce the severity of head injuries by increasing overall helmet protection.
December 23, 2016
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Cocktail Confusion: Is Drinking Healthy or Risky?
Several recent studies have suggested that alcohol in moderation offers health benefits and may even help you live longer.
August 18, 2017
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Coconut oil for sunburn: Does it work?
There are many health and wellness claims associated with the oil produced from coconuts. Some of these claims include increasing weight loss, lowering cholesterol, and boosting energy levels.
August 25, 2017
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Cognitive-related neural pattern to activate machines
A study has identified a functional brain pattern linked to cognitive behavior able to activate an iPad's touchscreen. Results may be useful in brain-machine interfaces, of particular interest for people with physical difficulties to communicate with the outside world.
June 13, 2017
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College students take more time to recover from concussion, study shows
A new study, presented this week at the Association of Academic Physiatrists Annual Meeting in Las Vegas, Nevada, shows college students take significantly more time to recover from a concussion than the general national average of seven to 14 days.
February 6, 2017
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Colles fracture: Treatment and recovery
A broken wrist is what we often call a Colles fracture. Despite this, it is the radius bone in the forearm that breaks and not the carpal bones of the wrist.
July 14, 2017
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Color-tinted sunglasses may provide relief from photophobia in post-concussion patients
Following a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), patients may suffer from light sensitivity or photophobia, making it challenging to return to normal activities. The sensitivity may also trigger or exacerbate headaches.
July 4, 2017
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Colorado tick fever: Symptoms, treatment, and prevention
Colorado tick fever is also known as mountain tick fever, American tick fever, and Rocky Mountain tick fever.
July 6, 2017
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Combination of NSAIDs and gastric protection can lead to inflammation in small intestine
Patients with inflammatory diseases are often prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. they are also often recommended to use a proton pump inhibitor to protect their stomach. In a joint study, clinical pharmacologist Markus Zeitlinger and gastroenterologist Werner Dolak from MedUni Vienna showed that this combination of medication can result in inflammation in the small intestine. However, if an antibiotic (rifaximin) is additionally given, the intestine remains protected.
April 11, 2017
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Combination treatment found to effective in patients with tophaceous gout
The drug lesinurad in combination with febuxostat was better at lowering blood levels of urate than febuxostat alone in a phase III clinical trial of 324 patients with tophaceous gout. Over 12 months, significantly more patients in the combination group achieved target levels of urate than patients in the febuxostat group.
June 9, 2017
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Common allergy drugs may prevent blood clots
Deep vein thrombosis is a dangerous yet preventable condition. Conventional treatment poses a serious risk of bleeding, but a new study offers hope for a different therapeutic approach and prevention strategy.
August 4, 2017
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Common drugs for treating back pain provide little benefit, research reveals
Commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, used to treat back pain provide little benefit, but cause side effects, according to new research from the George Institute for Global Health.
February 2, 2017
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Common heartburn drugs tied to higher risk of death
Use of proton pump inhibitors - a class of drug taken by millions to treat heartburn and reduce stomach acid - is tied to a higher risk of premature death. So concludes a large study that followed nearly 350,000 United States veterans.
July 4, 2017
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Common Painkillers don't Ease back Pain: Study
Patients who took NSAIDs were also 2.5 times more likely to suffer gastrointestinal side effects
February 2, 2017
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Commonly prescribed drug for treating weak bone condition linked to increased risk of 'micro-cracks'
A type of drug used to treat weak bones is associated with an increased risk of 'micro-cracks' in bone, according to new research.
March 1, 2017
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Commonly prescribed gastric acid drug may increase death risk, study shows
The findings add to a growing body of evidence linking the use of PPIs to a range of health problems including kidney damage, bone fracture and dementia. The authors of the current study say it may be time to restrict the indications for PPI use and the amount of time patients take the treatment for.
July 4, 2017
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Company Delays Launch of Muscular Dystrophy Drug
The U.S. launch of a drug for a rare disorder called Duchenne muscular dystrophy will be paused due to concerns about its price, Marathon Pharmaceuticals told patient advocates this week.
February 14, 2017
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Comprehensive online resource provides grief support to many Canadian users
When Bonnie's husband of 41 years, Ray, died in 2013, she likened the experience to an earthquake. as his wife, she was at its epicentre and her life needed the most rebuilding. Their three children, friends and others grieved, but they experienced the tremors and were less intensely affected.
October 5, 2016
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Comprehensive surgical options could benefit osteoporosis patients with medication-related jaw necrosis
Osteoporosis patients who suffer drug side effects that result in painful exposed bone in the jaw could benefit if they are treated with one of the more comprehensive surgical options that could lower the risk of relapse and repeat surgery, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.
July 4, 2017
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Computational model of the brain shows what triggers Tourette 'tics'
Tourette syndrome is a neurological disease in which patients make a series of repetitive, involuntary movements and sounds that are commonly referred to as 'tics'. a new study uses a computational model to simulate the neurological basis for the illness, which could help researchers to design new therapies in the future.
March 31, 2017
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Computer models provide new details of how sickle cell disease manifests inside red blood cells
Computer models developed by Brown University mathematicians show new details of what happens inside a red blood cell affected by sickle cell disease. The researchers said they hope their models, described in an article in the Biophysical Journal, will help in assessing drug strategies to combat the genetic blood disorder, which affects millions of people worldwide.
July 28, 2017
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Concerns of use of nanotechnologies in the field of brain-machine interfaces
In April, Nano2All, a EU Horizon 2020 project, organized a citizen dialogue on the role of nanotechnologies in the field of brain-machine interfaces.
May 22, 2017
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Connecting the dots between dreams and brain disease
REM sleep disorders could be early warning sign for neurological disease later in life
May 29, 2017
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Consciousness 'restored' using nerve stimulation
Clinicians and researchers report that they used vagus nerve stimulation to "restore consciousness" in a 35-year-old patient who had spent 15 years in a vegetative state.
September 25, 2017
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Conservation endocrinology sheds light on a changing world
The endocrine system is the set of glands that release hormones directly to the blood. Through the monitoring of endocrine responses, the field of conservation endocrinology can make contributions to conservation planning and the understanding of species' adaptations.
April 26, 2017
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Contact dermatitis or contact eczema?
Does dermatitis refer to the same condition as eczema and are contact dermatitis and contact eczema the same thing?
December 21, 2016
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Contact dermatitis: Triggers and treatment
Most people experience the unpleasant itching of contact dermatitis at least once in their lifetime.
June 26, 2017
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Convenience of buying medicine online does not outweigh risks, says expert
With the rise of on-demand delivery, prescription medicine joins the countless list of items that can be ordered online with the click of a button.
July 29, 2016
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Cortisone flare: Pain after a cortisone shot explained
A cortisone injection, also known as a steroid or corticosteroid injection, is used to reduce inflammation.
August 30, 2017
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Coughing so hard you vomit: Causes and treatments
A cough is the body's response to the presence of something irritating in the throat or the airway. The purpose of a cough is for air to force the irritant out to prevent choking or infection.
September 5, 2017
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Could this protein explain why drinking can be so pleasurable?
New research conducted in mice looks at how alcohol engages with the brain's reward center, and which mechanisms might be set in motion to prevent excessive drinking.
September 12, 2017
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Could You Spot Bed Bugs in a Hotel Room?
Survey finds they're a major worry for U.S. travelers, but many can't identify the annoying pests
June 14, 2017
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Creepy crawlies: Why you were born to fear spiders and snakes
If just the thought of a spider makes your skin crawl, it's highly unlikely that Arachnophobia will be on your list of must-watch movies this Halloween. But don't feel as though your fear of these eight-legged critters is irrational; it may be hardwired.
October 31, 2017
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CRNAs urge patients to learn about risks, benefits of pain relief treatments
The opioid crisis is one of the largest challenges facing today's healthcare professionals and the patients for whom they care. for the National Patient Safety Foundation's Patient Safety Awareness Week, March 12-18, 2017, Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) across the country are urging surgical, obstetric, and chronic pain patients to join with their anesthesia professionals to learn about the risks and benefits of the pain relief options available to them, which may include opioid and non-opioid treatments.
March 8, 2017
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Crowdsourcing effort helps develop mathematical model to forecast scent of molecule
You can anticipate a color before you see it, based solely on the length of light waves. Music can be interpreted from notes on a page without being heard. not so with odor. the only way to tell if something will smell like roses or turpentine, sea breeze or gasoline, is to sniff it.
February 21, 2017
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Cryo-electron microscopy advances by Thermo Fisher Scientific drives structural biology research
Thermo Fisher Scientific, the world leader in serving science, has extended its leadership in cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) with the introduction of two new instruments: the Thermo Scientific Krios G3i and the Thermo Scientific Glacios cryo-transmission electron microscopes (cryo-TEMs).
August 9, 2017
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Cryoglobulinemia: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Cryoglobulinemia is a disease caused by an abundance of a protein called cryoglobulin in the blood.
July 31, 2017
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CTE Marker Seen in Living Football Players
Brain disease caused by repeated concussions can only be diagnosed after death at this point
September 26, 2017
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Cystic fibrosis: Discovery of a key molecule for improving treatments
Researchers identify a promising avenue for improving treatments for people with cystic fibrosis. They found that adding molecules called quorum-sensing inhibitors to current drugs not only reduces bacterial production of certain harmful residues but also restores the efficacy of existing treatments, such as Orkambi and Kalydeco, on the cells of cystic fibrosis patients. This breakthrough paves the way for new personalized therapies.
December 12, 2017
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Misc. - D

Dacryocystitis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Dacryocystitis is an infection of the tear sacs or lacrimal sacs in the lower corner of the eye that can cause pain, redness, and discomfort.
August 1, 2017
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Daffodils, Margaritas Among Surprise Skin Dangers
There are many hidden hazards that can cause itch or rash, dermatologists warn
March 3, 2017
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Deadly combination in neurodegenerative diseases revealed
Researchers develop new mouse model that captures pathology of sporadic neurological diseases
November 13, 2017
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Dealing with nail fungus: Board-certified dermatologist can evaluate, recommend treatment
Nail fungus can be distressing for patients, especially during the summer sandal season when feet are exposed. While some people who observe nail fungus symptoms may wish to hide their affected nails with polish or run to the store for an over-the-counter anti-fungal treatment, it's important for these patients to see a board-certified dermatologist before taking any action.
July 27, 2017
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Death anxiety: The fear that drives us?
Death is something that we all, sooner or later, have to face. But how do we respond to it? Why are some of us more afraid than others? And what is it, exactly, that scares us about death? We offer an overview of theories related to death anxiety, and what you can do to address it.
August 11, 2017
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Death risk almost doubles with severe psoriasis, study suggests
Adults whose psoriasis covers at least 10 percent of their body surface area are at almost twice the risk of early death than those without the disease, new research suggests.
August 31, 2017
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Deep Learning Network Taught to Classify Red Blood Cells by Shape
Researchers at the Northeastern University in China have developed a deep convolutional neural network that can identify and classify different shaped red blood cells. The technology may provide cheap, easy to use devices for monitoring of patients with sickle cell disease.
October 26, 2017
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Deep sleep's role in visual learning uncovered
Researchers from the University of Michigan have conducted a study in mice to investigate how deep sleep influences visual learning. Brain activity during this phase of sleep is crucial to consolidating new visual information, they found.
October 6, 2017
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Dehydration headaches: Signs, treatment, and prevention
Headaches are one of the most common causes of pain and missed days of work. But what are the key signs that a headache might be due to dehydration?
May 19, 2017
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Delaying school start time linked to variety of benefits for teen students
A new position statement from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) asserts that the school day should begin at 8:30 a.m. or later for middle school and high school students.
April 17, 2017
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Demyelination: Causes, symptoms, and treatments
Demyelination occurs when the protective coating of nerve cells, known as myelin, is damaged. When this happens, neurological problems can occur.
August 3, 2017
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Dendritic cells develop from specialized progenitors, research shows
Dendritic cells are gatekeepers of Immunity and are crucial for the detection and initiation of Immunity against pathogens and foreign substances. Up to now, dendritic cell subtypes were thought to develop from one common progenitor. Now, in a joint effort, researchers from A*STAR Singapore Immunology Network, LIMES-Institute and cluster of excellence ImmunoSensation from University of Bonn and the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases were able to show with single cell resolution that this important component of the human immune system develops from specialized progenitors.
May 5, 2017
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DeNovix pink spectrophotometer - fluorometer won by Ukraine National Acaedemy of Science
DeNovix Inc., a US based manufacturer of instrumentation for bioresearch, is proud to announce the winner of a Special Edition Pink DS-11 FX+ Spectrophotometer / Fluorometer. the winner, randomly chosen from thousands of eligible entries to the company's drawing, is Dr. Olena Livinska of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine.
April 17, 2017
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DePuy Synthes launches CONCORDE Clear MIS Discectomy Device to simplify spinal fusion surgery
DePuy Synthes today announced the launch of CONCORDE™ Clear MIS Discectomy Device, a surgical solution designed to simplify discectomy in minimally invasive spinal fusion surgery. Now available in Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA), the single-use tool allows surgeons to complete the degenerated disc-removing process (discectomy) more efficiently than using traditional tools, while increasing the amount of disc material removed.
December 12, 2017
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Dermatographia: Causes and treatment of skin writing
Dermatographia is a skin condition that causes individuals to develop raised welts after their skin is scratched. The popular name for the condition is skin writing, an apt description of this pronounced reaction.
September 5, 2017
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Detailed understanding of 'one of the most complex organs' could provide new ways to treat lung disorders
Details of lung cell molecular pathways that promote or inhibit tissue regeneration were reported by researchers from the Perelmen School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in Cell this week. Their aim is to find new ways to treat lung disorders.
September 12, 2017
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Development of unique hemostatic agent nearing completion
The development of the unique agent called Tectum, which accelerates blood coagulation in a matter of seconds, is nearing completion: scientists of Lobachevsky University are planning to launch in Nizhny Novgorod the production of this unique means for stopping bleeding.
November 30, 2017
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Deviated septum: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
A deviated septum refers to a displacement of the thin wall within the nose that separates the nasal cavity.
July 7, 2017
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Dextrocardia: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Dextrocardia is a rare congenital condition where the heart points toward the right side of the chest instead of the left.
August 11, 2017
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Diagnostic signature uses artificial intelligence to detect long-term concussion
Lawyers representing both sides in concussion lawsuits against sports leagues may eventually have a new tool at their disposal: a diagnostic signature that uses artificial intelligence to detect brain trauma years after it has occurred.
July 12, 2017
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Dialysis with graphene
Dialysis, in the most general sense, is the process by which molecules filter out of one solution, by diffusing through a membrane, into a more dilute solution. Outside of hemodialysis, which removes waste from blood, scientists use dialysis to purify drugs, remove residue from chemical solutions, and isolate molecules for medical diagnosis, typically by allowing the materials to pass through a porous membrane.
June 29, 2017
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Diet plus alcohol may play key role in liver injury development
A new study published in Alcohol and Alcoholism finds that mice bred to consume high amounts of alcohol, but controlled by diet, did not necessarily develop the most severe liver injuries, suggesting that diet may pay an important role in liver injury development.
September 25, 2017
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Digital pills can help track opioid use patterns
Digital pills - gelatin capsules that contain an ingestible sensor along with medication - can help track patterns of drug use, and Brigham and Women's Hospital clinicians are among the first to explore the application of this new technology among patients being prescribed opioids.
November 20, 2017
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Digital pills successfully monitor opioid use after injury
Investigators report on the results from a pilot study of 15 individuals who received a prescription to take oxycodone digital pills as needed following treatment for acute fractures. The team found that the opioid-naïve patients self-administered opioids to manage pain for only a brief period and only took a fraction of the number of pills they were given.
November 20, 2017
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Digital technology can help people make smarter drinking decisions
Some individuals struggle to make healthy decisions about their drinking in risky situations. Technology can help. Researchers are finding ways by which digital interventions can help people make smarter drinking decisions, leading to reduced alcohol-related injuries and illness. These findings will be shared at the 40th annual scientific meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) in Denver June 24-28.
June 28, 2017
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Direct versus indirect inguinal hernias: Symptoms, causes, and treatment
There are many different types of hernias. An inguinal hernia is when a bulge or protrusion of tissue occurs in the groin area. They occur within the inguinal canal and can extend into the scrotum in males.
May 17, 2017
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Discarding donated kidneys based on biopsy results may be inappropriate, say researchers
Researchers have found that discarding donated kidneys on the basis of biopsy findings may be inappropriate. The findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), may help address the organ shortage by keeping valuable organs from being thrown away.
July 6, 2017
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Discovery of a mechanism for determining the direction of collective cell migration
The phenomenon of collective cell migration has been observed in the process of animal development, the healing of wounds, and cancer cell invasion. Researcher have found that when the activity of a molecule called ERK MAP kinase is propagated to neighboring cells, the cells migrate in the opposite direction of ERK propagation.
December 4, 2017
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Discovery of early biomarkers paves way for new insight into Huntington's disease
Early warning signs of Huntington's disease have been uncovered in a sheep carrying the human HD mutation, leading the way for new insight into this devastating illness, a new study in Scientific Reports has found.
February 22, 2017
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Discovery of natural molecule could lead to effective treatments for gum disease and atherosclerosis
Resolvin E1, a molecule produced naturally in the body from an omega -3 fish oil, topically applied on gum tissues not only prevents and treats gum disease as previously shown (Hasturk et al 2006 and 2007), but also decreases the likelihood for advanced arterial atherosclerotic plaques to rupture and form a dangerous thrombus or blood clot.
November 16, 2017
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Discovery of new biological pathway involved in pain processing offers hope for new treatments
The discovery of a new biological pathway involved in pain processing offers hope of using existing cancer drugs to replace the use of opioids in chronic pain treatment, according to scientists at McGill University.
August 8, 2017
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Discovery of vital molecule could lead to better treatment of respiratory conditions
Respiratory conditions could be better targeted and treated, thanks to the discovery of the vital molecule which regulates breathing - according to research by the University of Warwick.
February 1, 2017
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Disease and odor: An intriguing relationship
The relationship between odor and disease is an interesting two-way street. In this article, we discuss the aroma of illness, electronic noses, and the hidden dangers of losing your sense of smell.
October 5, 2017
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Distracted? Slowing down, not a safe option
Drivers who slow down while using mobile phones have the potential to increase on-road conflicts, a new study warns. Distracted drivers reducing their speed might sound favorable in terms of safety, but it could also lead to other types of crash risk, say investigators.
April 11, 2017
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Disturbed sleep might worsen suicidal thoughts
Insomnia, nightmares, and erratic sleep times could be indicators of worsening suicidal thoughts among young adults, a new study suggests.
June 30, 2017
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Do breasts hurt when they grow? A guide for teenagers
Young women's bodies go through many changes during puberty, and one of the biggest is when their breasts begin to grow. A question many girls and teenagers may ask themselves is should their breasts hurt when they grow?
September 6, 2017
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Do 'Early Birds' Get the Healthier Worm?
Late-to-bed types appear to have poorer eating habits, study says
March 3, 2017
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Do probiotic deodorants really work?
We tested 6 brands, risking pit stains and smelliness, so you don't have to.
July 3, 2017
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Do You Have 'Social Jet Lag?'
Throwing your sleep schedule off to party on weekends may be hard on your heart, study says
June 7, 2017
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Doctors as app makers? Sure, no coding required
Tools like Doctella are giving medical professionals a cheap and easy way to communicate with patients outside the office.
October 9, 2017
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Does laser therapy for knee pain work?
Laser therapy is an alternative treatment for some types of pain, such as that often associated with the knee. Research on laser therapy is preliminary, and most insurers still consider it to be experimental. However, some studies show it can alleviate pain, including knee pain.
August 16, 2017
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Does symmetry matter for speed? Study finds Usain Bolt may have asymmetrical running gait
Right and left legs of the world's fastest man may perform differently
June 28, 2017
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Does the sex of a cell matter in research?
New guide aims to counter inherent sex bias in research of metabolic diseases
June 6, 2017
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Does Time of Neurosurgery Matter?
After-hours operations tied to more complications, study says
October 24, 2017
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Does Your Brain Know When You're Dead?
When you die, your brain may know it.
November 8, 2017
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Domos HME Consulting Group
home medical equipment consulting: compliance audits; reimbursement; sales and marketing strategies; and accreditation preparation.
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Don't Delay Hip Fracture Surgery. Here's Why
Seniors with a fractured hip need surgery as soon as possible or they could suffer life-threatening complications, a new Canadian study concludes.
November 28, 2017
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Donating plasma: What are the side effects and risks?
Donating plasma is relatively safe, but people may experience side effects. It is sensible for someone to make sure they understand the side effects and how to avoid risks before becoming a donor.
August 29, 2017
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Donor organs labeled as increased risk less likely to be used by transplant patients
Increasingly, transplant surgeons must initiate a tough conversation: explaining to patients what it means to accept an organ from a person who died from a drug overdose.
October 5, 2017
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Dopamine neurons may regulate our biological clock
Researchers have identified some of the brain cells that control our body's internal clock. The findings provide new insights into how the human body responds to jet lag, as well as into why it is so difficult to switch off your favorite show and go to sleep.
August 7, 2017
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Dorothea Dix: Redefining mental illness
During the 19th century, mental health disorders were not recognized as treatable conditions. they were perceived as a sign of madness, warranting imprisonment in merciless conditions. One woman set out to change such perceptions: Dorothea Lynde Dix.
May 5, 2017
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Dorsiflexion: Injuries and mobility exercises
Dorsiflexion is the action of raising the foot upwards towards the shin. It means the flexion of the foot in the dorsal, or upward, direction.
August 14, 2017
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Double chin: Causes and how to get rid of one
Seeing a double chin in the mirror may be a sign of weight gain or obesity, but that is not always the case.
June 28, 2017
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Double voiding: a guide to bladder-emptying techniques
Urinary frequency can mean that a person wakes up numerous times a night wanting to go to the restroom. Sometimes they may go only to feel they need to go again just minutes later. These are just some of the problems associated with urinary frequency.
April 3, 2017
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Drop in lead exposure may be significant factor behind decrease in crime rates
Exposure to lead in the preschool years significantly increases the chance that children will be suspended or incarcerated during their school careers, according to research at Princeton University and Brown University. Conversely, a drop in exposure leads to less antisocial behavior and thus may well be a significant factor behind the drop in crime over the past few decades.
June 29, 2017
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Drought May Beckon Bigger West Nile Outbreaks
Dry environment might alter how easily mosquito-borne virus is transmitted, researchers say
February 8, 2017
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Drug allergies: What you need to know
Drug allergies cause specific allergic reactions to drugs or medications. They are different from side effects, and these differences need to be understood.
June 15, 2017
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Drug could be repurposed to help end transplant rejection
A diabetes drug currently undergoing development could be repurposed to help end transplant rejection, without the side-effects of current immunosuppressive drugs, according to new research by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).
November 21, 2017
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Drug May Help Surgical Patients Stop Opioids Sooner
Opioid painkillers after surgery can be the first step toward addiction for some patients. But a common drug might cut the amount of narcotics that patients need, a new study finds.
December 13, 2017
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Drug OD Deaths Have Nearly Tripled Since 1999: CDC
Whites, middle-aged adults hardest hit, new report finds
February 24, 2017
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Drug OD Rate Now Higher in Rural U.S. Than Cities
Hardest-hit communities need targeted preventive measures, report suggests
October 20, 2017
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Drug or alcohol problems among veterans may increase risk of suicide, study finds
Veterans who have drug or alcohol problems are more than twice as likely to die by suicide as their comrades, a new study finds. and women veterans with substance use disorders have an even higher rate of suicide -- more than five times that of their peers, the research shows.
March 16, 2017
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Drug shows promise for treating alcoholism
Study finds an anti-inflammatory medication appears to reduce cravings, improve mood
February 1, 2017
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Drug treatment reduces gout flares in clinical study
As reported in the journal Arthritis & Rheumatology, the drug febuxostat reduced gout flares in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 314 adults with early gout. Febuxostat treatment also reduced synovitis-or inflammation of the joint lining detected by MRI scanning -over a 2-year period compared with placebo.
October 4, 2017
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Drug-resistant genes spread through environmeducts
First study to track antibiotic resistance in beef production suggests researchers and policy-makers need to switch focus to combat drug-resistant bugs
March 8, 2016
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Dry Drowning and Secondary Drowning: What to Know
If you're like most parents, you probably figure once your child is done swimming or playing in the water, his risk of drowning is over. But "dry" and "secondary" drowning can happen hours after he's toweled off and moved on to other things. There are steps you can take to keep your child safe.
May 17, 2017
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Dry ears: Causes, treatment, and prevention
Dry ears are frequently marked by a buildup of dry, dead skin flakes and itchiness in the ear canal.
September 4, 2017
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Dry skin: Seven home remedies
Whether it is caused by aging, an underlying skin condition, or environmental factors, having dry skin can be uncomfortable and itchy. There is a range of treatments available to treat dry skin at home - but which are most effective?
September 28, 2017
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Duke researchers link specific differences in brain structure to multiple forms of mental disorder
A Duke University study is the first to link specific differences in brain structure to what is common across many types of mental illness.
April 11, 2017
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DZNE scientists find new mechanism that allows damaged neurons to regenerate
Releasing molecular brake allowed damaged neurons to regenerate
October 7, 2016
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E-LyteSport
Sports Nutrition for Serious Athletes. the ultimate sport drink!
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Early initiation of prophylaxis linked to lower rates of PE and DVT in patients with severe brain injuries
People who sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at high risk for developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). PE is a leading cause of death in these patients. But blood-thinning medications started within 72 hours of hospital arrival have a significant protective effect against these conditions in patients with severe TBI, and do not increase risk of bleeding complications or death, according to study results published online as an "article in press" on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website in advance of print publication.
July 21, 2016
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Early intervention may be crucial to successful treatment of Friedreich's ataxia
New research published today in Disease Models & Mechanisms indicates that early intervention should be a key target in the development of new therapeutics for Friedreich's ataxia, as current treatments may be administered too late to target the disease effectively.
November 8, 2017
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Early onset of drinking increases risk for alcohol-related neurocognitive vulnerabilities
Although drinking by U.S. adolescents has decreased during the last decade, more than 20 percent of U.S. high-school students continue to drink alcohol before the age of 14 years. This can have adverse effects on their neurodevelopment.
October 30, 2017
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Early surgery for rotator cuff tears leads to lasting improvement in outcomes
Early surgery to repair tears of one of the shoulder rotator cuff muscles provides lasting improvement in strength, function, and other outcomes, reports a study in the August 16, 2017 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. The journal is published in partnership with Wolters Kluwer.
August 17, 2017
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East Earth Trade Winds
Suppliers of Chinese herbs and herbal products, books on Chinese medicine and philosopy, essential oils and much more!
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Eating meat may increase risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a serious condition and a growing concern in Western societies. a recent, large-scale study finds an increase in risk with the consumption of animal protein.
April 21, 2017
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Eczema Can Take a Toll on Adults
The chronic skin condition may interfere with daily life, expert says
July 27, 2017
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Eczema could be treated with a pregnancy protein
Atopic dermatitis, the most common form of eczema, could be treated with a protein known to protect the fetus against attack from the mother's immune system during pregnancy, a new study suggests.
August 7, 2017
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Eczema patients treated by drug-producing microbes found on their own skin
Certain friendly bacteria are rare on patients but can still kill Staph aureus.
February 24, 2017
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Eczema's Effects More Than Skin Deep
Itchy skin condition also linked to a number of other ills, skin specialist says
July 29, 2016
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Effective treatment of contact allergy
An RNA aptamer isolated by scientists can effectively prevent allergic reactions in mice
October 30, 2017
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EFMT technology results in greater reduction of major depressive disorder symptoms
A treatment for depression using Emotional Faces Memory Task (EFMT), a technology originally developed by two Mount Sinai researchers, resulted in a significantly greater reduction of major depressive disorder (MDD) symptoms compared to a control group, according to initial clinical results presented at the Society of Biological Psychiatry Annual Scientific Convention on May 19, 2017, in San Diego. EFMT is a cognitive-emotional treatment that is delivered via an app on the Click Neurobehavioral Intervention (CNI) platform , a clinically-validated patient engagement platform developed by Click Therapeutics.
June 5, 2017
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Eight new epilepsy genes discovered
A new study examining 200 children with epileptic encephalopathy -- epilepsy combined with intellectual or overall developmental disability --identified eight new genes involved in this type of epilepsy thanks to their use of whole-genome sequencing, which had never been done before in an epileptic study of this scope.
November 7, 2017
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Einstein awarded more than $160 million NIH grant in federal fiscal year 2016
Investigators at Albert Einstein College of Medicine were awarded more than $160 million from the National Institutes of Health in federal fiscal year 2016. the grants provide critical support for major research projects in aging, intellectual and developmental disabilities, diabetes, cancer and infectious diseases. other key areas for which Einstein received federal support include developmental brain research, neuroscience, advanced cellular imaging, cardiac disease and initiatives to reduce health disparities.
December 28, 2016
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Electrical Pulses May Ease Pain From 'Slipped' Disc
A new treatment that aims electrical pulses at irritated nerves around the spinal cord appears effective at relieving chronic lower back pain and sciatica, a preliminary study suggests.
November 29, 2017
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Electronic bandage may heal chronic wounds
Researchers have designed a "smart" bandage that is much more effective and faster-acting than regular healing patches. The same device can also be loaded with drugs, depending on the type and stage of the wound it is applied to.
October 6, 2017
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Elevated levels of brain protein linked to longer recovery period after concussion
Elevated levels of the brain protein tau following a sport-related concussion are associated with a longer recovery period and delayed return to play for athletes, according to a study published in the January 6, 2017 issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. the findings suggest that tau, which can be measured in the blood, may serve as a marker to help physicians determine an athlete's readiness to return to the game.
January 6, 2017
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Elevated rate of autism symptoms found in children with Tourette syndrome
Restrictive interests, repetitive behaviors common in both disorders, study show
June 22, 2017
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Eleven ways to help prevent kidney stones
Kidney stones are solid deposits of minerals and salts that have crystallized together in the kidneys.
September 26, 2017
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Elite High Schools May Increase Risk of Addiction
Rates are two to three times higher than national norms
June 1, 2017
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Empathy from the sick may be critical to halting disease outbreaks
A little empathy can go a long way toward ending infectious disease outbreaks. That's a conclusion from researchers who used a networked variation of game theory to study how individual behavior during an outbreak of influenza -- or other illness -- affects the progress of the disease, including how rapidly the outbreak dies out.
March 16, 2017
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Empathy: Why do we care?
Empathy is a precious moral and social resource. It helps us to form friendships, care for the needy, and not be cruel. But what goes on in our brains when we empathize? Can neuroscience help us to explain why we care?
September 6, 2017
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Empty nose syndrome: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Empty nose syndrome is a rare disorder affecting the nose and nasal passages. People with this condition will have normal-appearing, clear nasal passages, yet they will experience a wide range of symptoms.
August 7, 2017
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Employees can increase alcohol consumption to risky levels at time of retirement, study shows
Every tenth employee increases their alcohol consumption to risky levels at the time of retirement from full-time employment. However, the increase seems to be temporary as risky drinking often decreases during the retirement. for most pensioners, alcohol consumption remains below the risk levels before and after retirement. the results of the new Finnish study were published in the esteemed Addiction journal.
March 31, 2017
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Endoplasmic reticulum stress in the brain may cause non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Disruptions in a protein folding process occurring in the brain, known as endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, may cause non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, independent of other factors. A research team at the George Washington University (GW) published their results in the Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight.
May 25, 2017
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Endurance training can be helpful in dealing with muscle inflammation
Endurance training can actually be helpful in dealing with muscle inflammation, according to a new paper co-written by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York, and Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm, Sweden.
November 8, 2017
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Enthesopathy: Symptoms and treatment
Enthesopathy refers to a problem with the attachment of tendons, ligaments or components of a joint onto the bone. People with enthesopathy typically experience pain and may have stiffness or difficulty moving the affected joint or area of the body.
August 18, 2017
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Enzyme treatment may prevent or reduce liver damage caused by excess alcohol consumption
An intestinal enzyme previously shown to keep bacterial toxins from passing from the gastrointestinal system into the bloodstream may be able to prevent or reduce the liver damage caused by excess alcohol consumption.
April 25, 2017
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Enzyme treatment reduces alcohol-induced liver damage in mouse models
An intestinal enzyme previously shown to keep bacterial toxins from passing from the gastrointestinal system into the bloodstream may be able to prevent or reduce the liver damage caused by excess alcohol consumption, investigators report.
April 25, 2017
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Epigenetic aging linked to bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder may involve accelerated epigenetic aging, which could explain why persons with the disorder are more likely to have -- and die from -- age-related diseases, according to researchers.
December 12, 2017
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Epigenetic changes promote development of fatty liver in mouse and human
Mice with a strong tendency to obesity already exhibit epigenetic changes at six weeks of age, inducing the liver to amplify its production of the enzyme DPP4 and release it into the circulation. Over the long term, this favors the development of a fatty liver. Such changes in DNA methylation are also detectable in humans with fatty liver and suggest a similar causal chain.
January 9, 2017
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Epigenetic program leading to vessel differentiation
Identification of histone and transcriptional regulation in vessel differentiation
May 19, 2017
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Epigenetics takes center stage with this year's Addiction Science Awards
NIDA announces awardees at the 2017 Intel International Science and Engineering Fair.
May 19, 2017
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Epidural pain relief with fentanyl during childbirth does not affect early breastfeeding success
Including the opioid fentanyl in the solution used to maintain an epidural during childbirth does not appear to affect the success of breastfeeding six weeks after delivery, according to a study published in Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA). Previous research has suggested fentanyl might be associated with early termination of breastfeeding.
November 8, 2017
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Epilepsy and natural treatments: Can they help?
Epilepsy is a disease that disrupts the electrical activity of the nervous system, causing seizures.
June 14, 2017
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Epilepsy drug discovered in fish model shows promise in small pediatric clinical trial
NIH-funded research suggests zebrafish models may be efficient resource for identifying drugs for clinical use.
February 9, 2017
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Epley maneuver: A treatment for vertigo
The Epley maneuver is an exercise performed to treat a type of vertigo called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
August 30, 2017
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EPO blood doping has little effect on amateur cyclists' road race performance
According to a new study published in The Lancet Haematology, recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO), a performance augmenting drug has little effects on high-intensity laboratory cycling test among well-trained amateur cyclists; yet in the laboratory time trial test and endurance road-race up Mont Ventoux (France), the augmenting effects were typically undetectable.
June 30, 2017
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Eppendorf to exhibit wide range of solutions to address common laboratory challenges at Lab Innovations 2016
Eppendorf UK will showcase a range of solutions designed to address some of the most common challenges shared by scientists, and technical laboratory personnel at the upcoming Lab Innovations 2016 show, running from the 2nd - 3rd November, at the Birmingham NEC. with the latest state-of-the-art solutions from Eppendorf, researchers and scientists working within the life science industry can simplify, streamline, and potentially eliminate cumbersome lab work, whilst at the same time succeeding in generating reproducible and reliable results.
October 4, 2016
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Essential Oils: Natural Doesn't Mean Risk-Free
When Rachael Armstrong first started using essential oils last year she, as she puts it, "dove right in."
August 9, 2017
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Evidence that cannabis use helps pain or PTSD is lacking, say researchers
Scientific evidence reporting on the use of cannabis for the treatment of chronic pain or post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD) is too limited to conclude its safety or efficacy, say researchers from the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).
August 15, 2017
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Evoked potential test and results
Evoked potential tests measure the time it takes for the brain to respond to sensory stimulation, either through sight, sound, or touch.
August 7, 2017
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Evolution of nose shape was guided by climate
In a first-of-its-kind study, a team of researchers from Pennsylvania State University recently gained new insight into the shape of the human nose. the climate that our ancestors evolved in appears to play a role in the width of our noses.
March 17, 2017
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Exoskeleton Developed to Improve Walking of Kids with Cerebral Palsy
Most exoskeleton research has focused on helping paralyzed people to walk upright and for soldiers and workers to easily carry heavy loads. At the National Institutes of Health's Clinical Center Rehabilitation Medicine Department researchers built an exoskeleton to improve the walking gait of children with cerebral palsy.
August 25, 2017
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Exosomes, The Elusive Tiny Vesicles Produced by Cells, Have Lots of Potential for Medicine
Exosomes are tiny capsules (30-130 nanometers) produced by cells that seem to be involved in all sorts of processes within the body, but only lately have they been properly studied. Because these natural nanoparticles are involved in many different biochemical processes, they may be relevant for a wide variety of clinical applications including diagnostics, therapy, and tracking of disease progression.
June 26, 2017
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Experimental drug targets nucleus of allergen-sensitized cells
Study suggests blocking transcription factor to treat severe lung ailments
April 18, 2017
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Experimental PfSPZ malaria vaccine provides durable protection against multiple strains in NIH clinical trial
An investigational malaria vaccine has protected a small number of healthy U.S. adults from infection with a malaria strain different from that contained in the vaccine, according to a study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, sponsored and co-conducted the Phase 1 clinical trial.
February 21, 2017
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Experimental technology monitors and maintains drug levels in the body
A new technology can monitor and maintain the level of drug in the bloodstream of animals. If it works in people, it could deliver the optimal dose of life-saving drugs and prevent harmful over- or underdosing.
May 10, 2017
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Experimental treatment for Niemann-Pick disease type C1 appears safe, effective
NIH-led clinical trial suggests that drug slows progression of rare neurological disease.
August 11, 2017
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Expert hopes to dispel myths behind becoming living kidney donor
It is no secret that the United States --in particular, New York -- needs more people to register as living organ donors. According to the National Kidney Foundation, more than 100,000 people in the country are awaiting a kidney transplant.
March 10, 2017
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Experts develop first freely available data network for Huntington's disease research
Huntington's disease is a hereditary disorder of the nervous system caused by a faulty gene on chromosome four. The faulty gene leads to cell death in neurons in the brain resulting in gradual physical, mental and emotional changes, and ultimately death. Those born to a parent with Huntington's disease have a 50:50 chance of developing it, and there is currently no cure.
July 13, 2017
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Experts recommend several measures to reduce firearm suicide rates in the U.S.
Researchers from Columbia University Medical Center and New York State Psychiatric Institute have found that legislation reducing access to firearms has lowered firearm suicide rates in other countries. this finding is based on evidence from around the world on the relationship between firearm ownership and firearm suicide rates.
July 29, 2016
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Expert report provides new insight into nature of mental illness
The report, Understanding Psychosis and Schizophrenia: Why people sometimes hear voices, believe things that others find strange or appear out of touch with reality, and what can help, has been written by a group of eminent clinical psychologists drawn from eight universities and six NHS trusts, together with people who have themselves experienced psychosis. It provides an accessible overview of the current state of knowledge, and its conclusions have profound implications both for the way we understand 'mental illness' and for the future of mental health services.
October 11, 2017
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Experts update cystic fibrosis guidelines for better diagnosis and personalized treatment
An international research group of 32 experts from nine countries has updated the guidelines for diagnosing the genetic disease cystic fibrosis. the researchers expect that these guidelines will provide better direction for clinicians looking at patients with symptoms of the disease to make a correct diagnosis and recommend personalized treatment.
January 31, 2017
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Exposure to spanking in childhood increases odds of adult mental health problems
Getting spanked as a child can lead to a host of mental health problems in adulthood, say University of Michigan researchers.
November 2, 2017
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Extensor tendonitis: Causes, recovery, and prevention
Extensor tendons are found just under the skin of the hand or the top of the feet. Extensor tendonitis is an inflammation of these tendons, and many factors can cause it.
June 5, 2017
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Misc. - F

Face can reveal if someone is rich or poor, study finds
Put on a happy face, your success may depend on it, suggests a study by psychology researchers at the University of Toronto's Faculty of Arts and Science.
July 6, 2017
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Facebook's next frontier: Brain-computer interfaces
Facebook's tech development team are currently working on a way for users to type with their minds, without the need for an invasive implant. Updating your status with thoughts alone may one day become a reality.
May 10, 2017
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Families stop donation of organs from deceased relatives who are registered donors
Hundreds of families across England block the donation of organs from deceased relatives, despite the deceased having chosen to sign the Organ Donation Register.
October 19, 2017
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Fantastic journey: How newborn neurons to find their proper place in the adult brain
For the first time (in mice), a new article explains how baby neurons -- precursors called neuroblasts, generated from a permanent pocket of stem cells in a brain area called the V-SVZ -- make an incredible journey from their place of birth through a special tunnel called the RMS to their target destination in the olfactory bulb.
November 2, 2017
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FAQ: Tick-Borne Diseases
Although Lyme disease is the most prevalent tick-borne infection in the U.S, ticks can transmit 20 diseases, according to the CDC. Some of these -- like Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Powassan virus and ehrlichiosis -- can be fatal.
July 4, 2017
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Fat necrosis: Causes and treatment
Fat necrosis is a condition that occurs when a person experiences an injury to an area of fatty tissue. This can result in the fat being replaced with the oily contents of fat cells.
September 25, 2017
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Fatal Opioid ODs on the Rise Among U.S. Teens
And heroin led to the most deaths among 15- to 19-year-olds, CDC says
August 16, 2017
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Fatty liver: Diagnosis of advanced fibrosis from stool microbes shows promise
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease affects millions of people in the United States. the condition is often not detected until it is well advanced, and a definitive diagnosis requires an invasive biopsy of the liver. One subtype can lead to severe liver cirrhosis and cancer. Now, promising results from a preliminary study set the stage for a noninvasive test that only requires a stool sample. the test examines the makeup of gut microbes in the stool sample.
May 3, 2017
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FDA approves new drug to treat adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Siliq (brodalumab) to treat adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Siliq is administered as an injection.
February 15, 2017
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FDA Approves new Treatment for Dust Mite Allergies
Odactra is a year-round treatment for reactions to the tiny bugs that share your home
February 23, 2017
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FDA approves new treatment for wide range of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Emflaza (deflazacort) tablets and oral suspension to treat patients age 5 years and older with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a rare genetic disorder that causes progressive muscle deterioration and weakness. Emflaza is a corticosteroid that works by decreasing inflammation and reducing the activity of the immune system.
February 9, 2017
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FDA Asks Maker of Opioid Painkiller to Pull Drug
Agency says the powerful medication's risk for abuse now outweighs any benefit
June 9, 2017
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FDA gives its nod to new drug Imbruvica (Ibrutinib) for chronic Graft versus Host Disease
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) yesterday in a press release informed about the approval of Imbruvica (ibrutinib) for the treatment of adult patients with chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) who have previously failed with one or more treatment. This is the first drug that the FDA has given its approval to in this disease condition.
August 2, 2017
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FDA OKs Injectable Psoriasis Drug for Tough Cases
But Siliq poses increased risk of suicidal behavior, agency warns
February 16, 2017
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FDA Warns Biotin Can Distort Lab Tests
The FDA is warning that high doses of vitamin B7, or biotin, in dietary supplements can interfere with hundreds of common lab tests -- including some that emergency room doctors rely on to diagnose a heart attack. The problem has led to at least one death.
November 29, 2017
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FDA: don't Give Kids Meds with Codeine, Tramadol
Agency strengthens warning labels on these medications to address dangers
April 20, 2017
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Fears erased with pulses of light
Innovative research demonstrates how weakening specific fear-related connections in the brain of a mouse can erase previous fear responses to a stimulus. The work may help to build future treatment programs for post-traumatic stress disorder and phobias.
August 18, 2017
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Fecal microbiota transplant may be effective treatment option for ulcerative colitis, research suggests
A single transplant of microbes contained in the stool of a healthy donor is a safe and effective way to increase diversity of good bacteria in the guts of patients with ulcerative colitis, according to new research from Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian. the findings suggest that fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) might be an effective treatment for the disease, which causes inflammation and ulcers in the digestive tract.
April 27, 2017
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Feds: Drug Company Delayed Cheaper Generics by Flooding the FDA with Paperwork
Given that a brand-name prescription drug stands to lose a significant chunk of its market share once a lower-price generic becomes available, you can understand why a drug company would want to do anything it can to delay the cheaper alternative, even if you disagree with their intentions.
February 7, 2017
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Feeling stiff does not reflect true biomechanical back stiffness, study suggests
"My back feels so stiff!" We often hear our friends say.
September 27, 2017
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Feinstein Institute professor finds protein as potential cause for lupus
Leading rheumatologist and Feinstein Institute for Medical Research Professor Betty Diamond, MD, may have identified a protein as a cause for the adverse reaction of the immune system in patients suffering from lupus. A better understanding of how the immune system becomes overactive will help lead to more effective treatments for lupus and potentially other autoimmune diseases.
July 14, 2017
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Female genital sores: Causes and diagnosis
Female genital sores have a number of causes, the most common of which are sexually transmitted infections, including herpes.
June 13, 2017
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Fentanyl Overdose Deaths Double in a Year
The front line in the epidemic of drug overdoses in the U.S. has shifted from the prescription pad to the street, a new study shows.
December 20, 2016
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Fido or Fluffy can bring you a Health Boost
And here are tips to help choose the right pet for you
May 16, 2017
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Finding real rewards in a virtual world
Remembering where a goal is requires the same parts of the brain in virtual reality as it does in the real world, a new study demonstrates. the study showed that mice performed poorly on the virtual test if they lacked Shank2, a protein known to be associated with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disabilities.
May 1, 2017
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Findings reveal how Ca2+ promotes endothelium-mediated feedback vasodilation in arterioles
Vasoconstriction must be balanced with vasodilation, particularly in the arterioles that supply tissues with blood. Endothelial cells protrude through holes in the internal elastic lamina in arterioles to make contact with vascular smooth muscle cells.
July 4, 2017
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Finger infection: Types, symptoms, and treatment
A finger infection is a common problem. The hands are an important way for humans to interact with the world around them. They are more likely to come into contact with infectious bacteria and other germs because of this, which can lead to infection.
July 26, 2017
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Fingerprint-like pattern that evolves during development provides clues to mental health problems
Like a fingerprint, the connections of the human brain render us distinct from one another. In a study just published in Nature Neuroscience, researchers from the University of Oslo revealed that such a unique, fingerprint-like pattern evolves during development and is sensitive to mental health.
February 22, 2017
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Firing of neurons changes the cells that insulate them
Different firing patterns of neurons alter proliferation and differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursors
August 22, 2017
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First genetic location found for anorexia nervosa
Eating disorders affect millions of people in the United States, and anorexia nervosa is considered to have the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric conditions. for the first time, new research identifies a genetic location that helps to shed more light on the causes of this illness.
May 12, 2017
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First interactive 3D video hologram displays live footage of internal organs
UK scientists are developing an interactive holographic video created from an MRI or CT scan that can display live footage of internal organs in front of a user where features can be rotated, enlarged, and isolated, delivering a breakthrough in medical imaging and education.
January 3, 2017
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First mutations in human life discovered
Archaeological traces of embryonic development seen in adult cells
March 22, 2017
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First national survey reveals high burden of iodine deficiency among Israelis
62% of school-age children and 85% of pregnant women in Israel have low iodine intakes, according to the country's first national iodine survey. Government funding and legislation, and a government-regulated program of salt or food iodization, are essential to reducing the deficiency, which poses a high risk of impaired neurological development.
March 27, 2017
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First randomized controlled trial of deep brain stimulation for chronic pain shows promise
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the ventral striatum/anterior limb of the internal capsule is safe and feasible in addressing the affective component of pain in patients with post-stroke pain syndrome, report investigators.
June 19, 2017
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First UK guideline provides recommendations to manage adults with Primary Sjögren's Syndrome
The first UK guideline on the care of adults with Primary Sjögren's Syndrome has been published today by the British Society of Rheumatology. The guidelines are accredited by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) which recognizes robust, evidence-based and critically evaluated high-quality processes applied to developing a clinical guideline.
June 30, 2017
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First-ever neuroscience conference to explore ultra-personal approach to brain health
For three days this week, Roanoke, Virginia, is the capital of the precision neuroscience world.
October 7, 2016
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First-in-human study shows positive results for new medicine that could reduce maternal deaths
The Monash University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (MIPS) today announced positive results from a first-in-human study of a new, inhaled form of a medicine that could significantly reduce maternal deaths around the world. the results open the possibility of a streamlined pathway to registration, meaning that the medicine could be accessible to mothers much sooner than would otherwise be possible.
March 21, 2017
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Five common foot problems: Causes and treatment
The feet take a lot of daily abuse from walking, running, jumping, and climbing, so naturally, they are subject to many different types of problems.
September 1, 2017
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Five home remedies for athlete's foot
Athlete's foot is a common skin problem on the feet caused by a fungus. Though it is rarely serious, its symptoms can be bothersome.
September 29, 2017
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Five life hacks for healthy skin
Skin is the body's largest organ. When healthy, its layers work hard to protect us. But when it's compromised, the skin's ability to work as an effective barrier is impaired. We have therefore found the best ways to improve skin health to support it in maintaining its protective role.
November 14, 2017
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Five of the best apps to train your brain
It is no secret that as we age, our brain function declines. However, studies have suggested that keeping mentally active - particularly when older - can help to maintain cognitive functioning. Brain training apps are considered a useful aid for mental stimulation, but which one is right for you? we present our pick of five of the best brain training apps around.
March 31, 2017
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Five of the best blogs for stress relief
Feeling stressed? Everyone faces stress from time to time. However, long-term stress can build up and have an adverse impact on health. Taking steps to reduce and cope with stress can prevent these effects. we look at five of the best blogs that help with stress management.
March 28, 2017
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Five ways to better prepare for planned or elective surgery
What's a tried-and-true way to prepare for surgery and anesthesia? by paying close attention to the healthcare professionals who will be delivering your care and providing them with essential information about your health status, history, and habits.
March 31, 2017
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Five ways to cope with PTSD
Post-traumatic stress disorder is caused by witnessing or being part of a frightening or shocking event, and it can affect day-to-day life and productivity. In this article, we discuss a few ways that you can keep its symptoms under control.
October 20, 2017
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Flail chest: Causes and treatment
Flail chest refers to a type of injury that follows a blunt trauma to the chest. It happens when three or more ribs are each broken in more than one place, causing a segment of bone to detach from the chest wall.
August 1, 2017
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Flame retardant exposure linked to income, BMI and household smoking
A class of flame retardants known as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been phased out of production in the US out of concern for their potential neurotoxic effects, particularly in young children. But the compounds persist in older furniture, plastics and textiles, and in dust. now a new report examines the factors that help predict which children could be at a higher risk for exposure to these compounds.
December 21, 2016
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Fleas Test Positive for Plague in Arizona
Health officials from two counties in northern Arizona are warning the public that fleas are testing positive for the Yersinia pestis bacterium that causes plague.
August 14, 2017
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Flexible microbattery enables smart dental braces
Researchers have demonstrated a novel approach toward smart orthodontics based on near-infrared red light from a mechanically flexible LED powered by flexible bio-safe batteries all integrated in a single 3D-printed dental brace.
November 16, 2017
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Flexible Skin for Prosthetics Can Sense Shear Force
Researchers at the University of Washington and University of California, Los Angeles have developed a flexible "skin" that can be applied to a prosthetic limb. The skin can sense vibrations and can also measure shear force, such as the feeling when your finger slides along a table or when an object slips out of your grasp. This technology could help prosthetic devices to act more like real limbs, or maybe even help surgical robots to better sense their environment and so surgical instruments more safely and accurately.
October 23, 2017
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Fluctuation in intracellular calcium ion concentration impacts brain shape
The first step in shaping the brain is that the neural plate, a sheet-like cell layer, curves to form the neural tube. Assistant Professor Makoto Suzuki of the National Institute for Basic Biology, Professor Naoto Ueno, and their colleagues have shown that during the process of neural tube formation a transient increase in the concentration of calcium ions in cells causes these morphological changes and is essential for neural tube formation.
March 30, 2017
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Folding of the cerebral cortex: Identification of important neurons
Folds in the cerebral cortex in mammals are believed to be indispensable for higher brain functions but the mechanisms underlying cortical folding remain unknown. By using the latest genome editing tools, we succeeded in establishing a technique and discovered important neurons for fold formation and the importance of the Cdk5 gene in those neurons. Some patients suffer from lissencephaly, whose cortical fold formation is impaired. Our study may provide clues to diseases including lissencephaly.
October 5, 2017
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Forget Tony Stark's Iron Man -- exosuits of the future will be spandex
It turns out there are better ways to enhance strength than heavy metal armor
January 25, 2017
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Forget your shrink. Woebot will see you now
Depressed? Anxious? A friendly new chatbot out of Stanford University wants to help you crush the self-defeating thoughts bringing you down.
June 6, 2017
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Four effective gingivitis home remedies
Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease, which in turn, can lead to tooth loss. Fortunately, gingivitis can be treated easily at home, but which home remedies work best?
September 6, 2017
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Four medtech finalists shortlisted in Cambridge Independent's Entrepreneurial Science and Technology Awards
Four exciting companies have been shortlisted in this category.
August 9, 2017
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Frailty linked to greater odds of complications after common ambulatory surgery
Frailty was associated with an increased risk of complications among patients who underwent outpatient hernia, breast, thyroid or parathyroid surgery, with the findings suggesting that surgeons should consider frailty rather than age when counseling and selecting patients for elective ambulatory surgery, according to a study published by JAMA Surgery.
October 11, 2017
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Free online risk assessment tool can help reduce costs of occupational musculoskeletal injuries
Employers can reduce the costs of occupational musculoskeletal disorders by using a free online risk management tool created by ergonomic researchers at KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden.
June 15, 2017
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Frequent salon visits linked to more instances of dermal and fungal symptoms in clients
A recent study by researchers at the Rutgers School of Public Health found that clients who frequent hair and nail salons have more instances of dermal and fungal symptoms, as compared to clients who use the same services less frequently.
November 1, 2017
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Frontal lobe: Functions, structure, and damage
The frontal lobe of the brain is vital to our consciousness, as well as functions that appear uniquely human, such as spoken language.
June 29, 2017
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FSU study finds no evidence that brain games improve cognitive function
Be skeptical of ads declaring you can rev up your brain's performance by challenging it with products from the growing brain-training industry.
April 17, 2017
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Fungal toxins become easily aerosolized, leading to potential indoor health risk
Toxins produced by three different species of fungus growing indoors on wallpaper may become aerosolized, and easily inhaled. The findings, which likely have implications for "sick building syndrome," were published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.
June 23, 2017
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Misc. - G

Gambling addicts have poor ability to assess and adapt to high risk situations, fMRI study finds
You've been losing all night, and now another bad hand. So why raise?
April 17, 2017
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Garrick Hyde Consulting
offers benchmarking and consulting services for hospitals and healthcare organizations, with an emphasis in department-level costs, productivity, and skill mix.
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Gene editing technique reverses Huntington's in mouse model
Research, published this week in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, offers hope for people with Huntington's disease. Gene editing could be the key to an eventual cure.
June 19, 2017
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Gene Therapy Might Mend Badly Broken Bones
Animal experiments suggest this may be a potential alternative to bone grafts, researchers say
May 17, 2017
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Genes and the environment equally affect language-related brain activity
Researchers showed that brain activity in the a is equally affected by environmental and genetic factors. they also demonstrated that verbal memory is related to language-related brain activity. the findings provide novel insights into how language is influenced by genes and the environment.
December 29, 2016
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Genetic mechanism prevents kidney injury after severe dehydration
In humans, even the most minor dehydration can compromise the kidneys causing lifelong, irreparable issues or even death. However, some animals living in desert environments are able to survive both acute and chronic dehydration. While these animals, like cactus mice, have evolved over time to deal with environmental stressors like dehydration, researchers have found it's not the physical makeup that is helping them survive, but rather their genetic makeup.
August 14, 2017
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Genetic susceptibility to BD can increase suicide risk among people exposed to traumatic stress
Genetic susceptibility to bipolar disorder can increase the risk for suicide attempt, but only among those who also have experienced traumatic stress, reports a study published in the December 2017 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP).
December 4, 2017
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Genetic, ethnic background may be underlying factors for acquired laryngotracheal stenosis
Endotracheal intubation, in which a tube is inserted through the voice box (larynx) into the windpipe, and tracheotomy, in which surgery is undertaken to create a hole through the neck and into the windpipe (trachea) to facilitate breathing, are widely used in the hospital setting for elective surgery and in cases of serious illness or critical injury.
November 22, 2017
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Genetics reveal mysteries of hard-to-treat bacterial infection in cystic fibrosis
New research on bacteria that cause major problems for those with cystic fibrosis reveals clues as to how it proliferates for so long in the lungs and offers new ideas for treatments to explore.
March 27, 2017
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Genevac evaporators provide quick and safe sample concentration
Genevac Rocket Synergy, HT and EZ-2 series evaporators are designed to be very useful tools for lab scientists wishing to concentrate a sample safely and quickly.
July 11, 2017
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Genotype may help identify patients at increased risk for sickle cell disease-related complications
Researchers have found a genotype that could help identify sickle cell disease (SCD) patients at greatest risk of common, yet severe, complications of SCD. The findings will be presented today at the American Physiological Society's Physiological and Pathophysiological Consequences of Sickle Cell Disease conference in Washington, D.C.
November 7, 2017
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Genital Herpes Vaccine Promising in Animal Trials
Two-pronged approach tested on lab monkeys, guinea pigs
January 19, 2017
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Genital herpes was inherited from human ancestors
There are two main herpes simplex viruses that cause herpes in man -- those that cause cold sores or HSV1 and those that cause genital herpes or HSV2.
October 3, 2017
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Geometry plays an important role in how cells behave
Inspired by how geometry influences physical systems such as soft matter, researchers have revealed surprising insights into how the physics of molecules within a cell affect how the cell behaves.
November 2, 2017
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Georgia State study: Social media, Internet can be reliable tools for forecasting disease outbreaks
When epidemiological data are scarce, social media and Internet reports can be reliable tools for forecasting infectious disease outbreaks, according to a study led by an expert in the School of Public Health at Georgia State University.
January 19, 2017
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German scientists design molecular paintbrush technique to control and monitor key intracellular processes
The plasma membrane serves as a major hub for signal cascades to control crucial cellular processes. But it is a fluid medium, which makes the signaling processes difficult to monitor. Now, German scientists have designed a molecular "paintbrush" technique to trigger, control, and also monitor signaling processes. as they write in the journal Angewandte Chemie, their modular system made of light-activatable molecular building blocks can, for example, induce patterned contraction inside living cells.
March 31, 2017
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GHIT Fund invests in phase 3 clinical trial for pediatric formulation of 'snail fever' drug
The Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT Fund), a unique Japanese public-private partnership formed to battle infectious diseases around the globe, today announced 11 new investments totaling US$23 million that could help deliver a range of new innovative therapies for a host of debilitating conditions.
March 31, 2017
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Givers Really Are Happier Than Takers
Even small acts of generosity trigger a brain boost, study finds
August 15, 2017
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Globus pharyngeus: What is this sensation?
A persistent sense that something is lodged in the throat is called globus pharyngeus, or the globus sensation.
July 28, 2017
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Globus sensation: Causes of a lump in the throat
Globus sensation is an overwhelming feeling of a lump or foreign object being lodged in a person's throat. However, a physical examination will reveal there is no object or lump present.
December 5, 2017
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GO2SLEEP Wearable Sleep Tracker Capable of Detecting Sleep Apnea
A new startup company called SLEEPON has recently launched their crowdfunding campaign for their first product, GO2SLEEP, "the world's smallest sleep apnea detection ring." Sleep apnea is a condition where an individual's breathing is interrupted during sleep, and this can lead to excessive daytime sleepiness, irritability, and morning headaches.
December 12, 2017
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Going to bed later on weekends may harm your health
"Social jet lag" is a term that describes what happens when people go to sleep and wake up later on weekends than they do during the week. A new study assesses the impact of social jet lag on overall health.
June 5, 2017
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Grasp Feedback Technology to Help Prosthetic Users Feel What They're Holding
Prosthetic devices of the future, in order to be highly functional and easy to use, will have to incorporate sensors that can relay to the user the pressure of a hand grasp and what the texture of a touched object is like. Researchers from Rice University in Texas and University of Pisa in Italy have combined their expertise to built a prototype system that provides real-time feedback about the size of an object that a powered prosthetic hand is grasping.
May 31, 2017
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Green, yellow, or brown phlegm: What does it mean?
Phlegm is a type of mucus that is produced in the lungs and nearby lower respiratory tract airways. This kind of mucus has a crucial role in preventing germs and materials from entering the airways and lungs and potentially causing an infection.
July 13, 2017
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Ground-breaking research on the side effects of therapy
While many people who suffer from depression and anxiety are helped by seeing a psychologist, others don't get better or actually get worse. Psychological treatment can have negative side effects, like any medicine.
February 7, 2017
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'Groundbreaking' Research offers Dyslexia Clues
Brain scans revealed that those with the reading disorder showed less ability to 'adapt' to sensory information
December 21, 2016
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'Groundbreaking' technology enables quadriplegic man to move his limbs
Hundreds of thousands of Americans have a spinal cord injury, and many of those affected are paralyzed from the shoulders down. for these patients, neuroprosthetic technology may offer some hope. a new study showcases a man with quadriplegia who has managed to move his arms and hands using the new technology.
March 28, 2017
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Groups Help Children Grieve After A Parent Dies
Alicia Kelly's husband, Christopher, died suddenly in March 2016 at the age of 43 from a blood clot, leaving behind Alicia and her two young sons. Although her older son wasn't showing any signs of grief, the mother of one of her son's friends introduced her to Kate's Club, an organization that helps children deal with the loss of a parent or sibling.
November 16, 2017
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Misc. - H

Habitual players of action video games have less grey matter in their brain, study reveals
Neuroscientists should think twice before getting patients to play video games as a way to boost their brain power, a new study conducted at Universite de Montreal suggests. Why? Because in many cases, gaming can do more harm than good.
August 8, 2017
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Hair analysis may help diagnose Cushing Syndrome, NIH researchers report
Small study suggests that high cortisol level in hair may foretell hard-to-diagnose disorder.
February 9, 2017
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Hallucinogens: Future of Mental Health Treatment?
The long, strange trip of research into the benefits of hallucinogenic drugs may be taking another turn.
January 13, 2017
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Hand-held EEG device can quickly assess brain bleeding in head injuries
In a clinical trial conducted among adults in 11 hospitals, researchers have shown that a hand-held EEG device approved in 2016 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that is commercially available can quickly and with 97 percent accuracy rule out whether a person with a head injury likely has brain bleeding and needs further evaluation and treatment.
April 5, 2017
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Happiness declining in U.S. due to 'social crisis'
Levels of happiness in the United States are falling, according to results from the World Happiness Report 2017, and it appears to be down to a "social crisis."
March 19, 2017
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Happy Marriage, Healthier Spouses
Nurturing each other translates to nurturing your health
June 16, 2017
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Happy music helps recall positive memories
Happy memories spring to mind much faster than sad, scary or peaceful ones. Moreover, if you listen to happy or peaceful music, you recall positive memories, whereas if you listen to emotionally scary or sad music, you recall largely negative memories from your past.
February 28, 2017
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Harmful protein on acid triggers a life-threatening disease, study finds
Using an array of modern biochemical and structural biology techniques, researchers have begun to unravel the mystery of how acidity influences a small protein called serum amyloid A. The findings may help design new treatments for the life-threatening human disorder called secondary systemic amyloidosis.
July 27, 2017
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Harnessing Solar Energy to Power Synthetic Skin May Open new Prospects for Prosthetics
A research team from the University of Glasgow has developed a new way of harnessing solar energy to power 'synthetic skin'. this could result in the creation of advanced prosthetic limbs capable of bringing back the sense of touch to amputees.
March 24, 2017
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Harvard researchers develop new portable device that can quickly produce highly aligned nanofibers
Harvard researchers have developed a lightweight, portable nanofiber fabrication device that could one day be used to dress wounds on a battlefield or dress shoppers in customizable fabrics.
March 1, 2017
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Heads Up tackling education program helps reduce concussion rates among high school football athletes
Consistently using a tackling education program appears to help lessen youth football concussion severity and occurrence, say researchers presenting their work today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Specialty day in San Diego, CA.
March 19, 2017
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Healing wounds with cell therapy
An experimental treatment in mice allows the reprogramming of blood cells in order to promote the healing process of cutaneous wounds. This new therapeutic approach could prove to be beneficial in healing challenging wounds in diabetics and major-burn victims.
May 29, 2017
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Health benefits of wind and solar offset all subsidies
Estimated economic benefits of renewables in the US is $87 billion.
August 17, 2017
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Healthy adults with small inferior frontal cortex more likely to suffer from anxiety, study finds
Healthy college students who have a relatively small inferior frontal cortex - a brain region behind the temples that helps regulate thoughts and emotions - are more likely than others to suffer from anxiety, a new study finds. they also tend to view neutral or even positive events in a negative light, researchers report.
April 13, 2017
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Healthy Habits you Should Give Yourself Credit For
It's easy to feel overwhelmed by all the changes you want to make in the new year, from eating right to moving more. But if you take a step back and look at your day-to-day actions, you may realize you're already making a lot of healthy choices. While there's always room for improvement, if you can check off these basic habits, you're on the right road to a healthy body and mind.
January 9, 2017
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Healthy people with psychotic-like experiences have altered brain dynamics, study finds
A new study looks at the brain dynamics of healthy people with psychotic symptoms
November 1, 2017
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Heavy breathing: Ten causes and treatments
Heavy breathing can feel like suffocation, making each breath a struggle. For some people, heavy breathing feels like pressure on the chest, as if an elephant is sitting on them.
July 3, 2017
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Heavy drinkers with history of TBI do not have worse drinking behavior, study finds
Head injury, which often damages brain regions overlapping with those involved in addictive behaviors, does not worsen drinking behavior in people with heavy alcohol use, according to a new study published in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. The study, led by Dr. Andrew Mayer of the Mind Research Network and University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, New Mexico, also found that combining head injury with heavy alcohol use did not further alter the structure or function of the brain.
November 15, 2017
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Hebrew University announces launch of new Center for conducting research on cannabinoids
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem has announced the launch of a Multidisciplinary Center on Cannabinoid Research. the new Center will serve as one of the world's leading institutes for conducting and coordinating research about cannabinoids, endocannabinoids and medical Cannabis. In addition, it will promote collaboration and disseminate information.
April 5, 2017
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Heimlich maneuver (abdominal thrusts): How to do it
The Heimlich maneuver uses abdominal thrusts to force objects out of the throat. Underneath the lungs is a muscle called the diaphragm. This muscle contracts to move the lungs, helping them exhale air.
September 14, 2017
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Helping hands guide robots as they learn
Engineers refine method to instruct robots to collaborate through demonstration
December 4, 2017
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Hematopoiesis: All you need to know
Hematopoiesis is the production of all of the cellular components of blood and blood plasma. It occurs within the hematopoietic system, which includes organs and tissues such as the bone marrow, liver, and spleen.
September 27, 2017
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Hemifacial spasm: Symptoms, causes, and treatment
Hemifacial spasm is a condition in which the muscles contract in tics or twitches on one side of the face, usually the left. People do not have control over these spasms, and very often they continue even during sleep.
October 2, 2017
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Her Home Showed High Lead. She Wasn't Told
Laura, who lives in the Atlanta suburb of Roswell, volunteered to have her water tested when the North Fulton County water system contacted her in 2015. She had read the shocking stories about Flint, MI, and was curious about her own plumbing.
June 12, 2017
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Heroin Epidemic Expands Its Grip on America
Use of the narcotic grew 5-fold in a decade, helped by scourge of prescription painkiller abuse
March 28, 2017
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Heroin use linked to epigenetic alterations in the brain
The past few years have seen an explosion of heroin abuse and deaths from opiate overdose. But little is known about the molecular underpinnings of heroin addiction. a new study in Biological Psychiatry found that heroin use is associated with excessive histone acetylation, an epigenetic process that regulates gene expression.
March 14, 2017
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Herpetic whitlow: Symptoms, causes, and treatment
Herpetic whitlow or whitlow finger is a painful infection that may cause other symptoms to show up. The infection may appear in adults or children, and there are several ways to treat it.
May 31, 2017
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High cortisol levels during morning sessions provide more benefits to psychotherapy patients
Patients make more progress toward overcoming anxiety, fears and phobias when their therapy sessions are scheduled in the morning, new research suggests.
October 5, 2016
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High level use of opioids may affect survival of liver transplant recipients, study finds
An analysis of nearly 30,000 patients undergoing liver transplantation in the United States between 2008 and 2014 found elevated death and organ loss rates in the first 5 years after transplantation among recipients with the highest use of opioid pain medications while on the waiting list.
February 23, 2017
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High school football isn't linked to brain problems later on -- if you played in the 1950s
This counters some of the narrative around traumatic brain injury
July 3, 2017
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High-Strength Artificial Cartilage Made from Kevlar
Researchers at the University of Michigan and Jiangnan University in China have developed a type of artificial cartilage using Kevlar, a synthetic fiber better-known for its use in bullet-proof vests, and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), a material used in hydrogel cartilage replacements.
November 16, 2017
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Higher death rate among youth with first episode psychosis
NIH-funded study highlights need for increased early intervention programs.
April 6, 2017
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Highly stressful situations for police officers linked to dysregulation of cortisol pattern
For most people, cortisol, the vital hormone that controls stress, increases when they wake up. it's the body's way of preparing us for the day.
February 6, 2017
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Home Care Association of Washington
non-profit association for licensed home health, hospice, and home care agencies. Includes consumer information.
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Home remedies for boils
A boil is a bacterial skin infection that forms in hair follicles and oil glands. Boils usually develop in regions of the body that experience friction or pressure, such as the face, armpits, groin, shoulders, and buttocks.
November 7, 2017
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Home remedies for bronchitis: What works best?
Bronchitis is an inflammation or swelling of the lining of the bronchial tubes, otherwise known as the bronchi.
May 31, 2017
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Horror movie scenes help researchers identify key neural pathway for processing fear
Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have identified a key neural pathway in humans that explains how the brain processes feelings of fear and anxiety, a finding that could help scientists unlock new ways to treat mental health disorders.
February 8, 2017
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How 9 Health Experts Stick to Their Resolutions
if you're gearing up for a new year -- and a "new you" -- in 2017, you're in good company. Even top health experts admit they want to take better care of their bodies and minds. Wondering how they stay on track? You're in luck. we asked nine experts, from doctors to dietitians, how they stay motivated to achieve their new Year's resolutions. Here are their top tips.
January 10, 2017
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How a gene mutation could help to treat chronic pain
Scientists have discovered a rare genetic mutation in one family that causes low sensitivity to pain, a discovery that could lead to new treatment strategies for chronic pain, which is one of the most debilitating conditions in the United States.
December 14, 2017
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How a good night's sleep can protect against fear
New research has found that better-quality sleep is connected with reduced activity in brain regions implicated in fear learning. Thus, time spent in rapid eye movement sleep could be a good indicator of susceptibility to post-traumatic stress disorder.
October 24, 2017
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How an unlikely cellular 'antenna' can impair brain development
Disruption of a neuron structure called the primary cilium leads to defects in brain development resembling those seen in neuropsychiatric disorders
August 7, 2017
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How B cell metabolism is controlled: GSK3 acts as a metabolic checkpoint regulator in B cells
New research addresses the lack of knowledge about how B cell metabolism adapts to each of their various environments -- development in the bone marrow, proliferation and hypermutation in the lymph nodes and spleen and circulation in the blood. new findings show that the protein GSK3 acts as a metabolic sensor, or checkpoint, that promotes the survival of circulating B cells while limiting growth and proliferation of B cells in germinal centers.
January 23, 2017
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How cells filter status updates
Social media have become an indispensable part of our everyday life. We use them constantly to screen the latest news and share pre-selected information. The cells in our body do a similar thing. Information is pre-selected and transmitted to the immune system in order to fight against unwelcome invaders, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites or cancer.
November 15, 2017
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How do broken bones heal?
A fall, followed by a crack - many people are no stranger to this. Broken bones are painful, but the majority heal very well. The secret lies in stem cells and bone's natural ability to renew itself.
August 15, 2017
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How do dreams affect brain disorders?
Research presented at the latest Canadian Neuroscience Meeting connects fascinating insights into the science of dreams with the risk of developing neurological disorders.
May 30, 2017
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How do muscles work?
Muscles move our bodies. To do so, they contract, which then generates movement.
September 12, 2017
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How do you get rid of a tickle in the throat?
Everyone has experienced it at some point -- a sensation in the throat, somewhere between a tickle and an itch, frequently accompanied by a dry cough.
October 24, 2017
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How do you get rid of blushing?
Stress or embarrassment can cause some people's cheeks to turn pink or reddish, an occurrence known as blushing.
October 31, 2017
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How do your allergies develop?
Worldwide, allergies are on the rise at an alarming rate. How do our bodies mistake otherwise harmless substances for potential dangers and cause the unpleasant, and sometimes even fatal, symptoms of allergy?
October 10, 2017
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How do we override sleepiness? Brain region identified
A paper published this week in the journal Neuron peers into a region of the brain involved in the state of wakefulness. The findings could help to design treatments for conditions such as insomnia and depression-related sleep disturbances.
June 9, 2017
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How do we sense moonlight? Daylight? There's a cell for that
Neurons share the job of sensing the ambient light level
September 28, 2017
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How Does Daylight Saving Time Affect your Health?
On March 12, most of us (unless you live in Arizona or Hawaii) will set our clocks ahead one hour. Losing an hour of sleep to gain an extra hour of sunlight may seem like a small change, but springing forward interrupts your circadian rhythm -- or your sleep-wake cycle.
March 8, 2017
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How does lack of sleep impair memory formation? Study sheds light
Sleep is known to play a key role in learning and memory formation, but what happens to these important brain functions when we fail to get enough sleep? Researchers from the University of Michigan provide some answers with their new study.
April 10, 2017
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How does poor sleep affect our ability to learn? Study investigates
Most of us know that a good night's sleep is key for happiness and productivity, and that conversely, a night of poor sleep can have negative effects on our performance during the day. But a new study manages to find precisely the brain area responsible for learning new skills and shows how it can be affected by poor sleep quality.
May 23, 2017
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How does the body process pain? Study sheds new light
Currently available pain medications have limited efficacy and numerous side effects. New research, however, provides deeper insights into how our bodies process pain, paving the way for an innovative, more effective way of targeting chronic pain.
June 1, 2017
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How does the brain turn sound into meaning? Study sheds light
A new study has investigated which neurons react to different vocal pitches, discerning between different voices and reacting to emphasis. The findings help us to understand how the brain gains meaning from the sound of speech.
August 25, 2017
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How does the brain turn unconscious information into conscious thought?
Neuroscience tells us that most of the work done by our brains happens on an unconscious level, but when does that "a-ha!" moment occur? And what happens during it? New research investigates.
July 27, 2017
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How emotions influence our internal clock
Just how it works is not known, but human beings have an internal clock which enables us to perceive and estimate periods of time subconsciously. A research team has demonstrated that this mental time-processing system is able to adapt quickly and flexibly to predictive time patterns.
November 14, 2017
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How height happens: Hundreds of genetic 'switches' that affect height
Hundreds of genetic 'switches' have been discovered that have an influence on height and performed functional tests that demonstrated precisely how one such switch alters the function of a key gene involved in height differences.
December 5, 2017
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How long does a blood transfusion last?
Blood is thicker than water, as the saying goes, and it is just as essential for supporting life. In the human body, blood performs three broad functions; transportation, regulation, and protection.
August 17, 2017
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How long does a sunburn take to heal?
Sunburn is an obvious sign that skin has been damaged by too much sun, and it can take time for the body to repair itself. How long does sunburn last? How should skin be cared for as it heals?
October 23, 2017
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How many cells are in the human body?
Have you ever wondered how many cells your body is made up of? You are not alone. Scientists are still debating the exact number, which currently remains a conundrum.
July 12, 2017
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How modern life affects our physical and mental health
Modern day living is a multifaceted compendium of evolving technology and social media. Communication outlets are changing every part of our lives so rapidly that it can be tough to adjust. Are technology and media affecting our physical and mental health?
July 3, 2017
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How proteins reshape cell membranes
Small 'bubbles' frequently form on membranes of cells and are taken up into their interior. the process involves EHD proteins. Scientists have now shed light on how these proteins assemble on the surface of a cell and reshape its membrane.
February 24, 2017
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How Safe and Effective Is Your Sunscreen?
One out of three may not offer the right protection, study suggests
August 11, 2017
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How sleep helps us to remember and forget at the same time
Can we both learn and unlearn while we sleep? A new study suggests that we can. Both processes occur during different phases of sleep, the research shows.
August 9, 2017
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How stable manure protects against allergies
Improved hygiene has largely eliminated infectious diseases from everyday life. There is, however, a downside to this progress: the number of allergies is growing steadily. If the immune system is not kept busy by bacteria, viruses and worms, it sometimes overreacts to harmless things like pollen.
March 8, 2017
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How the body processes alcohol
A big concern that many people have is how long the alcohol they have been drinking will remain in their system.
November 6, 2017
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How the emotions of others influence our olfactory sense
The emotional facial expression of others influences how positive or negative we perceive an odor. The basis of this effect seems to be the activity of a brain area that is relevant for smelling and is activated even before we perceive an odor.
August 23, 2017
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How to cope with endometriosis
Endometriosis can be a challenging condition to deal with, both physically and emotionally. But steps can be taken that enable you to battle the associated pain of endometriosis and improve your quality of life. Here are some of the best ways to cope with endometriosis.
October 9, 2017
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How to cope with lupus
Learning to live with the constant fatigue and chronic pain that is associated with lupus is highly likely to take its toll on your mind and body, often leading to frustration and hopelessness. So, we have put together some useful tips for coping with lupus.
December 4, 2017
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How to get rid of a blind pimple
A blind pimple is acne that has developed beneath the surface of the skin. Blind pimples are usually not noticeable from a distance, but a person can feel it by running a finger over the skin's surface.
December 6, 2017
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How to get rid of a bruise: Home remedies
Bruising is a normal response to an injury. Tiny blood vessels beneath the skin can be damaged by even a small impact, leaving behind blood trapped beneath the skin.
November 20, 2017
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How to get rid of a nose piercing bump
After getting a nose ring, a bump might appear around the site of the piercing. Why does it happen and what can be done to get rid of it?
November 13, 2017
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How to get rid of dizziness: Medications and remedies
Dizziness can mean different things to different people and can be caused by multiple reasons or situations.
August 21, 2017
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How to improve the appearance of bags under your eyes
Bags under the eyes, known medically as infraorbital edema, are a concern for many people, especially as they age.
April 3, 2017
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How to lower creatinine levels
Creatinine is a natural waste product in the body that is created by the daily motion of the muscles. Creatinine is found in the blood and urine, and is processed out of the body by the kidneys.
November 22, 2017
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How to manage nocturia: Treating an overactive bladder at night
Simply put, nocturia is too much urination at night. the condition involves regularly waking up in the night to urinate.
April 10, 2017
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How to Stop Feeling Anxious Right Now
While it's normal to get nervous about an important event or life change, about 40 million Americans live with an anxiety disorder, which is more than the occasional worry or fear. Anxiety disorders can range from a generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), which is intense worrying that you can't control, to panic disorder -- sudden episodes of fear, along with heart palpitations, trembling, shaking, or sweating.
March 2, 2017
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How to stop vomiting: Home remedies
Not only is vomiting uncomfortable, but it can also lead to dehydration and changes in the body's electrolytes. Vomiting can be an especially concerning symptom in children and older adults.
August 9, 2017
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How to treat a toothache at home
A toothache is a pain in and around the teeth and jaws. Tooth decay, an infection, loose or broken fillings, or receding gums can cause it.
December 14, 2017
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How to treat an overactive bladder with natural remedies
Overactive bladder is a condition where the bladder is unable to hold urine normally.
April 24, 2017
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How to treat hives
Hives is an itchy, sometimes lumpy rash that appears on the surface of a person's skin. It is a condition also commonly known as weals, welts, or nettle rash. The medical term for hives is urticaria.
December 11, 2017
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How video games affect the brain
Video gaming is clearly a popular form of entertainment, with video gamers collectively spending 3 billion hours per week in front of their screens. Due to their widespread use, scientists have researched how video games affect the brain and behavior. Are these effects positive or negative? We examine the evidence.
July 10, 2017
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How well do vaccines work? new technique offers greater insight
"Synthetic controls" give health researchers a better statistical tool.
February 8, 2017
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HSE researchers uncover new brain mechanism that generates cognitive dissonance
A new study by HSE researchers has uncovered a new brain mechanism that generates cognitive dissonance - a mental discomfort experienced by a person who simultaneously holds two or more contradictory beliefs or values, or experiences difficulties in making decisions. The results of the study have been published in the paper 'Open Access Neural Mechanisms of Cognitive Dissonance (Revised): an EEG Study' in The Journal of Neuroscience.
May 17, 2017
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Huge Number of Brain Injuries in Football Players
Ninety-nine percent of former NFL players who donated their brain to science turned out to have the devastating disorder chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), according to a new report.
July 25, 2017
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Huge Spike Seen In Fatal Crashes Linked To Opioids
Two decades of U.S. data show another way these prescription medications are taking lives
July 31, 2017
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Human brain recalls visual features in reverse order than it detects them
Study challenges traditional hierarchy of brain decoding; offers insight into how the brain makes perceptual judgements
October 9, 2017
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Human propensity for contagious yawning triggered by primitive reflexes in the brain, research suggests
Feeling tired? Even if we aren't tired, why do we yawn if someone else does? Experts at the University of Nottingham have published research that suggests the human propensity for contagious yawning is triggered automatically by primitive reflexes in the primary motor cortex -- an area of the brain responsible for motor function.
August 31, 2017
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Huntington's disease monkey model embodies full array of symptoms similar to human patients
Transgenic Huntington's disease monkeys display a full spectrum of symptoms resembling the human disease, ranging from motor problems and neurodegeneration to emotional dysregulation and immune system changes, scientists at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University report.
July 21, 2016
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Hyperarousal: Symptoms and treatment
Hyperarousal is a group of symptoms that people with post-traumatic stress disorder may experience. What are the key signs of hyperarousal and how can people manage their symptoms?
November 13, 2017
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Hydrocelectomy: All you need to know
Hydrocelectomy is a kind of surgery used to remove fluid-filled sacs called hydroceles. These form in the scrotum, the muscular pouch of skin that holds and protects the testicles.
August 1, 2017
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Hypermagnesemia: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Hypermagnesemia refers to an excess amount of magnesium in the bloodstream. It is rare and is usually caused by renal failure or poor kidney function.
July 12, 2017
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Hyperpyrexia: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Hyperpyrexia is another term for a very high fever. The medical criterion for hyperpyrexia is when someone is running a body temperature of more than 106.7°F or 41.5°C.
August 9, 2017
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Hypersalivation: Causes and treatment
Hypersalivation, also known as sialorrhea or ptyalism, is when a person has too much saliva in their mouth. It can result in saliva from the mouth spilling over the bottom lip, known as drooling.
August 2, 2017
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Hypersomnolence: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
Hypersomnolence is a condition where a person experiences significant episodes of sleepiness, even after having 7 hours or more of quality sleep.
July 31, 2017
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Hypervigilance: Symptoms and treatment
Hypervigilance is a state of heightened alertness accompanied by behavior that aims to prevent danger. But what are its main symptoms and how can it be treated?
September 12, 2017
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Hypnosis: What is it, and does it work?
Hypnosis has been treading the line between quackery and therapy since around the 18th century, but recently it has been picking up steam as an alternative treatment for many disorders. What is hypnosis, does it work, and if so, how? We investigate.
September 1, 2017
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Hypopnea: Symptoms, causes, and treatments
Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome is a disease in which the airway is blocked to differing degrees, during sleep.
September 12, 2017
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Hyposmia: Causes, treatment, and related conditions
Hyposmia is a medical term describing at least a partial loss of the sense of smell. This condition can be both upsetting and dangerous when it occurs.
July 18, 2017
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Misc. - I

I experienced -80°C and lived to tell the tale
The temperature was a frigid -80°C and my boss and I were in little more than our underwear. Below, I explain why I let this happen and how it felt. It has been a strange day.
December 6, 2017
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Ichthyosis vulgaris: Pictures, diagnosis, and treatment
Ichthyosis vulgaris is a skin condition where the skin's surface becomes dry, thick, and scaly. But how does this condition get diagnosed and treated?
July 6, 2017
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IDIBELL researchers reveal role of endoplasmic reticulum in cell death process due to starvation
Researchers from the Cell death group of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), led by Dr. Cristina Muñoz-Pinedo, have characterized the cell death process due to starvation, in which the endoplasmic reticulum plays a leading role. Their work, chosen as the cover of the latest Molecular and Cellular Biology journal, was carried out within TRAIN-ERs, a European collaborative action that studies diseases associated with this cellular organelle.
May 3, 2017
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ILAE's new epilepsy classification empowers clinicians and patients to make more informed treatment decisions
It has been nearly three decades since experts published a classification system related to epilepsy. Now, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) provides an update to systems that includes many types of seizures not captured in the older version, allowing clinicians and patients to make more informed decisions concerning treatment. the three companion articles are published today in Epilepsia.
March 10, 2017
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Image-based modeling
A novel tool for realistic simulations of artificial bone cultures
December 29, 2016
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Imbalanced gut microbiome linked to systemic sclerosis, study suggests
Americans and Norwegians with systemic sclerosis had higher levels of bacteria that can cause inflammation and lower levels of bacteria that are believed to protect against inflammation compared with healthy people.
May 12, 2017
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Immune system defect makes Addison's patients prone to respiratory infections
Research led by University of Birmingham scientists has found that people suffering from the adrenal disorder known as Addison's disease suffer from an immune system defect which makes them prone to potentially deadly respiratory infections.
March 1, 2017
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Important element of immune defense against fungal infections discovered
Fungal infections are a serious health risk. they can be harmful especially to patients whose immune system is compromised through illness or chemotherapy. Scientists have discovered an important mechanism in the body's defenses against fungi. the discovery explains, among other things, why people with certain genetic variations are more susceptible to fungal infections.
December 19, 2016
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Improper methylation of cilia protein linked to increased risk of neural tube defects
Research published online in the FASEB Journal shows that the improper methylation of a protein called "Septin2," which regulates the structure of cilia, was associated with an increased risk of having a neural tube defect (NTD) and confirms that cilia are important factors in determining susceptibility of NTDs.
May 11, 2017
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In 2017, I've turned basic mental health into a competitive game
Like apparently everyone on the planet, I find it hard to keep up with new Year's resolutions long-term. Psychology tells us that making idealistic plans for the future is easy, but in the present, we're still stuck with the conditions that helped build all the bad habits we're trying to overcome.
January 13, 2017
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Increased alcohol consumption linked to higher risk of rosacea in women
Women who are concerned about the health of their skin may want to think twice the next time they reach for a chardonnay or a Cosmo.
April 20, 2017
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Increased brain acidity in psychiatric disorders
Decreased brain pH in the patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder has been considered to be the result of secondary factors associated with the diseases, such as medication and agonal state. However, the researchers of the present study suggest that decreased brain pH is a primary feature of the diseases themselves, based on the current findings from systematic investigation using five animal models, which are devoid of such secondary factors.
August 7, 2017
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Increasing hydroxyurea dose linked to reduction in hospitalization for young sickle cell anemia patients
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators have shown that using the drug hydroxyurea to boost average fetal hemoglobin levels above 20 percent in children and teenagers with sickle cell anemia was associated with at least a two-fold reduction in hospitalization for any reason.
November 9, 2017
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Independent panel of experts develop roadmap for preventing youth suicide
An independent panel convened by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has developed a 10-year roadmap for advancing research to prevent youth suicide. the panel listed 29 recommendations that address three critical issues: improving data systems, enhancing data collection and analysis methods, and strengthening the research and practice community.
October 5, 2016
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Individual neurons slow down when we are sleep deprived, study finds
It has been established that sleep deprivation slows down our reaction time, but it has been unclear exactly how the lack of sleep affects brain activity and subsequent behavior.
November 8, 2017
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Infected eczema: Symptoms, treatment, and prevention
Eczema is a term used to describe a wide variety of conditions that cause red, itchy, and inflamed skin. The most common type of eczema is known as atopic dermatitis.
September 29, 2017
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Infection Concern Halts Kidney Disease Drug Trial
Doctors should weigh risks, benefits related to corticosteroid use, study suggests
August 1, 2017
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Infectious Disease Society of America
The IDSA Education and Research Foundation supports research and education activities that improve patient care and provide information about infectious diseases for the benefit of physicians, scientists, health care professionals and the public.
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Ingrown hair: Treatment and prevention
Ingrown hairs can be painful and a nuisance. They typically affect people with thick, curly hair, and can become infected if left untreated. But, how should they be treated and can they be prevented?
June 15, 2017
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Injections to treat psoriasis: Types, benefits, and risks
Injections are an option for treating the skin condition known as psoriasis.
April 17, 2017
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Injuries more likely to occur in youth flag football than tackle football, study shows
University of Iowa Health Care researchers report that the results of a study of injury rates in youth football leagues did not show that flag football is safer than tackle football.
February 14, 2017
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Innovative technology streamlines clinical trial management, improves patient experience
The University of Alabama at Birmingham recently integrated a clinical research management system that allows patient consent, data and documents from multiple sites to automatically flow from the the Enroll® e-Consenting tablet application by Mytrus into the Velos eResearch interface.
July 21, 2016
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Insect venom shortage stings allergy sufferers this summer
As summer begins, signaling peak time for insect stings, allergists across the U.S. are warning of a shortage of a little-known but crucial product -- honeybee, hornet and wasp venom extracts used in shots that prevent life-threatening reactions.
June 29, 2017
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Insights on optimal treatment of Paget's disease of bone
In a study of patients with Paget's disease of bone -- a common skeletal disorder that can lead to bone deformity, fractures, osteoarthritis, and bone pain -- long-term intensive bisphosphonate therapy conferred no clinical benefit over giving bisphosphonates only when patients felt bone pain.
February 8, 2017
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Insomnia research by SleepCogni receives continued funding
As part of a collaborative R&D program, the UK's Innovation agency have co-funded SleepCogni's exciting research and development into helping resolve the global epidemic of insomnia.
July 18, 2017
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Insomnia: Like mother, like child?
A mother's sleeping habits may strongly influence her children's likelihood of developing insomnia, suggest researchers.
September 4, 2017
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Intermittent electrical brain stimulation improves memory
Intermittent electrical stimulation of an area deep inside the brain that degenerates in Alzheimer's appears to improve working memory, scientists report. Conversely, continuous deep brain stimulation, like the type used for Parkinson's and currently under study in humans with Alzheimer's, impairs memory, according to study.
September 12, 2017
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International scientific teams find potential approach against parasites
Research teams from the National Institutes of Health and abroad have identified the first inhibitor of an enzyme long thought to be a potential drug target for fighting disease-causing parasites and bacteria. the teams, led by NIH's National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) and University of Tokyo scientists, sorted through more than 1 trillion small protein fragments called cyclic peptides to uncover two that could shut down the enzyme. the finding, reported April 3, 2017 in Nature Communications, could set the stage for the potential development of new types of antimicrobial drugs.
April 3, 2017
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International study suggests Nodding syndrome caused by response to parasitic protein
NIH-funded study also identifies potential new mechanism for some forms of epilepsy.
February 15, 2017
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Intraductal papilloma: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
An intraductal papilloma is a non-cancerous growth that occurs within the milk ducts of the breast. It can be a solitary growth (on its own), or multiple.
May 4, 2017
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Intraoperative methadone offers promise to reduce need for pain medications during recovery
"This is a new application for an old pain medication that offers hope for reducing the development of acute pain in the first few days after surgery, as well as chronic postoperative pain and the need for opioid medications following discharge from the hospital," said Glenn S. Murphy, M.D., lead study author and physician anesthesiologist at NorthShore University Health System in Evanston, Illinois.
April 24, 2017
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Intuitive's New Budget Friendly da Vinci X Robotic Surgical System Cleared in U.S.
Intuitive Surgical is following up on the European clearance from a month ago for its da Vinci X robotic surgical system with a similar clearance from the FDA. The da Vinci X is a budget friendly cousin of existing offerings from Intuitive, yet offers many of the same capabilities and is upgradeable to include various others. All of the tools, such as staplers, firefly, and vessel sealers are available on the da Vinci X, as is the same training and support that is included with the more expensive devices.
May 31, 2017
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Investigating the neuroscience of contagious yawns
A new study has shown that resisting the urge to yawn does not reduce the number of yawns, instead raising the urge to yawn. The team also digs into the brain's activity during this most mysterious of bodily functions.
September 1, 2017
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Investigational PfSPZ malaria vaccine demonstrates considerable protection in Malian adults for duration of malaria season
An investigational malaria vaccine given intravenously was well-tolerated and protected a significant proportion of healthy adults against infection with Plasmodium falciparum malaria – the deadliest form of the disease – for the duration of the malaria season, according to new findings published in the February 15th issue of the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases. the study participants live in Mali, Africa, where they are naturally exposed to the parasite.
February 16, 2017
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IQ/OQ documentation now available with Electrothermal's digital melting point apparatus
Cole-Parmer Ltd, a leading UK manufacturer of analytical laboratory instruments, announced today that Electrothermal's IA9300 Digital Melting Point is now available with Installation Qualification and Operation Qualification documentation (IQ/OQ). The IQ/OQ ensures that equipment installation and performance are of the highest standards, guaranteeing that those in regulated industries are compliant with international requirements.
August 4, 2017
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Iridium-Coated Gold Nanoparticles Provide View of Blood Flow in Tiniest of Vessels
What happens to blood within the body's narrow capillary vessels is not fully understood, but knowing more how blood cells and plasma propagate through all sorts of vessels may help us understand and treat a number of cardiovascular diseases.
October 11, 2017
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Iron deficiency anemia: Causes, symptoms, and management
Iron deficiency anemia is a condition where there are too few red blood cells in the body due to a shortage of iron.
June 26, 2017
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Iron infusion: Uses, benefits, and what to expect
An iron infusion is when iron is delivered via an intravenous line into a person's body.
August 7, 2017
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Is a Common Shoulder Surgery Useless?
New research casts doubt on the true effectiveness of a common type of surgery used to ease shoulder pain.
November 21, 2017
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Is Blue Light Bad For Your Health?
Peek into the typical American household after dinner and you'll find the occupants bathed in a faint bluish glow. As parents fire off late emails on their laptops or lie in bed with eyes fixed on e-readers, kids update their Snapchat accounts or squeeze in one last game on their phones.
June 19, 2017
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Is it lice? Know the symptoms
Lice are tiny parasitic insects that feed on blood and live in hair. But what are the symptoms to look out for to catch and treat lice quickly?
June 19, 2017
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Is it nail psoriasis or fungus?
Psoriasis on toenails and fingernails can look a lot like fungus. While fungal infections are contagious, psoriasis is not.
October 6, 2017
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Is It Wise to Take a Steroid for a Sore Throat?
Study seeking antibiotic alternatives found that only one-third of patients improved within 48 hours
April 18, 2017
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Is Older Blood OK to Use in a Transfusion?
Ability to use less fresh blood could help ease shortages
September 27, 2017
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Is our social media behavior still influenced by our culture? this is how Finns, Poles and Americans differ
Even though we think ourselves as global citizens, we still differ in terms of how we behave online and what motivates our behavior online. a new study in the field of international marketing reveals that the cultural values and practices are still very much influencing the way consumers use different social media platforms when engaging with their favorite companies.
May 9, 2017
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Is Surgery Always Necessary for Gallstones?
Study found some people with gallstone pancreatitis are OK years later even without gallbladder removal
April 7, 2017
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Is the dark really making me sad?
I ask if she's a winter person: "No, I am not," she replies stiffly. "I like the Sun.'
March 22, 2017
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Is Your Smartphone Giving You Carpal Tunnel?
Maybe, especially for folks who spend more than 5 hours a day on their devices, study says
June 23, 2017
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Isolating veterans with PTSD can constrain healing and further stress the family
Since 9/11, more than 2 million men and women have deployed to Iraq, Afghanistan and other conflict zones as part of the war on terror. With up to 20 percent now reporting symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, both they -- and their families -- must cope with the invisible wounds of war. Symptoms of PTSD can include irritability, isolation, agitation, jumpiness, nightmares, sleep disturbances and substance abuse. All of these can take a toll not just on the person with PTSD, but on their loved ones as well.
July 3, 2017
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ISPOR gains member feedback on new Women in HEOR initiative
ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research (HEOR), held an open meeting this afternoon that was designed to gain member feedback on a new initiative, "ISPOR Women in HEOR/Science." The open meeting was held today at ISPOR's 20th Annual European Congress in Glasgow, Scotland, UK.
November 8, 2017
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ISU entomologist urges summertime precautions against mosquitoes and ticks
Ryan Smith, an assistant professor of entomology at Iowa State University is encouraging Iowans to take precautions this summer when spending time outdoors in areas commonly populated by mosquitoes and ticks, which can transmit West Nile virus and other diseases that can have serious or potentially fatal outcomes.
June 22, 2017
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It's all in the math: new tool provides roadmap for cell development
Researchers have created a new tool, based on the principles of topology, to generate a roadmap of the many possible ways in which a stem cell may develop into specialized cells.
May 1, 2017
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Itchy gums: Causes, relief, and prevention
There are many reasons why gums can itch, from an allergic reaction to issues with teeth. What are the possible causes, and are itchy gums an early warning sign that can help prevent other health problems?
September 29, 2017
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Itchy nipples: Causes, symptoms, and treatments
At some point in their lives, most men and women will experience itchy nipples. Many factors that can cause the condition, most of which are not cause for concern.
September 26, 2017
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IUPUI researchers find differing risks for binge drinking based on race, income and age
A new study led by Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis assistant professor of psychology Tamika Zapolski has found differing risks for binge drinking based on race, income and age.
June 9, 2017
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Misc. - J

JAMA - the Journal of the American Medical Association
To Promote the Science and Art of Medicine and the Betterment of the Public Health.
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Jaw pain: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Jaw and facial pain is a common problem affecting millions of people worldwide. It causes many treatment challenges in the healthcare community when it comes to diagnosis and treatment.
April 27, 2017
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Jellyfish sting treatment
Most people who are stung by a jellyfish only realize a jellyfish was nearby after the sting has happened. In this way, a sting might seem to come out of nowhere.
August 29, 2017
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Johns Hopkins researchers discover group of nerve cells in the skin responsible for 'active touch'
Working with genetically engineered mice -- and especially their whiskers -- Johns Hopkins researchers report they have identified a group of nerve cells in the skin responsible for what they call "active touch," a combination of motion and sensory feeling needed to navigate the external world. the discovery of this basic sensory mechanism, described online April 20 in the journal Neuron, advances the search for better "smart" prosthetics for people, ones that provide more natural sensory feedback to the brain during use.
April 21, 2017
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Misc. - K

KAIST researchers fabricate ultrathin, transparent oxide TFTs for wearable display
With the advent of the Internet of Things era, strong demand has grown for wearable and transparent displays that can be applied to various fields such as augmented reality and skin-like thin flexible devices. However, previous flexible transparent displays have posed real challenges to overcome, which are, among others, poor transparency and low electrical performance.
July 29, 2016
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Kent researchers establish first long-term cultivation system for diarrhea-causing parasite
A research team at the University of Kent has established the first long-term cultivation system at a laboratory scale for the parasite Cryptosporidium, one of the world's worst and most common causes of diarrhea and death from diarrhea.
December 4, 2017
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Keratosis pilaris: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Keratosis pilaris is a common skin affliction that causes tiny bumps on the skin. The bumps often develop on the backs of the arms.
August 3, 2017
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Kessler scientists link cognitive fatigue in individuals with TBI to caudate activation
Kessler Foundation researchers have authored a new article that further elucidates the mechanisms for cognitive fatigue, a disabling symptom that affects many individuals after traumatic brain injury (TBI).
September 4, 2017
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Ketamine may not reduce post-surgery pain, delirium
Ketamine is commonly prescribed to help alleviate post-surgery delirium and pain, but a new, multicenter trial suggests that the drug may be useless in treating these symptoms.
May 31, 2017
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Key feature for modeling how cells spread in fibrous environments
Many studies have shown that stiffness of the extracellular matrix, the fibrous network of collagen that surrounds cells, promotes cellular mobility; cells can get a better grip on stiffer surfaces and thus invade neighboring tissue. New research by scientists in the University of Pennsylvania School of Engineering and Applied Science is diving deeper into this relationship, showing that stiffness is not the only factor researchers should consider when studying this process.
June 15, 2017
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Kidney cysts: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located behind the abdominal organs and just under the rib cage.
July 28, 2017
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Kidney graft success depends on age, sex of donor and recipient, study reveals
The success of kidney transplant is dependent on the age and sex of both the donor and the recipient, according to research published today in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. The study, which was a collaboration between a team from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) and the University of Montreal Hospital Research Center (CRCHUM), revealed that young women had poorer transplant outcomes compared to young men, whereas women of post-menopausal age had similar or slightly better outcomes than men of the same age.
June 8, 2017
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Kidney failure linked to lower quality of life, psychosocial challenges in young adults
Kidney failure is associated with lower quality of life in young people and limited employment, independence, and relationships compared with healthy peers, according to an analysis appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN).
October 20, 2017
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Kidney transplants: Many discarded kidneys could prolong life
The results of a new study suggest that high discard rates among donated kidneys could be avoided in the future. Researchers say that even kidneys with poor biopsy results may be more efficient in prolonging patients' lifespans than other treatments.
July 7, 2017
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Know thyself to understand others
New study tests value of perspective-taking training in understanding other people's mental states
May 18, 2017
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Koilonychia: Causes, symptoms, and diagnosis
Nails can reveal much more about a person's health than you may have thought. Certain conditions can cause changes in the color, shape, or texture of nails. Some of these changes might be a sign of a serious health condition.
August 4, 2017
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Kojic acid: Side effects and benefits
Kojic acid is a chemical produced from different types of fungi. It is also a by-product of fermented soy sauce and rice wine.
October 3, 2017
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KU Leuven researchers unravel how cell division timer works
Human cells use a timer to divide: each cell gets at least 30 minutes to divide its genetic material between the nuclei of two daughter cells. Researchers at KU Leuven, Belgium, have unravelled how this timer is switched on and off. Their findings open up perspectives for the treatment of cancer, as keeping the timer going would stop cancer cells from dividing.
November 9, 2017
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Misc. - L

Lab-grown human colons change study of GI disease
Stem cell derived organoids fill gap in modeling common ailments
June 22, 2017
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Lack of 'beauty sleep' might hinder your social life
New research proves that there is such a thing as "beauty sleep," after finding that just 2 nights of poor sleep can make one appear less attractive and healthy to others.
May 19, 2017
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Late bedtime linked to lower perceived control of obsessive thoughts
A late bedtime is associated with lower perceived control of obsessive thoughts, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.
June 19, 2017
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LCSB researchers identify how the body influences differentiation of progenitor cells
Stem cells are unspecialised cells that can develop into any type of cell in the human body. So far, however, scientists only partially understand how the body controls the fate of these all-rounders, and what factors decide whether a stem cell will differentiate, for example, into a blood, liver or nerve cell.
March 15, 2017
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Lecithin: Benefits, risks, and types
Lecithin describes a group of fatty substances found in plant and animal tissues. Lecithin is essential for proper biological function. A commercial form of lecithin is commonly used in the preparation of food, cosmetics, and medications, as it extends shelf life and acts as an emulsifier.
September 5, 2017
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Lectin-free diet: Is it good or bad?
Lectins are proteins in plants that have been associated with both positive and negative health effects.
October 3, 2017
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Lemon, honey, and alcohol: Which is best for sore throat?
As sore throats are making the rounds through the Medical News Today editorial office, the debate is rife: what is the best drink to soothe the pain? More importantly, whether it's alcohol, spices, or lemon and honey, what is the scientific basis for our home remedy of choice?
December 5, 2017
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Left, right, or ambidextrous: What determines hand preference?
When you pick up your phone to read the daily science news, do you use your right hand or your left hand? Or do you use both hands equally? Scientists have begun to unravel the mystery of handedness.
August 4, 2017
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Less fear: how LSD affects the brain
LSD reduces activity in the region of the brain related to the handling of negative emotions like fear, research shows. These results could affect the treatment of mental illnesses such as depression or anxiety.
April 4, 2017
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Less invasive therapy relieves low back pain, study states
According to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, most patients who had undergone image-guided pulsed radiofrequency treatment for sciatica and low back pain were pain-free.
December 4, 2017
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Less is best when treating burn patients with blood transfusions
Reducing by half the typical amount of blood provided through transfusions to burn patients makes no difference in terms of patient outcomes, a new multi-center study led by UC Davis researchers shows.
April 26, 2017
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Letter from the Editor: June 2017
Summer is officially here, and although medicine is always a hot topic, the subject of health has recently taken the political center stage with the Senate's unveiling of their healthcare bill last week.
June 29, 2017
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Leukoplakia: Symptoms, causes, and prevention
Leukoplakia is a condition that causes thick, plaque-like white patches on the tongue, gums, and lining of the mouth.
May 30, 2017
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Levator ani syndrome: Symptoms and treatment
Levator ani syndrome is a long-term condition characterized by sporadic episodes of pain in the rectum and anus.
August 4, 2017
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Light powers new chemistry for old enzymes
Enzymes are nature's tools for catalyzing life's essential reactions. Though unrivaled in their efficiency and selectivity, enzymes only carry out a narrow range of natural reactions, limiting their usefulness in modern organic synthesis.
December 21, 2016
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Light Therapy May Help Some With Bipolar Disorder
Study found an hour in front of a light box helped ease depressive symptoms
October 12, 2017
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Light treatment can help increase anthocyanin production in turfgrasses
Anthocyanins, plant pigments known for their health-promoting properties, are in demand for medicinal and industrial uses. Anthocyanins have become sought-after natural products, but the small number of plants that naturally produce anthocyanins has limited their widespread use. Researchers at the Ohio State University say the results of their recent study (HortScience, September 2106) can help to increase the environmental and economic sustainability of anthocyanin extract production in turfgrasses such as rough bluegrass.
December 28, 2016
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Lighting the way: Sensors show drug uptake
When designing and characterizing new drugs, a key aspect is making sure the drug actually goes where it is intended to. But current tests for drug uptake monitor the process under unrealistic conditions and do not provide information on the amounts of drugs that cross into a cell. Now, one group reports that fluorescent detector proteins can overcome these challenges.
August 2, 2017
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Liposarcoma: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
Liposarcoma is a type of cancer that starts in the body's fat cells. It is a type of soft tissue sarcoma.
August 4, 2017
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Lisfranc fracture: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
A Lisfranc fracture is an injury affecting the middle foot. It is often confused with a sprain because of the similar causes and symptoms.
August 23, 2017
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Listerine foot soak: Does it work?
Promises that a Listerine foot soak will leave dry, cracked feet rejuvenated and smooth have been making their way around Pinterest. But will a Listerine foot soak work?
May 23, 2017
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Lithium chloride blunts brain damage linked to fetal alcohol syndrome
A single dose of lithium chloride, a drug used to treat bipolar disease and aggression, blocks the sleep disturbances, memory loss, and learning problems tied to fetal alcohol syndrome, new experiments in mice show.
December 5, 2017
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Lithium chloride prevents neurological damage tied to fetal alcohol syndrome, mice study shows
A single dose of lithium chloride, a drug used to treat bipolar disease and aggression, blocks the sleep disturbances, memory loss, and learning problems tied to fetal alcohol syndrome, new experiments in mice show.
December 5, 2017
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Live-cell microscopy reveals internal forces that direct cell migration
Two new studies conducted at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) indicate the way by which cells react to internal forces when they orient, gain traction, and migrate in a particular direction.
December 11, 2017
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Liver damage caused by low protein diet can be repaired, study finds
Damage caused to the liver by a low protein diet can be repaired, a new study just published in the prestigious journal 'Nutrition' has found.
March 27, 2017
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Liver pain: Symptoms and causes
Liver pain can be felt in the upper part of the abdomen, on the right hand side. It can be a sign of a serious disease, so medical attention may be necessary.
May 3, 2017
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London Consulting
services in forensic anthropology, analysis of human remains from historic and archaeological sites, and biomedical writing and editing for general and technical audiences.
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Loneliness can make a cold feel worse, say researchers
Having a cold is always an unpleasant experience, but, according to a study published by the American Psychological Association, feeling lonely can make cold symptoms seem even worse.
March 31, 2017
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Long-term marijuana users show dampened stress response
New research reveals that long-term users of marijuana have a blunted stress response when compared with non-users. This study is the first to show this effect by measuring salivary levels of the stress hormone cortisol.
August 2, 2017
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Looking to the future of bone replacements
Research examines potential of artificial bones made with 3-D printer
August 17, 2017
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Lots of Red Meat May be Tied to Gut Disorder
Diverticulitis involves tears or blockages in colon and can be very painful
January 10, 2017
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Low MCHC in blood tests: Symptoms and causes
A low mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) shows that someone's red blood cells do not have enough hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein, and a lack of it may indicate anemia.
October 5, 2017
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Low oxygen reverses neurodegenerative disease in mice
When the cells' mitochondria do not work properly, the human body can develop a mitochondrial disease. new research paves the way for treating mitochondrial diseases that affect the brain, showing that oxygen deprivation has unexpected therapeutic benefits - at least in mice.
May 9, 2017
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Loyola Medicine participates in major study of rare lung disease that affects Puerto Ricans
Loyola Medicine is enrolling patients in the first major study of a rare, debilitating lung disease that disproportionately affects people from Puerto Rico.
July 7, 2017
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LUKE Arm, World's Most Advanced Prosthetic, Finally Being Prescribed to Wounded Warriors
Even though Princess Leia has succumbed to her illness, the LUKE Arm, named after one of her most loyal warriors, is beginning to be distributed to wounded warriors from the U.S. military. Developed by Dean Kamen's DEKA Integrated Solutions Corp. and manufactured by Mobius Bionics, with both companies based in Manchester, new Hampshire, the device is probably the most advanced arm prosthetic ever to be commercialized. Its development was sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
December 28, 2016
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Luhan Yang strives to make pig organs safe for human transplants
Genome editing with CRISPR/Cas9 could circumvent organ rejection problems
October 4, 2017
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Lupus: Low vitamin D may raise risk of kidney failure
New research, conducted by scientists at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, MD, finds that low vitamin D raises the risk of organ damage and renal disease in people with lupus -- an autoimmune disease.
November 6, 2017
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Lupus: Probiotics could help to reduce kidney inflammation
A "friendly" bacteria found in yogurt, kefir, and many other dairy products could help to reduce kidney inflammation in women with lupus, a new study suggests.
October 3, 2017
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Lymphangioma: Diagnosis and treatment
A lymphangioma is a swelling or mass that occurs mainly in the head, neck, and mouth.
July 27, 2017
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Misc. - M

Machine learning accurately identifies suicidal behavior using person's spoken or written words
Using a person's spoken or written words, new computer tools can identify with great accuracy whether that person is suicidal, mentally ill but not suicidal, or neither.
November 7, 2016
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Magnesium may prevent bone fractures
New research - conducted by scientists from the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom and the University of Eastern Finland in Kuopio - suggests that low levels of magnesium may increase the risk of bone fractures and that, conversely, high levels may ward off this cause of disability.
April 13, 2017
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Magnamosis, a New Magnetic Way to Connect Intestines, Proving Itself in Clinical Trial
An intestinal anastomosis is a fairly common surgical procedure usually done during intestinal resections, bypasses, diversions, etc. Typically stapling or suturing is performed to connect proximal and distant parts the intestine, but a new method that uses magnets shows a clinical promise. A new study just published in Journal of the American College of Surgeons assessed Magnamosis, a technique developed by Dr. Michael Harrison at University of California San Francisco that uses two circular magnets to create an anastomosis.
August 23, 2017
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Magnetic resonance technology can improve fatty liver diagnosis
Taking tissue samples from the liver to diagnose fatty liver can be replaced in most cases by a painless magnetic resonance investigation. this is the conclusion of a new study from Linköping University in Sweden, published in the scientific journal Gastroenterology. the authors propose that the current value considered to be a normal amount of fat in the liver should be lowered.
April 5, 2017
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Making brain implants smaller could eliminate scarring, extend life of devices
Many diseases, including Parkinson's disease, can be treated with electrical stimulation from an electrode implanted in the brain. However, the electrodes can produce scarring, which diminishes their effectiveness and can necessitate additional surgeries to replace them.
May 16, 2017
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Making brain implants smaller could prolong their lifespan
Thin fibers could be used to deliver drugs or electrical stimulation, with less damage to the brain
May 16, 2017
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Man flu: Urban myth or scientific reality?
The phenomenon of "man flu" has been around for decades. But is the condition just an urban myth, or does science back it up? New research investigates.
December 12, 2017
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Managing stress, improving pain coping strategies may minimize need for opioids after surgery
Helping patients to better manage stress and improve coping strategies related to pain may minimize the need for opioids following ankle fracture surgery, according to new research appearing in the July 2017 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
July 6, 2017
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Manganese dioxide could make preparation of micromotors more cost-effective
Manganese dioxide could make the preparation of micromotors increasingly cost-effective, opening up new avenues for their use, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.
November 14, 2017
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Marijuana and erectile dysfunction: what is the connection?
Erectile dysfunction refers to a man's inability to get and maintain an erection firm enough to have sex.
April 25, 2017
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Marriage Could Boost Health for Same-Sex Couples
Survey found those who'd exchanged vows were better off physically and mentally than their single peers
April 18, 2017
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Married individuals have lower levels of stress hormone than unmarried, divorced people
Studies have suggested that married people are healthier than those who are single, divorced or widowed. a new Carnegie Mellon University study provides the first biological evidence to explain how marriage impacts health.
February 13, 2017
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Marsupialization: What to expect
Marsupialization is a surgical procedure that removes cysts in a way that makes them less likely to return. Once the cyst has been opened and drained, the edges are sutured together to form a permanently open "pocket" or "pouch" that allows fluid to drain easily.
July 17, 2017
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Mathematical model helps explain how the brain forms new memories without wiping out old ones
Columbia scientists have developed a new mathematical model that helps to explain how the human brain's biological complexity allows it to lay down new memories without wiping out old ones -- illustrating how the brain maintains the fidelity of memories for years, decades or even a lifetime. this model could help neuroscientists design more targeted studies of memory, and also spur advances in neuromorphic hardware -- powerful computing systems inspired by the human brain.
October 4, 2016
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Maverick Healthcare Consultants
Source of information on evaluating health provider quality and performance.
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Mayo Clinic researchers describe medical costs of falls in adults with transfemoral amputation
In a new study published in Prosthetics and Orthotics International, Mayo Clinic researchers describe the direct medical costs of falls in adults with a transfemoral amputation. In this type of amputation, the leg is amputated above the knee. This work "provides a comparison for policymakers when evaluating the value of more expensive ... technologies," say the authors.
July 11, 2017
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MCSports.com
Shop for the best selection of Fitness Equipment!
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Measles Making a Comeback in the United States
Though the rate remains low, study shows it doubled between 2001 and 2015
October 3, 2017
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Measuring biological samples using SNAP
An interview with Dr. Frank Lafont, Institut Pasteur de Lille conducted by April Cashin-Garbutt, MA (Cantab)
October 19, 2017
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Measuring BTMs could be practical way to identify patient's adherence to osteoporosis medications
Oral bisphosphonates are common first line treatments for osteoporosis. However, approximately half of patients who begin osteoporosis treatment do not follow their prescribed treatment and/or discontinue treatment within a year. Identifying low adherence to medication - a problem commonly seen with many chronic diseases - is a critical issue as it jeopardizes the efficacy of treatment, leaving osteoporosis patients unprotected against fractures.
January 30, 2017
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Medical experts explore different ways to enhance situation of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes
More than 70 leading medical specialists, nurses, patient advocates, researchers, regulatory / Health Technology Assessment (HTA) experts and industry representatives gathered on 3 May 2017 in Valencia, Spain to discuss existing challenges and what is needed to improve the situation of patients affected by myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).
August 18, 2017
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Medications that increase effect of natural brain opioids may be better way to reduce anxiety
Published in Nature Communications by University of Sydney scholars, the findings suggest medications that boost the effect of natural brain opioids might be a better way to reduce anxiety than 'receptor-binding' opioid drugs like morphine, which have major side effects.
March 23, 2017
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Medical Alert Jewelry
can save your life, order one today.
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Medical Consulting Group
management and marketing services for ophthalmology, optometry and plastic surgery.
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offered by Judy Colwell, M.A., consultant and personal achievement coach.
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Medical Technology Consulting, LLC & Medical Imaging Links
provides technical marketing and product development services to medical imaging manufacturers.
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Mediterranean, MIND-style diets linked to improved cognitive function in older people
The Mediterranean diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, potatoes, nuts, olive oil and fish. Processed foods, fried and fast foods, snack foods, red meat, poultry and whole-fat dairy foods are infrequently eaten on the Mediterranean diet.
July 25, 2017
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MedUni Vienna scientists show that addictive cravings can be detected after death
A protein known as FosB in the reward centre of the brain alters in chronically ill people suffering from an addictive disorder (e.g. heroin addiction): it is genetically modified, split off and shortened. this modification under the stimulus of the drug results in the protein being more stable and therefore remaining longer in this part of the brain than in its original form - even as much as several weeks after withdrawal of the drug.
December 21, 2016
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Memories stored in same neuron can be selectively erased, study suggests
Different types of memories stored in the same neuron of the marine snail Aplysia can be selectively erased, according to a new study by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) and McGill University and published today in Current Biology.
June 22, 2017
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Men's Health Consulting
promotes better health in men by offering consultation for organizations and training for professionals and consumers.
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Mental Health Myths Abound in the U.S.
For instance, survey finds less than half can recognize anxiety
May 2, 2017
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Mental Illness Affects About 10 million Adults
More than a third aren't getting help, federal study says
June 12, 2017
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Mental illness does not impact bariatric surgery outcomes, study finds
People with pre-existing mental health conditions had nearly identical results in weight loss after bariatric surgery as compared to those with no known mental health conditions. Published in Obesity, the scientific journal of the Obesity Society (TOS), this is the first large-scale study of its kind to examine the relationship of preoperative mental illness to weight loss and health care use after bariatric surgery.
April 25, 2017
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Mental stress and anticipation of pain may trigger painful sickle cell episodes
Mental stress and the anticipation of pain may cause blood vessels to narrow and trigger episodes of severe pain (vaso-occlusive crisis, or VOC) in sickle cell disease (SCD). A team of researchers from California will present their findings today at the American Physiological Society's Physiological and Pathophysiological Consequences of Sickle Cell Disease conference in Washington, D.C.
November 7, 2017
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Mental training changes brain structure and reduces social stress
Meditation can have positive effects on our health and well-being. However it has been unclear which mental practice has which effect, and what the underlying processes are. Researchers have discovered that different trainings affect either our attention or our social competencies and modify different brain networks. One mental technique was able to reduce the stress hormone cortisol. These results may influence the adaptation of mental trainings in clinics and education.
October 4, 2017
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Mental Work, an Artistic Installation Involving Brain-Computer Interfaces
At the Ecole polytechnique federale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland, a nifty art installation will be on show in the coming days that will be a part experiment and partly a demonstration of brainwave reading technology. It will involve an electroencephalography headset being connected to a motorized wheel via a computer. People will be controlling the movement of the device while the data their brainwaves generate will be anonymized, collected, and provided to researchers for study.
October 26, 2017
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Mesenteric adenitis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Mesenteric lymphadenitis, also known as mesenteric adenitis, is an inflammation of the lymph nodes in the mesentery.
May 3, 2017
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Materials emitted by water pipe-repair method may pose health risks
New research is calling for immediate safeguards and the study of a widely used method for repairing sewer-, storm-water and drinking-water pipes to understand the potential health and environmental concerns for workers and the public.
July 31, 2017
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Mental illness linked to early childhood adversity may be passed to next generation
Mental illness associated with early childhood adversity may be passed from generation to generation, according to a study of adults whose parents evacuated Finland as children during World War II. The study was conducted by researchers at the National Institutes of Health, Uppsala University in Sweden, and Helsinki University in Finland. It appears in JAMA Psychiatry.
November 29, 2017
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Mettler Toledo describe how to eliminate impact of static on weighing results
Lab operators are often shocked to learn how subtle electrostatic charges can have a significant impact on weighing results. a new white paper from METTLER TOLEDO describes the damage static can cause and documents 13 ways to eliminate this force at the balance.
May 1, 2017
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Mettler-Toledo Safeline develop HDS Pipeline Metal Detectors for vacuum filling
Mettler-Toledo Safeline, the leading metal detection technology specialist, has developed a range of HDS Pipeline Detectors based on its well-proven Signature platform. This innovative pipeline metal detection solution was originally developed specifically for use on vacuum filling lines where it delivers unrivalled detection sensitivity and stability, as well as user-friendly operation in potentially harsh or extreme working environments.
July 11, 2017
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Mice study shows how WAVE1 protein regulates the brain's response to cocaine
Cocaine is one of the most addictive substances known to man, and for good reason: by acting on levels of the "feel-good" chemical dopamine, it produces a tremendous sensation of euphoria.
February 15, 2017
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Micro-gene protects brain from developing epilepsy
Increased levels of a micro-RNA could have a protective effect that explains why identical stressors trigger seizures in some people but not in others.
June 5, 2017
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Microcytic anemia: Symptoms, types, and treatment
Microcytic anemia is a condition in which the body's tissues and organs do not get enough oxygen.
August 22, 2017
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Microscopic Magnetic Blocks Group Together to Control Individual Cells
Collaborators from North Carolina State University and Duke University have developed a method to remotely manipulate cells and other tiny objects in a liquid medium using magnets and what looks like articulating microscopic Lego blocks. The technology, relying on magnetic fields to control and power combinations of blocks to move together, doesn't require any direct contact by an instrument reaching into the liquid medium. Instead the blocks are coerced to group into different shapes and to move together to change the shape of the structure they're a part of.
August 11, 2017
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Microscopic probes simplify process of measuring electrical signals in small animals
Microscopic probes developed at Rice University have simplified the process of measuring electrical activity in individual cells of small living animals. the technique allows a single animal like a worm to be tested again and again and could revolutionize data-gathering for disease characterization and drug interactions.
April 17, 2017
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Microsoft and PAREXEL form cloud technology alliance aimed at accelerating the pace of drug development
Companies seek to drive digital transformation of the biopharmaceutical industry by combining PAREXEL's drug development expertise with Microsoft Azure
October 24, 2017
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Microstructural changes occur in the brain from early to mid-adulthood, study finds
Scientists in China have found that significant microstructural changes occur in the brain from early to mid-adulthood, allowing them to accurately estimate an individual's age from their brain structure. The findings are striking, because until now scientists thought that brain structure was relatively stable during this period of adulthood.
August 21, 2017
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'Microwave helmet' may cut time taken to evaluate head injuries
A portable device that covers the head and uses microwave technology to examine brain tissue in prehospital settings could cut the time it takes to evaluate brain injuries. So conclude researchers after evaluating their "microwave helmet" in a small trial.
March 10, 2017
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Million Electrode Array for Brain Interfaces Is Under Development
Researchers at Columbia University are working on substantially improving the abilities of brain-computer interfaces by creating a high density electrode array that can stimulate and read the brain at high precision. The research is part of DARPA's Neural Engineering System Design (NESD) project that is working on all the different pieces necessary to build a truly advanced brain-computer systems.
July 12, 2017
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'Mindfulness' Probably Won't Cure your back Pain
But one specialist still isn't ruling out this complementary therapy
April 25, 2017
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Mindfulness program can help athletes, coaches develop mental edge and improve performance
When it comes to success in sports, coaches and athletes understand that there's a mental component, but many don't have an understanding of how to prepare psychologically. That's where the concept of mindfulness can be beneficial, via a program to help athletes and coaches at all levels develop that mental edge and improve their performance.
August 4, 2017
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Miniature Sensor Measures Velocity of Blood Flow Below Skin
Kyocera Corporation out of Kyoto, Japan has announced the development of a tiny optical sensor for measuring blood flow within subcutaneous tissue. Readings from such a device may help assess how injured tissue is healing, produce evidence of dehydration, and detect altitude sickness. Many other applications may come to light as this kind of technology becomes widely available for use by the public.
December 21, 2016
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Mirror image: Researchers create higher-quality pictures of biospecimens
NIH scientists improve efficiency, speed, and resolution of optical microscopy.
November 13, 2017
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MIT researchers develop precise technique to measure dopamine in the brain
MIT researchers have devised a way to measure dopamine in the brain much more precisely than previously possible, which should allow scientists to gain insight into dopamine's roles in learning, memory, and emotion.
March 3, 2017
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Mobile device management strategy in healthcare
Jamf's mission is very simple: we want to help organizations succeed with Apple devices. it's a very broad mission, Apple devices are getting used increasingly more in businesses, for example healthcare providers and in a variety of other industries, such as education. Our goal is to help them succeed with Apple devices to either empower their employees, empower their teachers or students, and help IT be more effective and efficient.
March 9, 2017
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Mobility aids: Types, benefits, and use
Mobility aids are devices designed to help people who have problems moving around enjoy greater freedom and independence.
July 18, 2017
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Modified skin biopsy could provide faster and better diagnosis of inherited, fatal nerve disease
Johns Hopkins physicians report success in a small study of a modified skin biopsy that hastens the earlier diagnosis of an inherited and progressively fatal nerve disease and seems to offer a clearer view of the disorder's severity and progression. With a quicker and less invasive way to visualize the hallmark protein clumps of the rare but lethal disease -- familial transthyretin amyloidosis -- the researchers say they hope to more rapidly advance clinical trials of treatments that may slow the disease and extend patients' lives.
July 11, 2017
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'Molecular prosthetics' can replace missing proteins to treat disease
Researchers have demonstrated that a small molecule can transport iron in human cells and live animals when proteins that normally do the same job are missing, a condition that often causes severe anemia in patients. Such "molecular prosthetics" might treat a host of incurable diseases caused by protein deficiencies, such as anemias, cystic fibrosis or certain types of heart disease.
May 11, 2017
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Molecular study of skin proteins uncovers predisposition to eczema
New research shows for the first time that a lack of the key barrier protein filaggrin alone may be responsible for changes in skin proteins and pathways that make people susceptible to eczema. It builds on previous work that shows a lack of the protein is strongly tied to the development of eczema.
May 5, 2017
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Molecule discovery may lead to new drugs for brain and spinal cord injury
A new study reveals that a small molecule produced by a fungus may stimulate the regeneration of axons - the slender, "thread-like projections that carry electrical signals" between nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. the researchers believe that the discovery could lead to much needed new drugs that repair damage to the central nervous system.
March 9, 2017
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Molecule plays essential role in establishing proper neural wiring in the cerebellum
A molecule produced by insulating glial cells facilitates the functional wiring of brain cells involved in motor coordination.
July 28, 2017
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Monolaurin: Benefits, dosage, and side effects
Monolaurin is a chemical derived from lauric acid, a component of both coconut fat and breast milk.
October 2, 2017
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More flexible approach can improve efficiency of preclinical research, study shows
The translation of preclinical research findings into effective treatments continues to deliver unsatisfactory results. When experimental diagnostic and treatment approaches are applied in practice, many of them fail.
March 31, 2017
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More TV viewing linked to higher risk of blood clots in veins
A study that followed more than 15,000 people has found that those who reported watching television the most often had the greatest risk for blood clots in their veins compared with those who infrequently or never watched television.
November 13, 2017
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Most teas contain safe amounts of fluoride, UF study finds
If you drink tea, you can rest assured about your children's teeth or your adult bones, now that a University of Florida research team has found that most teas contain safe amounts of fluoride.
November 7, 2017
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Mothers treated for opioid use disorder show improvement in parenting skills with mindfulness-based program
Researchers at Jefferson's Maternal Addiction Treatment Education & Research (MATER) program found significant improvement in the quality of parenting among mothers who participated in a trauma-informed, mindfulness-based parenting intervention while also in medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder. Results of the study, the first to scientifically test a mindfulness-based parenting intervention with this population, were published July 27 in the Journal of Addiction Medicine.
July 27, 2017
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Mouth ulcers: Causes and symptoms
Mouth ulcers are painful areas in the mouth and gums. They are also known as canker sores.
June 19, 2017
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MR-guided focused ultrasound continues to gain momentum in treating essential tremor patients
More Than 1000 Patients Treated with its Innovative Exablate Neuro System
August 18, 2017
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MTSA expands efforts to fight against national opioid epidemic
Middle Tennessee School of Anesthesia (MTSA) announced it is expanding efforts to educate Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) on treatment options that reduce or eliminate the need for opioids during and after surgery.
October 13, 2017
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MU researcher discovers new class of materials that may have widespread applications
Polyhedral boranes, or clusters of boron atoms bound to hydrogen atoms, are transforming the biomedical industry. These manmade materials have become the basis for the creation of cancer therapies, enhanced drug delivery and new contrast agents needed for radioimaging and diagnosis. Now, a researcher at the University of Missouri has discovered an entirely new class of materials based on boranes that might have widespread potential applications, including improved diagnostic tools for cancer and other diseases as well as low-cost solar energy cells.
January 25, 2017
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Multi-Modality Imaging Probe to Diagnose Cancer Inside Body, Help Avoid Biopsies
These days, identifying cancerous tissue within the body requires a biopsy and a review of the extracted sample in a pathology lab. a team of German scientists have been working toward a way of spotting tumors using an endoscopic approach that doesn't involve actually having to take samples. They've developed a multi-modality laser-based imaging probe that is capable of differentiating tissue types without requiring the use of a staining dye.
May 2, 2017
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Multitasking brain mechanism examined
Multitasking is the holy grail of all efficient workers. Recent research, published in the journal Current Biology, lifts the lid on how we might all manage this feat more efficiently.
June 23, 2017
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Mumps Cases Surge In U.S.
Mumps is making a comeback.
April 17, 2017
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Muscle protein helps to control sleep
When it comes to sleep disorders, researchers have spent years analyzing the human brain in the search for possible treatment targets. A new study, however, suggests that one such target may actually lie in skeletal muscles.
August 4, 2017
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Music in the brain: the first imaging genetic study linking dopaminergic genes to music
Sounds, such as music and noise, are capable of reliably affecting individuals' moods and emotions, possibly by regulating brain dopamine, a neurotransmitter strongly involved in emotional behavior and mood regulation. However, the relationship of sound environments with mood and emotions is highly variable across individuals. a putative source of variability is genetic background, a study shows.
December 21, 2016
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Myxedema coma: Causes, risk factors, and outlook
Myxedema is the medical term for severe hypothyroidism. It also refers to the skin changes that can happen with this condition.
August 4, 2017
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Misc. - N

Nagoya University researchers define new category of genetic skin diseases
Nagoya University-led team reviews skin diseases to define a new type of genetic-based inflammation for improving diagnosis and treatment of rare skin conditions.
July 13, 2017
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Nanoarray sniffs out and distinguishes multiple diseases
Before modern medical lab techniques became available, doctors diagnosed some diseases by smelling a patient's breath. Scientists have been working for years to develop analytical instruments that can mimic this sniff-and-diagnose ability.
December 21, 2016
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Nanosubmarine with self-destroying activity
Autonomous targeting and release of drugs at their site of action are desired features of nanomedical systems.
May 30, 2017
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National Joint Registry study finds disparities in hip or knee joint replacements for ethnic minorities
Researchers have found that the number of both hip and knee replacement operations for Black and Asian ethnic minorities are lower than expected when compared to Whites.
March 22, 2017
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National mental-health survey finds widespread ignorance, stigma
Less than half of Americans can recognize anxiety. Most people don't know what to do about depression even when they spot it. and nearly 8 in 10 don't recognize prescription drug abuse as a treatable problem.
April 27, 2017
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Naturally occurring protein shows promise as biocontrol weapon against schistosomiasis
A naturally occurring protein has been discovered that shows promise as a biocontrol weapon against schistosomiasis, one of the world's most prevalent parasitic diseases, Oregon State University researchers reported today in a new study.
February 15, 2017
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Nearly 20% of children with celiac disease have persistent enteropathy despite gluten-free diet
Even after a year on a gluten-free diet, nearly 20 percent of children with celiac disease continue to have intestinal abnormalities (enteropathy) on repeat biopsies, reports a study in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, official journal of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition.
November 7, 2016
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Necessity is indeed mother of invention, regardless of resources, study shows
People who live in extremely resource poor environments can also be highly innovative in a different way and provide benefits to a range of people through creative problem solving, research shows.
September 28, 2017
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Need to get creative? Put on a happy song
Researchers find that listening to happy music may enhance our ability to be creative. Boardrooms, lecture halls, and laboratories might soon be blaring out Vivaldi.
September 12, 2017
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Nerve cell findings provide unique insights into neuromuscular conditions
The findings relate to a type of cell connection that allows electrical and chemical messages to flow from nerve to muscle cells, enabling motion.
November 29, 2017
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Nerve fibers regenerated with molecular mix
Scientists may have found a way to regrow axons - a crucial part of a neuron also known as a nerve fiber - after injury. The findings may help patients with spinal cord injury, stroke, or other neurodegenerative conditions recover their motor skills.
August 17, 2017
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Neuro-prosthesis helps man with complete paralysis to regain hand and arm movements, study shows
A man who was paralysed from the shoulders down has been able to feed himself and drink as a result of a novel neuro-prosthesis which reconnects his brain with his muscles.
March 29, 2017
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Neurological research suggests that daydreaming may not be bad for you and may be a sign that you are smart and creative
A study from the Georgia Institute of Technology indicates that a wandering mind is not a bad thing. It might be an indication that a person is creative and smart.
October 26, 2017
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Neuronal firing patterns influence proliferation, differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursors
Through their pattern of firing, neurons influence the behavior of the cells that upon maturation will provide insulation of neuronal axons, according to a new study publishing 22 August in the open access journal PLOS Biology by Balint Nagy, Maria Kukley and colleagues at the University of Tübingen, Germany. The findings suggest the existence of a complex and nuanced interplay between neurons and the non-neuronal cells that support and protect them.
August 23, 2017
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Neurons modulate the growth of blood vessels
A team of researchers shake at the foundations of a dogma of cell biology. by detailed series of experiments, they proved that blood vessel growth is modulated by neurons and not, as assumed so far, through a control mechanism of the vessel cells among each other. the results are groundbreaking for research into and treatment of vascular diseases, tumors, and neurodegenerative diseases.
January 10, 2017
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NeuroPace Epileptic Seizure Control System: Interview with Dr. Martha Morrell, CMO of NeuroPace
People with certain types of epilepsy may have the option to use a therapy that doesn't include additional drugs. The RNS System from NeuroPace, a company out of Mountain View, California, monitors the brain for signs of an oncoming seizure and stimulates it to disrupt the process.
August 31, 2017
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Neuroprosthetics: Recovering from injury using the power of your mind
Neuroprosthetics, also known as brain-computer interfaces, are devices that help people with motor or sensory disabilities to regain control of their senses and movements by creating a connection between the brain and a computer. In other words, this technology enables people to move, hear, see, and touch using the power of thought alone.
May 19, 2017
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Neuroscientists elucidate how serotonin helps to deal with unfamiliar changing environment
Serotonin, one of the major chemical messengers serving neuronal communication, is usually associated with the direct regulation of affective states and mood in general. But growing evidence suggests that one of the core functions of this neurotransmitter may be to facilitate our adaptation to changes in the world around us - which, in turn, may indirectly impact mood.
March 16, 2017
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Neuroscientists find 'gatekeeper' in itching sensations plays no role in pain transmission
Research sheds light on how pain and itching sensations travel from the skin to the brain
October 3, 2017
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New 3D Printing Method to Create Complex, Multi-Cellular Tissues
Researchers from University of Oxford have been working to overcome some of the major challenges of 3D printing living tissues and have just published a report of how they were able to create complex, multi-cellular structures that stay viable and are able to structurally support themselves. This high density bioprinting process is also cheap, reliable, and can be adapted to work with different cell types and target structures, perhaps opening the door to new therapies for a wide variety of diseases and conditions.
August 16, 2017
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New AI algorithm monitors sleep with radio waves
Patients with sleep disorders could be studied nonintrusively at home using wireless signals
August 7, 2017
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New algorithms may revolutionize drug discoveries, and our understanding of life
A new set of machine learning algorithms that can generate 3-D structures of tiny protein molecules may revolutionize the development of drug therapies for a range of diseases, from Alzheimer's to cancer.
February 7, 2017
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New analysis explores promising strategies to increase living kidney donation
A new analysis indicates that few strategies to increase living kidney donation have been evaluated effectively; however, educational strategies targeted to recipients and their family and friends have the best evidence of being successful. The analysis, which appears in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN), also provides possible suggestions that could help investigators, organizations, and policy makers determine which, out of the many strategies that may be used to increase living donation, should be considered.
August 18, 2017
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New antibody design may pave way for treating diseases affecting the brain
Immunotherapy has proven to be effective against many serious diseases. But to treat diseases in the brain, the antibodies must first get past the obstacle of the blood-brain barrier. In a new study, a research group at Uppsala University describes their development of a new antibody design that increases brain uptake of antibodies almost 100-fold.
January 16, 2017
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New Apple ResearchKit app from Penn Medicine focuses on sarcoidosis patients
Penn Medicine today launched its first Apple ResearchKit app, focused on patients with sarcoidosis, an inflammatory condition that can affect the lungs, skin, eyes, heart, brain, and other organs. the effort marks Penn's first time using modules from Apple's ResearchKit frame the institution's focus on mobile health and innovative research strategies.
January 17, 2017
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New approach may improve translation of immunological research findings
Mouse models have advanced our understanding of immune function and disease in many ways but they have failed to account for the natural diversity in human immune responses. As a result, insights gained in the lab may be lost in translation. In their latest study, researchers at La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, developed a new approach to model human immune variation in the lab that overcomes the limitations of traditional mouse models.
July 27, 2017
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New Approach to Concussion Diagnosis
Ability to process sound provides clues about brain injury, researchers say
December 22, 2016
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New article explores cost-effectiveness of initial diagnostic protocols for microscopic hematuria
Detecting red blood cells in the urine of asymptomatic patients who don't see blood when they urinate (asymptomatic microscopic hematuria) is common but it can signal cancer in the genitourinary system.
April 17, 2017
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New biomarkers could help doctors diagnose traumatic brain injury through simple blood test
UCLA researchers have identified four biomarkers that could help doctors diagnose brain trauma and concussions through a simple blood test. The biomarkers are proteins, from brain cells called astrocytes, which are released instantly into the bloodstream when astrocytes' outer membranes rupture from blunt impact or whiplash trauma.
October 31, 2017
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New biomarkers may help in diagnosis and management of Crohn's disease
The diagnosis, understanding and management of Crohn's disease may have just received a helping hand from a joint ASU Biodesign Institute and Mayo Clinic study aimed at developing a better blood test for the disease.
March 9, 2017
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New body-on-a-chip system holds potential for advanced drug screening
Using the same expertise they've employed to build new organs for patients, scientists at Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine and colleagues have engineered micro hearts, lungs and livers that can potentially be used to test new drugs. By combining the micro-organs in a monitored system, the researchers aim to mimic how the human body responds to medications.
October 5, 2017
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New brain map reveals landscape of the cerebral cortex
The age of exploration has long passed, but there is at least one area still largely uncharted: the human brain. Now, a detailed new map by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis lays out the landscape of the cerebral cortex - the outermost layer of the brain and the dominant structure involved in sensory perception and attention, as well as distinctly human functions such as language, tool use and abstract thinking.
July 21, 2016
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New Brain Probe Maps Dopamine in Brain to Help Study Psychiatric Drugs and Diseases
Researchers at University of California, Berkeley have developed special sensors that provide a look at the location and concentration of neurotransmitter chemicals, such as dopamine, inside living brain tissue. The new capability should help scientists to study a variety of neurological conditions and the drugs that are used to treat them.
November 8, 2017
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New Caltech study shows how chaperones protect ribosomal proteins
For proteins, this would be the equivalent of the red-carpet treatment: each protein belonging to the complex machinery of ribosomes -- components of the cell that produce proteins -- has its own chaperone to guide it to the right place at the right time and protect it from harm.
February 3, 2017
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New cause of brain defects in tuberous sclerosis complex
A new molecular pathway that inhibits the myelination of neurons in the brains of patients with the rare genetic disorder tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) has been discovered by researchers. the study suggests new ways to treat some of the neurological symptoms associated with TSC, including autism and epilepsy.
February 9, 2017
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New CBIT therapy can help lessen frequency of tics
When Dr. Laura Duda goes into an elementary school classroom, she can usually spot one or two children who have a tic - a rapid, involuntary movement or sound such as sniffing, blinking their eyes or scrunching their faces.
July 21, 2016
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New chartbook illustrates burden of chronic illnesses
A new publication illustrates the burden that chronic illnesses impose on American society, demonstrating through charts and graphics how 60 percent of American adults suffer from at least one chronic health condition and 42 percent have more than one.
May 31, 2017
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New clinical trial examines potential role of drug combination therapy to eliminate LAM cells
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) begin a new clinical trial this fall, examining the potential role of a drug combination therapy to eliminate lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) cells. The trial will look at the safety and efficacy of a combined therapy using sirolimus and resveratrol as a potential remission-inducing treatment option for patients with LAM.
August 7, 2017
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New Clues to Why Yawns Are Contagious
Primitive brain reflexes may be at play
August 31, 2017
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New computational approach could enable more patients with epilepsy to benefit from surgery
A computational approach developed at Boston Children's Hospital, described in the journal Neurosurgery, published online May 2, 2017, could enable more patients with epilepsy to benefit from surgery when medications do not help. the approach streamlines the seizure monitoring process required for surgical planning, making surgery a more feasible and less risky option for patients.
May 2, 2017
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New discovery about immune system could pave way for better allergy treatment
Scientists have made a fundamental discovery about how our body's immune system clears harmful infections.
November 16, 2017
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New discovery challenges basic assumptions about the brain's cellular makeup
A discovery made by Junhwan Kim, PhD, assistant professor at The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, is challenging science's longstanding beliefs regarding the cellular makeup of the brain. This breakthrough was outlined in a study recently published in the journal Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry.
October 30, 2017
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New discovery could be a major advance for neurological diseases
Findings will have far-reaching implications for the understanding of memory
February 13, 2017
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New discovery may 'impact treatment of autoimmune diseases'
A new study has found a way of manipulating the differentiation of T cells in the immune system so as to strike a balance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cells. This discovery may have implications for treating autoimmune diseases and some types of cancer.
August 7, 2017
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New discovery may lead to natural products for preventing dental caries
A new discovery may one day lead to natural anti­cavity products, researchers report.
November 16, 2017
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New drug treatment linked to higher bladder compliance after spinal cord injury
Researchers have shown that compared to placebo, a drug treatment intended to prevent remodeling of the bladder wall and given within 48 hours after spinal cord injury (SCI) in dogs was associated with significantly higher bladder compliance. The long-term improvement seen in animals that had experienced intervertebral disc herniation and were treated with blockade of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is reported in in Journal of Neurotrauma, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
September 12, 2017
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New form of CBT may help with chronic pain management
New research zooms in on a specific form of cognitive behavioral therapy and examines its benefits for people living with chronic pain.
July 14, 2017
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New 'GPS' neuron discovered
A new type of neuron that might play a vital role in humans' ability to navigate their environments, report investigators. The discovery is an important step towards understanding how the brain codes navigation behavior at larger scales and could potentially open up new treatment strategies for people with impaired topographical orientation like Alzheimer's patients.
May 29, 2017
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New guideline on care of adults with lupus published
A University of Birmingham academic has led the authorship of the UK's first guideline on the care of adults with systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus).
October 11, 2017
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New guidelines provide recommendations for prevention and management of surgical site infections
A Loyola Medicine surgeon is first author of new guidelines for the prevention, detection and management of surgical site infections, which affect as many as 300,000 patients per year in the United States.
January 19, 2017
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New health analysis in India finds increase in non-communicable diseases
A new state-by-state health analysis in India finds that over two decades heart- and lung-related conditions, as well as other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), have surpassed infectious diseases, such as diarrhea and tuberculosis, as the nation's leading killers. The extent of this difference, however, varies significantly among the nation's 29 states and seven union territories.
November 14, 2017
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New high-density EEG captures neural activity at higher spatial resolution than ever before
Carnegie Mellon University engineers and cognitive neuroscientists have demonstrated that a new high-density EEG can capture the brain's neural activity at a higher spatial resolution than ever before.
December 4, 2017
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New high-throughput technique accelerates chemical screening to prioritize toxicity testing
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a high-throughput technique that can determine if a chemical has the potential to activate key genes in seconds rather than the typical 24 hours or more. The technique can be used to prioritize chemicals for in-depth testing to determine their toxicity.
August 22, 2017
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New hope for waitlisted patients addicted to opioids
As the opioid crisis continues to escalate, the number of people who need treatment for their dependency on heroin or prescription pain killers far exceeds the capacity of available treatment programs. People seeking treatment can wait months or even years for spots in clinics or with certified doctors -- and while they wait, they risk becoming infected with HIV or hepatitis, as well as dying from an overdose.
December 6, 2017
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'New human rights' proposed to fend off thought theft and brain control. Hello, 1984!
During the last century, science managed to make gigantic leaps in understanding how the human brain functions. Unfortunately, the majority of the most significant experiments and researches were carried out on Nazi captives, within the dark halls of concentration camps. Cutting through people's brains and exposing them to highly inhumane stimulations showed us a lot about how we think, memorize, perceive, etc.
April 27, 2017
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New insights into mosquito sex protein could provide strategies to control diseases
If you thought the sex lives of humans were complicated, consider the case of the female Aedes aegypti mosquito, bringer of Zika, dengue, and yellow fever: She mates but once, in seconds and on the wing, with one lucky male; spurns all further advances from other potential suitors; and stores enough sperm from that single encounter to lay more than 500 eggs, which she nourishes with the blood of human hosts.
December 13, 2017
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New light-sensing molecule discovered in the fruit fly brain
The discovery could help inform future research into degenerative retinal disorders.
May 10, 2017
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New machine learning system can automatically identify shapes of red blood cells
Deep learning approach could aid in sickle cell disease monitoring
October 19, 2017
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New mathematical model provides 'disease causation index'
Patients with complex diseases have a higher risk of developing another. Multi-morbidity represents a huge problem in everyday clinical practice, because it makes it more difficult to provide successful treatment. by analysing data from all over Austria, scientists have managed to develop a mathematical model that can be used to distinguish whether a disease has a genetic or environmental cause.
December 27, 2016
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New mathematical models show critical tipping point for swelling of brain cells
When brain cells don't get enough energy, caused by a stroke or trauma, they can start swelling rapidly. new mathematical models of this mechanism, developed by Koen Dijkstra of the University of Twente in the Netherlands, show a critical tipping point: at lower energy levels, there is no way back.
March 23, 2017
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New method shows promise in viewing brain structure through the skull
The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. The reality is that light scattering is the major obstacle for deep penetration into tissue.
July 27, 2017
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New Method Visualizes Individual Neural Pathways Using Light
The brain's functional network is both highly complex and hard to peer into, making it difficult to understand how some neurons are related to others and what their interconnectivity is like. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried, Germany have now developed a way to visualize the electrical activity that single neurons generate and how they affect other cells in the vicinity.
July 28, 2017
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New Modular Wheelchair Design with Pneumatic Height Adjustment
Phil Eaglesham, a Corporal in the UK's Royal Marine Commandos, caught Q fever while serving in Afghanistan and lost his ability to walk due to the disease. He partnered with the Medical Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre to overcome some of the downsides of existing wheelchairs and create a new useful mobility device.
January 3, 2017
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New mutation predisposes patients under osteoporosis treatment to atypical femur fractures, study finds
A team of researchers of the University of Barcelona and the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM) have discovered a new mutation that has an impact on the bone so that it is vulnerable to the bisphosphonate, a drug used to treat osteoporosis.
May 4, 2017
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New nanoallergen technology could help provide clear, accurate assessment of peanut allergies
Researchers have developed a novel platform to more accurately detect and identify the presence and severity of peanut allergies, without directly exposing patients to the allergen, according to a new study published in the journal Scientific Reports.
June 27, 2017
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New NIAAA strategic plan aims to advance alcohol research across a broad spectrum of areas
As scientific advances continue to expand our understanding of how alcohol affects human health and point to new ways to address alcohol-related harm, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) has released its 2017-2021 strategic plan for research.
May 15, 2017
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New noninvasive approach uses polarized light to help surgeons identify crucial nerves
During operations, it can be difficult for surgeons to avoid severing crucial nerves because they look so much like other tissue. A new noninvasive approach that uses polarized light to make nerves stand out from other tissue could help surgeons avoid accidentally injuring nerves or assist them in identifying nerves in need of repair.
August 16, 2017
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New optical nanosensor enables spatiotemporal mapping of the brain with improved accuracy
Neuronal activity results in the release of ionized potassium into extracellular space. Under active physiological and pathological conditions, elevated levels of potassium need to be quickly regulated to enable subsequent activity. this involves diffusion of potassium across extracellular space as well as re-uptake by neurons and astrocytes.
February 23, 2017
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New Optical Tool to Spot Nerves During Surgery
A team of medical researchers has come up with a way to optically spot nerves within tissue, which should prevent nerve injuries that can happen during surgeries of the hand and other sensitive and delicate parts of the body.
August 16, 2017
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New partnership funds research studies that aim to improve quality of palliative care for people with MND
Marie Curie and the Motor Neurone Disease (MND) Association have today announced the funding of three new research studies that aim to improve the quality of palliative and end of life care received by people with MND.
March 23, 2017
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New partnership to provide clinicians with latest guidance on treating endocrine disorders
The Endocrine Society and Medscape announced today a new partnership that brings together the Society's expertise and Medscape's innovative, peer-to-peer digital platforms and award-winning content to provide clinicians with the latest guidance and most relevant insights on diagnosing and treating diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis, infertility, and other endocrine disorders.
March 31, 2017
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New PEth test could accurately identify alcohol misuse in critically ill patients
A simple blood test for a compound called PEth can accurately identify critically ill hospital patients who misuse alcohol, a study has found.
November 9, 2017
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New possibilities in malaria drug development
Bringing three powerful chemical groups together offers new possibilities in drug development.
March 8, 2016
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New Probe to Safely Measure pH Inside Living Cells
An unusually acidic environment around living cells may be an indicator that processes associated with disease are taking place in the vicinity. Of course there's a myriad of other biological variables related to the cellular pH.
August 14, 2017
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New procedure expands options open for carrying out tests on human brain cells
Researchers at the University of Tübingen have become the first to keep human brain tissue alive outside the body for several weeks. The researchers, headed by Dr. Niklas Schwarz, Dr. Henner Koch and Dr. Thomas Wuttke at the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, published their findings in the latest edition of Scientific Reports.
October 19, 2017
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New project focuses on development of social robot to help people with acquired brain injury
Improving the autonomy and care of dependent people with acquired brain injury is the scientific and technological challenge of the Retogar project led by researchers from the University of Alicante Institute for Computer Engineering Research (IUII), Miguel Cazorla and José García. These experts started in January and will be focusing on the project through 2019, with virtual reality applications and 3D interfaces, as well as sensors to monitor the movements of this type of patients.
June 29, 2017
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New portable device can quickly find markers of sepsis from single drop of blood
A new portable device can quickly find markers of deadly, unpredictable sepsis infection from a single drop of blood.
July 3, 2017
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New public registry aims to minimize effects of lead on Flint residents' health
Flint residents will soon be able to participate in a voluntary registry that will help connect them to programs designed to minimize the effects of lead on their health.
August 1, 2017
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New Radioactive Tracer Lights Up Brain's Connections to Study Disorders
Various brain disorders change the physical nature of synapses in the brain, but this fact has been useless in clinical practice because evaluating these changes could only be done once the patient passes away. now researchers at Yale University have developed a technique, published on in journal Science Translational Medicine, that relies on PET (positron emission tomography) and a novel tracer to image billions of synapses at the same time.
July 21, 2016
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New report reveals steep rise in lung disease admissions to emergency departments during winter
An 80% rise in lung disease admissions to emergency departments in winter plays a major part in pushing our A&E services over the edge. Yet, only 10% of hospital trusts who responded to an FOI request had plans in place to make more beds available for respiratory patients warns a new report from the British Lung Foundation.
December 12, 2017
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New research aims to improve medical care and benefits for injured troops
Gunshots crackled as a man dressed in camouflage sat on the ground with a red stream trickling from his ear and a purple splotch marking the skin near his cheekbone. A medic asked what happened.
December 12, 2017
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New research could lead to improved therapies for global parasitic disease
Recently published research from Iowa State University biomedical scientists details new methods for studying a parasitic nematode that sickens millions worldwide, a development that could lead to improved therapies.
May 9, 2017
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New research could make dew droplets so small, they're invisible
By better understanding the behavior of water in its smallest form, a Virginia Tech professor and his undergraduate student could be improving the efficiency of removing condensation in a major way.
July 31, 2017
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New research defines impact of cannabis on health
A report published this week consolidated all evidence published since 1999 regarding the therapeutic benefits and health risks associated with cannabis and cannabis-derived products, such as marijuana.Marijuana plant
January 13, 2017
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New research design offers way to assess safety of approved drugs
As the pace of drug approvals accelerates and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) faces potential budget cuts, a new research design from Perelman School of Medicine scientists offers a new way to successfully assess safety of newly approved drugs, as well as drugs that have been on the market for a long time and have had a marked rise in their use.
June 9, 2017
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New research finds link between misbehavior on and off field for NFL players
New research conducted at UT Dallas found NFL players who drew the most penalties also had more criminal arrests than their teammates.
January 10, 2017
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New research finds optimum time to study for college students
A new cognitive research study used two new approaches to determine ranges of start times that optimize functioning for undergraduate students. Based on a sample of first and second year university students, the University of Nevada, Reno and the Open University in the United Kingdom used a survey-based, empirical model and a neuroscience-based, theoretical model to analyse the learning patterns of each student to determine optimum times when cognitive performance can be expected to be at its peak.
April 12, 2017
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New research helps unravel ecological interplay of African bat, novel virus and a parasite
If there is anything scientists are certain of when it comes to bats and their supposed role in causing human disease, it is that they still have a lot to learn.
July 13, 2017
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New research offers crucial step towards understanding cause of myopathy
Pioneering research using the tropical zebrafish could provide new insights into the genetic basis of myopathy, a type of human muscle disease.
July 6, 2017
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New research reveals link between sickle cell trait and increased risk of developing kidney failure
New research indicates that being born with one copy of the sickle gene puts an individual at elevated risk for developing kidney failure requiring dialysis. the findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), may have important public policy implications for genetic counseling for individuals with sickle cell trait (SCT).
March 10, 2017
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New research sheds light on inner mechanisms underlying learning and memory
New research published online in the FASEB Journal sheds important light on the inner workings of learning and memory. Specifically, scientists show that a plasma membrane protein, called Efr3, regulates brain-derived neurotrophic factor-tropomyosin-related kinase B signaling pathway (BNDF-TrkB) and affects the generation of new neurons in the hippocampus of adult brains. In turn, this generation of new neurons plays a significant role in learning and memory.
May 11, 2017
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New research sheds light on negative effects of stress on the brain
Stress can have numerous harmful effects on the mind and body, both immediately and over long periods of time. New research reveals mechanisms by which stress exacts its toll throughout the body, from the brain to the male reproductive system, and points to potential paths for reducing the negative effects of stress.
November 13, 2017
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New research shows estrogen synthesis may fight off infection-induced neuroinflammation
The chemical best-known as a female reproductive hormone--estrogen--could help fight off neurodegenerative conditions and diseases in the future. Now, new research by American University neuroscience Professor Colin Saldanha shows that estrogen synthesis, a process naturally occurring in the brains of zebra finches, may also fight off neuroinflammation caused by infection that occurs elsewhere in the body. The finding reveals clues about the interplay between the body's neuroendocrine and immune systems.
August 31, 2017
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New research shows how to prevent prions from growing into deadly diseases
Prion diseases are scary, incurable and fatal. they first gained notoriety when cows became infected by prion proteins and, in turn, infected people. Fervor surrounding mad cow disease resulted in the U.S. banning imports of beef from the European Union for 15 years.
March 21, 2017
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New review addresses aspects of nutrition in liver transplant candidates with cirrhosis
Poor nutrition is common in patients with liver failure, or cirrhosis, and it can lead to muscle wasting, weakness, fatigue, and worse outcomes before and after patients undergo liver transplantation. A new review published in Liver Transplantation addresses aspects of nutrition in transplant candidates with cirrhosis and emphasizes the need to screen all patients to identify those with poor nutritional status, especially those suffering from muscle wasting.
October 26, 2017
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New review explores potential of fetal membranes for regenerative medicine
A new review looks at the potential of fetal membranes, which make up the amniotic sac surrounding the fetus during pregnancy, for regenerative medicine.
August 30, 2017
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New review finds link between exposure to alcohol marketing and youth drinking behavior
A new analysis of 12 long-term studies published since 2008 from across the globe finds that young people under the legal drinking age who are more exposed to alcohol marketing appear more likely to start drinking early and also to engage in binge drinking.
January 10, 2017
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New risk factors for anxiety disorders
Several newly discovered variants of a gene increase the risk of developing anxiety disorders. a research team aims to derive new therapies from this finding which are better tailored to the individual patients.
February 24, 2017
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New sensors can detect single protein molecules
Modified carbon nanotubes could be used to track protein production by individual cells
January 24, 2017
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New sleep-promoting brain cells identified
New research in mice identifies a range of neurons that may be involved in promoting sleep. The findings may soon change therapeutic practices for treating sleep disorders.
September 4, 2017
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New spray drying technique helps reduce concentration of active ingredients in therapeutic drugs
Instant coffee and powdered milk are produced by spray drying. Fraunhofer researchers have adapted this technique to the tricky question of incorporating insoluble substances in core-shell particles. The new method helps reduce the concentration of active ingredients in therapeutic medications.
October 5, 2017
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New studies uncover socioeconomic disparities linked to health of lupus patients
Two new studies have uncovered socioeconomic disparities related to the health of patients with lupus. a study in Arthritis & Rheumatology found a link between poverty and worse disease-associated medical complications over time, and a study in Arthritis Care & Research discovered that the frequency of adverse pregnancy outcomes in Black and Hispanic patients with lupus is higher than that in White women with the disease.
May 8, 2017
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New study analyzes generalist versus subspecialty characteristics of U.S. radiologist workforce
A new study by the Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute analyzes the generalist versus subspecialty characteristics of the U.S. radiologist workforce in the Medicare population from 2012--2014. The study is published online in Radiology.
November 30, 2017
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New study explores circadian timekeeping to create genetic knock-out rescue mice
A new study from the laboratory of Hiroki Ueda at the RIKEN Quantitative Biology Center investigates circadian timekeeping with a novel approach to creating genetic knock-out rescue mice. Published in Molecular Cell, the study shows how this technique was used to quickly create numerous mouse lines, each with different mutations in a circadian regulator called CRY1. Studying each mutation and the effects on behavior showed that specific changes to the protein affected the duration of the circadian period.
December 22, 2016
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New study in Baltimore finds larger mosquito populations in lower-income neighborhoods
A new study published in the Journal of Medical Entomology reports that in Baltimore, Maryland, neighborhoods with high levels of residential abandonment are hotspots for tiger mosquitoes (Aedes albopictus). This environmental injustice may leave low-income urban residents more vulnerable to mosquito-borne disease.
June 30, 2017
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New study investigates ways to increase protein intake in older people living in the community
A new study from Bournemouth University has investigated how to increase protein intake in older people living in the community. The study found that for the majority of people a simple intervention, such as adding sauce to a lunch meal, made a significant difference. Importantly, the effects were sustained in the following meal too.
July 10, 2017
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New study links binge-watching in young adults with poor sleep, increased insomnia
A new study is the first to link binge-watching in young adults with poorer sleep quality, more fatigue, and increased insomnia. The findings suggest that the mechanism explaining this relationship is increased cognitive alertness resulting from binge-watching.
August 14, 2017
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New study provides reassuring information about safety of osteoporosis drug
A new study provides reassuring information about the short-term and long-term safety of denosumab, a monoclonal antibody that is used to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis.
March 17, 2017
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New study re-writes parts of the rulebook on evolution of mammalian brains
A new study involving The University of Queensland, which might be useful for biomedical research, re-writes parts of the rulebook on how mammalian brains - including our own - could have evolved.
July 4, 2017
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New study shows how developing brain learns to recognize and react to subtle sensory signals
A new study describes a key mechanism in the brain that allows animals to recognize and react when subtle sensory signals that might not seem important on their own occur simultaneously. Such "multisensory integration" (MSI) is a vital skill for young brains to develop, said the authors of the paper in , because it shapes how effectively animals can make sense of their surroundings.
March 23, 2017
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New study shows strong link between childhood obesity and hip diseases
Significant hip deformities affect around 1 in 500 children. Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE) is the most common hip disease of adolescence. The condition always requires surgery, can cause significant pain, and often leads to a hip replacement in adolescence or early adulthood.
July 7, 2017
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New survey shows one-third of students experience high levels of psychological distress
More than one in three - an estimated 328,000 -- Ontario students in grades seven to 12 report moderate-to-serious psychological distress, according to new survey results from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH). Girls are twice as likely as boys to experience psychological distress.
July 21, 2016
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New Technique Allows Mass Production of Bioengineered Liver Tissue
Researchers at Yokohama City University and Cincinnati Children's Center for Stem Cell and Organoid Medicine have developed a large-scale method to produce bioengineered liver tissue from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). The technique could provide viable, consistently produced liver transplants, offering hope to patients with liver disease.
December 11, 2017
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New technique improves accuracy, reduces costs of real-time assessment of kidney function
A new technique developed by researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Lab promises to improve accuracy and lower costs of real-time assessment of kidney function, reports an article published this week by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, in the Journal of Biomedical Optics.
May 5, 2017
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New technique makes it possible to look at how muscles work
Muscle malfunctions may be as simple as a slight strain after exercise or as serious as heart failure and muscular dystrophy. A new technique developed at McGill now makes it possible to look much more closely at how sarcomeres, the basic building blocks within all skeletal and cardiac muscles, work together. It's a discovery that should advance research into a wide range of muscle malfunctions.
August 23, 2017
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New technology platform propels the use of 'organs-on-chips'
A novel technology platform has been developed that enables the continuous and automated monitoring of so-called 'organs-on-chips' -- tiny devices that incorporate living cells to mimic the biology of bona fide human organs.
March 8, 2017
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New test could lead to early diagnosis and effective treatment of mild traumatic brain injury
A new test using peripheral vision reaction time could lead to earlier diagnosis and more effective treatment of mild traumatic brain injury, often referred to as a concussion, according to Peter J. Bergold, PhD, professor of physiology and pharmacology at SUNY Downstate Medical Center and corresponding author of a study newly published online by the Journal of Neurotrauma.
February 16, 2017
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New test effective in identifying deployment-related lung disease in military personnel
Silpa Dhoma Krefft, MD, MPH, of National Jewish Health, Denver, and colleagues evaluated the LCI as a test for deployment-related lung disease. An "unknown number" of military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan have developed respiratory symptoms unexplained by traditional lung function tests and chest CT scans. This condition may be linked to burn pit emissions, desert dust, and other exposures during deployment.
July 27, 2017
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New test reveals the truth about how much urine is in swimming pools
Scientists have designed a new way of testing the amount of urine present in swimming pools, according to a Canadian study.
February 23, 2017
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New therapy to treat spinal cord injuries shows improvements in motor function
A new therapy to treat spinal cord injuries in people who have lost all motor and sensory function below the injury site shows additional motor function improvement at 6-months and 9-months following treatment with 10 million AST-OPC1. the positive efficacy results from an ongoing research study were announced on Jan. 24 in a conference held by Asterias Biotherapeutics, Inc., the biotechnology company that manufactures AST-OPC1.
January 24, 2017
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New tool accurately predicts risk of chronic disease
Chronic illness affects millions of people in the United States every year and accounts for a large proportion of the total number of deaths. new research proposes a clinical tool that can be used to accurately predict the risk of chronic disease.
March 17, 2017
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New treatment offers hope for kidney failure and transplant patients with rare disorder
A novel treatment offers kidney failure and kidney transplant patients with a rare disorder new hope. the treatment allows targeted elimination of plasma cell clones producing abnormal proteins that deposits in the kidneys and leads to kidney failure, according to new research.
May 3, 2017
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New treatment option could provide effective therapy for patients with dermatologic conditions
Alopecia areata, atopic dermatitis and vitiligo are highly visible dermatologic conditions that can have a negative effect on patients' quality of life and overall health. An emerging treatment option, however, could provide effective therapy for patients with these conditions.
March 3, 2017
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New treatment receives FDA approval to reduce complications of sickle cell disease
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Endari (L-glutamine oral powder) for patients age five years and older with sickle cell disease to reduce severe complications associated with the blood disorder.
July 7, 2017
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New treatment strategies increase lifespan of transplanted kidneys
New treatment strategies over the last few decades have meant that nowadays 95% of transplanted kidneys function well for at least one year and that the average lifespan of a transplanted organ is between 10 and 15 years. In 1989, one in five kidneys was no longer functional after one year.
May 29, 2017
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New way of screening compounds may help speed up drug development
Scientists have created a new way of screening compounds that is more sensitive than existing methods, opening up the possibility of finding new drugs for many diseases.
August 7, 2017
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New Way to Grow Liver Tissue to Repair Damaged Organ
Here's an interesting new technology that might ameliorate symptoms in patients with liver failure, improve liver function, and decrease demand for liver transplants. Researchers at MIT, Rockefeller University, and Boston University have created a new way of building hepatic tissue that can be used to replace diseased parts of livers.
July 27, 2017
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New, improved microcontact printing technology offers big hope for disease detection
OIST researchers develop a simple printing method to create effective disease detection tools.
June 30, 2017
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New, more easily administered therapies offer benefits for bleeding and clotting disorders
In three studies being presented today during the 59th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition in Atlanta, researchers report remarkable benefits from new, more easily administered therapies for bleeding and clotting disorders.
December 11, 2017
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Newly discovered drug-like compound may revolutionize treatment of autoimmune diseases
University of Colorado Boulder researchers have discovered a potent, drug-like compound that could someday revolutionize treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases by inhibiting a protein instrumental in prompting the body to start attacking its own tissue.
November 30, 2017
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Newly discovered micro-gene may protect against epilepsy
Epilepsy affects tens of millions of people worldwide, but the causes of epileptic seizures remain largely unknown. New research may have found a micro-gene that explains why some brains develop epileptic seizures while others do not.
June 6, 2017
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Newly discovered molecular chaperones may soon be part of therapies for Huntington's disease
Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disease. It is always fatal. The disease is caused by a defect in the Huntingtin gene. To this day, no therapy will put a stop to the insidious disintegration of brain cells.
December 12, 2017
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Next-generation nanoparticle nasal spray for drug delivery to the brain
Delivering life-saving drugs directly to the brain in a safe and effective way is a challenge for medical providers. One key reason: the blood-brain barrier, which protects the brain from tissue-specific drug delivery. Methods such as an injection or a pill aren't as precise or immediate as doctors might prefer, and ensuring delivery right to the brain often requires invasive, risky techniques.
April 12, 2017
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Next-generation optogenetic molecules control single neurons
Researchers at MIT and Paris Descartes University have developed a new optogenetic technique that sculpts light to target individual cells bearing engineered light-sensitive molecules, so that individual neurons can be precisely stimulated.
November 14, 2017
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NFL Star Was 1st Living Person Diagnosed with CTE
The first case of a living person to be diagnosed with the degenerative brain disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is described in a new case study.
November 16, 2017
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NIAAA Alcohol Treatment Navigator points the way to quality treatment
A new online resource is now available to help people recognize and find high quality care for alcohol use disorder, which affects more than 15 million adults in the United States. The Alcohol Treatment Navigator, designed by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health, is a comprehensive, yet easy-to-use tool to help individuals and their loved ones navigate the often-complicated process of choosing treatment for alcohol problems.
October 3, 2017
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NIAID scientists discover rare genetic susceptibility to common cold
Unusual case provides insight into leading cause of acute illness worldwide.
June 12, 2017
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NIH announces 2017-2018 Medical Research Scholars Program Class
The National Institutes of Health has selected 42 talented and diverse students, representing 35 U.S.-accredited universities, for the sixth class of its Medical Research Scholars Program (MRSP). the MRSP received a record number of applications during the 2017-2018 application cycle. the 42 selected participants consist of 39 medical, two dental, and one veterinary student; 48 percent are female and eight individuals are from underrepresented minority groups. There are five second year, 35 third, and two fourth year students in the class; six of the 42 have had previous NIH research experience. the accepted scholars begin their MRSP fellowship in July/August of this year.
May 10, 2017
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NIH announces awards for BRAIN Initiative neuroethics research
Grants aim to address neuroethical issues associated with human brain research.
October 30, 2017
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NIH announces centers for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome research
Collaborative projects will advance research and knowledge about debilitating disease.
September 27, 2017
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NIH begins study of vaccine to protect against mosquito-borne diseases
Experimental vaccine targets mosquito saliva.
February 21, 2017
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NIH BRAIN Initiative builds on early advances
NIH announces new round of awards for visualizing the brain in action.
October 23, 2017
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NIH BRAIN Initiative launches cell census
$250 million effort will catalog "parts list" of our most complex organ.
October 23, 2017
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NIH Clinical Center provides one of the largest publicly available chest x-ray datasets to scientific community
The dataset of scans is from more than 30,000 patients, including many with advanced lung disease.
September 27, 2017
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NIH Common Fund announces 2016 High-Risk, High-Reward Research awards
NIH to fund 88 awards on high-impact biomedical research.
October 4, 2016
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NIH designates $42.7 million for food allergy research consortium
Consortium will continue seeking food allergy treatment strategies over next seven years.
March 31, 2017
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NIH findings link aldosterone with alcohol use disorder
A new study led by scientists at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health, demonstrates that aldosterone, a hormone produced in the adrenal glands, may contribute to alcohol use disorder (AUD). The novel research, conducted in collaboration with a team of investigators in the United States and Europe, appears in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.
July 17, 2017
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NIH Grantees Win 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
The 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to National Institutes of Health grantees Jeffrey C. Hall, Ph.D., of the University of Maine, Orono; Michael Rosbash, Ph.D., of Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts; and Michael W. Young, Ph.D., of Rockefeller University, New York City, for their discoveries
October 2, 2017
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NIH initiates pilot grant program for innovative neurological research
Pilot award strategy designed to enhance funding stability to researchers.
January 26, 2017
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NIH led researchers develop software that could facilitate drug development
A team of researchers led by a National Institutes of Health investigator, Teresa Przytycka, Ph.D., has developed a new software tool called AptaTRACE that could be an important advance for drug developers and other scientists who want to identify molecules that bind with high precision to targets of interest.
July 29, 2016
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NIH researchers trace origin of blood-brain barrier 'sentry cells'
Finding in zebrafish may contribute to understanding cognitive decline of aging.
April 11, 2017
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NIH researchers uncover drain pipes in our brains
Results provide first evidence of the body's waste system in the human brain.
October 3, 2017
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NIH scientists find rare disease clues in cell's recycling system
Scientists have demonstrated how an investigational drug works against a rare, fatal genetic disease, Niemann-Pick type C1 (NPC1). They found that a closely related compound will activate an enzyme, AMPK, triggering a cellular "recycling' system that helps reduce elevated cholesterol and other accumulated fats in the brains and livers of NPC1 patients, which are hallmarks associated with severe neurological problems. The research was led by scientists at the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), part of the National Institutes of Health, and their colleagues.
July 17, 2017
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NIH statement on World Malaria day -- April 25, 2017
Statement of B. Fenton Hall, M.D., Ph.D., and Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
April 25, 2017
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NIH study identifies brain patterns underlying mothers' responses to infant cries
Behaviors and brain activity consistent between mothers from different countries.
October 23, 2017
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NIH study identifies new targets for anti-malaria drugs
The deadliest malaria parasite needs two proteins to infect red blood cells.
October 26, 2017
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NIH study of WWII evacuees suggests mental illness may be passed to offspring
Population study finds higher risk of psychiatric hospitalization among daughters of female evacuees.
November 29, 2017
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NIH study uncovers specialized mouse neurons that play a unique role in pain
Previously unknown category of neuron responds to pulling of a single hair.
August 16, 2017
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NIH to recognize 12 champions of environmental health research
Awards are part of the NIEHS 50th anniversary celebration.
October 7, 2016
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NIH-funded study to focus on newborns affected by opioids
Experts plan clinical trial to test treatments for withdrawal syndrome.
October 2, 2017
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NIH-sponsored expert panel issues clinical guidelines to prevent peanut allergy
Recommendations focus on introducing peanut-containing foods to infants.
January 5, 2017
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Nine effective home remedies for earache
People may think that earaches are just a minor nuisance, but they can cause debilitating pain. While waiting for medical care or for antibiotics to work, some home remedies can help.
June 23, 2017
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Nine possible complications of ankylosing spondylitis
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic autoimmune disorder that often lasts a lifetime. Anyone diagnosed with the condition should be aware of the complications that it presents to health.
May 18, 2017
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Nine ways to treat and prevent razor burn
Shaving with a razor is one of the quickest and most cost-effective ways to remove facial or body hair. However, one of the disadvantages of this method of hair removal is the risk of razor burn.
July 4, 2017
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Nipple discharge: Causes and treatments
Experiencing unusual nipple discharge is the third-most-common reason women visit their doctors for conditions related to their breasts.
September 27, 2017
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Nipple piercing infection: Risks and side effects
Nipple piercings are popular but can be risky. The nipple is a sensitive part of the body, and piercings need to be treated with care.
June 29, 2017
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Nitrogen doped bimodal cellular structure activated carbon produced
Phenol-urea-formaldehyde (PUF) organic foam were used as precusors for the new monolithic nitrogen-containing microporous cellular activated carbons production. Carbonization and CO2 activation were used to prepare this novel monolithic nitrogen-containing activated carbon foam with both interconnected macroporous and micro/meso- porosity structures from the developed PUF organic foam.
December 29, 2016
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No added benefit proven for pulmonary arterial hypertension drug, IQWiG finds
Selexipag is approved for long-term treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension in adults with moderate to severe symptoms. the drug can be used either as combination therapy with other blood-pressure lowering drugs or as monotherapy in patients who are not candidates for these therapies
October 7, 2016
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No benefit in treating mildly low thyroid function in pregnancy, NIH network study finds
There appears to be no benefit to treating mildly low thyroid function during pregnancy, according to a study by a National Institutes of Health research network.
March 1, 2017
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Nobel Prize Winners Unlocked Your Sleep Secrets
For their discoveries of the way circadian rhythm works, three U.S. scientists have been awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
October 2, 2017
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Nocturia is the top cause of sleep disturbance
'On World Sleep day sleep experts encourage people to understand the value of healthy and solid sleep. In particular, if they need to go to the toilet more than once in the night they have nocturia, a condition which affects one in three adults over the age of 30 and two thirds of adults over the age of 65.'.
March 17, 2017
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Non-Destructive Nanowire Technology Could Quicken Development of Drugs to Treat Neurological Diseases
Nanowires capable of recording the electrical activity of neurons in fine detail have been developed by a research team led by engineers at the University of California San Diego. this new nanowire technology could be a futuristic platform to screen drugs for neurological diseases and could enable scientists to properly understand how single cells communicate in large neuronal networks.
April 12, 2017
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Non-destructive screening method enables quick, safe identification of pharmaceutical tablet properties
Information on significant properties of pharmaceutical tablets, such as their mechanical strength and dissolution, can now be obtained without resorting to the conventional, time-consuming and destructive testing methods, according to a new study completed at the University of Eastern Finland. a new structural descriptive parameter based on terahertz (THz) time-domain techniques allow for a non-invasive detection of pharmaceutical tablet parameters, constituting a research breakthrough in the field of pharmacy.
January 10, 2017
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Non-drug behavioral treatments to address symptoms may help older adults with multiple chronic conditions
When we have several chronic health conditions as we age, the symptoms we experience can reduce our quality of life. In fact, having multiple chronic conditions is linked to symptoms that can restrict our ability to perform our daily routines. Some 70 percent of adults over the age of 75 have more than two chronic health conditions. Nearly 55 percent of Medicare recipients who have had a stroke or heart failure have five or more chronic conditions.
August 31, 2017
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Non-invasive technique for examining fatty tissues could revolutionize medicinal drug testing
That's the hope of Associate Professor Noriyuki Yanaka and researchers at Hiroshima University who have developed a non-invasive way to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of fortified health foods and medications.
January 31, 2017
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Non-invasive technology from EarlySense allows people to accurately monitor their sleep at home
EarlySense, the market leader in contact-free continuous monitoring solutions, announced today new research that confirms high accuracy of its home consumer sensor when compared to polysomnography (PSG), the testing process used in clinics around the world to detect sleeping disorders. the peer-reviewed study, published in the December issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, found 92.5% agreement between LIVE by EarlySense and the PSG system.
January 16, 2017
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Novartis presents new findings from global psoriasis survey at EADV Congress
Novartis presented new findings from the largest global survey to date of people with psoriasis, showing many do not achieve the treatment goal of clear skin or even believe it is a realistic goal. People with the disease also report that they face discrimination, humiliation, and mental illness, according to the research presented at the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV) Congress.
October 5, 2016
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Novel procedure to seal off lymphatic fluid leaks improves symptoms in patients with single-ventricle disease
Focusing on a rare but devastating complication in patients with single-ventricle heart disease, a research team has revealed the role of leakage from the liver's lymphatic system, and used a novel procedure to seal off those leaks and improve symptoms in patients.
June 29, 2017
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Novel risk genes for bipolar disorder
Researchers conducted a genome-wide association study of bipolar disorder (BD), and identified novel risk genes. One of these genes (FADS) is related to lipid metabolism (e.g., omega3/6 polyunsaturated fatty acids); therefore, they concluded that lipid abnormality may be involved in BD pathophysiology. Elucidating an independent association between these two phenotypes provides a foundation for new therapeutic strategies.
January 26, 2017
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Novel small molecule tracer for PET imaging spots blood clots
Blood clots in veins and arteries can lead to heart attack, stroke, and pulmonary embolism, which are major causes of mortality. In the featured article of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine's July 2017 issue, German researchers show that targeting GPIIb/IIIa receptors, the key receptor involved in platelet clumping, with a fluorine-18 labeled ligand is a promising approach for diagnostic imaging. Current imaging modalities rely on structural characteristics, such as vascular flow impairment, and do not address the critical molecular components.
July 6, 2017
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Novel study method identifies 15 genomic regions associated with depression
Data from consumer genomic analysis company identifies sites of potential risk genes
August 1, 2016
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NTU Singapore researchers develop self-illuminating polymer nanoagents to track down diseased tissues
Polymer nanoagents that can 'light up' tiny areas of diseased tissues that conventional methods fail to detect, have been created by a research team led by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore)
November 9, 2017
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NUS engineers develop new flexible, ultra-thin microfiber sensor for real-time monitoring of vital signs
A research team from National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed a soft, flexible and stretchable microfiber sensor for real-time healthcare monitoring and diagnosis. The novel sensor is highly sensitive and ultra-thin with a diameter of a strand of human hair. It is also simple and cost-effective to mass produce.
November 16, 2017
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NYU Langone launches new, comprehensive center for facial paralysis
Thousands of New Yorkers every year will suffer some form of facial paralysis, a diagnosis with many causes which can greatly affect a person's appearance and day-to-day functioning.
November 16, 2017
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NYU researchers discover unexpected source for the brain's development
A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system.
August 31, 2017
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NYU scientists find that emotional brain states can persist for long periods of time
Emotional experiences can induce physiological and internal brain states that persist for long periods of time after the emotional events have ended, a team of New York University scientists has found. this study, which appears in the journal Nature Neuroscience, also shows that this emotional "hangover" influences how we attend to and remember future experiences.
December 27, 2016
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Misc. - O

OCD linked to inflammation in the brain
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an intrusive condition that remains difficult to treat. This is due, in part, to the causes behind the disorder remaining hidden. Recent research, however, points the finger at brain inflammation.
June 22, 2017
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OCD May Be Linked to Inflammation in the Brain
Breakthrough could spur better treatments for anxiety disorder, researchers say
June 22, 2017
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OCD: Cognitive behavioral therapy improves brain connectivity
Researchers have used brain scans to measure changes in the cerebral activity of people with obsessive-compulsive disorder after undergoing a type of cognitive behavioral therapy. They found that the connectivity of key brain networks is improved, suggesting new targets for therapy.
September 14, 2017
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Older adults do not get enough help to make sure multiple drugs mix safely, new poll finds
Most older Americans take multiple medicines every day. But a new poll suggests they don't get -- or seek -- enough help to make sure those medicines actually mix safely.
November 29, 2017
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One in three Australians report health problems from fragranced consumer products
Many people report health problems -- ranging from migraine headaches to asthma attacks -- when exposed to common fragranced consumer products such as air fresheners, cleaning products, laundry supplies, and personal care products.
March 6, 2017
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Online relapse prevention tool offers 'cheap accessible option' for people with bipolar disorder
An online relapse prevention tool for Bipolar Disorder offers a "cheap accessible option" for people seeking support following treatment, say researchers.
April 28, 2017
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Opioid abuse following urologic surgery documented
About 1 in 1,111 patients who undergo urologic surgery experience opioid dependence or overdose, a study has found. Patients at highest risk were younger, underwent inpatient surgery, had longer hospital stays, were on Medicaid or Medicare or had a history of depression or COPD.
May 30, 2017
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Opioid Overdoses & Deaths Flooding U.S. Hospitals
Medical costs jumped more than $30,000 per patient in less than 10 years, study finds
August 11, 2017
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Opioid treatment drugs have similar outcomes once patients initiate treatment
NIDA study compares buprenorphine/naloxone combination to extended release naltrexone.
November 14, 2017
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Opioid-Related Deaths Might be Underestimated: CDC
Death certificates from drug-linked infections may not label painkillers as possible cause
April 25, 2017
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Opioids Not the Only Answer for Pain in the ER
As the opioid epidemic continues to sweep across the United States, a new study suggests that a combination of Motrin and Tylenol may work as well as narcotic painkillers for ER patients who suffer sprains or fractures.
November 7, 2017
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Oral allergy syndrome: Foods, symptoms, and treatments
Oral allergy syndrome is an allergic reaction that specifically affects the mouth, lips, tongue, and throat. It is related to allergic rhinitis, otherwise known as hay fever.
March 23, 2017
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Orthostatic hypotension: Causes, symptoms, and prevention
Orthostatic hypotension, also called postural hypotension, is defined as a sudden drop in blood pressure caused by a change in posture, such as when a person stands up quickly.
June 29, 2017
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Osteopenia: Causes, treatments, and prevention
Osteopenia involves low bone density. Bone density refers to the mass and strength of the bone.
July 12, 2017
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Osteoporosis: ACP update treatment guidelines for preventing bone fractures
To reduce the risk of hip and vertebral fractures in women with osteoporosis, physicians should treat them with the bisphosphonates risedronate, alendronate, or zoledronic acid, or alternatively with the biologic agent denosumab.
May 9, 2017
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Osteoporosis: Biology behind age-related bone loss revealed
Researchers have mapped a cell mechanism that plays a key role in age-related bone loss. They suggest that the results not only shed light on the biology of osteoporosis but should also help to develop new drugs to treat the disease.
September 26, 2017
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Outdated medical imaging technology places patients at potential risk for safety
The age of the installed base of medical imaging equipment is continuing to decline dramatically, placing patients at avoidable risk. to draw attention to this deterioration in equipment and the potentially serious consequences, COCIR is launching a new infographic at the 3rd edition of the EuroSafe Imaging presence at the European Congress of Radiology (ECR).
March 19, 2017
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Overactive bladder: Signs and symptoms
The bladder is the organ that collects urine from the kidneys and expels it when it is full. Ideally, a person can control their bladder, when they choose to urinate, and the amount of times they urinate during the day. When a person has an overactive bladder, they cannot always control these functions.
March 30, 2017
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Overactive bladder: Symptoms, myths, and misconceptions
Overactive bladder is a common condition marked by symptoms relating to the frequency and urgency of urination.
April 6, 2017
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Oxytocin system may be key target for developing medications to treat opioid addiction
A new review of published research indicates that the oxytocin system--a key player in social reward and stress regulation--is profoundly affected by opioid use. Therefore, it may be an important target for developing medications to treat opioid addiction and to prevent relapse.
April 5, 2017
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Misc. - P

Pain, emotions and the placebo effect
In a pioneering study, researchers used fMRI technology to show that a person's ability to reinterpret negative events and to control feelings influences how strongly a placebo will work to reduce pain.
August 29, 2017
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Painkillers might not work if you are sleep deprived, study suggests
New research uncovers unexpected links between sleep deprivation and pain sensitivity. the findings may have significant implications for pain management therapies.
May 8, 2017
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Panel develops plan for preventing youth suicide
An independent panel convened by the National Institutes of Health has developed a 10-year roadmap for advancing research to prevent youth suicide. the panel listed 29 recommendations that address three critical issues: improving data systems, enhancing data collection and analysis methods, and strengthening the research and practice community.
October 4, 2016
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Paraparesis: Causes, symptoms, and management
Paraparesis is the partial paralysis of both legs due to disrupted nerve signals from the brain to the muscles.
August 2, 2017
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Paraphimosis: Symptoms, treatment, and prevention
Paraphimosis is when the foreskin is pulled back behind the tip of the penis and becomes stuck there. The retracted foreskin and the penis become swollen, fluid can build up, and the foreskin is unable to return to its original position.
August 8, 2017
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Paraplegic rats walk and regain feeling after stem cell treatment
The rats show significantly improved mobility and sensory perception, as well as spinal cord healing
November 16, 2017
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Parents face difficulty in choosing right allergy medication for their kids
Tulips, songbirds and itchy little eyes -- all are sure signs of spring.
April 17, 2017
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Parents with bipolar benefit from self-help tool
Online self-management support for parents with Bipolar Disorder leads to improvements in parenting and child behavior.
May 17, 2017
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Patent analysis reveals that saffron bioactives can be used to treat multiple disorders
Increased stress levels, sleep disorders and obesity have become hallmarks of present lifestyle. These conditions are often correlated with serious health problems such as cancer, diabetes, cerebral ischemia, stroke, etc. Due to huge costs of current medical treatments for managing such problems along with undesired side effects, people are looking for natural remedies.
March 27, 2017
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Patient-centered medical home model effective at improving chronic disease outcomes
Data from more than 800 Veterans Health Administration (VHA) primary care clinics revealed that national implementation of a patient-centered medical home model was effective at improving several chronic disease outcomes over time. Findings were published online today in Health Services Research.
November 20, 2017
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Patients Often Reject Drug-Only Psych Treatment
Compliance more likely when doctors prescribe talk therapy, study finds
March 6, 2017
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Patients with cLBP more likely to use illicit drugs, study reports
People living with chronic low back pain (cLBP) are more likely to use illicit drugs -- including marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine -- compared to those without back pain, reports a study in Spine, published by Wolters Kluwer.
July 21, 2016
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Patients with family history of bipolar disorder more likely to engage in violence, study finds
A large population worldwide is affected by bipolar disorder and the heritability stands at around 80%.
February 3, 2017
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Patients with pulmonary embolism experience long term limitations to physical stamina
A multi-centre clinical study, led by Dr. Susan Kahn at the Jewish General Hospital (JGH), determined that nearly half of the patients who suffer a pulmonary embolism (PE) -- a blood clot in the lung -- experience long term limitations to their capacity for physical activity and that this had a negative impact on their quality of life.
March 21, 2017
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PCT screening could be promising tool to help shorten hospital stays, reduce costs for sepsis patients
New retrospective study in CHEST found procalcitonin testing at admission reduced the length of stay and total cost of care
January 10, 2017
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Pemphigoid: Symptoms, types, and treatment
Pemphigoid is a family of rare autoimmune conditions that causes blistering and rashes on the skin and mucous membranes.
June 21, 2017
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Pemphigus foliaceus: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
Pemphigus foliaceus is part of the pemphigus group of autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune diseases occur when the body's immune system attacks healthy tissue. In pemphigus foliaceus, the immune system damages skin cells called keratinocytes.
August 31, 2017
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Penile fracture: Symptoms, causes, and what to do
A penile fracture is a rare and alarming injury that may occur during sexual intercourse.
July 25, 2017
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Penile Implant for Erectile Dysfunction Erects Itself When Heated
Researchers at University of Wisconsin-Madison recently reported on a new penile implant designed to help men with erectile dysfunction. the device relies on nitinol, a memory alloy composed of nickel and titanium that was developed at the now defunct Naval Ordnance Laboratory. the metal responds to temperature changes by changing its shape, and the implant takes a compact bent shape when at body temperature while erecting into an impressively straight shape once it is warmed up slightly.
January 17, 2017
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Penn researchers find abnormally shortened telomeres in young DMD patients' muscle stem cells
Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have made a discovery about muscular dystrophy disorders that suggest new possibilities for treatment. In a study published today online in Stem Cell Reports, researchers found that stem cells in the muscles of muscular dystrophy patients may, at an early age, lose their ability to regenerate new muscle, due to shortened telomeres.
September 12, 2017
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Penn researchers unravel missing steps involved in movement of cellular cargo
Every time a hormone is released from a cell, every time a neurotransmitter leaps across a synapse to relay a message from one neuron to another, the cell must undergo exocytosis. this is the process responsible for transporting cellular contents via lipid-encapsulated vesicles to the cell surface membrane and then incorporating or secreting them through membrane fusion.
January 24, 2017
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Penn State scientists develop citrate-based fluorescent sensor for diagnosis of cystic fibrosis
Penn State biomaterials scientists have developed a new, inexpensive method for detecting salt concentrations in sweat or other bodily fluids. the fluorescent sensor, derived from citric acid molecules, is highly sensitive and highly selective for chloride, the key diagnostic marker in cystic fibrosis.
October 7, 2016
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Penn study provides explanation for link between social isolation and greatss
Social isolation has been linked to a wide range of health problems, as well as a shorter lifespan in humans and other animals. In fact, during a U.S. Senate hearing on aging issues this spring, a representative for the Gerontological Society of America urged lawmakers to support programs that help older adults stay connected to their communities, stating that social isolation is a "silent killer that places people at higher risk for a variety of poor health outcomes."
June 27, 2017
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PennTech® brand from SP Scientific get new, dedicated website
SP Scientific announces the launch of a new dedicated website for its PennTech® brand of advanced aseptic processing equipment for the pharmaceutical and biotech industries.
January 3, 2017
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People may not be taking good care of their face and eyes while on the slopes, study shows
Snow fanatics are no doubt aware of the risk of getting sunburnt on the slopes, but a new study shows that it is more than a red face that skiers and snowboarders should be concerned about.
October 31, 2017
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People sensitive to sexual disgust more likely to make duty-based moral judgments, study suggests
Every person has both utilitarian (consequentialist) and Kantian (duty- or rule-based) moral intuitions, which are activated in different situations in different ways. the field of Moral Psychology studies these types of intuitions and the psychological factors behind them. the emotion of disgust has been found to influence the formation of moral judgments.
April 13, 2017
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People with burnout symptoms react faster to negative sounds of voice, study reveals
Approximately every fourth working aged Finn experiences symptoms of burnout that include exhaustion, cynicism and reduced professional efficacy and often also difficulties in concentration and memory.
April 10, 2017
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People with chronic tic disorder have higher suicide risk than general population
People with Tourette's disorder or chronic tic disorder are over four times more likely to die by suicide than the general population, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry. Dr. David Mataix-Cols of Karolinska Institute, Sweden, led the study of the largest group of patients with tic disorders in the world.
July 4, 2017
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People with family history of alcoholism more likely to hold onto painful memory of hangovers
People with a family history of alcoholism are already known to be at a greater risk of developing a drinking problem, but new research led by Psychologist Dr Richard Stephens at Keele University has found they are also more likely to hold onto the painful memory of hangovers.
March 19, 2017
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People with PTSD appear to suffer from disrupted context processing, say researchers
For decades, neuroscientists and physicians have tried to get to the bottom of the age-old mystery of post-traumatic stress disorder, to explain why only some people are vulnerable and why they experience so many symptoms and so much disability.
October 7, 2016
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Peptide acts as mediator for learning
In order to adapt to changes in the environment, the brain produces new nerve cells even at adult age. These young neurons are crucial for memory formation and learning. Scientists have now discovered that a small peptide plays the role of a mediator in this process. In response to an external stimulus such as a varied environment, the mediator peptide boosts the proliferation of neural stem cells and neural progenitor cells.
April 7, 2017
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Periodic limb movement disorder: Symptoms and treatment
Periodic limb movement disorder is a condition characterized by repetitive movements of the limbs during sleep.
June 14, 2017
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PERK protein could be target for development of new drugs for progressive supranuclear palsy
The brain disease "progressive supranuclear palsy" is currently incurable and its symptoms can only be eased to a very limited degree. PSP impairs eye movements, locomotion, balance control, and speech. Scientists at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases and the Technical University of Munich have now discovered a molecular mechanism that may help in the search for effective treatments. Their study focusses on a protein called PERK. a team of researchers led by Prof. GHnger reports on this in the journal EMBO Molecular Medicine.
February 6, 2017
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Peroneal tendonitis: Causes, treatment, and recovery
Peroneal tendonitis occurs when the peroneal tendons become inflamed. This happens when there is an increased load and overuse of the tendons, leading to them rubbing on the bone.
July 13, 2017
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PET Tracer to Directly Detect Blood Clots
Researchers in Germany have developed a fluorine-based tracer compound that can bind with high affinity to small clots, allowing doctors to image them using positron emission tomography (PET).
July 11, 2017
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Pharmacists with expanded role in patient oversight reduce hospital readmission rates, study shows
Pharmacists given an expanded role in patient oversight can reduce the likelihood of high-risk patients returning to the hospital, according to a new study that underscores a potential cost-saving solution for a growing physician shortage.
March 16, 2017
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Phase 3 clinical trial for compound that shows promise in treatment of Rett syndrome
Rettsyndrome.org is pleased to share that Neuren Pharmaceuticals, today, after meeting with the FDA, will conduct a Phase 3 clinical trial for trofinetide, a compound that shows great promise in the treatment of Rett syndrome, in children and adults. This critical Phase 3 trial will be the final clinical step before FDA approval to become a prescribable drug.
October 13, 2017
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Pheochromocytoma: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
Pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor that develops in the adrenal glands in the body.
July 3, 2017
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Photodynamic therapy for acne: Costs and recovery
Photodynamic therapy uses medications called photosensitizers to boost the activity of a light-based skin treatment.
September 5, 2017
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Physical Therapy Equals Surgery for Carpal Tunnel
Conservative approach should be the first option, researcher says
March 24, 2017
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Physician explains how poor or low-quality sleep hinders common resolutions
Making new Year's resolutions is easy. Keeping them – beyond a couple of weeks, at least – is tough.
January 20, 2017
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Physicians trained at lowest-ranked medical schools write more opioid prescriptions, study finds
Physicians trained at the United States' lowest-ranked medical schools write more opioid prescriptions than physicians trained at the highest-ranked schools, according to a study by Princeton University. The study suggests that better training for physicians, and for general practitioners in particular, could help curb the nation's opioid epidemic.
August 14, 2017
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Pickwickian syndrome: All you need to know
Pickwickian syndrome is a condition that arises from disordered breathing during sleep.
August 18, 2017
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Pig-human hybrid brings us closer to barnyard organ factories
It's a big, ethically murky step, but pig-human organs are still far away.
January 27, 2017
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Pillbox for Windows 10 helps you remember your medication
Pillbox is a Windows 10 app designed to be a simple and user-friendly alarm application that reminds you to take daily medication.
March 28, 2017
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Pilonidal cyst: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
A pilonidal cyst develops in the cleft between the buttocks. Just as any other cyst, a pilonidal cyst can become infected and pus-filled.
June 19, 2017
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Piriformis syndrome: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
Piriformis syndrome causes pain in the buttocks and hip. It occurs when the sciatic nerve is irritated by the piriformis muscle.
July 26, 2017
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Pitt researchers shed more light on neurobiology of reading
Reading is a relatively modern and uniquely human skill. for this reason, visual word recognition has been a puzzle for neuroscientists because the neural systems responsible for reading could not have evolved for this purpose.
July 21, 2016
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Pittcon conference registration opens for 2017
The Registration Committee today announced that conferee registration is now open for Pittcon 2017, the world's premier annual conference and exposition for laboratory science. the event will be held March 5-9, 2017, at the West Hall of McCormick Place, Chicago, IL.
October 4, 2016
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Pfeiffer syndrome: What to know
Pfeiffer syndrome is a rare genetic condition that causes the premature fusing of the skull, resulting in an abnormal shaping of the face and head. It also affects the hands and feet.
October 11, 2017
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Plague: Scary But Rare
Plague -- an infectious disease that killed millions of people during the Middle Ages -- is a scary illness.
August 17, 2017
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Plant-based drug for hemophilia shows promise in animal models
People with hemophilia require regular infusions of clotting factor to prevent them from experiencing uncontrolled bleeding. But a significant fraction develop antibodies against the clotting factor, essentially experiencing an allergic reaction to the very treatment that can prolong their lives.
February 13, 2017
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Plantar flexion: Function, anatomy, and injuries
Plantar flexion describes the extension of the ankle so that the foot points down and away from the leg.
July 6, 2017
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Plastics compound, BPS, often substituted for BPA, alters mouse moms' behavior and brain regions
Impaired behavior in pregnant and lactating mice
December 22, 2016
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Pleural effusion: Causes, diagnosis, and treatment
Pleural effusion is caused by many disorders and can potentially be life-threatening.
June 21, 2017
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Pneumothorax: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Pneumothorax, commonly called a collapsed lung, can be a painful and worrying experience.
June 27, 2017
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Polio vaccine developed using tobacco plants could transform how vaccines are made
Scientists have used plants to create a new polio vaccine in what is hoped to be a breakthrough in the way vaccines are made.
August 16, 2017
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Polydipsia: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Polydipsia is the medical term for extreme thirst, which does not improve no matter how much a person drinks.
July 3, 2017
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Poor and less-educated older Americans more likely to suffer from chronic pain, research shows
Poorer and less-educated older Americans are more like to suffer from chronic pain than those with greater wealth and more education, but the disparity between the two groups is much greater than previously thought, climbing as high as 370 percent in some categories, according to new research by a University at Buffalo medical sociologist.
February 8, 2017
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Poor mental health sees hundreds of thousands of people leaving their jobs every year
Poor mental health causes up to 300,000 people to leave their jobs every year, according to a review called "Thriving at Work."
October 26, 2017
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Poor Sleep May Worsen Suicidal Thoughts
Treating insomnia might help improve emotional well-being, researchers suggest
June 28, 2017
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Poor social skills may negatively affect physical and mental health
Those who struggle in social situations may be at greater risk for mental and physical health problems, according to a new study from the University of Arizona.
November 6, 2017
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Popcorn lung: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Popcorn lung is a rare condition that causes airway scarring due to inflammation and eventually lung damage.
July 7, 2017
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Popular Heartburn Drugs May Boost Death Risk: Study
It's not the first time the drugs, also known as PPIs, have been linked to health dangers. Previous studies have tied the drugs to kidney problems, dementia, and bone fractures, although not all research has agreed.
July 3, 2017
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Porphyria: Types, causes, and management
Porphyria refers to a group of genetic disorders that can affect the nervous system or the skin.
July 14, 2017
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Posterior nosebleed: Causes and how to stop them
Nosebleeds, also known as epistaxis, occur when blood vessels inside the nose are damaged. This damage leads to blood flowing out from inside the nose.
August 22, 2017
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Positive change in sleep linked to better physical and mental wellbeing, study shows
Improving your sleep quality is as beneficial to health and happiness as winning the lottery, according to research by the University of Warwick.
March 16, 2017
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Postoperative patients use fewer opioid medications than prescribed after hernia surgery
A study by investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Newton-Wellesley Hospital (NWH) found that patients prescribed opioid medications after inguinal (groin) hernia surgery used significantly fewer tablets than prescribed, even though they had received fewer than typically administered for such surgery. Not only did 86 percent of patients use less than half the prescribed tablets, 60 percent of them used no opioids at all, relying totally on other types of pain medication.
August 9, 2017
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Pot Smokers May Face Greater Risk of Alcohol Abuse
Marijuana users also less likely to quit drinking, researchers say
March 8, 2016
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Potential drug could become first effective treatment option for Prader-Willi syndrome
Duke Health researchers have identified a drug-like small molecule that, in animal experiments, appears to be an effective treatment for a genetic disorder called Prader-Willi syndrome.
December 27, 2016
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Potential new treatment for cystic fibrosis uncovered
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease that affects tens of thousands of people in the United States and worldwide. There is currently no cure for the condition, but new research proposes a novel therapeutic approach that may soon stop the disease from progressing.
April 10, 2017
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POTS syndrome: Symptoms, causes, and treatment
People with postural orthostatic tachycardia (POTS) experience a marked increase in heart rate upon standing up that can cause a variety of symptoms.
November 21, 2017
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Pre-surgery information can help predict cognitive decline after postoperative delirium, study finds
Evidence suggests that experiencing delirium after surgery can lead to long-term cognitive decline in older adults. However, not everyone who experiences delirium will suffer this fate. After a recent study, researchers at Hebrew SeniorLife's Institute for Aging Research and Brigham and Women's Channing Division of Network Medicine (both Harvard Medical School affiliates) have discovered that we can predict cognitive decline after postoperative delirium using pre-surgery information from patients, particularly information on pre-surgery cognitive function.
March 15, 2017
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Prescription sleep aids may stimulate suicidal thoughts or actions
Prescription sleep aids appear to carry a rare risk of suicide, most typically when they cause the unexpected response of stimulating rather than quietening patients, researchers say.
October 4, 2016
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Pressured speech in bipolar disorder: Symptoms and causes
Pressured speech is a symptom of several mental health conditions. Bipolar disorder is one of the more common disorders that includes pressured speech among its symptom.
August 31, 2017
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Preterm adults have 'older' brains, finds study
Adolescents and adults who were born very prematurely may have "older" brains than those who were born full term, a new study reveals.
September 27, 2017
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Priapism: Treatment, causes, symptoms, and types
Priapism is a prolonged and often painful erection of the penis. It causes blood in the penis to become trapped and unable to drain through the penile arteries.
August 1, 2017
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Prickly heat: Images, causes, and treatment
Miliaria rubra, commonly called prickly heat or heat rash, is a rash that causes a warm, stinging or prickly sensation on the skin. The feeling is usually accompanied by small red dots in the affected area. The rash may also have small blisters.
October 4, 2017
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Princeton-Intel collaboration builds new software to decode brain scans
Early this year, about 30 neuroscientists and computer programmers got together to improve their ability to read the human mind.
February 24, 2017
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Probing the brain in high resolution with graphene based neural probes
Graphene-based transistors enable a flexible neural probe with excellent signal-to-noise ratio. Such probes are useful for examining neural activity for understanding diseases, as well as in neuroprosthetics for control of artificial limbs.
March 27, 2017
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Probiotic could help alleviate hay fever symptoms
Itchy eyes, runny nose, and sneezing; allergy season is just around the corner. According to a new study, however, symptoms of hay fever could be reduced with a simple probiotic.
March 2, 2017
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Proctalgia fugax and anal pain: Causes and treatments
Proctalgia fugax refers to the sudden onset of severe pain in the rectum area, which can last from seconds to minutes. the pain is sporadic and can be without warning.
May 2, 2017
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Professional baseball players struggle to return to play after biceps tenodesis, research shows
Professional baseball players struggle to return to a high level of play after biceps tenery, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Specialty day in San Diego. the study examined how players with SLAP tears responded to biceps tenodesis.
March 19, 2017
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Promoting innate detoxification mechanisms could be efficient strategy to reduce cellular oxidative stress
Promoting innate detoxification mechanisms in the body and discovering which supplements increase the efficacy of those biochemical pathways could be an efficient strategy to reduce the cellular oxidative stress and protect our health, according to an article published in the journal Food Chemistry, by the researchers Rafael Franco, from the Institute of Biomedicine of the University of Barcelona, and Eva Martínez Pinilla, from the Institute of Neurosciences of Asturias (INEUROPA) and the University of Oviedo.
June 21, 2017
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Protein changes essential for normal adult muscle function
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine have shed light on the process that guides the maturation of newborn muscles into adult, fully functional organs. In mice, they determined that a group of genes involved in calcium handling undergoes a highly-regulated process called alternative splicing that changes the type of protein the genes produce as muscles transition from newborn to adult.
August 14, 2017
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Protein structure could pave way for effective drugs to treat cystic fibrosis
Biochemists at the University of Zurich have used cryo-electron microscopy to determine the detailed architecture of the chloride channel TMEM16A. This protein is a promising target for the development of effective drugs to treat cystic fibrosis.
December 13, 2017
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Protein that protects fetus during pregnancy could help treat atopic dermatitis
A protein which protects the fetus during pregnancy, HLA-G1, shows high potential for treating atopic dermatitis and other related diseases.
August 4, 2017
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Prototype ARKE Exoskeleton Features Alexa Voice Controls
Bionik Laboratories, a company based in Toronto, Canada, is developing a lower body exoskeleton to get wheelchair bound people to start walking again. Currently in its second generation prototype, the ARKE exoskeleton is designed to be light, powerful, efficient, and perhaps most importantly, aiming to achieve a comfortable and natural walking gait.
August 9, 2017
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Pseudophakia (IOL): Signs you need them and complications
Pseudophakia translates from the Latin to mean false lens. The term refers to the implanting of an intraocular lens to replace a natural lens, the lens being the clear part of the eye that focuses light and images, enabling a person to see.
October 13, 2017
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Psoriasis and stress: What's the link?
Psoriasis is a long-term, itchy, and uncomfortable skin condition that is linked to stress in several ways. Not only can stress trigger psoriasis flare-ups, but living with psoriasis can have a detrimental effect on a person's overall mental health.
November 20, 2017
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Psoriasis in pictures: Different types and symptoms
Psoriasis is one of the most common autoimmune diseases. It causes changes in the skin and can trigger psoriatic arthritis.
April 4, 2017
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Psoriasis on the face: Symptoms, causes, and treatments
Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes cells to develop rapidly on the skin. this growth can create thick, scaly patches that may be itchy and uncomfortable.
April 28, 2017
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Psoriasis scars: Treatment and prevention
Psoriasis is a skin disease that can cause scaly red and silvery patches to form on many areas of the body. These areas include around the joints, trunk, and scalp.
April 14, 2017
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Psoriasis versus dandruff: how to tell the difference
Dandruff and psoriasis of the scalp can look very similar. Both skin conditions produce flakes of skin, but there are some differences.
April 12, 2017
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Psoriasis versus seborrheic dermatitis: how to tell the difference
Psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis can look similar. some people may have both of these skin conditions, but the two disorders have some key differences.
April 12, 2017
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Psychedelic drugs could help mental health patients recover from their symptoms
The altered state of consciousness and temporary lack of ego that results from using psychedelic drugs could help some mental health patients recover from their symptoms, according to academics at the University of Adelaide.
August 8, 2017
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Psychological tools help high-risk chronic pain patients to taper opioid use
Psychological support and new coping skills are helping patients at high risk of developing chronic pain and long-term, high-dose opioid use taper their opioids and rebuild their lives with activities that are meaningful and joyful to them.
June 29, 2017
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Psychotic experiences double risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors, study finds
Otherwise healthy people who experience hallucinations or delusions are more likely to have later suicidal thoughts or attempts, an international study has found.
August 30, 2017
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PTSD 'should be viewed as a systemic disorder'
A new study finds that adults with post-traumatic stress disorder are much more likely to experience sleep disorders, gastrointestinal problems, cardiovascular diseases, and numerous other health conditions. as such, researchers say that post-traumatic stress disorder should be considered a systemic disorder, as opposed to just a psychological condition.
April 3, 2017
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Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy can improve sleep, according to 94% of users
Organised by the Sleep Council, Sleeptember is a month-long campaign aiming to raise awareness of the health benefits from a good night's sleep. British company, NewMed Ltd., is making people aware that they too can benefit from a good night's sleep thanks to PEMF therapy.
August 30, 2017
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Pupil dilation patterns of speakers and listeners synchronize during shared attention, study finds
A new Dartmouth study finds that listeners are most likely to tune in when a speaker delivers the most emotional peaks of his/her narrative, as revealed by synchronous pupil dilation patterns of speakers and listeners due to shared attention.
April 11, 2017
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Pyk2 deficits contribute to memory problems in Huntington's disease mouse model
Researchers from the Institute of Neurosciences of the UB and from IDIBAPS together with a team from the University Pierre and Marie Curie (UPMC, France) and the Institute du Fer à Moulin, published a study in Nature Communications, which demonstrates that the regulation in Pyk2, a protein-tyrosine kinase, causes alterations of the synaptic plasticity involved in memory tasks, associated with the hippocampus in mouse models of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Huntington's.
June 13, 2017
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Misc. - Q

Quack trial to resurrect brain-dead folks revived with new location
After getting shut down in India last year, US-based company announces new plans.
June 1, 2017
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Quickly determine dissolved particle concentration in solution
The K-7400S Semi-Micro Osmometer from KNAUER allows fast and easy analysis of aqueous liquids. Using the proven technology of freezing point depression, the device determines the total concentration of all dissolved particles of a solution. this makes it suitable especially for quality control in the industrial sector and for the use in research laboratories.
April 12, 2017
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Misc. - R

Rapid Phone-Based Test for Multiple Infectious Pathogens
Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Washington at Tacoma have partnered to develop a compact, portable, and easy to use system for simultaneously detecting a variety of bacteria and viruses that cause disease. The system provides results in about a half an hour, which are nearly as accurate as laboratory equipment, and the technology can be used in the field and at the point-of-care.
October 23, 2017
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Raccoon eyes: Causes and treatments
Raccoon eyes may be used to describe large dark rings around the eyes. They can signify a few different conditions that cause internal bleeding near the eyes.
August 22, 2017
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Radiculopathy: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Radiculopathy, or a pinched nerve in the spine, can lead to a variety of uncomfortable symptoms, including pain, weakness, and numbness.
July 18, 2017
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Radiometer sponsors World Sepsis Day for second consecutive year
In continuation of Radiometer's commitment to the fight against sepsis -- one of the world's deadliest diseases - Radiometer is proud to sponsor World Sepsis Day for the second consecutive year.
September 1, 2017
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Ramp-up tones could be effective alerting method to reduce stress on firefighters
An article published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene that examines long-term health effects suffered by emergency responders indicates that "ramp-up" alert tones can help reduce stress on firefighters.
October 5, 2016
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Rare Disease day at NIH event features advances in rare diseases research
Rare diseases affect an estimated 25 million Americans. on Feb. 27, 2017, the National Institutes of Health will host Rare Disease day at NIH to raise awareness about rare diseases, the people they affect, and research collaborations that are making a difference.
February 22, 2017
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Rat Lungworm: A Nasty Parasite With an Uglier Name
A new study has found that nearly a quarter of rats that researchers tested in Florida carried a nasty parasite with a name as ugly as its host.
June 30, 2017
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Rattlesnake bite: Symptoms, treatment, and timeline
A bite from a venomous snake, such as a rattlesnake, is an emergency. If a person is bitten, it is critical they get medical help fast.
August 29, 2017
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Reduced mastication impairs memory and learning functions, research reveals
Recently, frequency of mastication has dramatically decreased along with changes in dietary habits. Masticatory stimulation has influence on the development of the central nervous system as well as the growth of maxillofacial tissue in children. Recently, deterioration of masticatory function due to aging and the consequent reduction of brain function has become major problems. Although the relationship between mastication and brain function is potentially important, the mechanism underlying is not fully understood.
July 10, 2017
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Reducing antioxidant levels in the colon may have positive effect on GI inflammation
A new study finds that lowering the levels of an antioxidant in the colon has an unexpectedly positive effect on gastrointestinal (GI) inflammation.
September 28, 2017
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Reducing DVT and leg ulcers through personalized compression socks
What was the vision behind Isobar Compression's deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) solution?
July 4, 2017
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Refugees have specialized treatment needs due to past trauma and loss
In a study of children and adolescents referred for mental health services at US trauma treatment sites, there were important differences in the experiences of refugee youth who were displaced by war-related violence relative to immigrants and those born in the United States.
June 15, 2017
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Regenerative medicine breakthrough: Can a small chip 'heal' entire organs?
What was once the stuff of science fiction is now becoming a reality: entire organs may soon be "healed" by simply touching a small chip.
August 7, 2017
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Rejuvenating the brain's disposal system
A characteristic feature of Alzheimer's disease is the presence of so called amyloid plaques in the patient's brain -- aggregates of misfolded proteins that clump together and damage nerve cells. Researchers have now discovered a strategy to help the brain remove amyloid plaques.
December 21, 2016
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Relieve stress and anxiety with this top-rated meditation app
We're living in anxious times where it can be tough to take the time to reflect and relax your mind with some mindful meditation. There are many mindfulness apps available out there, but not all are created equal. You'll want to find one that's been thoughtfully designed and optimized for personalization.
June 15, 2017
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Relieving chronic pain with behavioral strategies
Behavioral strategies that relieve the physical and emotional burdens of chronic pain are becoming more commonplace, not just as alternatives or adjuncts to problematic opioid analgesics, but as effective means to restore daily functioning.
July 28, 2017
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Removing flowers from invasive shrub could reduce malaria transmission
Proper management of an invasive shrub in mosquito-prone regions could reduce mosquito populations and malaria transmission, say researchers.
July 4, 2017
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Renishaw applauds University Hospital of Wales on first robotic-assisted neurosurgery for epilepsy
Renishaw is pleased to congratulate the University Hospital of Wales on a successful first robotic assisted stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) neurosurgery procedure. this landmark procedure, which identified the source for epileptic seizures, coincided with BioWales, an annual conference, which celebrates Wales' position as a global pioneer in the life science sector.
April 13, 2017
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Repairing damaged nerves and tissue with spider threads
The golden orb-weaver spider from Tanzania spins such strong webs that Tanzanian fishermen use them for fishing. Their spider silk is more tear-resistant than nylon and four times more elastic than steel, is heat-stable up to 250\u00B0C, extremely waterproof and, on top of that, has antibacterial properties. These characteristics also make it attractive from the point of view of biomedical research.
July 28, 2017
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Repetition of other parts of speech can influence magnitude of syntactic priming effect
According to Glasgow and HSE/Northumbria researchers, repetition of non-verbs as well as verbs can boost the effect of syntactic priming, i.e. the likelihood of people reproducing the structure of the utterance they have just heard.
April 17, 2017
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Report reveals high risk of back, shoulder and other injuries for competitive divers
Competitive divers face a high risk of injuring their shoulders, back, elbows, wrists and other body parts, according to a report by a Loyola Medicine sports medicine physician.
October 30, 2017
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Report: LG's next flagship might come earlier than expected
For the last few years, LG has been on a bit of a crusade, the objective of which is to make its flagship line achieve maximum popularity. The manufacturer has resorted to all sorts of unconventional approaches, from making the 2016 LG G5 modular, to releasing this year's G6 in March with the hopes of selling as many units as possible before the Galaxy S8 and other Android flagships managed to hit the shelves.
June 15, 2017
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Report: Overall burden of kidney disease remains high in the U.S.
According to an annual data report from the United State Renal Data System, the overall burden of kidney disease remains high in U.S. with the rates of kidney failure requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation ranking among the highest in the world.
October 26, 2017
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Report: Secret Apple team is working to make your iPhone a medical record hub
Your lab results, prescriptions, and doctor's visits could soon be accessible from your iPhone.
June 15, 2017
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Research findings could lead to effective repair therapies for peripheral nerve damage
Research published today, 30th January 2017 online in the Journal of Cell Biology, has for the first time identified how a bodily protein allows nerves of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) to repair following injury.
January 30, 2017
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Research findings open door to new class of analgesics for treating neuropathic pain
New research published online in the FASEB Journal suggests that a novel therapeutic target called LPCAT2 may prove effective against pain that is not receptive to the current treatments. this study has also revealed the existence of a platelet alleviating factor (PAF) pain loop, suggesting a possible role for PAF-receptor antagonists.
March 28, 2017
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Research findings reveal which brain region stimulates divergent behavior
Have you ever been stuck in a rut, going through the same motions day in and day out? How do you motivate to change your behavior?
October 24, 2017
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Research finds mental and emotional health apps as effective self-help tools
When it comes to strengthening your mental or emotional health, would you trust an app?
November 20, 2017
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Research finds no link between mouth and anus with embryonic blastopore
Animals often form either the mouth or the anus from an opening that appears in the early embryo, which is called the blastopore.
December 20, 2016
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Research finds no 'weekend admission effect' for patients with hip fracture in the NHS
New research has found NHS patients admitted to hospital at the weekend with a hip fracture are at no greater risk of death compared to weekdays. In fact, the risk of death during the hospital stay was lower at the weekend than in the week. Only a delay to surgery; undergoing surgery on a Sunday, when provision for operations in many hospitals is less, being discharged from hospital on a Sunday; or out of hours were associated with an increased risk of death at 30 days.
March 27, 2017
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Research lays groundwork to develop realistic 'biomimetic neuroprosthetics'
By applying a novel computer algorithm to mimic how the brain learns, a team of researchers -- with the aid of the Comet supercomputer based at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at UC San Diego and the Center's Neuroscience Gateway -- has identified and replicated neural circuitry that resembles the way an unimpaired brain controls limb movement.
May 11, 2017
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Research may lead to first-ever pharmacological treatment for rare genetic bone disease
Scientists at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) report that a drug candidate that blocks abnormal protein signals may lead to the first pharmacologic treatment for hereditary multiple exostoses (HME), a rare pediatric genetic disease. HME causes multiple, disabling bone outgrowths (called exostoses or osteochondromas) and skeletal deformities, and such drugs could potentially spare patients the prospect of numerous, sometimes difficult childhood surgeries, while also reducing their risk of cancer.
August 29, 2017
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Research program focuses on risks that threaten entire future of humanity
What risks threaten the entire future of humanity within the next hundred years? And what should we do to protect against them? A group of researchers will take on these questions in the autumn as part of the research program Existential risk to humanity at Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.
September 4, 2017
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Research provides insight into Achilles tendon function in rats
The Achilles tendon is the strongest tendon in the human body. It can bear loads exceeding over 900 kilograms during running. Despite its strength, it is prone to injuries and it is not yet well known what factors predict good or bad recovery from injuries.
November 20, 2017
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Research provides insights into how light may interact with the brain to affect sleep
Humans are diurnal animals, meaning that we usually sleep at night and are awake during the day, due at least in part to light or the lack thereof. Light is known to affect sleep indirectly by entraining--modifying the length of--our circadian rhythms and also rapidly and directly due to a phenomenon known as masking. But while a great deal is known about how light affects circadian rhythms, little is known about the direct effects of light on sleep: Why do we tend to wake up if the lights are flipped on in the middle of the night?
June 23, 2017
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Research sheds light on key genes essential to pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori
Professor Frederic Veyrier's most recent research, in collaboration with the team of Professor Hilde De Reuse at the Institut Pasteur, has shed light on key genes essential to the pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori bacterium, which causes gastric infections. Like other microorganisms, this pathogen underwent genetic modifications through the course of evolution that enabled it to adapt to its environment.
December 21, 2016
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Research sheds new light on reasons behind recurrent aphthous stomatitis
A burning pain sensation - and treatments that do not work. this is what daily life is like for many of those who suffer from recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Research from the Sahlgrenska Academy now sheds new light on the reasons behind this condition found in the mouth.
March 28, 2017
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Research shows clear link between heart and the brain of LQTS patients
Researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center recently discovered a genetic link between Long QT Syndrome (LQTS), a rare cardiac rhythm disease, and an increased risk for seizures. the study also found that people with LQTS who experience seizures are at greater risk of sudden cardiac death.
July 29, 2016
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Research shows pNaKtide can attenuate development of NAFLD and atherosclerosis
Building on their recent research focusing on a peptide, pNaKtide, designed to block the oxidant amplifying function of the cellular sodium-potassium pump, researchers at Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine have successfully demonstrated that pNaKtide, can attenuate the development of experimental nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and atherosclerosis.
March 15, 2017
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Research suggests natural remedy for sleep problems in young people
A collaborative research project involving James Cook University and the University of Queensland indicates high rates of sleep problems continuing through teenage years and into early adulthood - but also suggests a natural remedy.
September 28, 2017
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Research suggests new type of congenital muscular dystrophy
A newly discovered mutation in the INPP5K gene, which leads to short stature, muscle weakness, intellectual disability, and cataracts, suggests a new type of congenital muscular dystrophy.
February 10, 2017
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Research using pig knees may improve treatment of joint injuries in young people
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have published research on how the knees of pigs compare to human knees at various stages of maturity -- a finding that will advance research by this group and others on injury treatment in young people.
May 15, 2017
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Research: Surgical approaches may not offer added benefit to patients with tennis elbow
Surgical approaches to treating tennis elbow may not offer additional benefit to patients, as discussed in research presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Specialty day in San Diego. the study, a randomized, double-blinded clinical trial, explored patient responses to a common surgery aimed at repairing a damaged elbow, compared to a placebo procedure.
March 19, 2017
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Researchers aim to repurpose former experimental cancer therapy to treat muscular dystrophy
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is caused by a faulty gene that leads to progressive muscle weakness.
June 13, 2017
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Researchers awarded $3.7 million to study behavioral health risks of sexual minority adolescents
Sheree Schrager, PhD, MS, an investigator at Children's Hospital Los Angeles, and fellow investigator, Jeremy Goldbach, PhD, of the USC Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, have been awarded $3.7 million by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities of the NIH to study the behavioral health risks of sexual minority adolescents -those who identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual.
October 31, 2017
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Researchers closer to cracking neural code of love
Neuroscientists have discovered a key connection between areas of the adult female prairie vole's brain reward system that promotes the emergence of pair bonds. Results from this study could help efforts to improve social abilities in human disorders with impaired social function, such as autism.
May 31, 2017
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Researchers compare bone-healing effects of three low-dose growth factors
Researchers compared the effects of three bone growth factors to bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) -- the most commonly used agent for repair of large bone defects, which is not without risks at the doses required--and showed significant bone-healing effects including the formation of new blood vessels at low doses relative to BMP2. These findings, which suggest that the osteogenic factors Nell-1, HMGB1, and CCN2 could enhance bone defect repair using biomaterials, without the need to harvest patient tissue, are reported in Tissue Engineering, Part A, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available free on the Tissue Engineering website until August 25, 2017.
July 28, 2017
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Researchers create a roadmap of bipolar disorder and how it affects the brain
Global study reveals thinning of gray matter in brain regions responsible for inhibition, emotion
May 2, 2017
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Researchers create a T-shirt that monitors the wearer's breathing rate in real time
Researchers have created a smart T-shirt that monitors the wearer's respiratory rate in real time. This innovation paves the way for manufacturing clothing that could be used to diagnose respiratory illnesses or monitor people suffering from asthma, sleep apnea, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
May 18, 2017
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Researchers create a T-shirt that monitors the wearer's breathing rate in real time
Researchers at Universite Laval's Faculty of Science and Engineering and its Center for Optics, Photonics, and Lasers have created a smart T-shirt that monitors the wearer's respiratory rate in real time.
May 18, 2017
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Researchers create first animal model of rare disease linked to problem of adrenal glands
The name of the gene is Armc5, for Armadillo repeat containing 5. Until now, its function was unknown. After 10 years of research, a team at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) has succeeded in deleting this gene in experimental mice and discovered that its loss gives rise to a heretofore unidentified syndrome. this syndrome is provisionally called Armadillo Syndrome.
February 7, 2017
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Researchers create smart, mechanized undergarment to offload stress on the low back
TV infomercials offer a world of potential solutions for back pain, but most of them have at least one of three problems -; they're unproven, unworkable or just plain unattractive.
August 1, 2017
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Researchers define action profile of experimental drug intended to treat chronic pain
At high doses, drug candidate BIA 10-2474 binds not only to the protein that it targets, but to other proteins as well. It thus deactivates proteins that are involved in the metabolism of nerve cells. This is what an international group of researchers from Leiden University and Erasmus MC, among others, write in Science (9 June).
June 9, 2017
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Researchers describe ultrasensitive detection of protein linked to multiple autoimmune diseases
Researchers in France have developed a new method that will allow doctors to detect minute amounts of a protein called interferon- in patient samples. the technique, which is described in the study "Detection of interferon- protein reveals differential levels and cellular sources in disease" published April 18 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine ("Detection of interferon alpha protein reveals differential levels and cellular sources in disease"), will aid the diagnosis and treatment of numerous autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and dermatomyositis.
April 18, 2017
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Researchers detect protozoa in drinking water that cause diarrheal outbreaks
Researchers from the University of Zaragoza (Spain) have analyzed drinking water and detected oocysts of Cryptosporidium and cysts of Giardia, two protozoa that cause outbreaks of diarrhea in humans. The levels detected are very low and do not represent a health risk; however, according to the study, the ubiquity of these parasites and the inefficiency of conventional water treatment in reducing them may present a public health issue.
June 28, 2017
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Researchers develop biosensor that enables development of new health tests
Researchers at Aalto University, Finland, have developed a biosensor that enables creating a range of new easy-to-use health tests similar to home pregnancy tests. The plasmonic biosensor can detect diseased exosomes even by the naked eye. Exosomes, important indicators of health conditions, are cell-derived vesicles that are present in blood and urine.
December 13, 2017
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Researchers develop computational method to guide surgeons during brain surgery
Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, in cooperation with the University of Strasbourg, have developed a computational method that could be used to guide surgeons during brain surgery.
June 15, 2017
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Researchers develop innovative methodology for evaluating benefits of new medicines
An innovative new methodology for evaluating the benefits of new medicines has been developed by a team of researchers led by health economics and policy experts from the Department of Health Policy at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).
September 4, 2017
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Researchers develop new approach to manufacturing mechanical metamaterials
Ill-fitting joint sockets, contact dermatitis and sebaceous cysts are just a few of the problems plaguing prosthetic patients. they are all a result of the pressure that their prosthetic devices place on the soft tissue of their bodies.
July 29, 2016
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Researchers develop new biocompatible materials for soft-tissue adhesion
Researchers at Okayama University describe in Acta Biomaterialia a new type of biocompatible adhesive material. The adhesive, made from nanoparticles of hydroxyapatite, glues both synthetic hydrogels and mouse soft tissue, providing a promising alternative to organic materials currently in use for clinical applications.
June 30, 2017
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Researchers develop new blood test that can accurately diagnose concussions
Scientists from Children's Health Research Institute, a program of Lawson Health Research Institute, and Western University have developed a new blood test that identifies with greater than 90 per cent certainty whether or not an adolescent athlete has suffered a concussion.
November 7, 2016
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Researchers develop new computation method for better estimation of indoor carbon dioxide
Measurements of indoor carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are used to evaluate indoor air quality, which is strongly linked to the levels of contaminants, such as gases and particles, circulating about with CO2. this information also can be used to control ventilation, which helps clean the air, and reduce the need for heating and cooling, which saves energy.
April 28, 2017
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Researchers develop new method to create endocytosis on demand
A solution to the problem of creating endocytosis on demand is being compared to 'hotwiring' a car.
September 28, 2017
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Researchers develop new method to quickly diagnose kidney damage
Researchers from Aarhus University have developed a method for diagnosing kidney damage that is both quick and precise. Once the first patients are placed in the scanner, it will not take more than 45 minutes to make a diagnosis.
February 9, 2017
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Researchers develop new system with robot hands that learns how to grasp objects
Cluster of Excellence CITEC presents new system that learns how to grasp objects
June 8, 2017
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Researchers develop new tool to share clinico-genomic data
Researchers from Universidad Politecnica de Madrid have developed a new tool that provides standard and shared clinico-genomic data among European healthcare institutions.
November 20, 2017
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Researchers develop new 'visual biofeedback' system for speech therapy
Captured using an ultrasound probe placed under the jaw, these movements are processed by a machine learning algorithm that controls an "articulatory talking head." As well as the face and lips, this avatar shows the tongue, palate and teeth, which are usually hidden inside the vocal tract. This "visual biofeedback" system, which ought to be easier to understand and therefore should produce better correction of pronunciation, could be used for speech therapy and for learning foreign languages.
October 13, 2017
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Researchers develop optimized sensors to study biochemical underpinnings of learning and memory
Learning and memory are crucial aspects of everyday life. When we learn, our neurons use chemical and molecular signals to change their shapes and strengthen connections between neurons, a process known as synaptic plasticity. In Ryohei Yasuda's lab at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI), scientists are working to understand how these molecules send messages throughout the neuron.
March 9, 2017
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Researchers develop sensor-equipped gloves to accurately measure muscle stiffness
Everyone experiences stiff muscles from time to time, whether after a rigorous workout, in cold weather, or after falling asleep in an unusual position. People with cerebral palsy, stroke and multiple sclerosis, however, live with stiff muscles every single day, making everyday tasks such as extending an arm extremely difficult and painful for them. and since there isn't a foolproof way to objectively rate muscle stiffness, these patients often receive doses of medication that are too low or too high.
April 20, 2017
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Researchers Developing Test For Lyme Disease
Although the research is in its infancy, scientists say they're on the hunt for an early detection blood test for tick-borne Lyme disease infection.
August 18, 2017
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Researchers devise new way of creating common anti-malarial medication
Researchers at Cardiff University have devised a new way of creating a drug commonly used as the first line of defence against malaria around the world.
March 15, 2017
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Researchers discover circadian clock at work in our muscles
Biological clocks are ticking everywhere throughout our body. They trigger the release of the hormone melatonin during sleep, favour the secretion of digestive enzymes at lunchtime or keep us awake at the busiest moments of the day. A master clock in the brain synchronizes all the subsidiary ones in various organs.
October 3, 2017
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Researchers discover 'Developmental Split-Brain syndrome' caused by biallelic mutations in DCC gene
In a study published in Nature Genetics, Dr Saumya Jamuar, co-founder of Global Gene Corp and a visiting scientist at Harvard Medical School, under the supervision of Prof Christopher Walsh and A/Prof Timothy Yu of Harvard Medical School, reports on a new disease entity that they discovered in their quest to map novel human disorders related to brain development.
March 3, 2017
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Researchers discover how fat soluble vitamins may offer viable solution for treating cystic fibrosis
Researchers from Queen's University Belfast have discovered why antibiotics for treating people with cystic fibrosis are becoming less effective and how fat soluble vitamins might offer a viable solution.
March 27, 2017
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Researchers discover mechanism that controls release of molecules involved in inflammatory diseases
In a recent study published in Cell Reports, a research team led by Colin Adrain, from the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (IGC, Portugal), discovered the mechanism that controls the release of important molecules that trigger the inflammatory response during the clearance of infections. When this machinery is deregulated it can contribute to important chronic diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis, and cancer.
November 2, 2017
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Researchers discover new culture method that unlocks natural fighter function of immune T cells
Mayo Clinic and University of Washington researchers have discovered a new culture method that unlocks the natural fighter function of immune T cells when they are passing through the bloodstream. this allows T cell armies to be raised directly from blood that naturally recognize and target proteins that are present on most human cancers.
February 14, 2017
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Researchers discover new role of enzyme in promoting self-destruction of axons
Scientists in the Vollum Institute at OHSU have identified an enzyme that plays a crucial role in the degeneration of axons, the threadlike portions of a nerve cell that transmit signals within the nervous system. Axon loss occurs in all neurodegenerative diseases, so this discovery could open new pathways to treating or preventing a wide array of brain diseases.
July 14, 2017
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Researchers discover potential substitutes for BPA that lack adverse effects
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine have identified a group of potential substitutes for bisphenol A (BPA) that lack the adverse effects typically associated with BPA. The researchers used automated microscopy- and image analysis-based technologies that allowed them to analyze multiple effects of the compounds in hours, instead of days or weeks, that are usually required for standard toxicology analyses.
July 14, 2017
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Researchers discover promising target for treatment of leishmaniasis
Each year, about 2 million people contract leishmaniasis, a parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of a sand fly. the cutaneous form of the disease results in disfiguring skin ulcers that may take months or years to heal and in rare cases can become metastatic, causing major tissue damage.
February 24, 2017
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Researchers engineer new thyroid cells
May lead to new therapies for thyroid disorders
February 2, 2017
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Researchers examine cheap, simple method for neurotoxin detection
There is a limited amount of data on the global health impacts of pesticides, but many injuries and deaths worldwide can be attributed to their misuse. Pesticide contamination of food and water sources is a very serious problem, particularly in third world countries. The detection of these chemicals in the body using cheap and simple methods is a high priority.
August 1, 2017
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Researchers explore genetic differences, hereditary factors involved in hemiplegic cerebral palsy
Hemiplegic cerebral palsy hampers movement in one side of a person's body. In the first genetic study of its kind to exclusively focus on those with hemiplegic cerebral palsy, a group of 26 Canadian researchers has investigated the genetic differences and hereditary factors involved in this neurodevelopmental condition. Mutations in specific parts of an individual's genetic make-up were identified. Some of these variations are inherited, while others are not, according to lead authors Mehdi Zarrei and Stephen Scherer of The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, and Darcy Fehlings of Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital and the University of Toronto.
August 3, 2017
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Researchers explore essential cell behavior with crystal sensor
A team of scientists has developed a new tool to monitor under a microscope how cells attach to an adjacent substrate. Studying adhesion events can help researchers understand how tissues grow, how diseases spread, and how stem cells differentiate into more specific cell types.
January 31, 2017
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Researchers explore neuro-psychological mechanisms behind existential threats
A group of Salzburg-based researchers led by the psychologist Eva Jonas investigates the neuro-psychological mechanisms behind existential threats. What exactly happens in the process between threat and defensive reaction is at the center of an ongoing study funded by the Austrian Science Fund FWF.
December 12, 2017
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Researchers find antibody to be effective against radiation-induced fibrosis
Radiation therapy is part of the treatment regimen for about two thirds of cancer patients today. Radiotherapy is well tolerated in most cases, but it can also lead to damage in healthy tissues that are also irradiated. One debilitating side effect is radiation-induced fibrosis. Fibrosis is a process of scarring by which healthy tissue is replaced by less elastic connective tissue, which leads to hardening and functional impairments.
March 31, 2017
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Researchers find effective cure for social anxiety disorders
Social phobia is the most common anxiety disorder of our time. But the current treatment regimen for patients with this diagnosis has not proven very effective. now a team of Norwegian and British researchers believe they have found a cure for social anxiety disorders.
December 21, 2016
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Researchers find genetic variation linked to effects of prenatal alcohol exposure
Researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, have found a genetic variation, which associates with the damage caused by maternal alcohol consumption. This genetic variation clarifies the role of genetic factors in the alcohol-induced developmental disorders and could be useful in future diagnostics.
October 5, 2017
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Researchers find how tDCS could increase performance of associative learning
HRL Laboratories, LLC, researchers have determined how non-invasive transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) could increase performance of associative learning. The researchers found that when applied to the prefrontal cortex, tDCS affects a wide portion of the brain, causing changes in functional connectivity between different brain areas that increased learning speed in macaques.
October 13, 2017
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Researchers find long-lasting benefits of gene therapy in dog model of myotubular myopathy
Researchers who previously showed that a gene therapy treatment could save the lives of dogs with a deadly disease called myotubular myopathy--a type of muscular dystrophy that affects the skeletal muscles--have found that the therapy is long-lasting. The results support a clinical trial in patients.
June 7, 2017
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Researchers find neuroprotective effects of trigeminal nerve stimulation in severe TBI
Researchers at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and the department of neurosurgery at the Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, announced today that they have published a paper with research findings that could have implications for the treatment of many neurological conditions, including severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). The team of researchers found that in an animal model with TBI, trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS) resulted in increased cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen to the brain.
July 28, 2017
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Researchers find new ways to create, deliver therapies for many immune-medicated neuropathies
Researchers at LSTM are looking at new ways to create and deliver medications for a wide range of immune-medicated neuropathies, by developing new synthetic versions of the treatment currently seen as the last resort option by doctors; intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy.
July 6, 2017
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Researchers identify promising solution for improving cystic fibrosis treatments
Researchers at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) have identified a promising solution to improving treatments offered to patients with cystic fibrosis.
December 12, 2017
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Researchers find that tiny brain region plays key role in social memory formation
Research by a group of scientists at the Department of Physiology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore (NUS Medicine) have discovered that a tiny brain region plays a critical role in the formation of social memory and interaction.
November 15, 2017
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Researchers find way to use ultrasound for monitoring fluid levels in the lung
A team of engineering and medical researchers has found a way to use ultrasound to monitor fluid levels in the lung, offering a noninvasive way to track progress in treating pulmonary edema - fluid in the lungs - which often occurs in patients with congestive heart failure. the approach, which has been demonstrated in rats, also holds promise for diagnosing scarring, or fibrosis, in the lung.
March 21, 2017
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Researchers gain new insights into how proteins help immune defense mechanism in the body
Researchers have gained new insights into the mechanisms with which certain proteins help the immune defense mechanism in the human body. Pathogens such as viruses or bacteria are wrapped in membrane blebs and rendered harmless there. What are known as guanylate-binding proteins are crucial in this. How they contribute to the process that was investigated by researchers from Ruhr-Universität Bochum, the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut and the University of Cologne, together with other partners from Erlangen and Geneva.
July 4, 2017
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Researchers identify control mechanisms of synapse formation
DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology) announced that the research team of Professor Ko Jae-won at the Department of Brain & Cognitive Sciences and the research team of Professor Kim Ho-min at KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) conducted a joint research and observed the three-dimensional structure of proteins that regulate neuronal cell connections for the first time in the world and have identified the control mechanisms of synapse formation.
August 21, 2017
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Researchers identify decreased brain pH levels in mouse models of mental disorders
Your body's acid/alkaline homeostasis, or maintenance of an adequate pH balance in tissues and organs, is important for good health. An imbalance in pH, particularly a shift toward acidity, is associated with various clinical conditions, such as a decreased cardiovascular output, respiratory distress, and renal failure. But is pH also associated with psychiatric disorders?
August 7, 2017
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Researchers identify factors associated with stopping treatment for opioid dependence
Individuals with opioid use disorder who are treated with buprenorphine, a commonly prescribed drug to treat addiction, are more likely to disengage from treatment programs if they are black or Hispanic, unemployed, or have hepatitis C according to a study.
January 5, 2017
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Researchers identify mechanism to recover aging of Progeria patients
DGIST's research team has identified a mechanism that can recover the aging of patients with Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS). DGIST announced that the Chair Professor Park SangChul of new Biology (Head of Well-Aging Research Center) and the research team led by Professor Lee YoungSam has discovered a drug that can improve the aging of HGPS patients and identified the mechanism of aging recovery by using the drug.
April 4, 2017
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Researchers identify underlying cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder
An overactive molecular signal pathway in the brain region of the amygdala can lead to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). a research team from Würzburg has established this connection.
March 16, 2017
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Researchers Induce Skin to Turn to Nerves and Vessels In-Vivo
Over the last couple of decades researchers have figured out how to induce stem cells to turn into different types of tissues, and have even managed to convert skin cells into other types of cells. This is still a long and meticulous laboratory process that requires a lot of precision and attention to detail. Now researchers at Ohio State University have come up with a method to turn skin cells into other cells, including vascular and nerve cells, by simply pressing a small chip against the skin.
August 8, 2017
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Researchers now updating and expanding evolution's list of 20 amino acids
"Noncanonical" amino acids are incorporated into proteins for research--more uses await.
October 5, 2017
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Researchers Produce Graphene Membrane for Dialysis Applications
By definition, dialysis is a process in which molecules are filtered out of a solution by getting diffused through a membrane into a comparatively dilute solution. Apart from hemodialysis in which waste is eliminated from blood, Researchers employ dialysis for removing residue from chemical solutions, purifying drugs and for isolating molecules for medical diagnosis, generally by making the materials to go through a porous membrane.
June 29, 2017
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Researchers provide insight into different types of 'true' smiles
The smile may be the most common and flexible expression, used to reveal some emotions, cover others and manage social interactions that have kept communities secure and organized for millennia.
July 27, 2017
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Researchers provide new insight into the brain mechanisms underlying dyslexia
Researchers have provided new insight into the brain mechanisms underlying a condition that causes reading and writing difficulties.
January 24, 2017
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Researchers provide new insights into vertebrae formation
Like a string of pearls, the spine is made of a series of similar vertebrae. A so-called segmentation clock creates this repetitive arrangement in developing embryos: Each time the clock ticks, a vertebra starts to form.
September 27, 2017
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Researchers put 'bioactive' glass in toothpaste to repair decayed teeth
A group at Queen Mary University of London have now developed a very fast dissolving 'bioactive' glass which they are putting in toothpaste to repair decayed teeth.
September 26, 2017
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Researchers receive $3.8 million NIH grant to study medical marijuana's impact on opioid use for pain
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Health System a five-year, $3.8 million grant for the first long-term study to test whether medical marijuana reduces opioid use among adults with chronic pain, including those with HIV.
August 8, 2017
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Researchers receive DoD grant to identify alternatives to opioids for pain management
What does a marine snail's ability to kill prey with two shots of venom have to do with the opioid epidemic ravaging the United States?
November 29, 2017
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Researchers Replace Most of Lung's Cells While Retaining Vascular Functionality to Repopulate New Ones
Some tissue types have the ability to have their cells populate a synthetically created scaffold or re-populate decellularized tissue harvested elsewhere. Bioengineered lungs, on the other hand, require a vascular network to exist in order for new cells to settle and for the organ's normal functions to take place.
August 31, 2017
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Researchers reveal how to boost brain power
Researchers from Johns Hopkins University have found that one brain-training method often used in scientific studies can help to improve working memory.
October 18, 2017
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Researchers reveal pathological mechanisms in congenital myotonic dystrophy
Osaka University-centered researchers reveal abnormal myokine signaling in congenital myotonic dystrophy
December 12, 2017
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Researchers shed light on link between cholera outbreaks affecting African and American continents
Researchers at the Institut Pasteur and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, in collaboration with several other international institutions, recently published two studies tracing the history of cholera outbreaks in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean from the last 60 years. Genomic analysis of more than 1,200 strains of Vibrio cholerae revealed for the first time the link between the different outbreaks of cholera since 1961.
November 13, 2017
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Researchers show how cellular stress regulates production of hemoglobin
Our ability to breathe oxygen is critical to our survival. this process is mediated by the hemoglobin in our blood, which carries oxygen. Since air contains less oxygen on high mountains, the body is under pressure to make hemoglobin rapidly -- a stressful time. But what role does cellular stress play in the production of hemoglobin?
April 4, 2017
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Researchers study space-exposed worms to improve understanding of regenerative health
Flatworms that spent five weeks aboard the International Space Station are helping researchers led by Tufts University scientists to study how an absence of normal gravity and geomagnetic fields can have anatomical, behavioral, and bacteriological consequences, according to a paper to be published June 13 in Regeneration.
June 9, 2017
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Researchers Target Insecticide-Resistant Bedbugs
New fungal-based pesticide might knock out insects that survive current chemicals
March 31, 2017
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Researchers uncover genetic gains and losses in Tourette syndrome
NIH-funded study finds new clues to brain disorder.
June 21, 2017
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Researchers uncover major clue to how mucus becomes abnormal in CF airways
People with cystic fibrosis (CF) suffer repeated lung infections because their airway mucus is too thick and sticky to keep bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens from causing chronic infection.
March 23, 2017
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Researchers uncover new potential target for treating spinal muscular atrophy
Though spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in its most severe form remains incurable and fatal in early childhood, researchers are sustaining a multipronged counterattack for patients and their families. the first treatment for the disease gained U.S. market approval in December. now a new discovery led by Brown University scientists deepens the basic understanding of how the genetic mutation that causes SMA appears to undermine the communication between motor neurons and the muscles they control.
May 2, 2017
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Researchers uncover seven risk genes for insomnia
An international team of researchers has found, for the first time, seven risk genes for insomnia. With this finding the researchers have taken an important step towards the unraveling of the biological mechanisms that cause insomnia. In addition, the finding proves that insomnia is not, as is often claimed, a purely psychological condition.
June 12, 2017
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Researchers uncover two factors that play crucial role in chronic autoimmune disorders
Researchers from Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear have uncovered two factors responsible for the chronic, lifelong nature of autoimmune disorders, which tend to "flare up" intermittently in affected patients. These two factors are cell-signaling proteins called cytokines–specifically Interleukin-7 and -15 (IL-7 and IL-15)–that are secreted by cells of the immune system and help modulate memory Th17 cells, a subset of T cells which are known to contribute to autoimmune disorders. Until now, it was unclear how Th17 cells maintained memory; the study results show that IL-7 and IL-15 signal the Th17 cells to chronically reside in the body. These findings, published online in the Journal of Autoimmunity, may lead to the development of new therapies to address a variety of chronic autoimmune disorders.
January 4, 2017
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Researchers unravel how acidic conditions favor protein misfolding in deadly diseases
Using an array of modern biochemical and structural biology techniques, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have begun to unravel the mystery of how acidity influences a small protein called serum amyloid A (SAA).
July 28, 2017
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Researchers unravel how drug interacts with ribosome to halt protein production
The discovery of a chemical compound that halts the production of a small set of proteins while leaving general protein production untouched suggests a new drug search strategy: Find compounds that target undesired proteins before they are even made.
March 23, 2017
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Researchers use multi-modal integrated approach to develop potential anti-Chagas therapies
Chagas disease is a potentially life-threatening illness caused by the parasite, Trypanosoma cruzi, and is transmitted to humans through triatomine blood-sucking bugs that are commonly referred to as "kissing bugs" or "vampire bugs". While it was once confined to the Americas, worldwide travel has spread the disease, which is now endemic to approximately 20 countries.
September 26, 2017
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Researchers use new equation to map self-esteem in the human brain
A team of UCL researchers has devised a mathematical equation that can explain how our self-esteem is shaped by what other people think of us, in a new study published in the scientific journal eLife.
October 24, 2017
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Researchers use radio waves to wirelessly monitor sleep patterns
MIT researchers have unveiled a new method for wirelessly monitoring sleep. The whole thing works a bit like echolocation -- radio waves are beamed off a sleeping subject and changes in the body are detected when they bounce back.
August 7, 2017
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Researchers use small molecule to relieve symptoms of Rett syndrome in mouse model
Vanderbilt University researchers have relieved symptoms of Rett syndrome in a mouse model with a small molecule that works like the dimmer switch in an electrical circuit.
August 23, 2017
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Researchers use ultrasound technology to help amputees get greater control of prosthetics
There's hope for a better life for people who've lost an arm or leg, thanks to new research funded by the National Science Foundation and the Department of Defense.
November 16, 2017
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Researchers using internet to find study participants may hamper recruitment of minority, poor people
Recruiting minorities and poor people to participate in medical research always has been challenging, and that may not change as researchers turn to the internet to find study participants and engage with them online, new research suggests.
July 29, 2016
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Researchers visually capture 'shapeshifter' that regulates blood clotting
We are normally born with a highly sophisticated array of molecules that act as "sentries," constantly scanning our bodies for injuries such as cuts and bruises. One such molecular sentry, known as von Willebrand factor (VWF), plays a critical role in our body's ability to stop bleeding.
August 23, 2017
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Researchers who study HED identify mechanism that may be disrupted in male pattern baldness
It is almost axiomatic in medicine that the study of rare disorders informs the understanding of more common, widespread ailments. Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania who study an inherited disorder of skin, hair follicles, nails, sweat glands, and teeth called hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) have identified a mechanism that may also be disrupted in male pattern baldness, a more common condition.
June 8, 2017
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'Residual echo' of ancient humans in scans may hold clues to mental disorders
Researchers have produced the first direct evidence that parts of our brains implicated in mental disorders may be shaped by a 'residual echo' from Neanderthal DNA in our genomes. Evidence from MRI scans suggests that such ancient genetic variation may affect the way our brains work today -- and may hold clues to understanding deficits seen in schizophrenia and autism-related disorders.
July 26, 2017
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"Residual echo" of ancient humans in scans may hold clues to mental disorders
MRI data shows (left) areas of the skull preferentially affected by the amount of Neanderthal-derived DNA and (right) areas of the brain's visual system in which Neanderthal gene variants influenced cortex folding (red) and gray matter volume (yellow).Michael Gregory, M.D., NIMH Section on Integrative Neuroimaging
July 26, 2017
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Retirement period may widen socio-economic inequalities in stress and health, study suggests
A new paper published in the Journal of Gerontology suggests that the period around retirement may widen socio-economic inequalities in stress and health.
May 5, 2017
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Reverse shoulder replacement provides lasting improvement for younger patients
For younger patients with severe damage to the rotator cuff muscles, a "reverse" shoulder replacement provides lasting improvement in shoulder function, according to a study in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.
October 26, 2017
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Reversing brain death: Far-fetched or feasible?
From gene editing to human head transplantation, the limits of medical science are being pushed further than ever. And now, researchers have turned their attention to another extraordinary mission: reversing brain death.
August 18, 2017
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Review examines link between insomnia and alcohol dependence
Individuals with alcohol dependence often have sleep-related disorders such as insomnia, circadian-rhythm sleep disorders, breathing-related sleep disorders, movement disorders, and parasomnias such as sleep-related eating disorder, sleepwalking, nightmares, sleep paralysis, and REM sleep behavior disorder.
October 5, 2016
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Review looks into conventional versus new treatment modalities in orthodontic pain management
Patients experience pain and discomfort during active orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. It can vary from person to person and is influenced by certain factors such as age, gender, previous pain experiences, stress or anxiety, and type of appliance.
November 16, 2017
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Review provides new understanding of cytokine mediated effects on inflammatory disorders
Researchers studying chronic inflammation that can lead to the development of lung diseases such as asthma, pulmonary fibrosis, and cancer, are focusing on the role cytokines play in regulating the behavior of fibroblast cells and the extracellular matrix. the most recent evidence on cytokine regulation of inflammatory disease in the lung is presented in a comprehensive review article published in Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research (JICR) from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
March 24, 2017
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Revolutionary product provides surgery- and drug-free way to relieve carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms
CarpalAID is a revolutionary new product that relieves painful carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms without drugs, braces or surgery.
July 12, 2017
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Reye's syndrome: What you need to know
Reye's syndrome is a rare disorder that can cause serious damage to albody, but particularly to the brain and liver.
June 16, 2017
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Rhabdomyolysis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Rhabdomyolysis is a condition in which skeletal muscle tissue dies, releasing substances into the blood that cause kidney failure.
July 4, 2017
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Rhodiola rosea: Benefits, side effects, and dosage
Rhodiola rosea is a flowering herb that grows in cold, high-altitude regions of Europe and Asia. Other names for it include arctic root, golden root, king's crown, and rose root.
October 5, 2017
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Ria Health Launches Mobile App to Help Reduce Drinking (Interview)
Last week we shared 12 new companies unveiling their innovative ideas at Health 2.0's Launch! event this year. Back in the exhibit hall, a few more early stage businesses were also leveraging Health 2.0 to kickoff new programs and technologies. One of these was the official launch of Ria Health's mobile app solution to help people reduce their drinking through a combination of support from addiction specialists and daily progress tracking. The company began testing the product earlier this year and, having seen great initial outcomes, is now making the technology available to consumers seeking a new approach to reduce drinking.
October 11, 2017
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Rib cage pain: Six possible causes
Rib cage pain is a common complaint that can be caused by factors, ranging from a fractured rib to lung cancer. The pain associated with the rib cage may be sudden and sharp or dull and aching.
June 27, 2017
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Rice engineers building flat microscope to monitor, stimulate neurons in the brain
Rice University engineers are building a flat microscope, called FlatScope TM, and developing software that can decode and trigger neurons on the surface of the brain.
July 13, 2017
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Risk of pneumonic plague epidemic in Madagascar spreading to other nations is limited
The study also estimated the epidemic's basic reproduction number, or the average number of secondary cases generated by a single primary case, at 1.73. The case fatality risk was 5.5 percent. This was the world's first real-time study into the epidemiological dynamics of the largest ever pneumonic plague epidemic in the African nation. The study employed several mathematical models.
November 30, 2017
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Risks for blood clot in a vein may rise with increased TV viewing
American Heart Association Meeting Report Poster Presentation S5169 - Session VA.APS.07
November 13, 2017
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Robotic Device May Help Kids With Cerebral Palsy
Those with condition known as 'crouch gait' had better posture and balance after 15 training sessions
July 26, 2017
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Robotic exoskeleton offers potential new approach to alleviating crouch gait in children with cerebral palsy
Researchers from the NIH Clinical Center Rehabilitation Medicine Department have created the first robotic exoskeleton specifically designed to treat crouch (or flexed-knee) gait in children with cerebral palsy by providing powered knee extension assistance at key points during the walking cycle.
August 25, 2017
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Robotic training method improves posture and walking in children with cerebral palsy
Columbia Engineers use a robotic training method that improved posture and walking in children with CP by enhancing muscle strength and coordination.
July 27, 2017
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Robotic Training System Improves Walking Gait in Children with Cerebral Palsy
Many children with cerebral palsy exhibit what is known as a "crouch gait," a walking style that involves an unusually great deal of bending of the hip, knee, or ankle joints. This makes walking difficult and often exhausting, effectively limiting the activities that a child can participate in. At Columbia University a new robotic system has been developed that assists kids with crouch gait in improving their muscle coordination and strength.
August 4, 2017
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Rogue cell phone surveillance gives rise to mobile threat defense
Researchers have developed a system to detect surveillance devices; Gartner recommends companies integrate defenses with current EMM efforts
June 15, 2017
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Rounded shoulders: Ways to fix 'mom posture'
Rounded shoulders occurs when the shoulders are out of proper alignment with the spine. This can cause posture related problems, such as back ache.
July 25, 2017
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Routine Genital Herpes Testing not Recommended
Early diagnosis won't change course of the STD, which is incurable, advisory panel says
December 20, 2016
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RUB researchers identify new rare muscle disorder
A new rare muscle disorder has been identified by researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB). this hereditary disease is caused by a defect in the BICD2 gene that manifests itself in altered cellular transport processes in skeletal muscle cells. Patients suffer from muscle weakness in the legs, an unsteady gait and permanent risk of stumbling.
March 22, 2017
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Rutgers' new drug candidate may help fight malaria
Malaria killed about 440,000 people - mostly young children - last year, but a new drug candidate discovered at Rutgers may help fight the long-dreaded disease.
March 8, 2016
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Rutgers opens first-episode psychosis outpatient clinic for young adults
Psychotic illness affects approximately 100,000 young people nationwide, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. But until recently, new Jersey had no clinics to help teens or young adults within their first two years of exhibiting symptoms when intervention is likely to be most effective.
March 10, 2017
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Misc. - S

Sacral dimple: Symptoms and complications
Sacral dimples are small clefts at the base of the spine. They are relatively common in newborn babies and do not usually indicate problems.
August 31, 2017
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Saliva Test Could Diagnose Concussion: Study
It may someday be possible to use a saliva test to diagnose a concussion in young people and predict how long symptoms will last, researchers say.
November 21, 2017
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Salivary peptide promotes wound healing, research reveals
A study published online in The FASEB Journal delves into the mystifying fact that wounds in your mouth heal faster and more efficiently than wounds elsewhere. Until now, it was understood that saliva played a part in the wound healing process, though the extent of its role was unknown. The study examined the effects of salivary peptide histatin-1 on angiogenesis (blood vessel formation), which is critical to the efficiency of wound healing. Researchers found that histatin-1 promotes angiogenesis, as well as cell adhesion and migration.
August 7, 2017
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Sami victims of domestic violence seek help less often than other Norwegians
People with Sami background who experience domestic violence seek help from the authorities less often than other Norwegians. A new report has looked at what may be done.
June 9, 2017
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Sanford Health to study effectiveness of non-opioid medications for managing pain
Sanford Health is one of three sites in the U.S. to launch a study to determine if non-opioid medications are as effective in managing pain after carpal-tunnel surgery.
November 16, 2017
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Sarcoidosis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Sarcoidosis is a condition involving the growth of persistent or inappropriate granulomas or clumps of inflammatory cells. But what causes them and how can they be treated?
June 27, 2017
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SBP researcher awarded $10.8 million grant to pursue development of new drug for substance abuse
Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) is pleased to announce the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded Nicholas Cosford, Ph.D., a three-year, $10.8 million grant to pursue the preclinical development of a new class of medicine to treat substance use disorders. Cosford will be leading a multidisciplinary team of experienced scientists at SBP, UC San Diego, and Camino Pharma LLC who have a proven track record of drug discovery.
September 26, 2017
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Scalp psoriasis: Shampoos, home remedies, and causes
Scalp psoriasis is an immune system disorder that causes scaly, itchy, and often, painful scales on the scalp.
October 2, 2017
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Scars: Are they preventable?
All scars come with a story, and while some people carry them proudly, many suffer from the long-term consequences of their scars.
September 25, 2017
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Schistosomiasis: the biggest killer you've never heard of?
What is schistosomiasis and how many people is it thought to affect each year?
July 4, 2017
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School-based intervention program has preventive effect on binge drinking in adolescents
An intervention program based on school class groups has a preventive effect on subsequent drinking behavior, especially binge drinking, in adolescents who had previously consumed alcohol.
May 22, 2017
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Science of judging speed: Perceptions of 'normal' get unconsciously altered by recent experiences
Football officials watching slow-motion clips or drivers changing from motorways to 30mph zones could be unconsciously mis-judging speed - and the motivations behind a person's movements - because their perceptions of 'normal' have been altered by recent experiences, new research has found.
July 28, 2017
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Science says 13 Reasons Why may be the public health scare people thought
In March, when Netflix began streaming its original teen suicide mystery series 13 Reasons Why, it took a few days for people to start freaking out. But soon, schools started sending home notes warning parents about the show's graphic depictions of suicide and rape. Psychologists wrote op-eds denouncing its disregard for the World Health Organization's suicide portrayal guidelines. News outlets published more than 600,000 stories about it. And then there was Twitter.
July 31, 2017
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Scientific review cautions against unnecessary use of antioxidant supplements
The lay press and thousands of nutritional products warn of oxygen radicals or oxidative stress and suggest taking so-called antioxidants to prevent or cure disease. Professor Pietro Ghezzi at the Brighton and Sussex Medical School and Professor Harald Schmidt at the University of Maastricht have analyzed the evidence behind this. the result is a clear warning: do not take these supplements unless a clear deficiency is diagnosed by a healthcare professional.
July 21, 2016
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Scientists achieve closest view of working nerve synapses using custom-built microscope
The brain hosts an extraordinarily complex network of interconnected nerve cells that are constantly exchanging electrical and chemical signals at speeds difficult to comprehend. Now, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report they have been able to achieve -- with a custom-built microscope -- the closest view yet of living nerve synapses.
March 24, 2017
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Scientists apply generative neural network to create new pharmaceutical medicines
Scientists from Mail.Ru Group, Insilico Medicine and MIPT have for the first time applied a generative neural network to create new pharmaceutical medicines with the desired characteristics. by using Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) developed and trained to "invent" new molecular structures, there may soon be a dramatic reduction in the time and cost of searching for substances with potential medicinal properties.
February 9, 2017
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Scientists are trying to treat autoimmune disease with intestinal worms
"Worm therapy" has a mixed record in clinical trials.
July 28, 2017
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Scientists Built Blood-Brain Barrier On-a-Chip to Help develop Neuro Drugs, Understand Brain Diseases
At Vanderbilt University researchers have developed a mimic of the blood-brain barrier in the form of a microfluidic device. to show a proof-of-concept of this "organ-on-chip" technology, the team studied how inflammation affects the blood-brain barrier continuously for an extended period of time, while previous approaches have only provided discrete snapshots of the process.
December 23, 2016
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Scientists create organs-on-chips for large-scale drug screening
Microtissue technology seen as improvement for drug compound discovery
February 8, 2017
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Scientists create successful mass production system for bioengineered livers
Researchers report creating a biologically accurate mass-production platform that overcomes major barriers to bioengineering human liver tissues suitable for therapeutic transplant into people.
December 5, 2017
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Scientists create synthetic cellular communications system that can respond to pain relief signals
Scientists from Manchester and Bristol have successfully created a synthetic cellular communications system - which has successfully recognised signals involved in pain relief.
March 7, 2017
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Scientists demonstrate synapses between specific neuron types form clusters
The cerebral cortex resembles a vast switchboard. Countless lines carrying information about the environment, for example from the sensory organs, converge in the cerebral cortex. In order to direct the flow of data into meaningful pathways, the individual pyramidal cells of the cerebral cortex act like miniature switchboard operators. Each cell receives information from several thousand lines.
July 21, 2016
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Scientists directly convert skin cells from healthy adults into motor neurons
Scientists working to develop new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases have been stymied by the inability to grow human motor neurons in the lab. Motor neurons drive muscle contractions, and their damage underlies devastating diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy, both of which ultimately lead to paralysis and early death.
September 12, 2017
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Scientists develop better material to regenerate bone tissue cells in shorter time
A new study has revealed a technology how to cover biodegradable implants with a human skeleton similar mineral.
December 20, 2016
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Scientists develop new class of pain medication without dangerous side effects
Scientists from Freie Universität Berlin and Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin at Campus Benjamin Franklin have developed a new class of pain medication. Using new chemical synthesis methods, the conventional pain medication morphine was coupled to carrier molecules, so-called nanocarriers. Their bond is only broken in the target tissue, in the case of injuries in the inflamed environment, so the morphine cannot cause side effects in healthy tissues such as the brain or the intestinal wall. The research findings were published in the latest issue of the science journal eLife.
July 4, 2017
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Scientists develop new machine learning approach for synthesis, crystallization of polyoxometalates
Active machine learning for the discovery and crystallization of gigantic polyoxometalate molecules
August 4, 2017
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Scientists develop new strategy to stop uncontrollable poison ivy itch
Scientists at Duke Health and Zhejiang Chinese Medical University have developed a strategy to stop the uncontrollable itch caused by urushiol, the oily sap common to poison ivy, poison sumac, poison oak and even mango trees.
November 7, 2016
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Scientists develop new surgical method to reconnect sensory neurons with spinal cord after injury
Scientists in the UK and Sweden previously developed a new surgical technique to reconnect sensory neurons to the spinal cord after traumatic spinal injuries. Now, they have gained new insight into how the technique works at a cellular level by recreating it in rats with implications for designing new therapies for injuries where the spinal cord itself is severed.
July 28, 2017
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Scientists develop new technology to better study liver transplantation in pre-clinical setting
A team of scientists, physicians, and engineers from the Center for Engineering in Medicine (CEM) and the Transplant Center of the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) at the Harvard Medical School in Boston, MA reported the development of a new technology that enables researchers to better study liver transplantation in a pre-clinical setting.
November 29, 2017
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Scientists develop noninvasive approach to electrical deep brain stimulation
Current treatments that use electrical deep brain stimulation require a surgeon to open the skull and implant electrodes inside the brain. Now, in a new study using mice, scientists demonstrate a noninvasive approach called temporally interfering stimulation, which uses electrodes placed on the scalp to electrically stimulate regions deep inside the brain. The experimental technique does not require surgical implants and does not disturb surface brain tissue.
June 1, 2017
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Scientists discover new method to assess senescence across biomedicine
Scientists have discovered a new way to look for ageing cells across a wide range of biological materials; the new method will boost understanding of cellular development and ageing as well as the causes of diverse diseases.
October 5, 2016
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Scientists discover new role for autophagosomes in neurodegenerative diseases
Autophagosomes are at the center of attention, at least since the Nobel Prize for Medicine was awarded for research on autophagy in 2016. the much talked about autophagosomes are small membrane vesicles in charge of waste disposal to promote recycling of its components.
April 11, 2017
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Scientists discover role of skin in spreading leishmaniasis
Scientists at the University of York have discovered that parasites responsible for leishmaniasis - a globally occurring neglected tropical disease spread by sand flies - are mainly acquired from the skin rather than a person's blood.
July 4, 2017
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Scientists discover, count and determine new mitochondrial proteome in baker's yeast
Scientists describe a well-defined mitochondrial proteome in baker's yeast
June 29, 2017
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Scientists explore effectiveness of action video games to combat dyslexia
Many years ago, researchers began to discover the properties of action videogames for the improvement of visual attention and learning processes. What was not so clear were the specific benefits that could be derived from this form of entertainment, nor that the specific action videogames contribute to combat dyslexia, an alteration of the reading ability that causes changes in the order of words or syllables and that affects almost one in ten people in the world.
December 14, 2017
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Scientists find genetic underpinnings for eczema
Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, affects millions of people in the United States. While there is yet no cure for the condition and its causes are not fully understood, new research has uncovered some of its genetic underpinnings, bringing us closer to discovering novel therapies.
June 21, 2017
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Scientists find potential neurobiological marker to help recognize PTSD patients
Scientists at the Universities of Birmingham and Amsterdam hope to have found a new neurobiological marker to help recognize patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
November 30, 2017
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Scientists gain new insights into protein network that regulates programmed cell death
Researchers use a simplified model of a protein network to explain how apoptosis is regulated, whose malfunction is linked to cancer and neurodegenerative diseases.
July 14, 2017
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Scientists give star treatment to lesser-known cells crucial for brain development
After decades of relative neglect, star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes are finally getting their due. To gather insight into a critical aspect of brain development, a team of scientists examined the maturation of astrocytes in 3-D structures grown in culture dishes to resemble human brain tissue. The study, which confirms the lab-grown cells develop at the same rate as those found in human brains, was published in Neuron and funded in part by the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).
August 16, 2017
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Scientists identify key molecule for neurotransmitter release in synapses
The contact areas between nerve cells are called synapses. What happens there lies at the heart of communication between nerve cells. Communication starts with the release of chemical messengers known as neurotransmitters at these synapses. Neurotransmitter-containing synaptic vesicles are involved in this release process, and these vesicles fuse with the cell membrane.
September 4, 2017
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Scientists identify eight new genes involved in epileptic encephalopathy
Approximately 30 per cent of patients with epilepsy do not respond to anti-epileptic drugs. In these cases, all neurologists can do is attempt to find the right combination of medication through trial and error. A treatment that could target the root cause of epilepsy is a beacon of hope for these patients. But identifying the cause of the pathology is no easy feat.
November 6, 2017
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Scientists Identify new Organ in Body
Scientists say they've identified a new organ in the body -- a swath of tissue dubbed the mesentery that connects the intestine to the abdomen and holds everything in place.
January 4, 2017
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Scientists identify potential link between eating Marmite and brain function
Scientists at the University of York have discovered a potential link between eating Marmite and activity in the brain, through the apparent increase of a chemical messenger associated with healthy brain function.
April 5, 2017
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Scientists identify potential therapeutic solutions to combat age-related fibrosis
The wear and tear of life takes a cumulative toll on our bodies. Our organs gradually stiffen through fibrosis, which is a process that deposits tough collagen in our body tissue. Fibrosis happens little by little, each time we experience illness or injury. Eventually, this causes our health to decline.
January 30, 2017
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Scientists illuminate the neurons of social attraction
The ancient impulse to procreate is necessary for survival and must be hardwired into our brains. now scientists have discovered an important clue about the neurons involved in that wiring. with a whiff of the opposite sex, certain hormone-sensitive neurons trigger pro-social behavior in mice and could play roles in anxiety, depression, and other mood-related conditions in humans
January 30, 2017
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Scientists invent new way of folding and protecting recombinant proteins
A team from the NUS Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine (NUS Medicine) has invented a fundamentally new way of folding and protecting recombinant proteins. Sourced from the rapidly expanding field of synthetic biology, this protein-in-a-protein technology can improve functional protein yields by 100-fold and protect recombinant proteins from heat, harsh chemicals and proteolysis.
November 13, 2017
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Scientists Make Smaller, Flexible, and Effective Brain Probe with Gold and Graphene
Researchers from Korea have developed highly flexible neural electrodes with the ability to reduce tissue damage but still transmit clear brain signals.
April 20, 2017
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Scientists one step closer to solving puzzle of how nerves can self-heal
Monash University scientists are one step closer to solving the riddle of how nerves can self-heal.
November 7, 2017
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Scientists pinpoint jealousy in the monogamous mind
The first neurobiology study of jealousy in a monogamous primate species sheds light on the emotion that keeps couples together -- but also tears them apart
October 19, 2017
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Scientists raise concerns about exposure to hazardous mineral fibers among off-road vehicle users
Preventing injuries may not be the only reason children shouldn't use off-road vehicles (ORVs).
August 30, 2017
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Scientists reveal first exposure map of perfluoroalkyl substances among Spanish population
Frying pans, pizza boxes, clothes and textiles are just some of the products which contain perfluoroalkyl compounds, used for their chemical stability and resistance. Their exposure through air, house dust, drinking water and even food, makes them a serious risk for human health. Now a group of scientists reveals the first exposure map of these substances among the Spanish population.
November 29, 2017
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Scientists shed new light on how common painkiller causes liver damage
Scientists have shed new light on how the common painkiller paracetamol causes liver damage.
January 31, 2017
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Scientists Track Cells That Spur Allergies
Screening for certain immune cells might help doctors assess reactions to treatment, researchers say
August 2, 2017
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Scientists uncover Achilles' heel in unique kind of immune memory cells
The capacity for memory isn't exclusive to the brain. the immune system, with its sprawling network of diverse cell types, can recall the pathogens it meets, helping it to swiftly neutralize those intruders upon future encounters.
March 10, 2017
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Scientists uncover surprising molecular link in critical cellular growth pathway
A team of scientists led by Whitehead Institute has uncovered a surprising molecular link that connects how cells regulate growth with how they sense and make available the nutrients required for growth. Their work, which involves a critical cellular growth pathway known as mTOR, sheds light on a key aspect of cells' metabolism that involves tiny cellular compartments, called lysosomes, and harnesses a sophisticated technology for probing their biochemical content.
October 19, 2017
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Scientists unravel how the body manages to keep blood flow in the brain so tightly controlled
The puzzle of how the brain regulates blood flow to prevent it from being flooded and then starved every time the heart beats has been solved with the help of engineering.
May 2, 2017
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Scientists use computer analysis to complete antibody blueprint
Antibodies defend our bodies against intruders. These molecules consist of proteins with attached sugars. However, the blueprint directing the processing of these sugars on the protein was not well understood until now. In a paper published in the journal Nature Communications, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum München used computer analysis to complete this blueprint and confirmed their findings in the laboratory.
November 30, 2017
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Scientists use light to control the logic networks of a cell
New technique illuminates role of previously inaccessible proteins involved in health, disease
January 5, 2017
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Scientists use novel cell tracing method to describe testicular macrophages
The origin, development, and characteristics of two types of testicular macrophage have been described by a CNRS team at the Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy (CNRS / INSERM / Aix-Marseille University). To elucidate the nature of these immune cells, the researchers used a novel cell tracing method. Their findings were published on August 7, 2017, in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, and are of fundamental importance. They may help understand certain kinds of infertility in men and find new treatments for them.
August 11, 2017
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Sclerodactyly: What it is, causes, and treatment
Sclerodactyly is a tightening and thickening of the skin of the fingers. It can cause the fingers to curl inward and the hands to form a clawed shape.
October 4, 2017
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Screen all Adults for Sleep Apnea? Jury Still Out
Not enough data to advise for or against such screening, U.S. experts in prevention and medicine say
January 24, 2017
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SCS therapy can be key to reducing use of opioids in patients battling chronic pain, study finds
New research has found spinal cord stimulation (SCS) therapy can be key to reducing or stabilizing the use of opioids in patients battling chronic pain. In a new study, researchers examined opioid usage data from more than 5,400 patients both prior to and after receiving an SCS system implant. In an SCS system, an implanted device similar to a pacemaker delivers low levels of electrical energy to nerve fibers, interrupting pain signals as they travel to the brain to reduce the sensation of pain.
January 20, 2017
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Seasonal effects: 'Winter foals' are smaller than foals born in summer
Although seasonal effects such as reduced metabolic activity in winter are known even in domesticated horse breeds, effects on pregnant mares and their foals have not been investigated. Researchers have now demonstrated that seasonal changes have a strong influence on pregnancy and fetal development. Foals born early in the year are smaller than those born at a later time and these differences persist to at least 12 weeks after birth.
August 4, 2017
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Second MILabs preclinical imaging system installed at University of Pennsylvania
The University of Pennsylvania (UPENN), Philadelphia, PA, has completed installation of its second MILabs preclinical imaging system, a scalable U-CTUHR microCT system in the lab of Prof. Joel Karp in the Department of Radiology at the University of Pennsylvania.
July 4, 2017
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Seeing genes inside living cells
For Mazhar Adli, the little glowing dots dancing about on the computer screen are nothing less than the fulfillment of a dream. Those fluorescent dots, moving in real time, are set to illuminate our understanding of the human genome, cancer and other genetic diseases in a way never before possible.
April 14, 2017
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Self-Harm Cases Surging Among U.S. Girls
There's a new sign of mental distress among American girls: Nearly 20 percent more young teen and preteen females have sought emergency room treatment for poisoning, cutting or harming themselves yearly since 2009, research shows.
November 21, 2017
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Self-learning robot hands
Researchers at Bielefeld University have developed a grasp system with robot hands that autonomously familiarizes itself with novel objects. The new system works without previously knowing the characteristics of objects, such as pieces of fruit or tools. It was developed as part of the large-scale research project Famula at Bielefeld University's Cluster of Excellence Cognitive Interaction Technology (CITEC).
June 8, 2017
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Sense of smell is a unique product of genes and experience
New research suggests that an individual's unique sense of smell is the result of genes interacting with experience. a study of genetically similar mice shows that while genes may decide the types of odor-detecting cells that an animal has in its nose, its life history influences the numbers of different cell types, giving each animal a unique perception of smell.
April 26, 2017
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Sensoria Health Powered by Genesis Rehab Services, a Partnership to Develop Smart Aging Solutions (Interview)
Another exciting announcement from Health 2.0 is a partnership between Sensoria and Genesis Rehab Services (GRS) to develop smart aging solutions under the name, "Sensoria Health powered by Genesis Rehab Services." Sensoria is already known as a leading developer of smart footwear and clothing products based on the Sensoria Core microelectronics and cloud system.
October 20, 2017
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Sensors for identifying biomarkers could help detect myriad of diseases at early stages
Purdue University researchers have found a method of identifying biological markers in small amounts of blood that they believe could be used to detect a myriad of diseases, infections and different medical conditions at early stages.
November 21, 2017
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Separating side effects could hold key for safer opioids
NIH-funded scientists may have revealed brain functions in pre-clinical research that widen the safety margin for opioid pain relief without overdose.
November 16, 2017
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Separating side effects could pave way for safe, effective pain medications
Opioid pain relievers can be extremely effective in relieving pain, but can carry a high risk of addiction and ultimately overdose when breathing is suppressed and stops. Scientists have discovered a way to separate these two effects -- pain relief and breathing -- opening a window of opportunity to make effective pain medications without the risk of respiratory failure.
November 16, 2017
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Serial dilution bags offer huge benefits in food testing labs
Inlabtec has published a short article that discusses the benefits gained from use of application specific sterile plastic bags in microbiological food testing.
October 19, 2017
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Set Goals for Better Sleep
As kids get a little older, bedtime can get a lot less demanding for parents. Gone are the days when every night was a saga of stories, songs, and frantic hunts for a favorite toy. Now your kids just want to be left alone and fall asleep cradling their smartphones.
July 14, 2017
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Seven effective steps to get rid of lice
Lice are tiny insects, about the size of a sesame seed, which live in the hair and on the scalp. They feed on human blood, and quickly die if they fall off the body. But what are the most effective ways to get rid of lice?
June 21, 2017
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Seven home remedies for shortness of breath
Shortness of breath, or breathlessness, is when a person has trouble taking in enough air to breathe. It can range from mild to severe.
August 30, 2017
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Seventh Wave announces collaboration with Yecuris to study new liver disease therapies
Seventh Wave Laboratories, a consulting-based contract research organization that assesses the safety and efficacy of pharmaceutical products and medical devices, has announced an exclusive collaboration with Yecuris Corporation, a global leader in the development and use of humanized models in drug development research. The partnership enables the most predictive approach available to study new human liver disease therapies.
May 18, 2017
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Sever's disease: Symptoms, risk factors, and treatment
Sever's disease is a heel injury that occurs in physically active children. It is a common complaint that causes temporary pain but no long-term damage.
July 19, 2017
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Severe epilepsy and circadian rhythm protein linked
Researchers probing the brain tissue of people with severe forms of epilepsy make a surprising breakthrough: a protein involved in circadian rhythms, called CLOCK, may play a role.
October 12, 2017
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Sexual assault survivors have increased risk for suicide, mental health conditions
An analysis of nearly 200 independent studies involving more than 230,000 adult participants finds that having been sexually assaulted is associated with significantly increased risk of anxiety, depression, suicidality, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, obsessive-compulsive disorder and bipolar disorder.
August 9, 2017
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Sexual Harassment Toxic To Mental, Physical Health
From the hills of Hollywood to the halls of Congress, it's now clear that sexual harassment in the workplace has long been a fact of life for working women.
December 4, 2017
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Shared lifestyle and environment may contribute to risk of common diseases in families, study shows
Family history of disease may be as much the result of shared lifestyle and surroundings as inherited genes, research has shown.
July 21, 2016
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Sheffield researchers use JPK's NanoWizard AFM systems to study soft matter, biological systems at molecular scale
JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, works closely with users at the University of Sheffield where their NanoWizard® AFM systems are being used to further understand soft matter and biological systems at the molecular scale in the Hobbs SPM Group in the Department of Physics.
March 9, 2017
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Shortage of low blood pressure drug for patients with septic shock linked to elevated risk of death
Patients with septic shock admitted to hospitals affected by the 2011 shortage of the drug norepinephrine had a higher risk of in-hospital death, according to a study published online by JAMA. the study is being released to coincide with its presentation at the 37th International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine.
March 21, 2017
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Should I worry about pearly penile papules?
Pearly penile papules are small pink-white growths that develop around the head of the penis. Any male can develop pearly penile papules, but they are not considered harmful.
December 12, 2017
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Shrinking Salton Sea contributes to dust sources with potential to impact human health
Scientists at the University of California, Riverside investigating the composition of particulate matter (PM) and its sources at the Salton Sea have found that this shrinking lake in Southern California is exposing large areas of dry lakebed, called playa, that are acting as new dust sources with the potential to impact human health.
August 3, 2017
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Shutting down part of our brain can make us more creative
How does creativity work? And, more importantly, what can we do to become more creative individuals? These questions baffle the minds of neuroscientists, philosophers, artists, and corporate leaders alike, with phrases such as 'creative thinking' and 'creative problem-solving' on everyone's lips nowadays. New research may have finally found an answer, and it involves electrodes and a knowledge of the human brain.
June 7, 2017
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Simple intervention reduces suicidal behavior among active-duty service members, study finds
Suicidal behavior among active-duty service members can be reduced for up to six months with a relatively simple intervention that gives them concrete steps to follow during an emotional crisis, according to a new study from the University of Utah's National Center for Veterans Studies.
January 31, 2017
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Simple test could help predict best treatment for cystic fibrosis patients
Several cutting-edge treatments have become available in recent years to correct the debilitating chronic lung congestion associated with cystic fibrosis. While the new drugs are life-changing for some patients, they do not work for everyone. In a study published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight, a team led by UNC researchers presented a simple test that aims to predict which treatment is most likely to work for each patient, an approach known as personalized or precision medicine.
November 21, 2017
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Simulator Reenacts Drama Inside Mouth to Help Improve Toothbrushes and Toothpaste
All those pretty ads on TV showing how new toothbrushes sweep away build-up and bacteria from teeth have quite a bit of science behind them. Improvements in the brush shape, the bristles, and the toothpaste require a great deal of experimentation to see which are more effective at removing unwanted material.
March 8, 2016
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Singapore researchers discover new mechanism in the liver's response to blocked bile ducts
A multi-disciplinary team of researchers from the Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore (MBI) at the National University of Singapore (NUS), the Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) of A*STAR, and BioSyM, Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology have described the mechanical principles adopted by liver cells as they remove excess bile during obstructive cholestasis. This study was published online in the Journal of Hepatology earlier this year.
June 30, 2017
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Single bout of exercise can have significant positive behavioral and cognitive effects
In a new review of the effects of acute exercise published in Brain Plasticity, researchers not only summarize the behavioral and cognitive effects of a single bout of exercise, but also summarize data from a large number of neurophysiological and neurochemical studies in both humans and animals showing the wide range of brain changes that result from a single session of physical exercise (i.e., acute exercise).
June 12, 2017
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Sinus infections: Are they contagious?
Sinus infections, also known as sinusitis, can be easily mistaken for the very contagious common cold.
July 4, 2017
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Six fixes for anterior pelvic tilt
Anterior pelvic tilt is a change in posture that happens when the front of the pelvis rotates forward, and the back of the pelvis rises.
May 11, 2017
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Six home remedies for hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are a common condition among adults that can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort if left untreated.
April 25, 2017
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Six mindfulness techniques for physicians
What goes through your mind in the moment before you walk into the room to see your next patient? A flurry of thoughts about all the patients you've already seen and the mountain of admin tasks you need to finish later today?
June 21, 2017
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Six sciatica stretches for pain relief
Sciatica itself is not a condition, but a very uncomfortable symptom of many potential problems in the back, pelvis, and hip.
June 14, 2017
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Six surprising health risks in your home
We all know that our homes can be a repository of health risks, if not managed properly. Mold, bleach, gas leaks -- these are all certified hazards. But what are some of the less obvious household risks? We investigate.
November 2, 2017
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Six ways your pet can boost health and well-being
On arriving home after a long, stressful day at work, you are greeted at the door by an overexcited four-legged friend. It can't fail to put a smile on your face. Pet ownership is undoubtedly one of the greatest pleasures in life, providing companionship and giggles galore. But the benefits do not end there; your pet could be doing wonders for your health and well-being.
June 2, 2017
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Sixteen aplastic anemia patients free of disease after bone marrow transplant and chemo
All patients off immunosuppressive drugs more than a year after transplant in small clinical trial
February 7, 2017
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Skeletal Muscle Differentiation kit evaluated by leading French laboratory, I-Stem
AMSBIO reports on an independent evaluation and use by I-Stem (Corbeil-Essonnes, France) of the Skeletal Muscle Differentiation kit - a cell culture media system to differentiate human stem cells into functional myotubes.
July 13, 2017
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Skimp on Sleep and you Just May Wind Up Sick
Study of n someone is sleep-deprived, immune system weakens
February 9, 2017
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Skin diseases: List of common conditions and symptoms
There are hundreds of skin conditions that affect humans. the most common skin conditions can have some symptoms that are similar, so it is important to understand the differences between them.
March 28, 2017
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Skin rash: 34 pictures, causes, and treatments
A rash is defined as a widespread eruption of skin lesions; it is a very broad medical term. Rashes can vary in appearance greatly, and there are many potential causes. Because of the variety, there is also a wide range of treatments.
June 23, 2017
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Skin transplant surgery has long-term benefit for restoring pigmentation caused by vitiligo
A Henry Ford Hospital study has shown that skin transplant surgery has long-term benefit for restoring skin pigmentation caused by the skin disease vitiligo.
July 27, 2017
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Slade QA Consulting
specialises in the implementation, maintenance, training, and support of quality management and occupational health and safety systems for SME's.
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Sleep Apnea Wreaks Havoc on Your Metabolism
Finding supports use of CPAP therapy for condition, so blood pressure and blood sugar levels don't jump
September 12, 2017
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Sleep Deprivation a Serious Threat: Expert
Sleep deprivation is associated with a number of serious diseases, according to an expert.
September 26, 2017
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Sleep disturbances predict increased risk for suicidal symptoms, study finds
Sleep disturbances can warn of worsening suicidal thoughts in young adults, independent of the severity of an individual's depression, a study has found.
June 28, 2017
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Sleep duration impacts treatment response for depressed patients with insomnia
Seven-hour, objective sleep duration increased rate of achieving depression and insomnia remission
June 5, 2017
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Sleep may help eyewitnesses from choosing innocent suspects
Sleep may influence an eyewitness's ability to correctly pick a guilty person out of a police lineup, indicates a new study.
September 6, 2017
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Sleep's role in memory consolidation unpicked
Sleep spindles, a type of brain activity recorded during stage two of sleep, has repeatedly been associated with improving brain plasticity and consolidating memory. Scientists are now drawing closer to explaining the mechanism behind this effect.
October 3, 2017
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Sleepion 2 uses aromatherapy, soothing light and ambient sounds to promote deeper sleep
Cheero USA announced the Sleepion 2, an innovative sleep aid system that uses aromatherapy, soothing light and ambient sounds clinically proven to promote deeper sleep. Years of sleep research paved the way for development of this sleek three-in-one sleeping device that calms the mind, body and spirit.
June 8, 2017
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Sleepless Nights Plague Many Women in Middle Age
Phases in and around menopause play a big role in insomnia, CDC study finds
September 12, 2017
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SLU researcher reports success in identifying new drug targets for muscular dystrophy
In a recent paper published in the journal Skeletal Muscle, a Saint Louis University researcher reports success in identifying new drug targets that potentially could slow or halt the progression of a form muscular dystrophy, an illness characterized by progressive muscle degeneration.
November 7, 2017
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Small group of cells within a plant embryo operate in similar way to the human brain
A new study has revealed a group of cells that function as a 'brain' for plant embryos capable of assessing environmental conditions and dictating when seeds will germinate.
June 5, 2017
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Small molecules in saliva may offer clues to diagnose and predict duration of concussions
Diagnosing a concussion can sometimes be a guessing game, but clues taken from small molecules in saliva may be able to help diagnose and predict the duration of concussions in children, according to researchers at Penn State College of Medicine.
November 20, 2017
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Small-molecule drug improves brain performance in mouse model of Rett syndrome
After learning that a small-molecule drug improves breathing in a mouse model of the neurodevelopmental disorder Rett syndrome, University of Alabama at Birmingham researcher Lucas Pozzo-Miller, Ph.D., wondered if he could test it on other brain functions.
July 28, 2017
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Smart artificial beta cells could lead to new diabetes treatment
Artificial beta cells have been developed that automatically release insulin into the bloodstream when glucose levels rise. This work was done in lab experiments but could lead to a much more patient-friendly treatment than injections.
October 30, 2017
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Smart pump: small but powerful
Particulate matter harms the heart and lungs. In the future, a smartphone with an inbuilt gas sensor could be used to warn of heavy exposure. To help the sensor respond quickly and provide accurate measurements, researchers have developed a powerful micro diaphragm pump for delivering ambient air to the sensor.
October 4, 2017
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'Smart' Underwear May Help Prevent Back Pain
With just a tap, wearable device eases stress, fatigue on lower back muscles, researchers say
August 11, 2017
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Smartphone App to Help Diagnose Concussions Anywhere and Without Expensive Equipment
It is important to detect concussions promptly. Much too often those that are affected go on doing what they were doing, blissfully unaware of being impaired and in serious danger for other injuries and oncoming symptoms of the brain trauma. Now a team at University of Washington has created a smartphone app that tracks the movement of the pupils to identify whether someone may or may not be concussed.
September 12, 2017
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Soap for psoriasis: All you need to know
Using the right soap for psoriasis can prevent further irritation, help the patches heal more quickly, and possibly even treat psoriasis.
October 3, 2017
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Social influences can override aggression in male mice, study shows
A cluster of nerve cells in the male mouse's brain have been identified that, when activated, triggers territorial rage in a variety of situations. Activating the same cluster has no such effect on female mice.
July 27, 2017
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Social isolation and loneliness is a greater threat to public health than obesity, study states
A research presented at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on 5th August 2017 suggests that a higher public health hazard might be represented by loneliness and social isolation than obesity.
August 7, 2017
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Social jet lag emerged as significant circadian marker for health outcomes, study shows
Preliminary results of a new study show that social jet lag has emerged as an important circadian marker for health outcomes.
June 5, 2017
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Social media trends can predict tipping points in vaccine scares
Analyzing trends on Twitter and Google can help predict vaccine scares that can lead to disease outbreaks, according to a study from the University of Waterloo.
December 11, 2017
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Solar urticaria: Treatment, management, and symptoms
Solar urticaria, also called sun allergy rash, is a rare dermatological condition. People with this condition develop an itchy, red rash when their skin is exposed to sunlight.
August 17, 2017
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Solar-powered graphene skin opens new possibilities for prosthetics
A new way of harnessing the sun's rays to power 'synthetic skin' could help to create advanced prosthetic limbs capable of returning the sense of touch to amputees.
March 23, 2017
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Solving the Mystery of Chronic Fatigue
It is a very complex, very real physical disease, and one that for years has caused uncertainty, confusion and even dismissal by many medical professionals. But now, thanks to a new, multi-year grant, there is hope for a better understanding and treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome, or CFS.
October 20, 2017
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Some Lead Poisoning Tests May Be Faulty
But the majority of tests are unaffected, U.S. officials say
May 17, 2017
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Some Use LSD As Brain Boost, But Dangers Remain
Paul Austin believes there is a responsible way to take LSD, and he makes his living telling people how.
December 6, 2017
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Somogyi effect: Causes and prevention
The Somogyi effect, also known as the rebound effect, occurs in people with diabetes.
June 19, 2017
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South Asian women